Kasakhstan

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Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Қазақстан Республикасы  (Af-Kazakh)
    Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy
  • Республика Казахстан  (Af-Ruush)
    Respublika Kazakhstan
Heesta qaranka: Менің Қазақстаным
Meniń Qazaqstanym
"My Kazakhstan"
Halka ay dhaco   Kasakhstan  (green)
Halka ay dhaco  Kasakhstan (green)
Magaalo madaxAstana
Magaalada uguwayn Almaty
Luqadaha rasmiga ah
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha (2016[2])
Dadka Kazakhstani[lower-alpha 1][4]
Xukunka Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Nursultan Nazarbayev
 -  Prime Minister Bakhytzhan Sagintayev
Sharci dejinta Parliament
 -  Aqalka sare Senate
 -  Aqalka hoose Mazhilis
Formation
 -  Kazakh Khanate 1465 
 -  Alash Autonomy 13 December 1917 
 -  Kirghiz ASSR 26 August 1920 
 -  Kazak ASSR 19 June 1925 
 -  Kazakh SSR 5 December 1936 
 -  Declared Sovereignty 25 October 1990 
 -  Reconstituted as the Republic of Kazakhstan 10 December 1991 
 -  Declared Independence from the USSR 16 December 1991 
 -  CIS Accession 21 December 1991 
 -  Recognized 26 December 1991 
 -  Admitted to the United Nations 2 March 1992 
 -  Current constitution 30 August 1995 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 2,724,900 km2 (9th)
1,052,085 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 1.7
Tirada dadka
 -  Template:UN Population qiyaasta Template:UN PopulationTemplate:UN Population (64th)
 -  Mugga Dadka 6.49/km2 (227th)
16.82/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2018 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $497 billion[5] (42nd)
 -  Qof qof $26,929[5] (53rd)
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2018 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $170 billion[5] (50th)
 -  Calaa qof $9,224[5] (54th)
Qaybsiga (2013)26.4[6] (low)
Kobaca (2014)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.788[7] (high / 56th)
Lacagta Tenge (₸) (KZT)
Waqtiga West / East (UTC+5 / +6)
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +7-6xx, +7-7xx
Furaha Internetka


Isuduwe: 43°21′1.16″N 79°4′49.28″E / 43.3503222°N 79.0803556°E / 43.3503222; 79.0803556

Flag of Kazakhstan.svg

"Kazakhstan: IPA: [kəzɐxstan]), si rasmi ah Jamhuuriyadda Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Ҷумҳурии, translation. Qazaqstan Jamhuuriyadda Afqanistaan, Republic of Kazakhstan, Republic of Kazakhstan), [4] [13] waa waddanka ugu ballaaran adduunka, iyo sagaalaadkii ugu weynaa adduunka, oo leh qiyaastii 2,724,900 oo kilomitir (1,052,100 sq mi). [14] Kazakhstan waa waddanka ugu weyn ee Dhexe Aasiya dhaqaale ahaan, taasoo dhalinaysa 60% GDP-ga gobolka, ugu horrayn iyada oo loo marayo warshad saliideed / gaas ah. Waxa kale oo uu leeyahay khayraadka macdanta oo ballaaran. [15] Kazakhstan waxay si rasmi ah u aheyd dimuqraadiyad, cilmaani, jaamacadeed, dastuuri ah oo leh dhaqamo kala duwan. Kazakhstan waxay xuduudaha la wadaagtaa Ruushka, Shiinaha, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, iyo Turkiga, iyo sidoo kale qayb weyn oo ka mid ah badda Caspian. Goobta gawaarida waxaa ka mid ah dhulal-dhuleed, steppe, taiga, canyons dhagax, buuraha, deltas, buuraha barafka lagu daboolo, iyo lamadegaanka. Kazakhstan waxaa lagu qiyaasay 18 milyan oo qof sida 2014. [17] Marka la eego dhulkeeda ballaadhan, cufnaanta dadweynaha waxay ka mid tahay kuwa ugu hooseeya, iyada oo in ka yar 6 qof halkii kilomitir oo isku wareeg ah (15 qof halkii sq). Caasimaddu waa Astana, halkaasoo laga soo qaaday 1997 oo ka timid magaalada Alaska ee magaalada ugu weyn. Xuduudda Giriiggu waxay taariikh ahaan ku nool yihiin reer miyiga Turkiga kuwaas oo raadinaya awoowo ay u lahaayeen waddammo badan oo Turkiga ah sida Turkic Khaganate iwm. Qarnigii 13aad, dhulku wuxuu ku biiray Boqortooyada Midowday ee ku taal Genghis Khan. Qarnigii 16aad, Kazakhstan waxay u muuqatay koox gooni ah, oo loo qaybiyay seddex moos (laanta aabaha ee ku yaal dhulal gaar ah). Ruushka waxay bilaabeen in ay ka hor tagaan bartamaha Kazakhstan 18-aad, iyo qarniyadii 19-aad, waxay si toos ah u xukumeen dhammaan gawaarida oo qayb ka ah Boqortooyada Ruushka. Ka dib 1917 Ruushka Ruushka, iyo dagaalkii sokeeye ee xigay, dhul-beereedka waxaa la sameeyay dhowr jeer. Sanadkii 1936-kii, waxaa loo doortay Jamhuuriyadda Soofiyeeti ee Soofiyeeti, qayb ka mid ah Midowga Soofiyeeti. Kasakhstan ama jamhuuriyadda kaskhastan waa wadan ween oo Dhax kujir ah, waa wadanka 9aad oo ugu ween aduunka.kasakhstan waxee ku taalaa galbeedka Aasiya.










  1. "Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan". zan.kz.
  2. "Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на начало 2016 года". Archived from the original on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  3. Schneider, Johann F.; Larsen, Knud S.; Krumov, Krum; Vazow, Grigorii (2013) (in en). Advances in International Psychology: Research Approaches and Personal Dispositions, Socialization Processes and Organizational Behavior. Kassel university press GmbH. p. 164. ISBN 978-3-86219-454-4. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=p_TauaCvBdUC. 
  4. Kazakhstan Template:Webarchive. CIA World Factbook.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Kazakhstan". International Monetary Fund. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. 
  6. "Gini index". World Bank. Archived from the original on 9 February 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 
  7. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 


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