Riyadh

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Riyadh
الرياض
—  Capital city  —
Counter Clockwise from top left:
Riyadh at sunset, Masmak fort, King Fahd International Stadium, People and camels in the peripheral desert of Riyadh, Al Faisaliyah Center, Kingdom Centre, View of the center of Riyadh.

Flag

Seal

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Country  Saudi Arabia
Xukunka
 • Riyadh Prince Governor Faisal bin Bandar Al Saud
 • Mayor Ibraheem Mohammed Al-Sultan
Baaxadda
 • Guud ahaan Template:Infobox settlement/metric/mag
Joogga 612 m (2,008 ft)
Tirada dadka (2016)[1]
 • Guud ahaan 6,506,700
 • Tiro Badnaan 3,600/km2 (9,400/sq mi)
Saacad AST (UTC+3)
 • Xagaa (DST) AST (UTC+3)
Postal Code (5 digits)
Area code(s) +966-11
Website High Commission for the Development of Riyadh Riyadh Municipality


Saudi Arabian Airlines ERJ-170 at Riyadh King Khalid International Airport
1922 map of Riyadh

Riyadh (ryujɑːd /; Arabic: الرياض ar-Riyāḍ Najdi waa: caasimada iyo magaalooyinka ugu badan ee Sacuudi Carabiya. Sidoo kale waa caasimadda gobolka Riyadh waxaana ka mid ah gobollada taariikhiga ah ee Najd iyo Al Yamama. Waxay ku taallaa bartamaha Jasiiradda Carabta oo ku taal dhul balaadhan oo guryo iyo in ka badan lix milyan oo qof. Magaaladu waxay u qaybsantaa 15 degmo degmo oo ay maamusho degmada Riyadh oo uu hoggaamiyo duqa magaalada Riyadh, iyo Hay'adda Horumarinta Riyadh oo uu hogaamiyo guddoomiyaha gobolka, Faisal bin Bandar Al Saud. Duqa magaalada hadda waa Ibrahim Mohammed Al-Sultan. Riyadh waxaa loo aqoonsaday magaalo caalami ah. [3] Taariikhda hore Intii lagu jiray xilligii hore ee Islaamiga, magaalada oo ku taala goobta Riyadh casri ah waxaa loo yaqaan "Hajr" (Carabiga: حجر), waxaana la sheegay inay aasaaseen qabiilkii Banu Hanifa [4] Xajr waxay noqotay caasimadda gobolka Al-Yamamah, oo guddoomiyayaashu ay masuul ka ahaayeen badi bartamaha iyo bariga Carabta intii lagu jiray xilligii Umayyad iyo Abbasid. Al-Yamamah wuxuu ka soo jeeda Boqortooyada Abbas ee 866-meeyadii oo ay hoos u dhacday xukunka Ukhaydhiritir, oo caasimadda ka soo guuray Xajka ilaa Al-Kharj. Dabadeedna magaaladu waxay gashay muddo dheer. Qarnigii 14aad, Safiirka Waqooyiga Afrika Ibn Battuta ayaa ka qoray booqashadiisa Xajka, isagoo ku tilmaamay "magaalada ugu weyn ee Al-Yamamah, magaciisuna waa Xaj". Ibn Battuta wuxuu ku sii wadi doonaa inuu u sharaxo sida magaalooyinka kaniisadaha iyo dhirta ay la wadaagaan Bani Hanifa oo intooda badan, wuxuuna sheegay in uu sii waday hogaamiyahooda Mecca si ay u fuliyaan Xajka. Kadibna, Xajir wuxuu u kala baxsaday dhawr degsiimo oo kala duwan iyo dhulal. Midka ugu muhiimsan ee kuwani waa Migrin (ama Muqrin) iyo Miqal, inkasta oo magaca Xajka uu sii waday inuu ka muuqdo gabayada dadweynaha. Magaca ugu sareeya ee loo yaqaan "Riyadh" waxa uu ka soo jeedaa qarnigii 17aad ee qarxinta taariikhda qarxinta 1590kii. Deham ibn Dawwas, oo ah qaxooti ka soo jeeda Manfuha, ayaa la wareegay Riyadh. Ibn Dawwas wuxuu dhisay hal derbi si uu u dhexgalo magaalada kale ee magaalada oasis ee aagga, taas oo ka dhigaysa mid si toos ah u ah magaalo. Magaca "Riyadh," oo loola jeedo "beeraha" waxaa loola jeedaa magaalooyinkaas horayba u degganaa. Sucuudiga Saddexaad 1922 Khariidadda Riyadh Sanadkii 1744, Muhammad ibn Abdel Wahhab wuxuu isku xidhay isbahaysi Muhammad ibn Saud, oo ah taliyaha magaalada ku dhow ee Diriyah. Ibn Saud ayaa markaa ka dib ku dhawaaqay in uu ku guulaysto gobolka ku hareeraysan isaga oo ujeedkiisu yahay in uu u hoggaansamo xukun dawlad kaliya ah. Ibn Dawwas ee Riyadh wuxuu hogaaminayay iska caabin aad u liidata, oo lala xidhiidhiyay ciidamada Al-Kharj, Al Ahsa iyo qabiilka Banu Yam ee Najran. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, Ibn Daahir ayaa ka cararay, Riyadh wuxuu uqornay Suudaan 1774-kii, isaga oo soo afjaray sanado badan oo dagaallo ah, wuxuuna keenay hogaanka Sucuudiga ee ugu horeeyay, oo leh Diriyah caasimadiisa.

Dawladdii Sucuudiga ee ugu horreysay waxa burburiyay ciidamo u diray Muhammad Ali oo Masar, oo matalaya Boqortooyada Ciraaq. Ciidammada Ottoman waxay ku fashilmeen caasimadda Sucuudiga ee 1818. [5] Waxay ku hayaan ciidamo jooga Najd. Tani waxay calaamad u noqotay hoos u dhaca Golaha Sucuudiga muddo gaaban. [7] Turki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad wuxuu noqday kii ugu horreeyay ee Safiirkii labaad ee Sucuudiga; oo ahaa ina-adeeshii Sacad bin Saud, wuxuu xukumay 19 sano ilaa 1834, taasoo keentay in la isku daro degaanka, inkasta oo ay ahaayeen figrad ay ku hoos jirtay xukunka Muhammad Ali, Viceroy ee Masar. 1823-kii, Turki ibn Cabdallah ayaa Riyadh u doortay caasimadda cusub. [8] Ka dib dilkii Turki ee 1834, wiilkiisii ​​ugu da'da yaraa ee Faisal wuxuu dilay dilkii iyo koontaroolka, wuxuuna diiday inuu xukumo Viceroy ee Masar

sido kale fiiri[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  • "About ArRiyadh". high commission for the development of arriyadh. Retrieved 4 April 2017.