Aztecs

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Aztecka - Aztecs

Cultivation of maize, the main foodstuff, using simple tools. Florentine Codex
A folio from the Codex Mendoza showing the tribute paid to Tenochtitlan in exotic trade goods by the altepetl of Xoconochco on the Pacific coast

The Aztecs (/ æztɛks /) waxay ahaayeen dhaqankii Mesoamerican ee ku dhexjiray bartamaha Mexico xilligii caadiga ahaa ee laga soo bilaabo 1300 ilaa 1521. Dadka Aztec waxay ku jireen kooxo qowmiyadeed oo kala duwan oo ku yaala bartamaha Mexico, gaar ahaan kooxaha ay ku hadlaan luqadda Nahuatl iyo kuwa waaweyn qaybo ka mid ah Mesoamerica laga bilaabo 14aad ilaa qarniyo 16aad. Dhaqanka Aztec waxaa loo abaabulay gobollada magaalooyinka (altepetl), qaar ka mid ah kuwan oo ku biiray inay sameeyaan isbahaysi, siyaasad siyaasadeed, ama boqortooyo. Awoodda Aztecu waxay ahayd isku xidhnaan saddexda dawlad-goboleed ee aasaasay 1427-kii, Tenochtitlan, magaalada-gobolka Mexica ama Tenochka; Texcoco; iyo Tlacopan, oo horey uga tirsanaa boqortooyada Tepanec, oo awooda xoogga leh Azcapotzalco.

Inkasta oo ereyga Aztecs uu badanaa xaddidayo Mexica ee Tenochtitlan, waxa kale oo sidoo kale loo adeegsadaa in lagu tilmaamo Nahua polities ama dadyowga Mexico ku yaala xilligii hore, iyo sidoo kale xilligii gumeysiga Isbaanishka (1521-1821). Qeexitaanada Aztec iyo Aztecs ayaa muddo dheer mawduuc ka ahaa dood cilmiyeed, tan iyo intii aqoonyahanka jarmalka Alexander von Humboldt uu aasaasay adeegsiga guud ee qarnigii sagaalaad.


Sido kale fiiri[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]