Turki

Ka Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Turks
Türkler
Osman Gazi.jpg
Sultan Mehmed II The Conqueror.jpg
EmperorSuleiman.jpg
Mihrimah Sultan.jpg
Kemalbey-cropped.jpg
Safiye Ali.jpg
Halide adivar.jpg
Mimar Kemaleddin.jpg
Atatürk Kemal.jpg
Yamzu.jpg
Feriha Tevfik.gif
Omer Asik2.jpg
Orhan Pamuk 2009 Shankbone.jpg
Kıvanç Tatlıtuğ 2009.jpg
ElifShafak Ask EbruBilun Wiki.jpg
Tarkan (7).jpg
Birlikte - Kundgebung - 1748 - Sertab Erener und Demir Demirkan-0980.jpg
Tirada guud ee dadka
110 million
Meelaha ay ku badan yihiin
 Turkiga 55,500,000-60,500,000 [1][2][3]
 Jarmalka 3,500,000-4,000,000 [4][5][6]
 Algeria 600,000-3,300,000 [7][8][9]
 Ciraaq 500,000-3,000,000 [10][11][12]
 Tunisia 500,000-2,400,000 [13][14][15]
 Suuriya 750,000-1,500,000 [16][17][18]
 Bulgaria 588,000-800,000 [19][20][21]
Flag of France.svg Faransiiska 500,000-1,000,000 [22][23]
 Ingiriiska 500,000Template:Cref [24][25][26]
 Maraykanka 500,000 Template:Cref [27][28][29]
 Holland 400,000-500,000 Template:Cref [30][31][32]
 Austriya 350,000-500,000 [33][34][35]
 Qubrista Waqooyi ee turkida 300,000-500,000 Template:Cref [36][37]
 Australia 300,000 Template:Cref [38]
 Beljim 200,000 [39][40]
Template:Country data Republic of Macedonia 77,959-200,000 [41][42][43]
 Sacuudi Carabiya 150,000-200,000 [13][44]
 Giriiga 80,000-150,000 Template:Cref [45][46][47]
 Kasakhstan 150,000 Template:Cref [48]
 Ruushka 120,000-150,000 [49]
 Iswisarland 120,000 Template:Cref [50]
 Azerbaijan 110,000 Template:Cref [48][51][52]
 Iswiidhan 100,000-150,000 Template:Cref [53][54]
 Masar 100,000-1,500,000 [55][56]
 Somalia 4000 [57]
 Kanada 50,000-100,000 [58][59][60]
 Lubnaan 50,000-80,000 [61][62]
 Jordan 60,000 [13]
Template:Country data Bosnia 50,000 [63][63]
Flag of Libya.svg Liibiya 50,000 [13]
Template:Country data Kosovo 30,000-50,000 [63][64]
 Qargistan 50,000 Template:Cref [48][65]
Luqada

Af-Turki

Diinta

Predominantly Hanafi Sunni Islam, minority Alevism[66]

Shacabka turkiga, ama Turki, (Af Turki : Türkler), waa Qoowmiyad ugu horaysay dagaan ahaan Turkiga, waana dhulkii ay ka dhisnayda Cusmaaniyiinta halkaasoo ay ku yiileen xarumaha taasoo ay ku sugnayd wax badan. Turkiga ama Turki (Turki: Türkler), oo sidoo kale loo yaqaano Turki Turki (Turki: Anadolu Türkleri), waa koox qabiil oo Turkiga ah iyo qurba-joogta inta badan ku nool Turkiga iyo ku hadlida Turkiga, luqada ugu badan ee Turkiga ah. Waxay yihiin qowmiyadaha ugu weyn ee Turkiga ah, iyo sidoo kale faraca qowmiyadeed ee ugu weyn ee luuqadaha Turkiga ah. Qowmiyadaha tirada yar ee Turkiga ah waxay ka jiraan dhulalkii hore ee Boqortooyada Ciraaq. Intaa waxaa dheer, qurba-joogta Turkiga ayaa la aasaasay hijrada casriga ah, gaar ahaan Western Europe.

Turki ayaa ka yimid Bartamaha Aasiya oo degay aagagga Anatoliya ee qarnigii 11aad iyada oo loo marey qabsashadii Seljuk Turks, oo la barbar dhigi jiray dadka reer Aasiya. Gobalkaasi wuxuu bilaabay inuu wax ka beddelo mid ka mid ah Giriigga Giriiga ah ee muslimiinta Turkiga ah. [81] Intaas ka dib, Boqortooyada Aasiya waxay u timid inay maamusho badmaaxyada Balkans, Cawadheer, Bariga Dhexe (oo laga reebo Iran), iyo Waqooyiga Afrika intii ay socdeen qarniyo dhawr ah, oo leh ciidan sare iyo ciidan. Boqortooyada waxay sii jirtey ilaa dhammaadkii dagaalkii koowaad ee aduunka, markii ay ka adkaadeen malleeyshiyadii oo ay qaybsadeen. Ka dib dagaalkii Turkiga ee guulaystay ee ku dhamaaday dhaqdhaqaaqii qaran ee Turkiga ee ka soo dagay dhulalkii ugu badnaa ee dhulalkaas, dhaqdhaqaaqa wuxuu suldaanka salka ku dhuftay 1-dii Nofembar 1922kii, wuxuuna ku dhawaaqay Jamhuuriyadda Turkiga 29-kii October, 1923-kii. waxay ahaayeen Muslimiin iyo dhammaan Muslimiintii Muslimiintu waxay ahaayeen Turks, laakiin ilaa 1923-kii, inta badan dadka ku nool xudduudaha Turkiga cusub waxay aqoonsadeen Turki.

Qodobka 66aad ee Dastuurka Turkiga wuxuu ku qeexayaa "Turk" sida "qof kasta oo ku xidhan dowlad Turki ah iyada oo loo marayo dammaanadda muwaadinimada"; Sidaa darteed, isticmaalka sharciga ah ee ereyga "Turkiga" sida muwaadin Turkiga ah wuxuu ka duwan yahay qeexidda qowmiyadaha. [82] Si kastaba ha noqotee, inta badan dadka Turkiga ah ayaa ah qowmiyadda Turkiga waxaana lagu qiyaasay 70-75 boqolkiiba. [84]

  1. Milliyet. http://www.milliyet.com.tr/2007/03/22/guncel/agun.html. Soo qaatay 21 July 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  2. Library of Congress – Federal Research Division. (PDF) http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Turkey.pdf. Soo qaatay 6 February 2010.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  3. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html. Soo qaatay 27 July 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  4. European Institute. http://www.europeaninstitute.org/October-2010/merkel-stokes-immigration-debate-in-germany.html. Soo qaatay 15 November 2010.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  5. Kötter et al. 2003, 55.
  6. Haviland et al. 2010, 675.
  7. Turkish Embassy in Algeria 2008, 4.
  8. Oxford Business Group 2008, 10.
  9. Zaman. http://ro.zaman.com.tr/ro/newsDetail_getNewsById.action;jsessionid=E066C0BD415E76A7101FBA78B915F206.node1?sectionId=161&newsId=69. Soo qaatay 18 March 2012.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  10. Park 2005, 37.
  11. Phillips 2006, 112.
  12. Taylor 2004, 28.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Akar 1993, 95.
  14. Zaman. http://www.zaman.com.tr/bolge-haberleri_turk-isadamlari-tunusta-yatirim-imkani-aradi_2040605.html. Soo qaatay 27 March 2013.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  15. Ertan, Fikret, Zaman http://arsiv.zaman.com.tr//1998/05/06/yazarlar/11.html  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin).
  16. Özkaya 2007, 112.
  17. Internetional Strategic Research Organisation, http://www.usak.org.tr/EN/myazdir.asp?id=2784, soo qaatay 2 February 2013  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin).
  18. http://www.todayszaman.com/news-289267-a-unified-syria-without-assad-is-what-turkmen--are-after.html=, soo qaatay 2 February 2013  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin).
  19. National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria. (PDF). National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria http://www.nsi.bg/census2011/PDOCS2/Census2011final_en.pdf.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  20. Sosyal 2011, 369.
  21. Bokova 2010, 170.
  22. Leveau & Hunter 2002, 6.
  23. Fransa Diyanet İşleri Türk İslam Birliği. http://www.fransaditib.com/?Syf=18&Hbr=255110. Soo qaatay 15 February 2012.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  24. Template:Harvard citation no brackets
  25. . 1 August 2011 http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/aug/01/turkish-immigration-possibilities-assessed. Soo qaatay 1 August 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  26. Federation of Turkish Associations UK (19 June 2008). http://www.turkishfederationuk.org/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26&Itemid=31. La keydiyay asal ahaan 13 April 2011. Soo qaatay 13 April 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  27. Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. http://ech.case.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=TIC. Soo qaatay 7 February 2010.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  28. The Washington Diplomat. http://www.washdiplomat.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6036:census-takes-aim-to-tallyhard-to-count-populations-&catid=205:april-2010&Itemid=239. Soo qaatay 5 May 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  29. Farkas 2003, 40.
  30. Netherlands Info Services. http://www.nisnews.nl/public/010307_2.htm. Soo qaatay 16 December 2008.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  31. Dutch News. http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2007/03/dutch_turks_swindled_afm_to_in.php. Soo qaatay 16 December 2008.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  32. Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi 2008, 11.
  33. . BBC News. 10 November 2010 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-11725311. Soo qaatay 10 November 2010.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  34. Andreas Mölzer. http://www.andreas-moelzer.at/index.php?id=24. Soo qaatay 16 October 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  35. CBN. http://www.cbn.com/cbnnews/world/2010/April/Turkeys-Mulism-Influence-in-Austria/. Soo qaatay 16 October 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  36. International Crisis Group 2010, 2.
  37. Ilican 2011, 95.
  38. . 12 March 2013 http://ekonomi.milliyet.com.tr/avustralya-dan-thy-ye-cagri-var/ekonomi/ekonomidetay/12.03.2013/1679144/default.htm. Soo qaatay 8 May 2013.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  39. King Baudouin Foundation 2008, 5.
  40. De Morgen. http://www.demorgen.be/dm/nl/989/Binnenland/article/detail/159126/2008/02/04/Koning-Boudewijnstichting-doorprikt-clich-s-rond-Belgische-Turken.dhtml. Soo qaatay 15 November 2010.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  41. Republic of Macedonia State Statistical Office 2005, 34.
  42. Knowlton 2005, 66.
  43. Abrahams 1996, 53.
  44. Karpat 2004, 12.
  45. http://www.eurfedling.org/Greece.htm. Soo qaatay 19 December 2010.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  46. Whitman 1990, i.
  47. Ergener & Ergener 2002, 106.
  48. 48.0 48.1 48.2 Aydıngün et al. 2006, 13.
  49. Ryazantsev 2009, 172.
  50. The Federal Authorities of the Swiss Confederation. (PDF) http://www.ejpd.admin.ch/content/dam/data/migration/publikationen/diasporastudie-tuerkei-d.pdf. Soo qaatay 16 December 2008.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  51. UNHCR 1999, 14.
  52. NATO Parliamentary Assembly. http://www.nato-pa.int/default.asp?SHORTCUT=683. Soo qaatay 16 January 2012.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  53. Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. http://www.sida.se/Svenska/Lander--regioner/Europa/Turkiet/Utvecklingen-i-Turkiet/. Soo qaatay 14 April 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  54. http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/n.php?n=businessman-invites-swedish-for-cheap-labor-regional-access-2011-04-14. Soo qaatay 14 April 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  55. Baedeker 2000, lviii.
  56. Akar 1993, 94.
  57. DR 2009.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin);
  58. Canada's National Statistical Agency. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=0&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=1&IPS=&METH=0&ORDER=1&PID=92333&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&S=1&ShowAll=No&StartRow=1&SUB=801&Temporal=2006&Theme=80&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=. Soo qaatay 9 July 2008.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  59. Turkish Embassy (Ottawa Canada). http://www.turkishembassy.com/II/O/Turkish_Canadian_relations.htm. Soo qaatay 19 March 2010.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  60. Zaman. http://www.zaman.com.tr/yazar.do?yazino=657236. Soo qaatay 27 September 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  61. Al-Akhbar. http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/lebanese-turks-seek-political-and-social-recognition. Soo qaatay 2 March 2012.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  62. http://www.todayszaman.com/newsDetail_getNewsById.action;jsessionid=9D641F96F47DDD54F28B8F8B07FFF815?newsId=233911. Soo qaatay 6 April 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  63. 63.0 63.1 63.2 Sosyal 2011, 368.
  64. OSCE 2010, 3.
  65. IRIN Asia. http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=28663. Soo qaatay 17 March 2010.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  66. (PDF). Konda Arastirma. September 2007 http://web.archive.org/web/20090325005232/http://www.konda.com.tr/html/dosyalar/ghdl&t_en.pdf. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original 25 March 2009. Soo qaatay 24 May 2013.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)