London Metro

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London Metro

Escalators at Canary Wharf station
A map of the entire system with accurate positions of stations but simplified presentation of lines


The Metropolitan Railway opened using GWR broad gauge locomotivesTemplate:Sfnp




London Underground (oo sidoo kale loo yaqaan 'Underground' ama 'nickname' Tube) waa nidaam gaadiidka dadweynaha oo degdeg ah oo u adeegaya London iyo qeybo ka mid ah gobollada Buckinghamshire, Essex iyo Hertfordshire ee Boqortooyada Ingiriiska. Underground waxay asal ahaan ka soo jeeddaa Tareenka Metropolitan, waa tareenka ugu horreeya ee dhulka hoostiisa. Markii la furay 1863, hadda waa qayb ka mid ah wareegyada gawaarida, Hammersmith & City iyo Metropolitan; tareenka ugu horeeya ee ku shaqeeya tareenada korontada ee korontada ku shaqeeya, Tareenka Magaalada iyo Koonfurta London 1890, hadda waa qayb ka mid ah woqooyiga. [7] Shabakadda ayaa la ballaariyey ilaa 11 khadadood, iyo sannadkii 2016-17 waxay qaadeen 1,379 bilyan oo rakaab ah, [3] waxay samaysay nidaamkii 11-aad ee ugu hooseeya ee mitirka. 11 khadka ayaa si wadajir ah ula shaqeeya qiyaastii 4,8 milyan oo rakaab ah maalintii. [2] Gaadiidka koowaad ee nidaamka waxaa lagu dhisay meel ka hooseysa dusha sare, iyadoo la adeegsanayo habka gaaban iyo kuwa daboolaya; ka dib, tareeno yar yar, qumman oo qumman - taas oo u keentay naaneeynteeda, Tube-waxaa lagu dhex qoday heer qoto dheer. [8] Nidaamka wuxuu leeyahay 270 saldhig iyo 250 mayl (400 km) oo jidka ah. [9] Inkasta oo magaciisu yahay, 45% kaliya ee nidaamka ayaa dhab ahaantii dhulka hoostiisa ku yaal, iyada oo intaa ka badan oo shabakad ah oo ku yaalla degaanka banaankeeda ah ee London ku yaala dusha sare. [9] Intaas waxaa sii dheer, degaanku ma daboolayo qeybaha koonfurta ee Greater London, wax ka yar 10% ee saldhigyada ku yaalla koonfurta ee Thames. [9] Khadadka hore ee tubaakada, asal ahaan waxaa leh shirkado badan oo khaas ah, ayaa lagu soo ururiyey astaanta "UndergrounD" horraantii qarnigii 20aad waxayna ugu dambeyntii isku xireen xarumaha hoose iyo adeega basaska sannadkii 1933 si ay u sameeyaan gaadiidka London iyagoo hoos imanaya kantaroolka Guddiga Gaadiidka Rakaabka ee London (LPTB). Hawlwadeenada hadda jira, London Underground Limited (LUL), waa shirkad wadaag ah oo ka mid ah Gaadiidka London (TfL), shirkad sharci ah oo mas'uul ka ah shabakadda gaadiidka ee Greater London. Laga bilaabo 2015, 92% kharashka hawlgalka ayaa daboolaya qiimaha rakaabka. [10] Tikidhka safarka waxaa la soo saaray 1983 iyo Odster, nidaam aan la xirxireynin, 2003. [11] Lacagaha kaashka ah ee aan la soo xiriirin ayaa la soo saaray 2014, [12] nidaamka gaadiidka dadweynaha ee ugu horeeya ee adduunka ah si uu sidaa u sameeyo. LPTB wuxuu ahaa hiddaha ugu caansan farshaxanka iyo naqshadeynta, samaynta dhismooyin badan oo xarumo cusub oo cusub, farshaxanno iyo farshaxan dadweyne oo qaabdhismeed casri ah. [14] [15] [16] Khariidada Tube-ka, oo uu u qaabeeyey Harry Beck 1931, ayaa loo doortay naqshad heer qaran oo 2006-ka ah waxaana hadda ka mid ah hababka kale ee gaadiidka TfL sida Docklands Light Railway, London Goobta, Crossrail (oo rasmi ah loo yaqaan Elizabeth Line) iyo Tramlink. Meelaha kale ee caanka ah ee London Undertround waxaa ka mid ah wareega iyo Johnston xarfaha, oo uu abuuray Edward Johnston 1916.


Lines[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

The London Underground was used by 1.379 billion passengers in 2016/2017.[1]

Name Map colour[2] Opening Date Type Length Termini No.
Stations
Depot Current Stock Trips
per annum
Avg. trips
per mile
(×1000)
2016/17 figures[3]
Bakerloo line style="background:#Template:LUL color; color:white;"|Light Brown 1906 Deep
Tube
23.2 km
14.5 mi
Harrow & Wealdstone
Queen's Park
Waterloo
Stonebridge Park
Elephant & Castle 25 Stonebridge Park
London Road
Queen's Park
1972 Stock 117,000 8,069
Central line style="background:#Template:LUL color; color:white;" | Red 1900[lower-alpha 1] Deep
Tube
74Template:0 km
46Template:0 mi
West Ruislip
Ealing Broadway
Northolt
Newbury Park
White City
Debden
Hainault
Woodford
Epping
Leytonstone
49 West Ruislip
Hainault
White City
1992 Stock 288,800 6,278
Circle line style="background:#Template:LUL color;"|Yellow 1871[lower-alpha 2] Sub
surface
27.2 km
17Template:0 mi
Hammersmith Edgware Road 36 Hammersmith S7 Stock[4] 73,000 4,294
District line style="background:#Template:LUL color; color:white;"|Green 1868 Sub
surface
64Template:0 km
40Template:0 mi
Ealing Broadway
Kensington (Olympia)
Richmond
Wimbledon
High Street Kensington
Edgware Road
Tower Hill
Upminster
60 Upminster
Ealing Common
Hammersmith
S7 Stock[4] 226,100 5,652
Hammersmith & City line style="background:#Template:LUL color;"|Pink 1864[lower-alpha 3] Sub
surface
25.5 km
15.8 mi
Hammersmith Barking
Aldgate East
Plaistow
29 Hammersmith S7 Stock[4] 61,000 3,860
Jubilee line style="background:#Template:LUL color; color:white;"|Grey 1979 Deep
Tube
36.2 km
22.5 mi
Stanmore
Wembley Park
Stratford
Willesden Green
North Greenwich
West Ham
27 Neasden
Stratford Market
1996 Stock 280,400 12,462
Metropolitan line style="background:#Template:LUL color; color:white;"|Magenta 1863 Sub
surface
66.7 km
42 mi
Baker Street
Aldgate
Harrow-on-the-Hill
Amersham
Chesham
Uxbridge
Watford
Rickmansworth
34 Neasden S8 Stock 80,900 1,926
Northern line style="background:#Template:LUL color; color:white;"|Black 1890[lower-alpha 4] Deep
Tube
58Template:0 km
36Template:0 mi
Kennington
Morden
Edgware
High Barnet
Mill Hill East
Golders Green
50 Golders Green
Morden
1995 Stock 294,000 8,166
Piccadilly line style="background:#Template:LUL color; color:white;"|Dark Blue 1906 Deep
Tube
71Template:0 km
44.3 mi
Cockfosters
Acton Town
Arnos Grove
Oakwood
Heathrow Terminals 2 & 3
Heathrow Terminal 4
Heathrow Terminal 5
Northfields
Rayners Lane
Uxbridge
53 Cockfosters
Northfields
1973 Stock 206,900 4,670
Victoria line style="background:#Template:LUL color; color:white;"|Light Blue 1968 Deep
Tube
21Template:0 km
13 mi
Brixton Walthamstow Central
Seven Sisters
16 Northumberland Park 2009 Stock 263,400 20,261
Waterloo & City line style="background:#Template:LUL color; color:black;"|Turquoise 1898[lower-alpha 5] Deep
Tube
2.5 km
1.5 mi
Bank Waterloo 2 Waterloo 1992 Stock 16,900 11,267
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sido kale fiiri[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 1617TfLreport
  2. London Underground. "Standard Tube Map" (PDF). Transport for London. Retrieved 1 December 2017. 
  3. "Up to date per line London Underground usage statistics". TheyWorkForYou. 29 April 2018. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Commissioner's Report" (PDF). Transport for London. 26 March 2014. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 


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