Right- and left-hand traffic
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|Country||Road traffic||Road switched sides||Multi-track rail traffic generally||Notes|
|Afghanistan||RHT||RHT/LHT||Was LHT until the 1950s, in line with neighbouring British India and later Pakistan.|
|Antigua and Barbuda||LHT||Former British colony.|
|LHT||The anniversary on 10 June is still observed each year as Día de la Seguridad Vial (road safety day). |
The Premetro and Metrotranvía Mendoza use RHT.
|Austria||RHT||1921–1938||RHT||Originally LHT, like most of former Austria-Hungary. Switched sides in 1921 in Vorarlberg, 1930 in North Tyrol, 1935 in Carinthia and East Tyrol, and in 1938 in the rest of the country.|
|Bahamas||LHT||In Bahamas LHD vehicles are common due to the import of used cars from the United States.|
|Bahrain||RHT||1967||Former British protectorate. Switched to same side as neighbours.|
|Belize||RHT||1961||Former British colony. Switched to same side as neighbours.|
|Bhutan||LHT||Under British protection before 1949.|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||RHT||1918||RHT||Switched sides after the collapse of Austria-Hungary.|
|Brazil||RHT||1928||RHT||A Portuguese colony until the early 19th century as LHT and retained it at least partially following independence, switched some states still on LHT to RHT in 1928, the same year as Portugal. While some areas in present-day Brazil formerly belonged to Bolivia were already in RHT.|
|Burundi||RHT||Former Belgian colony. Considering switching to LHT in line with neighbours Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda.|
|Cambodia||RHT||LHT||RHT implemented while part of French Indochina. RHD cars, many of which were smuggled from Thailand, were banned from 2001, even though they accounted for 80% of vehicles in the country.|
|Canada||RHT||1920s||RHT||Territories now in Canada have always been RHT, except British Columbia, which changed to RHT in stages from 1920 to 1923, and New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island which changed in 1922, 1923, and 1924 respectively. Newfoundland and Labrador changed to RHT in 1947 while still a dominion of the British Empire, two years before joining Canada.|
|Central African Republic||RHT|
|Chile||RHT||1920s||LHT||The Santiago Metro uses RHT.|
|China||RHT||1946||RHT/LHT||At one time, northern provinces were RHT due to American influence, while southern provinces were LHT due to British influence. LHT was uniform in the 1930s. Hong Kong and Macau are all on LHT due to their colonial heritage. Most metro systems use RHT, except for the Hong Kong MTR and the Macau LRT.|
|Democratic Republic of Congo||RHT|
|Croatia||RHT||RHT||Istria and Dalmatia were RHT, while Croatia-Slavonia was LHT when Croatia was part of Austria-Hungary. The LHT regions switched to RHT on joining the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.|
|Cyprus||LHT||Former British colony.|
|Czech Republic||RHT||1939||RHT||Was LHT, like most of former Austria-Hungary, switched during the German occupation of Czechoslovakia.|
|Denmark||RHT||RHT||Includes Faroe Islands and Greenland|
|Dominica||LHT||Former British colony.|
|East Timor||LHT||1976||Originally LHT, like its colonial power Portugal. Switched to RHT with Portugal in 1928. Under the Indonesian occupation of East Timor, changed back to LHT in 1976.|
|Ecuador||RHT||LHT||The Quito Metro and Cuenca tram system will use RHT.|
|Egypt||RHT||LHT||Road vehicles are RHT due to French influence, but railway system was built by British companies.|
|Ethiopia||RHT||1964||LHT||The Addis Ababa Light Rail uses RHT.|
|Finland||RHT||1858||RHT/LHT||Formerly ruled as part of LHT Sweden, switched to RHT as the Grand Duchy of Finland by Russian decree. Most of the Helsinki commuter rail lines use LHT, but the Helsinki Metro uses RHT.|
|France||RHT||1792||LHT/RHT||Includes French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Wallis and Futuna, French Guiana, Réunion, Saint Barthélemy, Collectivity of Saint Martin, Guadeloupe, Mayotte. |
Railroads in Alsace and Moselle use RHT as a former part of German Empire. CDGVAL uses RHT. Most metro systems use RHT, except for the Lyon Metro.
|Georgia||RHT||RHT||About 40% vehicles in Georgia are RHD due to the low cost of used cars imported from Japan. The Batumi Ropeway uses LHT.|
|Ghana||RHT||1974||Former British colony. Ghana changed to driving on the right on 4 August 1974, the last former British colony in the region to do so, the military National Redemption Council having passed the Right Hand Traffic Act by decree in 1973. When changing to RHT, a Twi language slogan was "Nifa, Nifa Enan" or "Right, Right, Fourth".Ghana has also banned RHD vehicles. Ghana prohibited new registrations of RHD vehicles after 1 August 1974, three days before the traffic change on 4 August 1974. RHD vehicles may be imported only temporarily into Sierra Leone, for example for humanitarian programmes, but must be exported at the end of the operation.|
|Hong Kong||LHT||LHT||Former British Colony.|
|Hungary||RHT||1941||RHT||Originally LHT, like most of Austria-Hungary.|
|Iceland||RHT||1968||The day of the switch was known as H-dagurinn. Most passenger cars were already LHD.|
|India||LHT||LHT||Former British colony.|
|Indonesia||LHT||RHT||Roads were built by the British, but railways are RHT due to Dutch influence. The Jakarta MRT will also use RHT.|
|Ireland||LHT||LHT||Part of the United Kingdom until 1922.|
|Israel||RHT||LHT||Under British rule till 1948; The Jerusalem Light Rail uses RHT.|
|Italy||RHT||1920s||LHT||Until 1927 the countryside was RHT while cities were LHT. Rome changed to RHT in 1924 and Milan in 1926. Alfa Romeo and Lancia did produce LHD cars until as late as 1950 and 1953 respectively only to special order, as many drivers favoured the RHD layout even in RHT as this offered the driver a clearer view of the edge of the road in mountainous regions at a time when many such roads lacked barriers or walls. |
The metro systems in Brescia, Genoa, Milan, and Turin use RHT, as well as all tram systems.
|Japan||LHT||LHT||Post-World War II Okinawa was ruled by the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands and was RHT. It was returned to Japan in 1972 but did not convert back to LHT until 1978. The conversion operation was known as 730 (Nana-San-Maru, which refers to the date of the changeover, 30 July). Okinawa is one of few places to have changed from RHT to LHT in the late 20th century. The Hakone Ropeway uses RHT.|
|Jordan||RHT||RHT, despite the Mandate for Palestine and the Transjordan memorandum being under British rule till 1946.|
|Kenya||LHT||British colony until 1963.|
|North Korea||RHT||1946||LHT/RHT||Korea had been LHT because of the influence of Japan in the 1900s. Switched to RHT under Soviet and American occupation after 1945. |
The metro system in Pyongyang uses a mixture of RHT and LHT.
|South Korea||RHT||1946||LHT/RHT||Korea had been LHT because of the influence of Japan in the 1900s. Switched to RHT under Soviet and American occupation after 1945. |
Most metro systems in South Korea use RHT (exceptions include lines 1 and 4 of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway, the Bundang Line, and the Shinbundang Line).
|Kyrgyzstan||RHT||RHT||Former part of RHT Soviet Union. In 2012, over 20,000 cheaper used RHD cars were imported from Japan.|
|Laos||RHT||LHT||RHT implemented while part of French Indochina.|
|Lebanon||RHT||Former French mandate.|
|Malawi||LHT||Former British colony.|
|Malaysia||LHT||LHT||Former British colony.|
|Maldives||LHT||Former British colony.|
|Malta||LHT||British colony until 1964.|
|Marshall Islands||RHT||Was being under American rule.|
|Mauritania||RHT||Mining roads between Fderîck and Zouérat are LHT.|
|Mauritius||LHT||Former British colony. Island nation.|
|Micronesia||RHT||Was being under American rule. Nearly 80% vehicles are RHD due to the import of used cars from Japan.|
|Myanmar||RHT||1970||LHT||Much of infrastructure still geared to LHT, most cars are used RHD vehicles, imported from Japan.|
|Netherlands||RHT||1906||RHT||Rotterdam was LHT until 1917. Includes Curaçao, Sint Maarten, and Aruba|
|Namibia||LHT||1918||RHT as a German colony. After South Africa occupied German South-West Africa during World War I, switched to LHT. South-West Africa was made a South African mandate by the League of Nations, and the new rule of the road was established in law.|
|New Zealand||LHT||LHT||Includes territories Niue and Cook Islands|
|Nigeria||RHT||1972||LHT||Former British colony. Switched to RHT as it is surrounded by former French RHT colonies. Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) warned operators of RHD vehicles that they would face prosecution under Section 71 of the National Road Traffic Regulation (2004), which states that no RHD vehicle shall be registered or driven on public roads.|
|Oman||RHT||Not a party to the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic and bans all foreign-registered RHD vehicles.|
|Pakistan||LHT||LHT||Was part of undivided India|
|Palau||RHT||Most cars are used RHD vehicles, imported from Japan because it's a second Japanese-speaking country.|
|Papua New Guinea||LHT||After Australia occupied German New Guinea during World War I, switched to LHT.|
|Philippines||RHT||1946||RHT||Was LHT during the Spanish and American colonial periods. Switched to RHT during Battle of Manila in 1945.|
|Poland||RHT||RHT||Partitions of Poland belonging to the German Empire and the Russian Empire were RHT. Partitions that were part of Austria-Hungary were LHT and changed to RHT in the 1920s.|
|Portugal||RHT||1928||LHT||Colonies Goa, Macau and Mozambique, which had land borders with LHT countries, did not switch and continue to drive on the left. The Porto Metro uses RHT.|
|Romania||RHT||RHT||Transylvania, the Banat and Bukovina were until 1919 LHT like most of former Austria-Hungary, while Wallachia and Moldavia were already RHT.|
|Russia||RHT||RHT||In the Russian Far East RHD vehicles are common due to the import of used cars from nearby Japan. Railway between Moscow and Ryazan is LHT. Sormovskaya line in Nizhny Novgorod Metro also uses LHT.|
|Rwanda||RHT||Former Belgian mandate. Considering switching to LHT like its neighbours Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda.|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||LHT||Former British colony.|
|Saint Lucia||LHT||Former British colony.|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||LHT||Former British colony.|
|Samoa||LHT||2009||Switched to LHT to allow the import of cars more cheaply from Australia, New Zealand and Japan.|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||RHT||1928|
|Saudi Arabia||RHT||LHT||The Makkah Metro and the Riyadh Metro use RHT.|
|Serbia||RHT||RHT||Vojvodina was LHT while part of Austria-Hungary.|
|Seychelles||LHT||Former British colony. Island nation.|
|Sierra Leone||RHT||1971||Importation of RHD vehicles was banned in 2013.|
|Singapore||LHT||LHT||Former British colony.|
|Slovakia||RHT||1939–41||RHT||Was LHT like most of former Austria-Hungary. Switched to RHT when it became a client state of Nazi Germany.|
|Slovenia||RHT||LHT||Was LHT like most of Austria-Hungary. Switched to RHT to unite with Croatia-Slavonia, Dalmatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro to form with Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.|
|South Africa||LHT||LHT||Former British colony.|
|South Sudan||RHT||1973||Was LHT during the period of British colonial rule. Split from Sudan in 2011 after the majority of the population voted for independence.|
|Spain||RHT||1924||RHT||Up to the 1920s Barcelona was RHT, and Madrid was LHT until 1924. The Madrid and Bilbao metro systems use LHT.|
|Sri Lanka||LHT||LHT||Former British colony.|
|Sudan||RHT||1973||Former British colony.|
|LHT||The day of the switch was known as Dagen H. Most passenger cars were already LHD. The tram systems in Gothenburg (except for a short part), Norrköping and Stockholm are RHT. The railroads in Malmö use RHT due to the connection to Denmark.|
|Switzerland||RHT||LHT||The tram system in Zurich and the Lausanne Metro use RHT.|
|Taiwan||RHT||1946||LHT||Was LHT during the period of Japanese rule. The government of the Republic of China changed Taiwan to RHT in 1946 along with the rest of China. Most metro systems use RHT.|
|Thailand||LHT||LHT||One of the few LHT countries not a former British colony. Shares long land border with RHT Laos and Cambodia.|
|Trinidad and Tobago||LHT||Former British colony.|
|Tunisia||RHT||LHT||French RHT was enforced in the French protectorate of Tunisia from 1881.|
|Tuvalu||LHT||Former British colony.|
|Ukraine||RHT||1922||RHT||West Ukraine was LHT, like most of former Austria-Hungary. Carpathian Ruthenia remained LHT as part of Czechoslovakia before switching in 1941 as part of Hungary. The rest of Ukraine, having been part of the Russian Empire, already drove on the right.|
Some sections of Kryvyi Rih Metrotram use LHT due to tramcars have doors only on right side, which makes it impossible to use RHT at stations with island platforms.
|United Arab Emirates||RHT||RHT|
(Gibraltar, British Indian Ocean Territory)
|LHT||Includes Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories Isle of Man, Guernsey, Jersey, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Montserrat, Pitcairn Islands (unregistered), Turks and Caicos Islands, Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha are all LHT. Gibraltar has been RHT since 1929 because of its land border with Spain. The British Indian Ocean Territory is the only other overseas territory driving on the right. The Channel Islands (Jersey and Guernsey) drove on the right under German occupation until their liberation in 1945. The Falkland Islands similarly drove on the right during their occupation by Argentina in 1982.However, virtually all passenger vehicles in British Virgin Islands are LHD due to grey imports of used cars from USA and South Korea.|
(U.S. Virgin Islands)
|RHT/LHT||Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico. U.S. Virgin Islands is LHT, like much of the Caribbean, as the only American jurisdiction that still has LHT, because the islands drove on the left when the United States purchased the former Danish West Indies from Denmark in 1917. However, virtually all passenger vehicles are LHD due to imports of US vehicles.|
|Uruguay||RHT||1945||LHT||Became LHT in 1918, but as in some other countries in South America, changed to RHT on 2 September 1945. A speed limit of 30 km/h (19 mph) was observed until 30 September for safety.|
|Venezuela||RHT||LHT||The Caracas Metro uses RHT.|
|Vietnam||RHT||LHT||Became RHT as French Indochina.|
|Yemen||RHT||1977||South Yemen, formerly the British colony of Aden, changed to RHT in 1977. A series of postage stamps commemorating the event was issued. North Yemen was already RHT.|
|Zimbabwe||LHT||LHT||Former British colony. In 2010 the government attempted to ban LHD vehicles.|
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