Kasakhstan

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Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Қазақстан Республикасы  (Af-Kazakh)
    Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy
  • Республика Казахстан  (Af-Ruush)
    Respublika Kazakhstan
Heesta qaranka: Менің Қазақстаным
Meniń Qazaqstanym
"My Kazakhstan"
Halka ay dhaco  Kasakhstan  (green)
Halka ay dhaco  Kasakhstan (green)
Magaalo madaxAstana
Magaalada uguwayn Almaty
Luqadaha rasmiga ah
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha (2016[2])
Dadka Kazakhstani[lower-alpha 1][4]
Xukunka Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Nursultan Nazarbayev
 -  Prime Minister Bakhytzhan Sagintayev
Sharci dejinta Parliament
 -  Aqalka sare Senate
 -  Aqalka hoose Mazhilis
Formation
 -  Kazakh Khanate 1465 
 -  Alash Autonomy 13 December 1917 
 -  Kirghiz ASSR 26 August 1920 
 -  Kazak ASSR 19 June 1925 
 -  Kazakh SSR 5 December 1936 
 -  Declared Sovereignty 25 October 1990 
 -  Reconstituted as the Republic of Kazakhstan 10 December 1991 
 -  Declared Independence from the USSR 16 December 1991 
 -  CIS Accession 21 December 1991 
 -  Recognized 26 December 1991 
 -  Admitted to the United Nations 2 March 1992 
 -  Current constitution 30 August 1995 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 2,724,900 km2 (9th)
1,052,085 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 1.7
Tirada dadka
 -  Template:UN Population qiyaasta Template:UN PopulationTemplate:UN Population (64th)
 -  Mugga Dadka 6.49/km2 (227th)
16.82/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2018 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $497 billion[5] (42nd)
 -  Qof qof $26,929[5] (53rd)
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2018 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $170 billion[5] (50th)
 -  Calaa qof $9,224[5] (54th)
Qaybsiga (2013)26.4[6] (low)
Kobaca (2014)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.788[7] (high / 56th)
Lacagta Tenge (₸) (KZT)
Waqtiga West / East (UTC+5 / +6)
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +7-6xx, +7-7xx
Furaha Internetka


Isuduwe: 43°21′1.16″N 79°4′49.28″E / 43.3503222°N 79.0803556°E / 43.3503222; 79.0803556

Flag of Kazakhstan.svg
Nazarbayev and Russian President Vladimir Putin during the 2017 SCO Council of Heads of State meeting in Astana.
A Kazakhstan Sukhoi Su-27

April 2003.

A map of Kazakhstan's imports, 2013
A proportional representation of Kazakhstan's exports.
Aerial view of Kashagan Oil Field structures
President Nazarbayev with US Barack Obama and Russian Dmitry Medvedev in 2012
Meeting of CIS Council of Heads of State. September 16, 2016. Bishkek.
Orthographic projection of Commonwealth of Independent States.
  Turkic Council members
  Possible future members

"Kazakhstan: IPA: [kəzɐxstan]), si rasmi ah Jamhuuriyadda Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Ҷумҳурии, translation. Qazaqstan Jamhuuriyadda Afqanistaan, Republic of Kazakhstan, Republic of Kazakhstan), [4] [13] waa waddanka ugu ballaaran adduunka, iyo sagaalaadkii ugu weynaa adduunka, oo leh qiyaastii 2,724,900 oo kilomitir (1,052,100 sq mi). [14] Kazakhstan waa waddanka ugu weyn ee Dhexe Aasiya dhaqaale ahaan, taasoo dhalinaysa 60% GDP-ga gobolka, ugu horrayn iyada oo loo marayo warshad saliideed / gaas ah. Waxa kale oo uu leeyahay khayraadka macdanta oo ballaaran. [15] Kazakhstan waxay si rasmi ah u aheyd dimuqraadiyad, cilmaani, jaamacadeed, dastuuri ah oo leh dhaqamo kala duwan. Kazakhstan waxay xuduudaha la wadaagtaa Ruushka, Shiinaha, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, iyo Turkiga, iyo sidoo kale qayb weyn oo ka mid ah badda Caspian. Goobta gawaarida waxaa ka mid ah dhulal-dhuleed, steppe, taiga, canyons dhagax, buuraha, deltas, buuraha barafka lagu daboolo, iyo lamadegaanka. Kazakhstan waxaa lagu qiyaasay 18 milyan oo qof sida 2014. [17] Marka la eego dhulkeeda ballaadhan, cufnaanta dadweynaha waxay ka mid tahay kuwa ugu hooseeya, iyada oo in ka yar 6 qof halkii kilomitir oo isku wareeg ah (15 qof halkii sq). Caasimaddu waa Astana, halkaasoo laga soo qaaday 1997 oo ka timid magaalada Alaska ee magaalada ugu weyn. Xuduudda Giriiggu waxay taariikh ahaan ku nool yihiin reer miyiga Turkiga kuwaas oo raadinaya awoowo ay u lahaayeen waddammo badan oo Turkiga ah sida Turkic Khaganate iwm. Qarnigii 13aad, dhulku wuxuu ku biiray Boqortooyada Midowday ee ku taal Genghis Khan. Qarnigii 16aad, Kazakhstan waxay u muuqatay koox gooni ah, oo loo qaybiyay seddex moos (laanta aabaha ee ku yaal dhulal gaar ah). Ruushka waxay bilaabeen in ay ka hor tagaan bartamaha Kazakhstan 18-aad, iyo qarniyadii 19-aad, waxay si toos ah u xukumeen dhammaan gawaarida oo qayb ka ah Boqortooyada Ruushka. Ka dib 1917 Ruushka Ruushka, iyo dagaalkii sokeeye ee xigay, dhul-beereedka waxaa la sameeyay dhowr jeer. Sanadkii 1936-kii, waxaa loo doortay Jamhuuriyadda Soofiyeeti ee Soofiyeeti, qayb ka mid ah Midowga Soofiyeeti. Kasakhstan ama jamhuuriyadda kaskhastan waa wadan ween oo Dhax kujir ah, waa wadanka 9aad oo ugu ween aduunka.kasakhstan waxee ku taalaa galbeedka Aasiya.


Coat of arms Full English name Type Full Kazakh name Full Russian name Standard time
Coat of Arms of Aqmola Province Kz.png Akmola Region region Ақмола облысы
Aqmola oblysy
Акмолинская область
Akmolinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Aktyubinsk-obl-coat-of-arms.png Aktobe Region region Ақтөбе облысы
Aqtóbe oblysy
Актюбинская область
Aktyubinskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
Coat of arms of Almaty.svg Almaty city[nb 1] Алматы қаласы
Almaty qalasy
город Алматы
gorod Almaty
UTC+06:00
Алматы облысы герб.png Almaty Region region Алматы облысы
Almaty oblysy
Алматинская область
Almatinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
New coat of arms of Astana.svg Astana city[nb 1] Астана қаласы
Astana qalasy
город Астана
gorod Astana
UTC+06:00
Coat of arms of Atyrau.svg Atyrau Region region[nb 2] Атырау облысы
Atyraý oblysy
Атырауская область
Atyrauskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
Baikonur seal.png Baikonur city[nb 3] Байқоңыр қаласы
Baıqońyr qalasy
город Байконур
gorod Baykonur
UTC+06:00
Coats of arms of East Kazakhstan Province.svg East Kazakhstan Region region Шығыс Қазақстан облысы
Shyǵys Qazaqstan oblysy
Восточно-Казахстанская область
Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Zhambyl province seal.png Jambyl Region region Жамбыл облысы
Jambyl oblysy
Жамбылская область
Zhambylskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of Arms of Karagandy Province.svg Karaganda Region region Қарағанды облысы
Qaraǵandy oblysy
Карагандинская область
Karagandinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Logo Kostanay Province.png Kostanay Region region Қостанай облысы
Qostanaı oblysy
Костанайская область
Kostanayskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Kyzylorda province seal.png Kyzylorda Region region Қызылорда облысы
Qyzylorda oblysy
Кызылординская область
Kyzylordinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Маңғыстау логотибі.jpg Mangystau Region region Маңғыстау облысы
Mańǵystaý oblysy
Мангыстауская область
Mangystauskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
North Kazakhstan province seal.svg North Kazakhstan Region region Солтүстік Қазақстан облысы
Soltústik Qazaqstan oblysy
Северо-Казахстанская область
Severo-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Logo Pavlodar region.png Pavlodar Region region Павлодар облысы
Pavlodar oblysy
Павлодарская область
Pavlodarskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of arms of Shymkent.png Shymkent city[nb 1] Шымкент қаласы
Shymkent qalasy
город Шымкент
gorod Shymkent
UTC+06:00
South Kazakhstan province seal.png Turkistan Region (formerly South Kazakhstan) region Түркістан облысы
Túrkistan oblysy
Туркестанская область
Turkestanskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of Arms Batys Oblysy.png West Kazakhstan Region region[nb 2] Батыс Қазақстан облысы
Batys Qazaqstan oblysy
Западно-Казахстанская область
Zapadno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00

Notes[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

^1 Almaty, Astana and Shymkent cities have the status of State significance and do not relate to any region.
^2 The West Kazakhstan and Atyrau regions are both partly located in Eastern Europe as the Ural River run through Atyrau and Oral, their respective capital cities.
^3 Baikonur city has a special status because it is currently being leased to Russia with Baikonur Cosmodrome until the year 2050.

Demographic statistics[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Entity Capital Area (km²) Population
(2009 census)[8]
Population Density ISO 3166-2 Code
Akmola Region Kokshetau 146,219 Template:0737,495 5.044 KZ-AKM
Aktobe Region Aktobe 300,629 Template:0757,768 2.521 KZ-AKT
Almaty Almaty Template:0319 1,365,632 4281 KZ-ALA
Almaty Region Taldykorgan 223,924 1,365,632 6.099 KZ-ALM
Astana Astana Template:0710 Template:0613,006 863.4 KZ-AST
Atyrau Region Atyrau 118,631 Template:0510,377 4.302 KZ-ATY
Baikonur Baikonur Template:057 Template:036,175 644.6 KZ-BAY*
East Kazakhstan Region Oskemen 283,226 1,396,593 4.931 KZ-VOS
Jambyl Region Taraz 144,264 1,022,129 7.085 KZ-ZHA
Karaganda Region Karaganda 427,982 1,341,700 3.135 KZ-KAR
Kostanay Region Kostanay 196,001 Template:0885,570 4.518 KZ-KUS
Kyzylorda Region Kyzylorda 226,019 Template:0678,794 3.003 KZ-KZY
Mangystau Region Aktau 165,642 Template:0485,392 2.930 KZ-MAN
North Kazakhstan Region Petropavl Template:097,993 Template:0596,535 .0886 KZ-SEV
Pavlodar Region Pavlodar 124,800 Template:0742,475 .9495 KZ-PAV
Shymkent Shymkent Template:01,170 Template:0603,499 KZ-
Turkistan Region Turkistan 117,249 2,469,357 21.06 KZ-TUR
West Kazakhstan Region Oral 151,339 Template:0598,880 3.957 KZ-ZAP










  1. "Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan". zan.kz.
  2. "Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на начало 2016 года". Archived from the original on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  3. Schneider, Johann F.; Larsen, Knud S.; Krumov, Krum; Vazow, Grigorii (2013) (in en). Advances in International Psychology: Research Approaches and Personal Dispositions, Socialization Processes and Organizational Behavior. Kassel university press GmbH. p. 164. ISBN 978-3-86219-454-4. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=p_TauaCvBdUC. 
  4. Kazakhstan Template:Webarchive. CIA World Factbook.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Kazakhstan". International Monetary Fund. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. 
  6. "Gini index". World Bank. Archived from the original on 9 February 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 
  7. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  8. https://www.liportal.de/fileadmin/user_upload/oeffentlich/Kasachstan/40_gesellschaft/Kaz2009_Analytical_report.pdf


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