Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938) : Turki waa madaxweynaha 1aad ee dalka Turkiga

Atatürk with his top hat

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (Turkish: [Mustafa Cemal ataˌtyɾc]; 19 May 1881 (caadiga ah) - 10kii Nofeembar 1938) wuxuu ahaa sarkaal ciidan oo Turkiga ah, kacaan iyo aasaasihii Jamhuuriyadda Turkiga, isaga oo noqday madaxweynihii ugu horreeyay ee ka soo jeeda 1923 illaa uu geeriyooday 1938. Xaqiiqdii waxay ahayd maskaxiyan iyo qaran, siyaasaddiisa iyo aragtiyihiisa waxa loo yaqaan Kemalism. Ataturk wuxuu u soo jiidanayay kaalintiisii ​​doorka uu ka qaatay guusha Ottoman ee ka dhacday Battle of Gallipoli inta lagu jiray Dagaalkii Dunida I. [1] Kadib guuldarradii Boqortooyada iyo burburkii dambe, wuxuu hoggaamiyey dhaqdhaqaaqa Qaran ee Turkiga, kaas oo ka soo hor jeeday qaybta dhul-beereedka ee Turkiga ee ka mid ah awoodihii Allied-kii ku guuleystay. In la dhiso dowlad rasmi ah oo ka jirta caasimadda Turkiga ee Ankara, wuxuu ka adkaaday ciidamadii ay soo direen Allies, taas oo ka soo baxday guul ka dib markii loo yeeray dagaalkii Turkiga ee madax-bannaanida. Waxa uu sii waday in uu tirtiro Boqortooyada Boqortooyada Imaaraadka oo uu ku dhawaaqay aasaaska Jamhuuriyadda Turkiga ee meeshiisii.

Atatürk with his Panama hat just after the Kastamonu speech in 1925
Mustafa Kemal Pasha at Kocatepe Hill during the Battle of Dumlupınar on 26–30 August 1922

Madaxwaynaha Jamhuuriyadda Turkiga ee dhawaan la sameeyay, Atatürk wuxuu bilaabay barnaamij dib-u-habeyn ah oo dib-u-habayn siyaasadeed, dhaqaale iyo dhaqameed ujeedadeedu tahay in la dhiso waddan casri ah oo horumarsan oo horumarsan. Wuxuu sameeyey waxbarashada bilaashka ah oo bilaash ah, oo furaya kumanaan cusub oo cusub oo dalka oo dhan ah. Waxa uu sidoo kale soo bandhigay alifbeerada ku salaysan luuqada Turkiga, isaga oo beddelaya qoraalka turkishka ah ee hore. Haweenka Turkiga waxay heleen xuquuq siman iyo xuquuqda siyaasadeed inta lagu jiro madaxweynaha Ataturk ka hor inta badan dalal reer galbeed ah. [2] Gaar ahaan, haweenka waxaa la siiyay xuquuqda codbixinta doorashooyinka maxaliga ah by Act no. 1580 3 Abriil 1930 iyo dhawr sano ka dib, 1934, codbixin buuxda oo caalami ah, horay uga soo jeeda dalalka kale ee caalamka.