Dagaalkii Soofiyeeti ee ka dhacay Afghanistan

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Two Soviet T-55 tanks left by the Soviet army during their withdrawal lie rusting in a field near Bagram Airfield, in 2002
Soviet T-62M main battle tank withdraws from Afghanistan

Dagaalkii Soviet-ka ee Afgaanistaan ​​wuxuu socday sagaal sano, laga bilaabo Diisambar 1979-kii illaa Bisha Bishii 1989-kii. Kooxaha qarsoodiga ah ee loo yaqaano sida jihaadka, iyo sidoo kale kooxaha yar ee Maoistiga, waxay la dagaallameen dagaalka argagixisada ah ee ka dhanka ah ciidammada Sovietistaan ​​iyo Jamhuuriyadda Dimuqraadiga ah ee dawladda Afghanistan, inta badanna baadiyaha baadiyaha. Kooxaha mujaahidiinta ayaa ugu horeyntii taageeray Maraykanka, Sacuudi Carabiya, iyo Pakistan, taas oo ka dhigaysa dagaal sokeeye dagaal. Inta u dhaxaysa 562,000 [29] iyo 2,000,000 oo rayid ah ayaa la dilay, malaayiin dad ah ayaa ka qaxay waddanka iyagoo qaxooti ah, [30] [33] [34] inta badan waxay u tagaan Pakistan iyo Iran. Ka hor intii aanu imaanin ciidammada Soviet, Afqanistaan ​​xisbiga musuqmaasuqa ayaa qaatay xukunkii ka dib markii 1978 lagu afduubay, isaga oo sitay Nuur Maxamed Taraki oo ahaa madaxweyne. Xisbigu wuxuu bilaabay dib-u-habeyn casri ah oo xeeldheer ah oo ku baahsan dalka oo dhan, kuwaas oo si qotodheer la'aan ah, gaar ahaan kuwa ka soo jeeda dadka reer miyiga ah iyo qaababka awooda dhaqameed. Dabeecadda xukuumadda ee Stalinist-like [36] oo si adag u xakameynaya mucaaradka, oo kiciyay kumanaan maxaabiis oo siyaasadeed iyo amar ku saabsan xasuuqii ka dhacay dad rayid ah oo aan hubaysnayn, ayaa horseeday kor u kaca kooxaha hubaysan ee dawladda, iyo Abriil 1979-kii qaybo badan oo dalka ka mid ah ayaa ku jiray kacdoon furan . [37] Xukuumadda ayaa lafteedu ay la soo kulantay tartan dhinaca xisbiyada ah, iyo Sebtembar 1979kii ayaa lagu dilay isagoo amar ku bixiyay saaxiibkiisa iyo Wasiirka Arrimaha Dibedda, Hafizullah Amin, oo xiriirkii sii xumeeyay xiriirka Midowga Soofiyeeti. Ugu dambeyntii xukuumadda Soofiyeeti, hogaamiyaha Leonid Brezhnev, ayaa go'aansaday in uu geeyo ciidan 40aad 24 December, 1979. [38] Markii ay yimaadeen caasimadda Kabul, waxay ku abaabuleen afgambi, [39] waxay ku dishay madaxweynaha Amin oo ku rakibay hoggaamiye daacad ah oo ka mid ah Babrak Karmal oo ka soo jeeda koox ka soo horjeeda. Diyaaradan ayaa waxaa loo yaqaan "weerar" (warbaahinta reer galbeedka iyo mucaaradka) ama fara-galin sharci ah oo taageera (Midowga Soofiyeeti iyo dawladda Afqaanistaan) [40] [41] iyadoo lagu saleynayo habka Brezhnev Doctrine.