B. R. Ambedkar

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B. R. Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 Abriil 1891 - 6 Disembar 1956), oo sidoo kale loo yaqaan Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, wuxuu ahaa sharci yaqaan Hindi, dhaqaaleyahan, siyaasi iyo dib u habeyn bulsho. Wuxuu dhiirrigeliyay dhaqdhaqaaqa Dalit Buddhist wuxuuna u ololeeyay kahortagga takoorka bulshada ee ku saabsan lama taabtaan (Dalits). Wuxuu sidoo kale taageeray xuquuqda haweenka iyo shaqaalaha. Wuxuu ahaa wasiirkii ugu horreeyay ee Sharciga iyo Cadaaladda ee Hindiya, wuxuu ahaa naqshadeeyaha dastuurka Hindiya, iyo aabihii aasaasay Jamhuuriyadda Hindiya.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Sannadkii 1956, wuxuu bilaabay in la beddelo dad badan oo loo yaqaan 'Dalits', isagoo u beddelay Buddhism taageerayaasha 600,000. Wuxuu dib u soo nooleeyay Buddhism-ka Hindiya. Ambedkar waxaa loo arkaa inuu yahay bodhisattva, iyo Maitreya, oo ka mid ah Buddhistyada Navayana.[7][8][9][10]

Sannadkii 1990, Bharat Ratna, oo ah abaalmarinta ugu sarraysa ee rayid ee Hindiya, ayaa si rasmiya loo siiyay Ambedkar. Dhaxalka Ambedkar waxaa ka mid ah xusuus iyo sawirro badan oo ku saabsan dhaqanka caanka ah. Dhaxalka Ambedkar ee dib u habeyn dhaqan-siyaasadeed, wuxuu saameyn qoto dheer ku yeeshay Hindiya casriga ah.[11][12]

Ambedkar waxaa loo codeeyey "Hindida ugu Fiican" (The greatest Indian) 2012 codbixin ay soo qaban qaabiyeen Taariikhda TV18 iyo CNN IBN.[13]

Ambedkar Jayanti (Ambedkar dhalashadiisa) waa xaflad sanadle ah oo loo dabaaldego 14-ka Abriil, taas oo looga dabaal dago dalka Hindiya oo keliya laakiin adduunka oo dhan laga xuso. Ambedkar Jayanti waxaa looga dabaaldegay inuu yahay maalin rasmi ah fasax guud guud ahaan Hindiya.[14][15][16] Qaramada Midoobay waxay u dabaaldegtay Ambedkar Jayanti sanadihii 2016, 2017 iyo 2018.[17][18][19]

Xigasho[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

  1. Bhimrao Ambedkar
  2. Ambedkar Jayanti 2019: Facts on Babasaheb to share with kids | Parenting News,The Indian Express
  3. How India’s Most Downtrodden Embraced the Power of Statues
  4. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar | Biography, Books, & Facts | Britannica
  5. All You Need To Know About BR Ambedkar On His 129th Birth Anniversary
  6. Donald S. Lopez, Jr., Robert Jr; Lopez, Donald S. Jr., eds. (2013). Princeton University Press. p. 34. ISBN 9780691157863.  In ka badan mid ka mid ah |editor-last= iyo |editor= ku cayiman (caawin); Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  7. https://theprint.in/opinion/why-ambedkar-chose-buddhism-over-hinduism-islam-christianity/237599/
  8. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/buddha-purnima-special-why-ambedkar-coverted-to-buddhism-6397742/
  9. https://www.thequint.com/news/india/br-ambedkar-conversion-to-buddhism
  10. Christopher Queen. Steven M. Emmanuel, ed. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 529–531. ISBN 978-1-119-14466-3 https://books.google.com/books?id=P_lmCgAAQBAJ.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  11. Joshi, Barbara R. Zed Books. pp. 11–14. ISBN 9780862324605 https://web.archive.org/web/20160729072018/https://books.google.com/books?id=y9CUItMT1zQC&pg=PA13. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original 29 July 2016.  Barameter aan la aqoon |url-status= ignored (caawin); Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  12. Keer, D. Popular Prakashan. p. 61. ISBN 9788171542376 https://web.archive.org/web/20160730015400/https://books.google.com/books?id=B-2d6jzRmBQC&pg=PA61. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original 30 July 2016.  Barameter aan la aqoon |url-status= ignored (caawin); Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  13. https://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/a-measure-of-the-man/281949
  14. http://ccis.nic.in/WriteReadData/CircularPortal/D2/D02est/12_6_2015_JCA-2-19032015.pdf Archived Abriil 5, 2015 // Wayback Machine Template:Webarchive Ambedkar Jayanti from ccis.nic.in on 19 March 2015
  15. http://persmin.gov.in/ Webpage of Ministry of Personnel and Public Grievance & Pension
  16. 125th Dr. Ambedkar Birthday Celebrations Around the World. mea.gov.in
  17. firstpost.com https://www.firstpost.com/world/ambedkar-jayanti-celebrated-for-the-first-time-outside-india-as-un-organises-special-event-2730772.html. Soo qaatay 2018-11-09.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  18. http://www.newindianexpress.com/world/2018/apr/14/un-celebrates-ambedkars-legacy-fighting-inequality-inspiring-inclusion-1801468.html. Soo qaatay 2018-11-09.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  19. https://www.newsstate.com/world-news/babasaheb-ambedkar-jayanti-celebrated-in-united-nations-article-52584.html. Soo qaatay 2018-11-09.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)