Koronto - xadhig

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Koronto - xadhig


Xadhkaha korontada waa qalab koronto ku xiran iyo qalab la xidhiidha sida furayaasha, kuraasta qaybinta, saldhigyada iyo xirmooyinka iftiinka ee qaab dhismeedka. Xiridda waxay ku xiran tahay heerarka amniga ee naqshadeynta iyo rakibidda. Nidaamka loo ogol yahay iyo qiyaasta cabirka iyo qiyaasta waxaa lagu qeexay sida ay u socoto xawaaraha socodka wareegga iyo awooda koronto ee hadda jira, iyadoo la xaddidayo xaaladaha degaanka, sida heerkulka heerkulka, heerarka qoyaanka, iyo soo-gaadhista qoraxda iyo kiimikooyinka. Qalabka ilaalinta wareegga wareegga ah, qalabka xakamaynta iyo qaybinta nidaamka dhismaha ee dhismaha waxay ku xiran yihiin farsamooyinka tamarta, hadda iyo shaqeynta. Xeerarka amniga ee kabaabinta waxay ku kala duwan yihiin deegaan, waddan ama gobol. Guddiga Caalamiga ah ee Farsamada Electrotechnical (IEC) ayaa isku dayaya in uu isuduwo heerarka xawaaraha ee wadamada xubnaha ka ah, laakiin isbeddellada weyn ee shuruudaha naqshadeynta iyo rakibida ayaa weli jira.

Standard[lower-alpha 1] wire insulation colours
Flexible cable (e.g., extension, power, and lamp cords)
Region or country Phases Neutral Protective earth/ground
Argentina, European Union, South Africa (IEC 60446) Color wire brown.svg Color wire blue.svg Color wire green yellow.svg
Australia, New Zealand (AS/NZS 3000:2007 3.8.3) Color wire brown.svg, Color wire red.svg (previously) Color wire light blue.svg, Color wire black.svg (previously) Color wire green yellow.svg,
Color wire green.svg (previously)
Brazil Color wire yellow.svg, Color wire red.svg Color wire blue.svg Color wire green.svg
United States, Canada (120 V) Color wire black.svg
     metallic brass
Color wire white.svg
     metallic silver
Color wire green.svg, Color wire green yellow.svg;
    ,      green/yellow striped
United States, Canada (240 V)[1] Color wire black.svg Line 1, Color wire red.svg Line 2 Color wire white.svg
(Needed only if 120 V also is required.)
Color wire green.svg, Color wire green yellow.svg;
    ,      green/yellow striped
Fixed cable (e.g., in-, on-, or behind-the-wall cables)
Region or country Phases Neutral Protective earth/ground
Argentina; China; European Union Africa(IEC 60446) from April 2004; the United Kingdom from 31 March 2004 (BS 7671); Hong Kong from July 2007; Singapore from March 2009; Russia since 2009 (GOST R 50462); Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan Color wire brown.svg, Color wire black.svg, Color wire grey.svg Color wire blue.svg Color wire green yellow.svg[lower-alpha 2]
India, Pakistan; United Kingdom, prior to 31 March 2004 (BS 7671); Hong Kong, prior to 2009; Malaysia and Singapore, prior to February 2011 Color wire red.svg, Color wire yellow.svg, Color wire blue.svg Color wire black.svg
  • Color wire green yellow.svg[lower-alpha 2]
  • Color wire green.svg (previously)
  • Color wire bare copper.svg no insulation (previously). Sleeved at the ends.
Australia, New Zealand (AS/NZS 3000:2007 3.8.1, table 3.4)
  • Color wire yellow.svg, Color wire light blue.svg,[lower-alpha 3] Color wire black.svg, Color wire green yellow.svg, Color wire green.svg prohibited; any other color permitted
  • Color wire red.svg, Color wire brown.svg recommended for single phase
  • Color wire white.svg used for "Switched Active"
  • Color wire red.svg, Color wire white.svg, Color wire blue.svg recommended for multiphase
Color wire black.svg Color wire light blue.svg [lower-alpha 3] Color wire green yellow.svg (since about 1980 - Stranded Wire)
Color wire green.svg (since about 1966 - Stranded Wire)
Color wire bare copper.svg Stranded Wire - no insulation; sleeved at the ends (previously)[lower-alpha 4]
Brazil Color wire yellow.svg, Color wire red.svg, Color wire black.svg, Color wire white.svg Color wire blue.svg Color wire green.svg
South Africa
  • Color wire red.svg, Color wire white.svg; or
  • Color wire yellow.svg, Color wire blue.svg
Color wire black.svg Color wire green yellow.svg[lower-alpha 2]
United States[lower-alpha 5] Color wire black.svg, Color wire red.svg, Color wire blue.svg for 120, 208, or 240 V
Color wire brown.svg, Color wire orange.svg, Color wire yellow.svg for 277, or 480 V
     metallic brass
Color wire white.svg for 120, 208, or 240 V
Color wire grey.svg for 277, or 480 V
     metallic silver
Color wire green.svg     
Color wire bare copper.svg no insulation
Color wire green yellow.svg required for isolated systems
Canada[2][lower-alpha 5] Color wire red.svg, Color wire black.svg for single-phase systems
Color wire red.svg, Color wire black.svg, Color wire blue.svg for three-phase systems
Color wire white.svg, Color wire grey.svg Color wire green.svg, Color wire green yellow.svg     
Color wire bare copper.svg no insulation
Color wire orange.svg, Color wire brown.svg for isolated single-phase systems
Color wire orange.svg, Color wire brown.svg, Color wire yellow.svg for isolated three-phase systems
Color wire green.svg, Color wire green yellow.svg for isolated systems
Boxes (e.g.,      translucent purple) denote markings on wiring terminals.

Template:Noteslist


Maaddooyinka lagu xiro hababka korontada gudaha dhismayaasha way kala duwan yihiin iyadoo ku xiran: Isticmaalka isticmaalka iyo xaddiga baahida korontada ee wareegga Nooca deggenaanshaha iyo baaxadda dhismaha Xeerarka qaranka iyo kuwa maxaliga ah Deegaanka oo uu ku xiran yahay xargaha. Nidaamyada xarkaha ee hal guri oo qoys ama labo dabaq ah, tusaale ahaan, waa mid fudud, oo leh shuruudo hoose oo awood ah, isbeddel ku yimaada qaabdhismeedka dhismaha iyo qaabeynta, sida caadiga ah oo leh qallal qallalan, heer dhexdhexaad ah iyo xaalado deegaan aan qoonsad lahayn. Deegaanka ganacsiga fudud, isbedelka xiritaanka badanaa ayaa la filayaa, qalabka waaweyn waxaa lagu rakibayaa xaaladaha gaarka ah ee kuleylka ama qoyaanka. Warshadaha culus waxay leeyihiin shuruudo dheeraad ah oo ku xiran kabka, sida tamar gaaban iyo isbeddel sare, isbeddelada isbeddelka qalabka dhismaha, qalajinta, ama qoyaanka ama qulqulka qarxa. Meelaha ku shaqeeya gaasaska guban kara ama dareeraha, shuruuc gaar ah ayaa laga yaabaa in lagu maareeyo rakibidda iyo fiilooyinka qalabka korantada ee aagagga halista ah. Fiilooyinka iyo cabirrada ayaa lagu qiimeeyaa awoodda wareegga, heerkulka heerkulka iyo xaaladaha deegaanka (qoyaanka, iftiinka qorraxda, saliidda, kiimikooyinka) kuwaas oo loo isticmaali karo. Xadhig ama cable waxay leeyihiin fiilo (dhexdhexaad) iyo qiimeyn heerkulka ugu sarreeya ee korantada. Qadarka hadda xadhig ama xarig si ammaan ah u qaadi karaa waxay ku xiran tahay xaaladaha rakibida. Qiyaasaha caalamiga ah ee tikidhada heerarka caalamiga ah waxaa lagu bixiyaa IEC


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  1. For connection information, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NEMA_connector
  2. C22.1-15—Canadian Electrical Code, Part I: Safety Standard for Electrical Installations (23rd ed.). Canadian Standards Association. 2015. Rules 4-038, 24-208(c). ISBN 978-1-77139-718-6.