Shiinaha

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中华人民共和国 (zh)
中華人民共和國 (zh)
People's Republic of China (en)
Calanka Shiinaha
Calan
Qaarada Aasiya
Location of Shiinaha
Caasimada Beijing
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $14.685 trillion[1] 
 -  Per capita $22,550[1] 
1 March of the Volunteers

w:zh:china w:or:china

Shiinaha (中华人民共和国 / 中華人民共和國) waa wadanka shiinaha waa wadanka ugu ween bariga Aasiya, waana wadanka sadaxaad oo ugu ween aduunka oona ugu dadka tirada badan. wadanka waxaa degan, dad gaaraayo 1.3 biliyan oo qof, waa halkiiba shan oo shacabka aduunka oo dhan aa degan. magaalo madaxda wadanka waa Beijing.wadanka Shiinaha waxa kamida sida gobolada Hong Kong Makaw Wadanka shiinuhu waxa uu ka koobanyahay dhul gaadhaya 9.6 malyan oo labajibaaran waxaanuu noqonayaa wadanka sadexaad ee caalmka uguwayn.wadanka shiinuhu waxa uu kakoobanyahay dhul saxare ah iyo dhul kayn ah.wadanka shiiinuh muxuu ahaa

A detail from Along the River During the Qingming Festival, a 12th-century painting showing everyday life in the Song dynasty's capital, Bianjing (present-day Kaifeng)
Fotografia de Chiang Kaishek, cap principau dei nacionalistas chinés.
Retrach de Yuan Shikai.

Goobta Shiinaha waa mid aad iyo aad u kala duwan, oo ka soo jeeda Gobi iyo Taklapan oo ku yaalla waqooyiga qulqulka si kaymaha koonfureed ee koonfurta woqooyi. Buuraleyda Himilaya, Karakoram, Pamir iyo Tian Shan waxay kala duwanyihiin Shiinaha oo ka kala yimi Koonfurta iyo Bartamaha Aasiya. Daadadka Yangtze iyo Yellow River, oo ah kii saddexaad iyo lixaad ee ugu dheer adduunka, siday u kala horreeyaan, waxay ka soo baxaan xeebta Tibetan si ay u noqdaan xeebaha bariga ah ee aadka u qulqulaya. Xeebta Shiinaha ee ku taalla Badweynta Baasifigga ayaa 14,500 Km (9,000 mi) dheer waxaana xiran Bohai, Yellow, East Sea iyo Shiinaha Koonfurta Shiinaha. Shiinuhu wuxuu isku xiraa xudduuda Kazakhstan ku yaala Eurasian Steppe, kaas oo ahaa xidhiidhkii isgaadhsiinta ee u dhaxeeya Bariga iyo Galbeed tan iyo Neolithic oo loo marey waddada Steppe - awoowgeed ee Waddada Casriga ah.

Retrach de Sun Yat-sen.
Sun Yat-sen, the father of modern China (seated on right), and Chiang Kai-shek, later President of the Republic of China

Dalka Shiinaha, maadado culus ayaa sidoo kale keena wasakheynta deegaanka. Qalabka kiimikada culus waa shey kiimikaad halis ah, oo badanaa keena sunta (Pb), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As), cadmiyum (Cd), meerkuri (Hg), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), cobalt (Co), iyo nickel (Ni). Shan nooc oo iyaga ka mid ah, Pb, Cr, As, Cd, iyo Hg, waa maaddooyinka wasakhda culus ee culus ee Shiinaha. Maaddooyinka birta ah ee culus badanaa waxay ka yimaadaan macdanta, waraabka qashin-qubka, soo saarida alaabooyinka birta ku jira, iyo waxqabadyada wax soosaarka ee la xiriira. Heerka sarreeya ee biraha culus wuxuu sidoo kale keeni karaa naafonimada joogtada ah ee xagga maskaxda iyo koritaanka, oo ay ku jirto akhrinta iyo naafonimada barashada, dhibaatooyinka dabeecadda, maqal la'aanta, dhibaatooyinka dareenka, iyo carqaladaynta horumarinta muuqaalka iyo farsamada. Sida laga soo xigtay xogta tirakoobka qaran ee wasakhaynta, Shiinaha waxay leedahay in ka badan 1.5 milyan oo goobo ka mid ah maaddooyinka culus. Miisaanka guud ee maaddooyinka culus ee ka soo baxa biyaha qashinka, gaasta qashinka iyo qashinka culus waa qiyaastii 900,000 tan oo sanad walba laga bilaabo 2005-2011. [180]

Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong toasting together in 1946 following the end of World War II
Mao Zedong proclaiming the establishment of the PRC in 1949

Si kastaba ha ahaatee, Shiinuhu waa maalglaha ugu sareeya adduunka ee tamarta dib loo cusboonaysiin karo iyo ganacsigeeda, iyada oo $ 52 bilyan oo maal gashan 2011 oo kali ah; [181] [182] waa shirkad wayn oo tiknoolajiyada tamarta dib loo cusboonaysiin karo waxayna si weyn ugu maalgashaa tamarta dib loo cusboonaysiin karo mashaariicda. [184] [185] [186] Sannadka 2015, in ka badan 24% tamarta Shiinaha ayaa laga soo qaatay ilaha dib loo cusboonaysiin karo, halka ugu badnaan awoodda korontada ku jirta: wadarta guud ee la rakibay 197 GW waxay China ka dhigaysaa korontada korontada ugu wayn ee korontada adduunka ah [187] Shiinaha ayaa sidoo kale leh awooda awooda ugu weyn ee lagu rakibay habka fiilooyinka loo yaqaan 'photovoltaics solar system' iyo nidaamka tamarta dabaysha ee adduunka. [189] [190] Sanadkii 2011, xukuumadda Shiinaha ayaa ku dhawaaqday qorshe ay ku maalgelinayso afar trillion yuan (US $ 619 bilyan) oo ah mashruucyada biyaha iyo mashruucyada biyo-qabadka mudo toban sano ah, iyo in la dhiso dhismaha ka hortagga daadadka iyo nidaamka ka hortagga abaarta sannadka 2020. [178] [191] Sanadka 2013, Shiinaha waxay bilaabeen dadaal shan sano ah, $ 277 bilyan oo doolar si loo yareeyo hawada hawada, gaar ahaan waqooyiga dalka. [192]

Hong Kong vist del Pic Victoria

Dastuurka Shiinaha ayaa caddeeyay in waddanka uu "hogaamiye" ka yahay Xisbiga Shuuciga ee Shiinaha (CPC) [197] Maadaama uu Shiinuhu yahay dawlad-goboleed hal-dhinac ah, Xog-hayaha Guud (hoggaamiyaha xisbiga) wuxuu leeyahay awooda iyo awoodda ugu saraysa dowladda iyo xukuumadda u adeegta hoggaamiyaha ugu sarreeya [198] Nidaamka doorashadu waa sharraxaad. Xubnaha Golaha Deegaanka waxaa si toos ah loogu soo doortaa, iyo heerarka sare ee Congress-ka ee dadka loo gooyo Golaha Qaranka ee Qaranka (NPC) waxaa si dadban loo soo doortaa Congress-ka dadka heerkiisu hooseeyo. Nidaamka siyaasadeed waa mid baahsan, hoggaamiyeyaasha gobollada iyo kuwa gobollada ayaa leh tiro madaxbanaan oo madax-bannaan. [200] Siddeed kale oo xisbiyo siyaasadeed ah, ayaa wakiil ka ah Majmaca iyo Shiineeysiga Siyaasadeed ee Shiinaha (CPPCC). Shiinaha waxay taageertaa mabda 'Leninist' oo ah "dimoqraadiyad dimuqraadi ah", [202] laakiin naqdiyeyaashu waxay sharaxayaan Golaha Shacabka ee la soo doorto oo loo yaqaan "shambe shaambe". PRC waxay leedahay xiriir diblomaasiyadeed oo leh 175 dal iyo safaaradaha safaarada 162. Sharcigeeda waxaa ka soo horjeeda Jamhuuriyadda China iyo dalal kale oo yar; sidaas darteed waa gobolka ugu weyn oo ugu badan dadweynaha oo leh aqoonsi xaddidan. 1971-kii, PRC wuxuu beddelay Jamhuuriyadda Shiinaha oo ah wakiilka kaliya ee Shiinaha ee Qaramada Midoobay iyo mid ka mid ah shanta xubnood ee joogtada ah ee Golaha Ammaanka ee Qaramada Midoobay. [211] Shiinaha wuxuu sidoo kale ahaa xubin hore iyo hogaamiye dhaqdhaqaaq aan Sharciyeynin, wuxuuna wali u tixgelinayaa inuu u doodayo dalalka soo koraya. [212] Brazil, Ruushka, Hindiya iyo Koonfur Afrika, Shiinaha waa xubin ka mid ah kooxda BRICS oo ah dhaqaale weyn oo soo kordhay waxayna martigeliyeen shirkii saddexaad ee rasmiga ahaa ee kooxda Sanya, Hainan bishii Abriil 2011. [213]

































































Sido kale Fiiri[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named IMF database 2018