Dagaalkii Bangladesh

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 Pakistan Bangladesh

The eleven sectors during the Bangladesh Liberation War.
Location of Bengali and Pakistani military units during Operation Searchlight, March 1971

Dagaalka Jabhadda Bangladesh (Bengali: মুক্তিযুদ্ধ Mukhtijuddho), oo sidoo kale loo yaqaano Dagaalkii Bangladesh ee Madax-bannaanida, ama Dagaalka Jirdilka ah ee Bangladesh, wuxuu ahaa kacaan iyo iskahorimaadyo hubaal ah oo ay keentay kor u kaca dhaqdhaqaaqa qaranka ee bengaliya ka dibna waxa uu ahaa bariga Pakistan intii lagu jiray xasuuqii Bangladesh ee 1971. Waxay keentay xornimada Jamhuuriyadda Dadka Bangladesh. Dagaalku wuxuu bilaabmay ka dib markii ciidamada Pakistaanku ay saldhig ka dhigteen galbeedka Pakistan oo ay saldhig ku leeyihiin hawlgalada "Operation Searchlight" ee ka dhanka ah dadka reer Pakistan maalintii habeenkii 25 Maarso 1971. Waxay raacdey nidaamkii nidaaminta nidaamka diiniga ah ee muwaadiniinta Bengali, arday, aqoonyahanno, beelaha laga tirada badan yahay iyo shaqaalaha hubaysan. Junta ayaa natiijadii ka soo baxday doorashadii 1970-kii waxaana qabatay Ra'iisul-wasaare Sh. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Dagaalka ayaa dhacay dhammaadkii 16kii Diseembar 1971 ka dib markii West Pakistan ay isdhiibtay. Dhulalka iyo magaalooyinka ku yaal bariga Pakistan ayaa waxay arkeen howlgallo milatari oo ballaaran iyo weeraro cirka ah oo ay ku xakamaynayaan ficil la'aanta madaniga ah ee la sameeyay ka dib markii ay dhacday doorashadii 1970-kii. Ciidanka Pakistan oo taageersanaa Islaamiyiinta, ayaa abuuray maleeshiyooyin xagjirnimo ah - Razakar, Al-Badr iyo Al-Shams - si ay u caawiyaan inta lagu jiro weerarrada dadka maxalliga ah. [14] [15] [16] [ 17] Urdu-ku hadla Biharis ee Bangladesh (Qowmiyadaha tirada yar) ayaa sidoo kale lagu taageerayay ciidamada Pakistan. Xubno ka tirsan millatariga Pakistan iyo taageerada maliishiyada ee ku lugta leh dilal ballaaran, tarxiil iyo kufsi-cololeed. Caasimadda Dhaka waxay ahayd goobo xasaasi ah oo ay ka mid yihiin xasuuqii Jaamacadda Dhaka iyo Dhaka. Qiyaastii 10 milyan oo qaxooti Bengaal ah ayaa u qaxay dalalka deriska ah, halka 30 milyan oo qofna ay gudaha ku barokaceen. [18] Dagaalyahanka madaniga ahi wuxuu u dhexeeyaa dadka ajnebiga ah ee ku nool Bengalis iyo Urdun. Aqoon isweydaarsi tacliineed ayaa ka soo horjeeda in xasuuqyada ay geysteen millatariga Pakistan ay yihiin xasuuq.

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