Cudurka Madow

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Cudurka Madow




Spread of the Black Death in Europe and the Near East (1346–1353)


Dhimashada Black, oo sidoo kale loo yaqaan Plague Great, Plague Black, ama Dhibaatada Ba'an, waxay ka mid ahayd cudurrada faafa ee ugu ba'an taariikhda bani-aadmiga, taasoo keentay geerida qiyaastii 75 illaa 200 milyan oo qof oo ku noolaa Eurasia oo ka soo jeeda Yurub 1347 ilaa 1351. [1] [2] [3] Bakteeriyada Yersinia Pestis, oo keenta noocyo badan oo cudurka ah, ayaa la aaminsan yahay inay sababtu ahayd. [4] Dhibaatadu waxay abuurtay taxadarro diimeed, bulsho iyo dhaqaale, taas oo saameyn weyn ku yeelatay taariikhda Yurub. Dhimashada Madow waxaa loo maleynayaa in ay ka soo baxeen bannaankii qallalan ee gobollada Aasiya, halkaas oo markii hore ay ku socotay wadada Waddan, iyadoo la gaarey Crimean 1343. [5] Laga soo bilaabo halkaas, waxay u badan tahay in ay qaadeen jasiiradda Oriental ee ku nool jiirka madow oo ahaa rakaab joogta ah oo ku yaalla maraakiibta ganacsiga, oo ku faafaya dhammaan Mediterranean iyo Europe. Dhimashada Madow waxaa lagu qiyaasay in ay dileen 30-60% guud ahaan dadweynaha Yurub. [6] Wadar ahaan, cudurka waxaa laga yareeyaa tirada dadka adduunka laga qiyaasay qiyaastii 450 malyan ilaa 350-375 milyan oo qarnigii 14aad. [7] Waxay qaadatay 200 sano dadka adduunka si ay ugu soo kabtaan heerkoodii hore. [8] [9] Cudurka ayaa soo noqnoqday sida jeermiska Yurubta ah ilaa qarnigii 19aad.

Maqaalka ugu muhiimsan: Soogalootiga Goobta dhimashada Cudurka daacuunka, oo uu sababay Yersinia Pestis, waa enzootic (caadi ahaan joogta) oo ka mid ah boodada ay qaadeen jiirka, kuwaas oo ay ka mid yihiin marmots, meelo kala duwan oo ay ka mid yihiin Central Asia, Kurdistan, Galbeed Aasiya, Northern India iyo Uganda. Sababtoo ah isbedelka cimilada ee Aasiya, jiirka ayaa bilaabay in uu ka cararo dabiiciga la qalajiyey aagag badan oo ku yaalla meelo badan, oo faafaya cudurka. [11] Meelaha Nestoriyaanka ah ee ku yaala 1338-1339 meel u dhow Lake Issyk Kul ee ku yaala Kyrgyzstan ayaa leh qoraallo ku saabsan cudurka daacuunka waxaana ay u maleynayaan fayras badan oo epidemist si loo calaamadiyo faafitaanka cudurka epidemic, oo ay si fudud ugu faafi karto Shiinaha iyo Hindiya. Bishii Oktoobar 2010, genetikistayaasha caafimaadka ayaa soo jeediyay in dhammaan saddexda mawjadaha weyn ee cudurka uu ka yimid China. [13] Dalka Shiinaha, boqolladii qarnigii 13-aad ee Mongol ayaa sababay hoos u dhaca beeraha iyo ganacsiga. Si kastaba ha noqotee, dib u soo kabashada dhaqaalaha ayaa la arkay bilawgii qarnigii 14aad. 1330kii, tiro badan oo masiibooyin dabiici ah iyo bakhaarro ah ayaa sababay macluul baahsan, laga bilaabo 1331, iyada oo cudur ba'an uu imanayo isla markaan. Cudurada faafa ee ka mid noqon kara cudurka daacuunka ayaa lagu dilay 25 milyan oo Shiine ah iyo qaar kale oo Asiya ah intii lagu jiray 15 sano ka hor intaanay gaadhin Constantinople 1347.

Plague Riot in Moscow in 1771: during the course of the city's plague, between 50,000 and 100,000 people died, Template:Fraction to Template:Fraction of its population.
Spread of the Black Death in Europe and the Near East (1346–1353)

Cudurka ayaa laga yaabaa in uu ku safray Waddada Aasiyada ah ee ay la socdaan ciidammada Mongol iyo ganacsatada ama waxay ka iman kartaa markab. [17] Dhammaadkii 1346, warbixinnada cudurka daacuunka ayaa gaaray xeebaha Yurub: "Hindiya ayaa la burburiyay, Tartar, Mesopotamia, Syria, Armenia waxaa lagu daboolay meydad meyd ah" [18] Dhacdadan waxaa lagu soo warramay in markii ugu horreysay lagu soo bandhigay Yurub iyada oo loo marayo ganacsatada Genoese ee ku yaal magaalada dekadda magaalada Kaffa ee koonfurta Crimea 1347. Kadib markii ciidamadii Mongol ee Jani Beg u xanuunsanayay cudurka, ciidanka ayaa bakhaarro ku dhuftay derbiyada magaalada ee Caffa si ay u qaadsiiyaan dadka deggan. Ganacsatada Genoa ayaa ka qaxay, iyada oo ay markabka ku soo qaadeen Sicily iyo koonfurta Yurub, halkaas oo ay ku faafto waqooyiga. [19] Haddii ay tahay mid sax ah ama haddii aan lagu qiyaaseynin, waa cadahay in dhowr xaaladood oo jira sida dagaalka, macaluushu, iyo cimiladu ay ka qayb qaadatay darnaanta dhimashada Madow.





















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