Aljeeriya

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Isuduwe: 28°N 2°E / 28°N 2°E / 28; 2

الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
al Jumhuriyya al Jazaa'iriyya al Demoqratiyya ash Sha'biyya
Tagduda tamegdayt taɣerfant tazzayrit
République algérienne démocratique et populaire
Calanka Aljeeriya Astaannta Qaranka ee Aljeeriya
Calan Astaannta Qaranka
Qaarada Afrika
Caasimada Algiers
Luuqada(ha) Looga hadlo Carabi
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $0.205 trillion[1] 
 -  Per capita $22,550[1] 
Lacagta DZD
Aljeeriya


Algeria (Algeria) / Arabic: الجزائر al-Jazāir, Carabi Algerian Carabi: الدزاير al-dzāyīr; Luqadaha Berber: ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Faransiis: Algerian), si rasmi ah Jamhuuriyadda Dadweynaha ee Aljeeriya, waa gobol madaxbannaan Afrika on xeebta Mediterranean. Caasimadda iyo magaalooyinka intooda ugu badan waa Algiers, oo ku yaal waqooyiga fog ee dalka. Algeria waa waddanka tobnaad ee ugu weyn dunida, tan ugu weynna Afrika ayaa tan iyo markii koonfurta Suudaan ay ka madax banaaneyd Sudan 2011-kii. [11] Aljeriya ayaa xuddun u ah Waqooyi-bari ee Tunisia, dhinaca bariga ee Liibiya, dhinaca Galbeedka ee Morocco, dhinaca koonfur galbeed ee u dhexeeya Galbeedka Saharan, Mauritania, iyo Mali, ilaa koonfur bari ee Niger, iyo waqooyiga badda Mediterranean. Wadanku waa Jamhuuriyad Seddexaad ah oo ka kooban 48 gobol iyo 1.541 wada-dhaqan (gobollo). Abdelaziz Bouteflika wuxuu ahaa madaxweynaha tan iyo 1999kii. Aljeeriya waxay ogtahay in badan oo ka mid ah boqortooyadii iyo nasteexooyinkii waagii hore ahaa, kuwaas oo ay ka mid yihiin Nimidiyiin, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Umayyads, Abbasids, Idrisid, Aghlabid, Rugid, Fatimids, Zirid, Hammadids, Almoravids, Almohads, Boqortooyada. Berbers waa dadka asaliga ah ee Algeria.

Algeria, oo dhaqaalaheedu ku tiirsan yahay batroolka, wuxuu xubin ka ahaa OPEC tan iyo 1969-kii. Waxyaabaha saliidda ee saliida ah waxay u taagan yihiin qiyaastii 1.1 milyan oo foosto / maalin, laakiin sidoo kale waa soo saaraha gaasiga ah iyo dhoofiyaha, oo leh xiriiro muhiim ah oo Europe ah. Hydrocarbons ayaa muddo dheer laf-dhabar u ah dhaqaalaha, taas oo qiyaastii 60% dakhliga miisaaniyadda, 30% ee miisaaniyadda, iyo in ka badan 95% dakhliga dhoofinta. Aljeeriya waxay leedahay kaydka 10aad ee ugu weyn ee gaaska dabiiciga ah ee adduunka ah, waana geedka lixaad ee ugu dhoofiya gaasta. Maamulka Warfaafinta Mareykanka ayaa soo wariyay in 2005, Algeria ay ku leedahay 160 trillion cubic feet (4.5 × 1012 m3) ee kaydka dabiiciga ah ee dabiiciga ah. [104] Waxa kale oo uu ku jiraa 16th ee kaydka shidaalka. [5]

Kobcin la'aanta hydrocarbon ee 2011 ayaa lagu qiyaasay 5%. Si loola tacaalo baahida bulshada, xukuumaddu waxay soo saartay kharashka, gaar ahaan taageerada cuntada aasaasiga ah, abuurista shaqo, taageerada SME, iyo mushahar sare. Sicirada qumbaha sare ayaa kor u qaaday koontada hadda iyo booska kaydka caalamiga ah ee hadda jira. [97]

Dakhliga saliidda iyo gaasta ayaa kor u kacay 2011-kii sababtuna tahay sicirka sicirka sareeya ee sii socda, inkastoo isbedelka mugga wax-soo-saarka uu hoos u socdo. [73] Wax soo saarka saliidda iyo gaasta marka loo eego mugga, ayaa sii waday hoos u dhac, hoos udhaca 43.2 milyan tan oo gaartay 32 milyan tan intii u dhexaysay 2007 iyo 2011. Hase yeeshee, qaybta ayaa ka dhigan 98% wadarta guud ee dhoofinta sanadka 2011, 48% 1962, [105] iyo 70% rasiidhada miisaaniyadda, ama USD 71.4 bilyan. [73]

Shirkadda saliida ee Algeria waa Sonatrach, oo kaalin muhiim ah ka ciyaara dhamaan dhinacyada saliida iyo saliidda dabiiciga ah ee Algeria. Dhammaan wadashaqeeynayaasha shisheeye waa inay si wadajir ah ula shaqeeyaan Sonatrach, oo badanaaba leh lahaansho aqlabiyad ah oo ku saabsan heshiisyada is-weydaarsiga. [106]

Cilmi-baaris iyo ilaha tamarta kale

Aljeeriya waxay maalgelisay qiyaastii 100 bilyan oo dinar ah oo ku aaddan horumarinta goobaha cilmi-baarista iyo bixinta cilmi-baarayaasha. Barnaamijkan horumarinta waxaa loola jeedaa in lagu horumariyo wax soo saarka tamarta, gaar ahaan tamarta qoraxda iyo dabaysha. [107] Aljeeriya waxaa lagu qiyaasaa in ay leedahay awoodda ugu weyn ee tamarta qoraxda ee Badda Mediterranean, sidaas darteed dawladdu waxay maalgelisay abuurista dayuurad dayrta qoraxda ee Hassi R'Mel. Waqtigaan, Algeria waxay leedahay 20,000 oo cilmi-baarayaal cilmi-baarayaal ah oo ka socda jaamacado kala duwan iyo in ka badan 780 shaybaar oo cilmi-baaris ah, oo leh hadafyo dowladeed oo lagu ballaariyo 1,000. Ka sokow tamarta qoraxda, meelaha cilmi baarista ee Algeria waxaa ka mid ah bedka iyo isgaarsiinta satellite-ka, tamarta nukliyeerka iyo cilmi-baarista caafimaadka.

Suuqa shaqada

Inkastoo ay hoos u dhacday tirada shaqo la'aanta, dhalinyarada iyo haweenka shaqo la'aanta ayaa sarreeya. [97] Shaqo la'aanta waxay si gaar ah u saameysaa dhallinyarada, iyada oo heerka shaqo la'aanta 21.5% ay ka mid tahay kooxda da'doodu tahay 15-24.

Qiyaasta guud ee shaqo la'aanta waxay ahayd 10% sannadkii 2011, laakiin waxay ku badantahay dadka dhallinyarada ah, iyada oo qiyaas ahaan 21.5% loogu talagalay kuwa da'doodu u dhaxayso 15 iyo 24 jir. Dawladdu waxay xoojisay sanadka 2011 barnaamijyadii shaqo ee la soo saaray sanadkii 1988, gaar ahaan qaab barnaamijka caawinta

Code Province ولاية Number of
Districts
Number of
Municipalities
Area Population
(2008[2])
Density (2008)
km² mi² per km² per mi²
01 Adrar أدرار 11 28 439,700 169,800 399,714 0.94 2.4
02 Chlef الشلف 13 35 4,795 1,851 1,002,088 209 540
03 Laghouat الأغواط 10 24 25,057 9,675 455,602 18 47
04 Oum el-Bouaghi أم البواقي 12 29 6,783 2,619 621,612 81 210
05 Batna باتنة 21 61 12,192 4,707 1,119,791 92 240
06 Béjaïa بجاية 19 52 3,268 1,262 912,577 279 720
07 Biskra بسكرة 12 33 20,986 8,103 721,356 34 88
08 Béchar بشار 12 21 162,200 62,600 270,061 1.7 4.4
09 Blida البليدة 10 25 1,575 608 1,002,937 591 1,530
10 Bouïra البويرة 12 45 4,439 1,714 695,583 157 410
11 Tamanghasset تمنراست 7 10 556,185 214,744 176,637 0.32 0.83
12 Tébessa تبسة 12 28 14,227 5,493 648,703 46 120
13 Tlemcen تلمسان 20 53 9,061 3,498 949,135 105 270
14 Tiaret تيارت 14 42 20,673 7,982 846,823 41 110
15 Tizi Ouzou تيزي وزو 21 67 2,956 1,141 1,127,608 316 820
16 Algiers الجزائر 13 57 1,190 460 2,988,145 2,511 6,500
17 Djelfa الجلفة 12 36 66,415 25,643 1,092,184 46 120
18 Jijel جيجل 11 28 2,577 995 636,948 247 640
19 Sétif سطيف 20 60 6,504 2,511 1,489,979 229 590
20 Saïda سعيدة 6 16 6,764 2,612 330,641 49 130
21 Skikda سكيكدة 13 38 4,026 1,554 898,680 223 580
22 Sidi Bel Abbès سيدي بلعباس 15 52 9,096 3,512 604,744 66 170
23 Annaba عنابة 6 12 1,439 556 609,499 424 1,100
24 Guelma قالمة 10 34 4,101 1,583 482,430 118 310
25 Constantine قسنطينة 6 12 2,187 844 938,475 427 1,110
26 Médéa المدية 19 64 8,866 3,423 819,932 92 240
27 Mostaganem مستغانم 10 32 2,175 840 737,118 325 840
28 M'Sila المسيلة 15 47 18,718 7,227 990,591 53 140
29 Mascara معسكر 16 47 5,941 2,294 784,073 132 340
30 Ouargla ورقلة 10 21 211,980 81,850 558,558 2.6 6.7
31 Oran وهران 9 26 2,121 819 1,454,078 688 1,780
32 El Bayadh البيض 8 22 78,870 30,450 228,624 3.2 8.3
33 Illizi اليزي 3 6 285,000 110,000 52,333 0.18 0.47
34 Bordj Bou Arréridj برج بوعريريج 10 34 4,115 1,589 628,475 160 410
35 Boumerdès بومرداس 9 32 1,356 524 802,083 504 1,310
36 El Taref الطارف 7 24 3,339 1,289 408,414 122 320
37 Tindouf تندوف 1 2 159,000 61,000 49,149 0.31 0.80
38 Tissemsilt تسمسيلت 8 22 3,152 1,217 294,476 93 240
39 El Oued الوادي 12 30 54,573 21,071 647,548 12 31
40 Khenchela خنشلة 8 21 9,811 3,788 386,683 40 100
41 Souk Ahras سوق أهراس 10 26 4,541 1,753 438,127 95 250
42 Tipaza تيبازة 10 28 1,605 620 591,010 273 710
43 Mila ميلة 13 32 3,407 1,315 766,886 220 570
44 Aïn Defla عين الدفلى 14 36 4,891 1,888 766,013 156 400
45 Naâma النعامة 7 12 29,950 11,560 192,891 6.5 17
46 Aïn Témouchent عين تموشنت 8 28 2,379 919 371,239 156 400
47 Ghardaïa غرداية 9 13 86,105 33,245 363,598 4.2 11
48 Relizane غليزان 13 38 4,870 1,880 726,180 152 390
Total Algérie الجزائر 547 1541 2,381,741 919,595 34,080,030 14 36
La baia d'Argièr vista de l'oèst
Una mosqueta, Plaça dels Martirs
Esquema detalhat dau drapèu argerian.

Blason-alger.png

Logo de Sonatrach, companhiá nacionala d'esplecha deis idrocarburs.
Gravadura neolitica datant de 4,000 avC.

Aljeeriya/Jasaa'ir waa dal ku yaala Waqooyiga qaarada ee Afrika. אפיע==

Alger

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named IMF database 2018
  2. Office National des Statistiques, Population par sexe, âge et Wilaya. Consulted on 02/02/2016.