Chicago

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U bood: gooshitaan, raadi
Kani waa maqaal ku saabsan magaalada Jikaago, Illinois, wadanka Maraykanka. Bogaga Shikaago iyo Jikaago waxaa laga soo toosiyay halkan.
Shikaago, Illinois
—  Caasimad  —
Caasimada Chicago
Ka soo biloow kor: Farasmagaalka Jikaago, Shaleemada Magaalada, Dhismaha "L", Xarunta Badmaaxa, Beerta Millennium, Goob Taariikheed, iyo dhismaha dheer ee Willis Tower.

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Seal
Magac loogu yeero: Caasimadii Dabeysha, Chi-Town, "Caasimadii Labaad", Caasimadii Garboweyn
(si aad u ogaato waxbadan fiiri dhamaan naaneysaha)
Halkudhig: Af-Laatiin: Urbs in Horto (Caasimadii Beerta), Waan yeeli
Meesha ay ku taalo Cook County iyo gobolka Illinois.
Chicago is located in Maraykanka
Chicago
Chicago
Meesha ay kaga taalo Maraykanka
Dhacdaa: 41°50′13″N 87°41′05″W / 41.83694°N 87.68472°W / 41.83694; -87.68472Isuduwe: 41°50′13″N 87°41′05″W / 41.83694°N 87.68472°W / 41.83694; -87.68472[1]
Deegaan  United States of America
Gobolka Illinois
Tirada Countyada Cook County iyo DuPage County
La degay 1780
Nidaam dowlad-hoose (magaalo) Agosto 12, 1833
Nidaam Degmo weyne (caasimad) Maarso 4, 1837
Loogu Magac-daray shikaakwa, jikaakwa
(basashi duurjooga iyo toontii duurjooga)
Xukunka
 • Nooca Golaha Duqa-Magaalada
 • Qaabka Dowlada Hoose ee Shikaago
 • Duqa-magaalada Rahm Emanuel (xisbiga Dimuqraadiga)
 • Xoghayaha Caasimada Susana A. Mendoza ([Xisbiga Dimuqraadiga)
 • Agaasimaha Caasimada Kurt Summers Jr. (Xisbiga Dimuqraadiga)
Baaxadda
 • Caasimad 234.0 sq mi (606 km2)
 • Dhul 227.2 sq mi (588 km2)
 • Biyo 6.9 sq mi (18 km2)  3.0%
 • Urban 2,122.8 sq mi (5,498 km2)
 • Metro 10,874 sq mi (28,160 km2)
Joogga[1](mean) 594 ft (181 m)
Joogga ugu sareeya
– u dhow gasiirada Blue
672 ft (205 m)
Joogga Ugu hooseeya
– ku taal harta Michigan
578 ft (176 m)
Tirada dadka (2010)[2]
 • Caasimad 2,695,598
 • Estimate (Luuliyo 1, 2014[3]) 2,722,389
 • Rank Caasimada 3aad ee ugu dadka badan Maraykanka
 • Tiro Badnaan 11,864.4/sq mi (4,447.4/km2)
 • Magaalo 9,522,434 (3aad)
Magac uyeel Chicagoan
Saacad Wakhtiga Badhtamaha Maraykanka (UTC-6)
 • Xagaa (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
laga hormariyo ZIP Kodhka 606xx, 607xx, 608xx
Area codes 312/872 iyo 773/872
FIPS code 17
Muuqaalka GNIS GNIS4-0428803
Website www.cityofchicago.org

Chicago, Shikaago, Jikaago (loogu dhawaaqo Listeni/kɑːɡ/ ama /kɔːɡ/) waa caasimada sadexaad ee ugu dadka badan wadanka Maraykanka. Magaalda Jikaago waa deegaanka ugu dadka badan gobolka Illinois iyo deegaanka "Midwest", taas oo leh shacab dhan 2.7 milyan.[4]

Dhinaca kale, marka la isku daro magaalada Chicago iyo nawaaxigeeda, taasi oo loo yaqaano "Chicagoland", waa deegaanka sadexaad ee ugu wayn wadanka Maraykanka, waxaana degan dad ka badan 10 milyan. Shikaago waxaa la aasaasay sanadkii 1837kii, laakiin waxay aad u kortay horaantii qarnigii 19aad. Horumarka iyo koritaanka magaalada waxaa aad uga qeyb qaatey harta Great Lake iyo webiga Mississipi. Shikaago waa fadhiga dowlada "Cook County" ee ugu weyn gobolka Illinois..[5][6]

Maanta magaalada Shikaago waa xarun weyn oo ganacsi, dhaqaale, warshado, shirkado, teknoolojiyad, isgaadhsiin, iyo gaadiid; waxayna leedahay Gegada diyaaradaha O'Hare ee caalamiga ah (" O'Hare International Airport")[7] kaasi oo ah gegada diyaarada ugu weyn ee caalamka oo dhan. Sidoo kale, caasimada Shikaago waxaa ku yaala wadooyinka (highways) iyo wado-tareenka (railroads) ugu waaweyn wadanka Maraykanka. Sanadkiii 2014ka waxaa loo aqoonsaday magaaladan ineey tahay caasimada 14aad[8] ee ugu weyn caalamka, tan 7aad ee ugu dhaqaalaha badan, iyo tan sadexaad ee ugu lacagta badan wadanka Maraykanka ayada oo heeysata ama maamusha lacag dhan 571 bilyan dollar.[9][10]

Intaas waxaa dheer in magaalada Shikaago tahay mid ka mida goobaha soo jiidasha badan ee wadanka Maraykanka; sanadkii 2014ka oo kali ah waxaa soo siyaartey magaaladan dad ka badan 50.2 milyan oo dad iskugu jira ajanabi iyo kuwa wadanka u dhashay. Sabata keentay dalxiisayaasha badan waxaa ka mid ah dhaqanka iyo bulsho weynta magaalada oo ah mid aad iskugu dhafan oo leh noocyo badan oo matala dhaqanada dunida daafaheeda. Waxyaabaha ugu xiisaha badan waxaa ka mid ah: shaneemooyinka waaweyn, heesaha Jazzka, Soulka iyo bluega. Waxaa sidoo kale magaadu caan ku tahay dadka Madoow (African American) ee ku dhaqan magaalada; kuwaasi oo ah tirada ugu badan shacabka Shikaago iyo nawaaxigeeda.[11]

Caasimada Shikaago waxay leedahay naaneyso badan ooy ka mid tahay "Caasimada Dabeysha" (sababtoo ah waxay leedahay dabeyl aad u badan oo gu' iyo jiilaal soo taagan), "Caasimada Labaad" iyo naaneyso kale oo la xidhidha dhaqanka iyo taariikhda deegaanka.


Taariikhda[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Sawir-gacmeed magaalada Shikaago sanadkii 1833kii; horaantii magaalada
Maabka gacanka Illinois iyo Michigan ee la dhamasytiray 1848
Wadada Madison oo ahaan jirtey meelaha ugu mashquulsan dunida. Fiidiyowgan waa qiyaastii 1897

Magaca magaaladan Chicago waxaa laga keenay erayga "Shikaakwa" ee luuqada dadka u dhashay qaarada ee loo yaqaano Hindida Cas (Red Indians) kaasi oo macnaheedu yahay basasha duurjooga ama toonta duurjooga ah. Waxa ereyga markii ugu horeeysay isticmaalay gumeystihii cadaanka ahaa ee deegaankaasi tegay ayaga oo u qaatey magac deegaanka looga yaqaano dhulkaasi.[12]

Wakhtigan gumeystaha reer Yurub soo gaadheen deeganka oo ku beegnaa horaantii qarnigii 18aad ayaa waxa deganaa Shikaago iyo nawaaxigeeda qabiilka Potawatomi, oo ka mid ah hindida cas, kuwaasi oo ahaa ugaadhsato iyo qadhaabsato. Wakhti yar gudaheed waxaa ka dhex qarxay dagaal dadkii dhulka loogu yimid iyo gumeystihii cadaanka ahaa reer Yurub. Dagaalkaasi oo dad badan kaga dhinteen dadka hindida cas ayaa waxaa ku guuleystay gumeystihii cadaa ee horsocotay dowlada Maraykanku.[13]


Si kastaba ha ahaatee, sanadihii 1830kii ayaa heshiisyo khasab ah laga sexeeeyay dadka deegaanka ee u badnaa qabiilka Potawatomi, si loo dejiyo deegaano kale oo ka fog Shikaago. Waxaana sanadkii 1833kii la aasaasay dhismayaashii ugu horeeyay ee magaalada Shikaago halkaas oo la dejiyay dad dhan 200 oo qof. Todoba sano gudahood waxaa magaalada Shikaago iskugu yimid shacab dhan 4,000 taasi oo keentay in magaaladu si xoowli ah ku korto.[14][15]


Dadka Shikaago[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Noocyada Bulshada 2010[16] 1990[17] 1970[17] 1940[17]
Dadka Cad 45.0% 45.4% 65.6% 91.7%
 —Non-Hispanic 31.7% 37.9% 59.0%[18] 91.2%
Madoow ama Afrikan 32.9% 39.1% 32.7% 8.2%
Hispanic ama Latino (dhamaantood) 28.9% 19.6% 7.4%[18] 0.5%
Asiyaan 5.5% 3.7% 0.9% 0.1%

Muuqaalka Shikaago[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Dhismayaasha dhaadheer ee Shikaago bishii Abril 18, 2009.
Buildings along the sides of a river in a panorama view
webiga Chicago ee dhexmara farasmagaalaha caasimda kaasi oo kala qeybiya dhismayaasha ganacsi.
Muuqaalka magaalada Chicago ee Luuliyo 10, 2012.

Magaalooyinka Maraykanka[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]


Magaalooyinka Maraykanka Gobolada Isku Tegay ee Ameerika
Atlanta  · Austin  · Boston  · Baltimore  · Bloomington  · Kolumbus, Ohio  · Chicago  · Dallas  · Denver  · Detroit  · Houston  · Honolulu  · Kansas City  · Los Angeles  · Las Vegas  · Memphis  · Miami  · Minneapolis · New York  · Nashville  · Oakland  · Omaha  · Orlando  · Phoenix, Arizona  · Portland  · Philadelphia  · Rochester  · San Antonio  · Saint Paul  · San Diego  · Seattle  · San Fransisko  · Washington D.C


Gobolada Maraykanka Gobolada Isku Tegay ee Ameerika
Alabama  · Alaska  · Arizona  · Arkansas  · Delaware  · Florida  · Fermont  · Firjiniya  · Houston  · Gobolka Joorjiya  · Gasiirada Rhode  · Galbeedka Firjiniya  · Hawaii  · Idaho  · Illinois  · Indiana  · Iowa · Kansas  · Kentucky  · Kalifornia  · Kolorado  · Konektikat  · Koonfur Karolina  · Koonfur Dakota  · Louisiana  · Maine  · Maryland  · Massachusetts  · Mishiigan  · Minnesota  · Mississippi  · Missouri  · Montana  · Nebraska  · Nevada  · Hampshire Cusub  · Jersey Cusub  · Meksiko Cusub  · New York (gobol)  · Ohio  · Oklahoma  · Oregon  · Pennsylvania  · Tennessee  · Tegsas (Texas)  · Utah  · Wyoming  · Washington (gobol)  · Waqooyi Karolina  · Waqooyi Dakota

Tixraac[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Template:Cite GNIS
  2. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 10, 2014. 
  3. "Chicago (city), Illinois QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  4. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". factfinder.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved June 16, 2015. 
  5. "In 1946 Chicago acquired land for O'Hare Airport, including a portion of northeast DuPage." Steph McGrath, "DuPage County" Encyclopedia of Chicago chicagohistory.org
  6. "In order to consolidate its control over the airport area, Chicago annexed it in March 1956, including the western edge, in DuPage County." Amanda Seligman "O'Hare" Encyclopedia of Chicago chicagohistory.org
  7. Keating, Ann Durkin (2005). "Metropolitan Growth". Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago Historical Society. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  8. "The World According to GaWC 2012". Globalization and World Cities Research Network. January 13, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  9. "2014 Global Cities Index". A.T. Kearney. Retrieved May 10, 2014. 
  10. "GDP by Metropolitan Area, Advance 2012, and Revised 2001–2011" (PDF). U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. September 17, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  11. Sarah S. Marcus. "Chicago's Twentieth-Century Cultural Exports". The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago. Retrieved April 19, 2009. 
  12. Conzen, Michael. "Global Chicago". The Economic Rivalry between St. Louis and Chicago. Encyclopedia of Chicago. 
  13. "Chicago Daily Tribune, Thursday Morning, February 14". nike-of-samothrace.net. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  14. "Chicago: Population". 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. Project Gutenberg. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  15. "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  16. "Chicago (city), Illinois". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named census1
  18. 18.0 18.1 From 15% sample