Jabaan

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Jabaan
日本国
Nibon-koku
Calanka Jabaan Astaannta Qaranka ee Jabaan
Calan Astaannta Qaranka
Astaanta Calanka
Kimigayo 君が代
Location of Jabaan
Caasimada Tokyo
Luuqada(ha) Looga hadlo Af-Jabaniis, iyo luqado kale oo la tiri karin
 -  Emberor Akihito
 -  Ra'iisul wasaare Shinzo Abe
Area
 -  Total 377,944 km2 km² 
145,925 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 0.8
Cadadka Dadka
 -  2010 qiyaas 127,380,0002 
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $5.185 trillion[1] 
 -  Per capita $33,550[1] 
Lacagta Yen
Wakhtiga (UTC+9) 
Carte du Japon
Golaha barlamanka Jabaan

Jabaan (Af-Jabaaniis 日本 Nihon ama Nibon magaceeda oo dhameestiran 日本国 Nibon-koku ama Nihon-koku, waa wadan jasiirado ka sameesan, oo ku yaalo Badweynta Baasifik ee qaarada Aasiya. Wadankaan waxoo daris la yahay Badda Jabaan, Shiinaha, Koonfur Kuuriya, Waqooyiga Kuuriya iyo Ruushka. Dad tiriskii laga qaaday jabaan 1920kii, waxee eheed 56 miliyan oo qoys, sanadka marka oo ahaa 2011 neh waxaa degenaa 127,960,000 oo qoys.

Japanese archipelago as seen from satellite
Emperor Meiji (1868–1912), in whose name imperial rule was restored at the end of the Tokugawa shogunate

Jabaan waxee ka koobantahay 6,852 jasiiradoo, affarta ugu waa weyn oo boqolkiiba todobaatan daboolo dhulka jabaan waa Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu iyo Shikoku. Jabaaniiska waxee iskuugu wacaan (Nihon), luqadooda neh waxee dhahaan (Nihongo). Magaca Nibon micnaheeda waa jabaan laakiin waxee u adeegsadaan, lacagaha, bashqadaha iyo cayaaraha caalamka iyo wax la mid ah.Jabaan waxaa loo micneeyaa wadanka qoraxda ka soo baxdo, 日 (qorax) 本 (soo bax), markii hore jabaan waxaa loogu yeeri jiray magacyo badan, gaar ahaan wadanka ee taariikhda isla leeyihiin ee Shiinaha, waxee jabaan ugu yeeri jireen (yamato 大和). Erayga qorax ka soo baxa waxoo asal ahaan ka imaaday shiinaha, sababtoo ah jabaan waxee ka xigtaa dhinaca bariga markii la fiiriyo qaarad aasiya. Ereyga Japan ee Japan waa 日本, oo lagu magacaabo Nihon ama Nippon iyo macno ahaan waxa loola jeedaa "asalka qorraxda". Nichi dabeecadda (CH) macnaheedu waa "qorax" ama "maalin"; saldhigga macnihiisu waa "saldhig" ama "asal". [23] Sidaas daraadeed macneheedu waa "asalka qorraxda" waana ilaha caanka ah ee reer galbeedka caanka ah "Land of the Sun Rising". [24]

Las carrèras japonesas que son sovent conhidas de monde: ací au quartièr de Shibuya a Tōkyō.
Un burèu de vòte dens la prefectura dTemplate:'Ōsaka

Rikoodhkii ugu horreeyay ee magaca Nihon wuxuu ka muuqdaa taariikhda Shiinaha ee taariikhda ah ee hannaanka Tang, Book of Old Tang. Dhamaadkii qarnigii toddobaad, wafdi ka yimid Japan ayaa codsaday in Nihon loo isticmaalo magaca dalkooda. Magacani waxaa laga yaabaa in uu asal ahaan ka soo jeedo warqad loo diray 607 waxaana lagu diiwaan geliyay taariikhda rasmiga ah ee Suudiiste. Prince Shōtoku, Regent of Japan, ayaa u diray ergeyga Shiinaha warqad kaas oo uu ugu yeeray "Boqortooyada Dhulka ee Qorraxdu kacdo" (日 出处 天子). Farriinta ayaa yiri: "Halkan, waxaan ahay, Boqortooyada waddanka qorraxdu soo baxdo, u dir warqad si aad u aragto Boqortooyada dalka ee qorraxdu u eg tahay.



Japan waxay leedahay wadarta 6,852 jasiiradood oo ku sii fidaya xeebta Pacific ee Bariga Aasiya. Waddanka, oo ay ku jiraan dhammaan jasiiradaha ay gacanta ku hayaan, waxay u dhaxeysaa waddooyinka u dhaxeeya waddooyinka 24 ° iyo 46 ° N, iyo dhererka 122 ° iyo 146 ° E. Jasiiradaha ugu waaweyn, laga bilaabo waqooyiga ilaa koonfurta, waa Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku iyo Kyushu. Jasiiradaha Ryukyu, oo ay ku jiraan Okinawa, waa silsilad koonfurta of Kyushu. Jasiiradaha Nanpō waa koonfurta of jasiiradaha ugu weyn ee Japan. Wadajir ahaan waxaa loo yaqaanaa jasiiradaha Japan. [68] Ilaa 2006, dhulka Jasiiradda waa 377,923.1 km2 (145,916.9 sq mi) iyo, sababtoo ah jasiiradaha faraha badan ee faraha badan, Japan wuxuu leeyahay siddeed meelood oo ugu weyn ee dhaqaalaha ah ee adduunka oo dhan oo ka kooban 4,470,000 km2 (1,730,000 sq mi).

Qiyaastii 73 Boqolkiiba Japan ayaa ah beeral, buuro iyo mid aan haboonayn beeraha, warshadaha ama isticmaalka guryaha. [70] Sidaa darteed, aagagga la degan yahay, oo badiba ku yaal aagagga xeebaha, waxay leeyihiin tiro dad ah oo aad u sarreeya. Japan waa mid ka mid ah waddamada ugu caansan dunida oo dhan. [71]

Jasiiradaha Japan waxay ku yaallaan aag yar oo ku yaal Pacific Pacific Ring of Fire. Waxay u badan yihiin natiijada dhaqdhaqaaqa baddaha waaweyn ee ka yimaada boqollaal malyan sanno laga soo bilaabo bartamihii Siluriyaanka ilaa Pleistocene sababtoo ah hoos u dhigista baddaha Filibiin ee Platt ee ka soo jeeda qaaradda Amurian Plate iyo Okinawa Plate ee koonfurta, Xayawaanka Pacific-ka ee ka hooseeya qoraalka Okhotsk ee waqooyiga. Xeebta Triple ee Boso oo ka baxsan xeebta Japan waa isku-jarasho saddex-geesood ah oo ku yaal Plate North American Plate, Plate Pacific iyo Filinka Badda ee Philippine. Japan waxaa markii hore ku xiran xeebaha bariga ee qaarada Eurasian. Taargooyinka tareenka ah ayaa jiiday Japan dhinaca bari, furitaanka Badda Japan ilaa 15 milyan oo sano ka hor.

Japan waxay leedahay 108 volcanoes firfircoon. Muddadii qarnigii labaatanaad, dhowr volcanoes cusub ayaa soo baxay, oo ay ku jiraan Shōwa-shinzan oo ku yaal Hokkaido iyo Myōjin-shō oo ka baxsan Bakhaarada Baayeerka ee Pacific. Dhul gariirka, oo badanaa keena tsunami, waxay dhacaan dhowr jeer qarniyadii hore. [73] Sanadii 1923-kii ayaa dhulgariirkii Tokyo ku geeriyooday in ka badan 140,000 qof. [74] Dhulgariirkii ugu dambeeyay ee dhowaa waa dhulgariirkii 1995 ee Great Hanshin iyo dhulgariirka Tōhoku ee 2011, 9.1 magnitude [75] oo ku dhuftay Japan 11-kii Maarso, 2011-kii, wuxuu ku kiciyay sunaami weyn. [67] Japan ayaa si aad ah ugu nugul dhulgariirrada, tsunami iyo volcanoes sababtoo ah halka ay ku taallo ee Pacific Ring of Fire. [76] Waxay leedahay 15-kii sano ee ugu


The default alphabetic order in this sortable table can be altered to mirror the traditional Japanese regions and ISO parsing.
Prefecture Kanji Capital Region Major Island Population¹ Area² Density³ Distr. Municip. ISO Area code
愛知県 Nagoya Chūbu Honshu 7,484,094 5,172.4 1,446.9 7 54 JP-23 052
秋田県 Akita Tōhoku Honshu 1,022,839 11,637.54 87.9 6 25 JP-05 018
青森県 Aomori Tōhoku Honshu 1,308,649 9,645.4 135.7 8 40 JP-02 017
千葉県 Chiba Kantō Honshu 6,224,027 5,157.64 1,206.8 6 54 JP-12 043
愛媛県 Matsuyama Shikoku Shikoku 1,385,840 5,676.1 244.2 7 20 JP-38 089
福井県 Fukui Chūbu Honshu 787,099 4,190.43 187.8 7 17 JP-18 077
福岡県 Fukuoka Kyushu Kyushu 5,102,871 4,986.4 1,023.4 12 60 JP-40 092
福島県 Fukushima Tōhoku Honshu 1,913,606 13,783.75 138.8 13 59 JP-07 024
岐阜県 Gifu Chūbu Honshu 2,032,533 10,621.29 191.4 9 42 JP-21 058
群馬県 Maebashi Kantō Honshu 1,973,476 6,362.28 310.2 7 35 JP-10 027
広島県 Hiroshima Chūgoku Honshu 2,844,963 8,479.38 335.5 5 23 JP-34 082
北海道 Sapporo Hokkaido Hokkaido 5,383,579 83,424.22 68.6 66 180 JP-01 011–016
兵庫県 Kōbe Kansai Honshu 5,536,989 8,400.9 659.1 8 41 JP-28 017
茨城県 Mito Kantō Honshu 2,917,857 6,096.93 478.6 7 44 JP-08 029
石川県 Kanazawa Chūbu Honshu 1,154,343 4,186.15 275.8 5 19 JP-17 076
岩手県 Morioka Tōhoku Honshu 1,279,814 15,275.01 83.8 10 33 JP-03 019
香川県 Takamatsu Shikoku Shikoku 976,756 1,876.73 520.5 5 17 JP-37 087
鹿児島県 Kagoshima Kyushu Kyushu 1,648,752 9,188.1 179.4 8 43 JP-46 099
神奈川県 Yokohama Kantō Honshu 9,127,323 2,415.81 3,778.2 6 33 JP-14 045
KochiTemplate:Country data Kōchi 高知県 KochiKōchi Shikoku Shikoku 728,461 7,103.91 102.5 6 34 JP-39 088
熊本県 Kumamoto Kyushu Kyushu 1,786,969 7,409.32 241.2 9 45 JP-43 099
京都府 Kyoto Kansai Honshu 2,610,140 4,612.2 565.9 6 26 JP-26 017
三重県 Tsu Kansai Honshu 1,815,827 5,774.39 314.5 7 29 JP-24 059
宮城県 Sendai Tōhoku Honshu 2,334,215 7,282.14 320.5 10 35 JP-04 022
宮崎県 Miyazaki Kyushu Kyushu 1,104,377 7,735.31 142.8 6 26 JP-45 098
長野県 Nagano Chūbu Honshu 2,099,759 13,561.56 154.8 14 77 JP-20 026
長崎県 Nagasaki Kyushu Kyushu 1,377,780 4,132.32 333.4 4 21 JP-42 095
奈良県 Nara Kansai Honshu 1,365,008 3,690.94 369.8 7 39 JP-29 074
新潟県 Niigata Chūbu Honshu 2,305,098 12,584.1 183.2 9 30 JP-15 025
OitaTemplate:Country data Ōita 大分県 OitaŌita Kyushu Kyushu 1,166,729 6,340.61 184 3 18 JP-44 097
岡山県 Okayama Chūgoku Honshu 1,922,181 7,114.62 270.2 10 27 JP-33 086
沖縄県 Naha Kyushu Ryukyu Islands 1,434,138 2,281 628.7 5 41 JP-47 098
大阪府 Ōsaka Kansai Honshu 8,838,908 1,904.99 4,639.9 5 43 JP-27 06x
佐賀県 Saga Kyushu Kyushu 833,245 2,440.64 341.4 6 20 JP-41 095
埼玉県 Saitama Kantō Honshu 7,261,271 3,797.75 1,912 8 63 JP-11 048
滋賀県 Ōtsu Kansai Honshu 1,413,184 4,017.38 351.8 3 19 JP-25 077
島根県 Matsue Chūgoku Honshu 694,188 6,708.23 103.5 5 19 JP-32 085
静岡県 Shizuoka Chūbu Honshu 3,701,181 7,778.7 475.8 5 35 JP-22 054
栃木県 Utsunomiya Kantō Honshu 1,974,671 6,408.09 308.2 5 26 JP-09 028
徳島県 Tokushima Shikoku Shikoku 756,063 4,146.93 182.3 8 24 JP-36 088
東京都 Tokyo[2] Kantō Honshu 13,513,734 2,190.9 6,168.1 1 39 JP-13 03x
042
鳥取県 Tottori Chūgoku Honshu 573,648 3,507.05 163.6 5 19 JP-31 085
富山県 Toyama Chūbu Honshu 1,066,883 4,247.61 251.2 2 15 JP-16 076
和歌山県 Wakayama Kansai Honshu 963,850 4,724.68 204 6 30 JP-30 073
山形県 Yamagata Tōhoku Honshu 1,122,957 9,323.15 120.4 8 35 JP-06 023
山口県 Yamaguchi Chūgoku Honshu 1,405,007 6,112.3 229.9 4 19 JP-35 083
山梨県 Kōfu Chūbu Honshu 835,165 4,464.99 187 5 27 JP-19 055

Notes: ¹ as of 2015; ² km²; ³ per km²






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  1. 1.0 1.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named IMF database 2018
  2. 都庁の所在地 Template:Webarchive Shinjuku is the location of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Office.But Tokyo is not a "municipality". Therefore, for the sake of convenience, the notation of prefectural is "Tokyo".