Matxafka Qaranka ee Brazil

Ka Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search



Matxafka Qaranka ee Brazil



Matxafka Qaranka (Bortuqiis: Museu Nacional) waa machadka ugu da'da weyn ee Brazil iyo mid ka mid ah matxafyada ugu weyn taariikhda dabiiciga ah iyo anthropology ee Ameerika. Matxafku wuxuu ku yaalaa gudaha Quinta da Boa Vista park, magaalada Rio de Janeiro, wuxuuna ku yaalaa Pacho de São Cristóvão (St Christopher's palace). Royal Family intii u dhaxeysay 1808 iyo 1821, waxaa ku noolaa qoyska reer Brazil ee Imperial Family intii u dhaxeysay 1822 iyo 1889, sidoo kale waxay martigelisay Golaha Deegaanka Jamhuuriga tan iyo 1889-kii illaa 1891, ka hor inta aan loo wareejin matxafkii 1892-kii. Dhismaha wuxuu ku yaal liistada Qaranka ee Brazil tan iyo 1938-kii. [1] Waxaa aasaasay King Jorge VI ee Portugal 6-dii June, 1818, oo ku hoos qoran Magaca Makhaayadda Boqortooyada, xaruntu waxay markii hore degtay xadiiqada Campo de Santana, halkaas oo ay soo bandhigtay ururinta Gurigii hore ee taariikhda dabiiciga ah, oo loo yaqaan 'Casa Casa dos Pássaros ("Guriga Shimbiraha"), oo la aasaasay 1784 Viceroy ee Brazil Luís de Vasconcelos e Sousa, iyo sidoo kale uruurinta macdanta iyo jaadka. Madxafka waxaa loogu talagalay inuu wax ka qabano danaha dhaqaalaha dhaqaalaha ee dalka oo lagu kala saaro waxbarashada, dhaqanka, iyo sayniska. Inkastoo qarnigii 19aad, machadka ayaa horey loo asaasay madxafka ugu muhiimsan ee Koonfurta Ameerika oo ku yaala noocyadiisa. Waxaa lagu daray Jaamacadda Federaalka ee Rio de Janeiro 1946. [2] [1] [3]