Afrika

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U bood: gooshitaan, raadi
Kani waa maqaal ku saabsan qaarada Afrika. Maqaalo kale eeg wadanada Afrika
Boga "Africa" halkan ayaa laga soo toosiyay.
Africa
Africa (orthographic projection).svg
Baaxada 30,221,532 km2 (11,668,599 sq mi), 2aad
Dadka 1.1 bilyan[1] (2013, 2aad)
Miisaanka Dadka 36.4/km2 (94/sq mi)
Magaca Afrikan
Wadanada 54 (iyo 2 buuq ka taagan yahay)
Ku tiirsan
Luuqadaha 1250-3000 luuqadood
Wakhtiyada UTC-1 ilaa UTC+4
Caasimad ugu Wayn

Caasimadaha ugu waaweyn qaarada Afrika
Nayjeeriya Lagos
Flag of Egypt.svgMasar Qaahiro
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Kinshasa-Brazzaville
Flag of South Africa.svg Johannesburg
Somalia Muqdisho
Somaliland Hargaysa

Flag of Sudan.svg Khartuum-Omdurman
Flag of Tanzania.svg Dar es Salaam
Flag of Egypt.svgMasar Alexandria
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svgAbidjan
Flag of Morocco.svg Kasablanka
Kariirada siyaasadeed ee Afrika
Afrika

Afrika waa qaarada labaad ee ugu weyn qaaradaha aduunka kadib qaarada Aasiya dhanka baaxada iyo dhanka dadkaba. Baaxada Afrika waxay la'egtahay c. 30,244,050 km² (11,677,240 mi²)[2] tiradaas waxaa ku jira dhamaan jasiiradaha lagu xisaabo Afrika. Afrika baaxadeeda waxay dabooshaa 20.3% baaxada dhulka oo dhan. Sida lagu xusay tirokoob caalami ah oo la sameeyay sanadkii 2013ka waxaa ku nool qaarada Afrika dad tiradooda ay dhantahay 1.1 bilyan taasi oo ah tiro u dhiganta todobo qeyboodoo qayb dadka dunida ku noolo maanta.


Qaarada Afrika waxaa ku hareersan biyo; Bada Mediterraniyanka waxay ka xigta waqooyi, sidoo kale Gacanka Suweys iyo Bada Cas waxay ka xigaan waqooyibari, Badweynta Hindiya ayaa kaga taala koonfurbari, iyo Badweynta Atlantika oo ka xigta galbeed. Intaas waxaa dheer, wadanka jasiirada Madagaskar iyo gasiirado kale ayaa soo hoosgala qaarada. Sida rasmiga ah waxaa qaarada Afrika degan 54 wadan oo la aqoonsan yahay, sagaal deegaan iyo labo wadan oo wali la aqoonsan.[3]

Xaga bulshada, qaarada Afrika waxaa ku dhaqan dadka ugu da'da yar caalamka marka tirada guud laga hadlayo; 50% dadka Afrikaanka ahi waa da'da ka yar 19 sano.[4] Juquraafi ahaan, wadanka Aljeeriya ayaa ugu wayn dhulka iyo baaxada, halka Nayjeeriya ugu dad badan tahay; waxaana guud ahaan caalamka la isku raacay in badhtamaha iyo Bariga Afrika yihiin meesha aadamuhu ka soo beermeer markii ugu horeeysay. Waxaa deegaanadan laga helay lafo aad u da' weyn oo muujinaya horaantii dadka. Tusaale ahaan, wadanka Itoobiya waxaa laga helay lafaha ugu da'da weyn inta la ogyahay midaasi oo jirta 200,000 kun sano.[5] Guud ahaan qaarada Afrika waxaa dhex mara dhulbadhaha, waxayna leedahay noocyo badan oo cimilo kala gedisan ah. Waana qaarada keli ah ee laga helo astaamaha cimilada waqooyi ilaa koonfurta dhulka.[6]

Afrika dadka kunool dhamaan waa dadka madow marka laga reebo wadamada Waqooyiga Afrika oo ay ku nool yihiin dad Carab ahi iyo wadamada sida Koonfur Afrika iyo Simbaabwi iyo Nambiya oo laga helo dad tiro yar oo cadaan ay ka tageen gumeystihii reer Yurub.

Magaca Afrika

Ereyga Ifri waxa lagu magaacaabi jiray dad ku noolaan jiray waqooyiga Afrika meel ku dhaw boqortooyadii la odhanjiray "Qardaaj".[7][8] Magaca Afrika waxa laga raad raacikaraa luqadii ay isticmaali jireen dadkii lagu magacaabi jiray Fonesiyaanka, waxa la sheegay in kalmada afri ay tahay boodhka waxa kale oo lasheegay in dadkii looyaqaanay barbarku ay u yaqaaneen kalmada afri godka taasoo markaas noqonaysa dadkii godka.[9][10]


Taarikhda Waayigi Hore

Lucy, waa Australopithecus afarensis lafo lagusoo qoday Itoobiya, marka ay taarikhda ahayd 24 Nofeembar 1974. We'ayot Itoobiya Depressione di Afar

Dadka paleoantropologo intooda badan waxay ay aaminsan yihiin in qaarada Afrika ay tahay meesha ay asal ahaan bani-aadanka ka yimaadeen. Qarnigi labaatanaad dhexdeeda, antropologi waxa ay dhulka kasoo heleen lafaha dad badan dhintay oo fossilika taasi ay caddeneysaa in fikiroodi run tahay:asal ahaan bani-admigu wa dad ku noolaan jirey Afrika 7 milyoon sano ka hor. hadaba afirca wexey leedahahay tariqo farabadan ku waasoo ey ugu weynyihiin: faraacintii Masar, iyo waliba is adoosi waqti dheer kajirijiray Afrikada madow.

Wadamada Afrika

Khariirada afrika

Ururo

Qoraalo Kale

Tixraac

  1. Gudmastad, Ericha (2013). "2013 World Population Data Sheet". Population Reference Bureau. http://www.prb.org/pdf13/2013-WPDS-infographic_MED.pdf.
  2. Sayre, April Pulley (1999), Africa, Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 0-7613-1367-2.
  3. Fiiri Wadanada Afrika.
  4. Harry, Njideka U. (11 September 2013). "African Youth, Innovation and the Changing Society". Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/njideka-u-harry/african-youth-innovation-_b_3904408.html.
  5. Homo sapiens: University of Utah News Release: Feb. 16, 2005[dead link]
  6. Visual Geography. "Africa. General info". http://www.visualgeography.com/continents/africa.html. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  7. Georges, Karl Ernst (1913–1918). "Afri". In Georges, Heinrich (in German). Ausführliches lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch (8th ed.). Hannover. http://latin_german.deacademic.com/1644. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  8. Lewis, Charlton T.; Short, Charles (1879). "Afer". A Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press. http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3DAfer. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  9. Names of countries, Decret and Fantar, 1981.
  10. Geo. Babington Michell, "The Berbers", Journal of Royal African Society, Vol. 2, No. 6 (January 1903), pp. 161-194.
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