Dagaalki Bakistaan iyo Hindika 1947

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Refugees awaiting evacuation by IAF Dakota on Poonch Airstrip, December 1947.

Dagaalki Bakistaan iyo Hindika 1947

 Pakistan India

Dagaalka, oo sidoo kale loo yaqaan 'First Kashmir War', ayaa bilowday Oktoobar 1947 markii Pakistan ay ka cabsanaysay in Maharaja oo ka mid ah dawladihii hore ee Kashmir iyo Jammu ay ku biiri lahaayeen Hindiya. Ka dib qaybtii, dawladaha ayaa looga tagay inay doortaan in ay ku biiraan India ama Pakistan ama in ay madax bannaanaadaan. Jammu iyo Kashmir, oo ah ugu weyn ee dawladaha caanka ah, waxay lahaayeen dad badan oo Muslim ah oo ay xukumaan Hindu Maharaja Hari Singh. Ciidamada qabaa'ilka oo taageero ka helaya ciidamada Pakistaan ​​ayaa weeraray kuna biiray qaybo ka mid ah gobolka awooda leh ee ku qasbay Maharaja inuu saxiixo qalabka loo yaqaan 'Dominion of India' si uu u helo gargaar milatari oo Hindiya. Golaha Ammaanka ee QM ayaa ansixiyay Qodobka 47aad 22 Abriil 1948. Geedi socodka ayaa si tartiib ah u adkeeyay waxa loo yaqaan "Line of Control". Gacan-joojin rasmi ah ayaa lagu dhawaaqay 23:59 habeenkii 1dii Janaayo 1949. Hindiya waxay gacanta ku haysay saddex meelood laba meel oo ay ku jiraan (Dooxada Kashmir, Jammu iyo Ladakh), halka Pakistan ay heshay qiyaastii saddexaad Kashmir (Azad Kashmir iyo Gilgit-Baltistan), [7] [8] [9] [10]