Dagaalkii Ciraaq ee Baqdaad (1258)

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Dagaalka Ciraaq ee Baqdaad 1258


Persian painting (14th century) of Hülegü's army besieging a city. Note use of the siege engine


Dagaalka Ciraaq ee Baqdaad, kaas oo socday muddadii u dhaxaysay Janawari 29 ilaa February 10, 1258, ayaa ku biiray maal-galinta, qabashada, iyo cirib-yaraanta Ciraaq, caasimadda Abbasid Khaliif, Ilkhanate iyo ciidamada isbahaysiga. Mucjisooyinka ayaa ku hoos jiray Hulagu Khan (ama Hulegu Khan), walaalkiis Khagan Khan, oo xukuntay Mesopotamia mudo dheer, laakiin Khali Khan ayaa si toos ah u maamula. Möngke, si kastaba ha ahaatee, wuxuu ku amray Hulagu in uu weeraro Ciraaq haddii uu Khaliif Al-Mustazi diiday dalabaadkii Mongol dalabkii sii socday ee Khagan iyo bixinta abaalmarinta qaabka taageerada militariga ee ciidamada Mongol ee Iran. Hulagu wuxuu bilaabay ololahiisa ku yaala Iran iyada oo dhowr weerar ah lagu qaaday kooxo Nizari ah, oo ay ku jiraan Assassins, oo lumiyay alaabtoodii ay ku xoog badnayd Alamut. Kadib wuxuu ku wareegay Ciraaq, isaga oo dalbaday in Al-Musta'il uu ku biiro shuruudaha lagu soo rogay Möngke on Abbasids. Inkasta oo Abbaasiddu ay ku fashilmeen inay u diyaar garoobaan duullaanka, Khaliifku waxa uu rumaysan yahay in Ciraaq aysan ku dhicin ciidamo soo weerara oo diiday in ay is dhiibaan. Hulagu kadib markii ay hareereeyeen magaalada, oo isdifaacay 12 maalmood kadib. Toddobaadka soo socda, Mucaaradka ayaa cirib tiray Baqdaad, waxay sameeyeen tacadiyo badan iyo burburinta maktabadaha ballaaran ee Abbasids, oo ay ku jiraan Golaha Wisdom. Mucaaradka ayaa toogtay Al-Mustaqim oo ay ku xasuuqeen dad badan oo ku yaalla magaalada, taas oo laga tagay in lagu xakameeyo. Go'doominta waxaa loo tixgelinayaa inuu yahay dhamaadka Da'da Islaamka ee Islaamka, inta lagu jiro khariidaduhu waxay kordhiyeen xukunkooda jasiiradda Iberian ilaa Sindh, oo sidoo kale lagu calaamadiyey guulo badan oo dhaqameed.
















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