British India

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British India


Location of the Indian Empire (British India and the Princely States) in the world


Dawladaha Hindiya, horaantii Madaxweynayaasha Britishka India iyo horaantii, Magaalooyinka Madaxtooyada, waxay ahaayeen qaybaha maamulka ee maamulka udubdhexaadka ah ee Ingiriiska. Wadajir ahaan, waxaa loo yaqaan British India. Hal qaab ama mid kale, waxay ahaayeen kuwo u dhexeeya 1612 iyo 1947, sida caadiga ah u kala qaybsan saddex xilli oo taariikheed: Intii lagu jiray 1612-1757, Shirkadda East Hindiya waxay samaysay "warshado" (xarumo ganacsi) meelo badan, oo badi ahaan ku yaal xeebta Hindiya, iyada oo ogolaansho ka haystay mughalayaal Mughal ah ama taliyayaal maxali ah. Iskudhacyadu waxay ahaayeen shirkadaha ganacsiga ganacsiga ee Holland iyo Faransiiska. Dhamaadkii qarnigii 18aad, saddex "magaalooyin madax-bannaan": Madras, Bombay, iyo Calcutta ayaa koray koray.


Intii lagu jiray xilligii shirkadda Hindiya, 1757-1858, shirkaddu waxay si tartiib tartiib ah u heshay xoriyad ahaan qaybo badan oo Hindiya ah, oo hadda loo yaqaan "Madaxtooyo". Si kastaba ha ahaatee, waxa kale oo ay sii kordhisay hoosta kormeerka xukuumadda Ingiriiska, iyada oo la adeegsanaayo madax-bannaanida boqortooyada. Isla mar ahaantaana waxay si tartiib tartiib ah u lumisay mudnaanteeda. Kadib Hindiskii Hindiya ee 1857, awoodaha haray ee shirkadda waxaa loo wareejiyay Crownka. Rajada cusub ee British Raj (1858-1947), madaxbannaanidu waxay ku kordhisay dhowr gobol oo cusub, sida Upper Burma. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, si kastaba ha ahaatee, madax-bannaanida madax-bannaan ayaa la jebiyey "Gobollada". [1]