Sanskrit

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Sanskrit
संस्कृतम्
Template:IAST
संस्कृत विभिन्न लिपियों में.png
Saṃskṛtam in various Brahmic scripts
Dhawaaq Template:IPA-sa ku saabsan galkaan pronunciation
Meelaha South Asia
parts of Southeast Asia
Era c. 2nd millennium BCE – 600 BCE (Vedic Sanskrit[1]), after which it gave rise to the Middle Indo-Aryan languages.
Continues as a liturgical language (Classical Sanskrit).
Bahda afafka
Early forms:
Vedic Sanskrit
  • Sanskrit
Hab qoraalka Devanagari
Also written in various Brahmic scripts.[2]
Luqada astaamaheed
ISO 639-1 sa
ISO 639-2 san
ISO 639-3 san
Template:Infobox language/Indic
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Sanskrit (sænskrɪt /; IAST: Saṃskṛtam [səskr̩t̪əm] [note 1], Sanskrit: संस्कृतम्) waa luqad taariikhiyan ah Hindida oo taariikh ahaan la diiwaangeliyey ilaa 3,500 sano. [6] [8] Waa luqadda ugu horreysa ee Hinduuga ah; luuqada ugu badan ee shaqooyinka ugu badan ee falsafada Hinduka iyo sidoo kale qaar ka mid ah qoraallada aasaasiga ah ee Buddhism iyo Jainism. Sanskrit, oo ah noocyo kala duwan iyo lahjado, wuxuu ahaa lingua franca oo ah Hindida hore iyo dhexe ee Hindiya. [9] [10] [11] Bilihii 1-aad ee billowgii hore, oo ay wehliyaan Budhiism iyo Hinduuga, Sanskrit waxay u guureen Koonfurta Aasiya, [12] qaybo ka mid ah Bariga Aasiya [13] iyo Bartamaha Aasiya, [14] soo baxaya sidii luqad sare oo dhaqan ee gobolladan. [15] [16]

Sanskrit waa luqad Old Indo-Aryan ah. [6] Sida mid ka mid ah qoysaska ugu da'da weyn ee ku qoran luqadaha Indo-Yurub ee luqadaha, [17] [note 2] [note 3] Sanskrit waxay leedahay jagada caanka ah ee daraasadaha Indo-Yurub [20] Waxay ku xiran tahay Giriiga iyo Laatiin, [6] iyo sidoo kale Hittite, Luwian, Old Avestan iyo luuqado kale oo badan oo ku hadla luqadaha yurub, Galbeed Aasiya iyo Bartamaha Aasiya. Wuxuu raadiyaa afkiisa hooyo afafka Proto-Indo-Aryan, Proto-Indo-Iran iyo luqadaha Proto-Indo-Yurub. Sanskrit waxaa la ogaan karaa Bilihii 2aad ee BCE ee loo yaqaan 'Vedic Sanskrit', iyadoo Rigveda uu yahay qoraalka ugu horreeya ee badbaadada. Foom badan oo la isku qurxiyo iyo qaab naxwe ahaan loo yaqaan 'Classical Sanskrit' waxay soo baxday bartamihii 1-aad ee BCE Bari ee Aargṭādhyāyī ee Pāṇini [6] Sanskrit waa luqadda aasaasiga ah ee luqadaha Prakrit iyo gabdho badan oo casri ah sida luqadaha Hindiya, Nepali, Bengali, Punjabi iyo Marathi. [23] [23]

  1. Uta Reinöhl (2016). Grammaticalization and the Rise of Configurationality in Indo-Aryan. Oxford University Press. pp. xiv, 1–16. ISBN 978-0-19-873666-0. https://books.google.com/books?id=nR_4CwAAQBAJ. 
  2. "http://aboutworldlanguages.com/sanskrit"