Taiwanese Mandarin

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Standard Chinese
Modern Standard Mandarin
普通话 / 普通話 Pǔtōnghuà
国语 / 國語 Guóyǔ
华语 / 華語 Huáyǔ
Ku hadla Dad udhashay China, Taiwan, Singapore
Afkiisa hooyo Ku hadla (has begun acquiring native speakers cited 1988, 2014)Template:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp
L2 speakers: 7% of China (2014)[1][2]
Bahda afafka
Early forms:
Middle Mandarin
  • Standard Chinese
Hab qoraalka Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Mainland Chinese Braille
Taiwanese Braille
Two-Cell Chinese Braille
Heer caalami
Luqadda rasmiga ah ee
Regulated by National Language Regulating Committee (China)[3]
National Languages Committee (Taiwan)
Promote Mandarin Council (Singapore)
Chinese Language Standardisation Council (Malaysia)
Luqada astaamaheed
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6 goyu (Guoyu)
huyu (Huayu)
cosc (Putonghua)
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Template:Infobox Chinese


Heerka Shiinaha, oo sidoo kale loo yaqaan 'Standard Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin', ama Mandarin, ayaa ah noocyo kala duwan oo Shiinees ah, oo ah luqada rasmiga ah ee Shiinaha iyo Taiwan (de facto), iyo mid ka mid ah afarta af rasmi ee Singapore. Its dhawaaqu wuxuu ku salaysan yahay lahjadda Beijing, erayadeeda ku jirta luuqadaha Mandarin, iyo naxwaha wuxuu ku saleysan yahay shiinada qoran ee Shiinaha. Sida noocyo kaladuwan oo Shiinees ah, Heerka Shiineesku waa luuqad tonan oo leh mawduuc mawduuc leh oo mawduuc leh iyo mawduuc mawduuc ah. Waxay leedahay qandaraasleeyaal biloow ah, hase yeeshee, shaqaalihii yaraa, qandaraaska kama dambaysta ah iyo dhawaaqyada ayaa ka badan noocyada koonfurta. Heerka shiineesku waa luuqada falanqaynta, inkasta oo erayo badan oo isku dhafan. Waxaa jira laba nooc oo qaabeysan oo luuqadda ah, oo ah Putonghua oo ku yaala Mainland Shiinaha iyo Guoa ee Taiwan. Marka laga soo tago tiro farqi ah oo ku hadla luqada iyo erayada, Putonghua waxaa lagu qoray iyadoo la adeegsanayo jilayaasha fudud ee Shiinaha (oo lagu daray hanyu Pinyin romanization for teaching), halka Guoyu lagu qoro isticmaalka jilayaasha dhaqameed ee Shiinaha (oo lagu daro Zhuyin xagga waxbarida). Waxaa jira jilayaal badan oo isku mid ah labada ujeedka.













sido kale fiiri[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  1. Luo, Chris (22 September 2014). "One-third of Chinese do not speak Putonghua, says Education Ministry". South China Morning Post. 
  2. Only 7% of people in China speak proper Putonghua: PRC MOE, Language Log, 2014 Sept. 24
  3. http://www.china-language.gov.cn/ (Chinese)