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Jamhuuriyadda Turkiga
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
Republic of Turkey
الجمهورية التركية
Hal ku dheg: Egemenlik, kayıtsız şartsız Milletindir,[1] "Sovereignty unconditionally belongs to the Nation"
Heesta qaranka: İstiklal Marşı, "Independence March"
Magaalo madaxAnkara
39°55′N 32°50′E / 39.917°N 32.833°E / 39.917; 32.833
Magaalada uguwayn Istanbuul
41°1′N 28°57′E / 41.017°N 28.950°E / 41.017; 28.950
Luqadaha rasmiga ah Af-Turki
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha ([2])
Dadka Turki
Xukunka Dawalad dhexe Baarlamaan Dastuuri Jamhuuriyad
 -  Madaxweyne Rajab Dayib Erdogaan
 -  Ra'iisul wasaare Bin cali yildrim
 -  Gudoomiyaha baarlamaanka ismaciil kahraman
 -  Gudoomiyaha maxkamadda sare Haşim Kılıç
Sharci dejinta Baarlamaanka Turkiga
Ka timid mid ka mid ah Imbaraatooriyadii cusmaaniyiinta
 -  Heshiiskii Lusaan 24 Luulyo 1923 
 -  Ku dhwaaqista Jamhuuriyad 29 Oktoobar 1923 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 783,562 km2 (37th)
302,535 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 1.3
Tirada dadka
 -  2016 qiyaasta 79,463,663[3] (18th)
 -  Mugga Dadka 102/km2 (108th)
239.8/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2012 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $1.358 trilyan[4][5] (15th)
 -  Qof qof $18,348[5] (54th)
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2012 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $0.910.257 Trillion[5] (17th)
 -  Calaa qof $10,666[5] (64nd)
Qaybsiga (2010)negative increase 40.0[6] (medium / 58th)
Kobaca (2013)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.722 (high / 90th)
Lacagta Turkish liraa (TRY)
Waqtiga EET (UTC+2)
 -  Xagaa (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Taariikhda dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka 90
Furaha Internetka .tr

Turkiga (Af-Turki: Türkiye; Af-Carabi: تركيا) sida dowliga ah loo yaqaano Jamhuuriyada Turkiga, waa wadan aad u balaadhan waxa uu ku kala yaala labad qaaradood ee Aasiya iyo Yurub wadanka.

Turkigu waxa uu xuduud la leeyhay Joorjiya, Iran, Armiiniya, Azrabijan dhinaca bari dhinaca koonfur waxa uu xuduud kala leeyahay dalalka, Ciraaq Suuriya iyo bada dhexe dhinaca galbeed waxaa ka xiga wadan giriiga iyo wadanka Bulgaariya iyo bada loo yaqaano eeje, dhina waqooyi waxaa ka xiga bada madaw,waxa uu ahaa turkigu mid ay maa musho dawladii cismaaniyuuntu ilaa 1922 markaas oo la sameeyay dawladan turkiga ee aynu manta naqaano, dawladaas oo uu sameeyay ninkii la odhan jiray Mustafa Kemal Atatürki.

Plaça Kızılay, a Ankara, Turquia

.

Magaca Turkiya[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Magaca Turkiya waxa uu kasoo jeedaa laba kalmadood oo laysisaaray oo kala ah kalmada Turk oo ah kalmada tilmaamaysa shacab waynaha Turkiga iyo kalmada iye oo ka hadlaysa wexeenaa markaa magacu macna ahaan waxa uu noqonayaa Turkiyadeena.

Taariikh[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Wadanka Turkiga intii kahoraysay sanadkii 1922 waxaa maamulaysa Dawlada Cosmaniya. Kadib markii ay bur burtay Dawladii Suluuqiyiinta waxa samaysamay Dawladi Sismaaniyiinta.

Dawladii Cismaniya iyo Sidii ay ku abuurantay[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Wagas oo hee layeela soo dhmays tiira am.

Asalkoodii iyo dawladaasii siday ku abuurantay[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

economicka[2]
 Germany 9.6 %
 United Kingdom 6.1 %
 United Arab Emirates 5.9 %
 Iraq 5.6,1 %
 United States 5.5 %
 Italy 5,.4 %
Otros 50.0 %
Evolucion territòriala d'Urartu entre 743 e 700 av. JC.

Waxa ay kasoojeedeen cismaaniyiintu.. qabiilada.oogooz.oo ah qabiilo kamid ahayd qawmiyada Turkumaanka waxa ay daganaayeen wadanka mangooliyakadib markii ay mangooliyiintu dhibaato u gyastayn waxa ay u yaaceen xagaas iyo Turkiga waxa ay degeen meesha lagu magacaabo.betyeeniya.oo ku taalaa deegaanka anaadool.ee wadanka Turkiga.waxa ay ahyad xiligii suldaan cismaan ardaqal. ama cusmaankii koobaad.markii u horaysay cismaaniyiintu waxa ay lugohooda dhigeen.dhulka looyaqaano bolkaniska.ee katirsan bariga yurub.cismaaniyiintu waxa ay aad usii fideen kadib markii uu dhacay dagaalkii ka dhacay goobta looyaqaano.nikobolis oo dhacay sanadii 1389.intaa kadib waxa dhacay dhawr jeer in ay jabaan.laakiin markiidanbe waxa ay lasoonoqdeen haybadoofdii iyo awoodoodii.waxayna aad u xoogaysteen xiligii.muraadkii labaad.oo ahayd.1421-1451.kadib waxa cyimi suldaan maxamed alfaatix.oo awooday in uu qabsado giriiga 1453.

sobixitankii.reer.cusmaan[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Kadib markii uu dhintay arduqal.waxa dhacday in wiilkiisa cismaan halkiisii loomagacaabay.cismaan ibnu ardoqalna waxa uu dhashay.1258.waxaanuu ahaa aasaaskii dawladan.waxa uu kasoojeeday qabiilada qay.awoowgii oo la odhanjiray suliman shaah ayaa waxa uu soo haajiray xagaas iyo.turkiga.waxaanuu dagay turkiga.maadaama oo uu ahaa cusmaan nin hogaaminaya qabeelo dhan markii uu yimi wadanka turkiga waxa ay sifiican isufahmeen cidii markaas halkaas katalinaysay.kadib waxa ay saaxiibtinimo wanaagsani dhex martay isaga iyo calaa adiin.oo ahaa odaygii ama hogaankii halkaas.

Kadib calaa waxa uu suldaan cismaan siiyay.calan cad.oo ahaa calaamd lagu garto raga madaxda ah.

Waxa kale oo uu siiyay.magaca ama naanaysta (bik) laga bilaabo 1289.waxa kale oo uu amray in lacagta lagusoo qoro magaciisaa.waxa kale oo uu u magacaabay hogaamiye qaybkamida ciidamadiisa.

L'anciana catedrala (actualament musèu) de Hagia Sophia (Santa Sapiéncia), a Istambol.

Bilawgii cismaaniyiinta[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Suldaankii cismaaniyiinta ugu horeeyay waxa uu ku dhashay magaalada (Sogüt) oo ah meel laga maamulo magaalada wayn ee (bin shahiir)sanadii 1258 kadib markii uu dhintay uldaankii halkaas xukumayay ayaa suldaan cismaan loo dooratay in uu noqdo hogaamiye.taasina waxa ya horseeday in ay bilaabmato dawldii cismaniyiintu.waxa uu suldaan cismaan samaystay dawlad adag iyo ciidan aad u awood badan.waxa uu baabiyiyay oo uu gacanta ku dhigay.dawldii giriiga.kadib dawladiisi waxa ay gaadhay dhul aad u balaadhan.oo ay kamid tahay Soomaaliya.cismaaniyuuntu waxa ay islaamka gaadhsiiyiin.badhtamaha yurub.

madaxweynaha Xiligan ee Turiga Rajab Diyip Ordugan

Fiditaankii dawlada cismaniyada[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Wxa looqaybinkaraa fiditaankii iuyo taariikhdii cismaaniyiinta laba qaybood. qaybta hore waxa ay tahay xilgii horumarka iyo awooda milatari taas oo soo gaadhsiisnayd sanadii 1566 iyo taariikh kale oo ay dawladaasi soo martay xiliyo adag iyo dhibaato siyaasadeed waxaanay soo gaadhsiisanayd sanadii 1683.

Xiligii horumarka iyo awooda (1453–1566)[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Kadib markii uu dhintay suldaan maxamed al-faatex waxa xukunka kumurmay labada wiil ee uu katagay laakiin waxa adkaaaday oo loodoortay boqor boqorka la odhan jiray baayasiid oo ahaa wiil uu katay maxamed al-faatex. kadib walaalkii waxa uu u cararay dhankaas iyo masar halkaas oo uu kaalmo karaadsaday dawladii katalinjiratay masar xiligaas ee Dawladii Mamaaliikta kadib halkaas wuu katagay oo waxa uu aaday dhanka jsiirada Rodes halkaas oo uu iskudayay in uu gacansiiyo ciidamdii hogaamiye diimeedka (Knights Hospitaller) iyo dawladaha reer galbeedka

Taariikhda Turkiga iyo Giriiga[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Taariikhdu culays miisaan ayey saartaa xiriirka u dhexeeya Giriigga iyo Turkiga. Giriiggu wuxuu qeyb ka ahaa boqortooyadii Cuthmaaniyiinta, taasoo uu Turkigu laf-dhabar u ahaa markii uu ku dhawaaqay madax bannaanidiisa qarnigii 19-aad.

Pont del soudan Mehmet, subre l'estrech del Bosfòr
Ret de transpòrt public amb de projèctes futurs

Dagaalkii Giriigga iyo Turkiga[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Ciidamadii Turkigu waxay la dagaallameen ciidamada Giriigga ee markaas haystay si ay halkaasi uga soo baxdo Jamhuuriyadda Turkiga sannadkii 1920-kii.

Ilaa tobaneeyadii sano ee la soo dhaafay waxay u muuqatay in labada waddan ciidamadoodu ay isku dhici karaan. Laakiin, hadda dad aad u tiro yar ayaa rumaysan in ay waxaasi dhici karaan, xitaa haddii uu kala shaki ku kala dhex jiro labada shacbi.

Dadaalka saaxiibtinnimo[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Labada Dawladdadood ee labada dal ee Giriigga iyo Turkigu aad bey u shaqeeyeen si uu mid kasta saaxiibtinnimo uga kasbado midka kale, taasoo weliba sii baahday kaalmadii uu mid kasta siiyey midka kale markii ay dhul-gariirradu ka dheceen halkaasi sannadkii 1999.

Laakiin, haddana weli waxaa jira waxooga mushkilado ah. Jasiiradda qeybsan ee Qubrus ayaa hadda ah meesha ay ka soo burqato dhibaatada u dhexeysa labada dal, waxaana jira arrin si weyn la isugu khilaafsan yahay oo ah jawiga iyo xuquuqda dhul ee badda Aegean-ka taasoo kala qeybisa labada dal, laakiin haddana diblomaasiyiinta labada dal aad bey ugu rajo weyn yihiin kulankooda soo socda.

Rabitaanka Turkiga[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Ganacsiga, rabitaanka Turkiga uu ku doonayo in uu ku biiro Midowga Yurub, iyo mustaqbalka Qubrus kaddib markii bishii hore lagu guul-darreystay aftidii lagu mideyn lahaa, ayaa waxaa laga yaabaa in ay ugu waaweyn yihiin waxyaabaha ay ka wada hadli doonaan.

Khilaafka xaggee buu ka imaan karaa?[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Qeyb rasmi ah oo ka mid ah booqashada ayaa laga yaabaa in la isku khilaafo. Maalinta Sabtida ah ee soo socota, Mr Erdogan, ayaa Thrace ku booqan doona Bariga Giriigga, meeshasina waxaa deggan ilaa boqol kun oo shacab ah oo ku hadla afka Turkiga, kuwaasoo ka soo haray shacabkii la is-weydaarsaday sannadkii 1920-kii. Qaar badan oo ka mid ah kuwaasi waxay ku baaqaan in la aqoonsado sugnaantooda Turkinnimo, taasoo ay iska diiddo Dawladda Giriigga.

19. yüzyıl sonlarında Galata Köprüsü ve arka planda Yeni Cami, İstanbul.
1896

Deegaanka[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Turkiya waxa ay ka koobantahay labada qaaradood ee Yurub iyo Aasiya laakiin intabadan dhulka wadanka yurkigu waxa uu kuyaalaa qaarada Aasiya. wadanka Turkiya wqaxa uu kufiadhiyaa dhula gaadhaya ilaa 783,562 oo iskuweera

Tirada Dadka[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Markii ugu horaysay ee tirakoob lagusameeyaa waxa ay ahayd sanadkii 2009 markaas oo ay dadku noqdeen ilaa 67,803,927

Diinta[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Turkigu waa dawlad cilmaaniya mana jirto diin rasmiya oo dawladu ay raacdo.sidoo kale dastuurka Turkigu waxa uu dhigayaa in qofwaliba diinta uu doono uu qaadan karo inta badan daadka turkigu waxa ay haystaan diinta islaamka 99% kiiba.

Construction sheet
Letter Measure Length
G Width
A Distance between the centre of the outer crescent and the seam of the white band 12 G
B Diameter of the outer circle of the crescent 12 G
C Distance between the centres of the inner and outer circles of the crescent 116 G
D Diameter of the inner circle of the crescent 25 G
E Distance between the inner circle of the crescent and the circle around the star 13 G
F diameter of the circle around the star 14 G
L Length 1 12 G
M Width of the white hem at the hoist 130 G


Ciidamada[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

waxa ay turkiya ururka nATo ku biirtay 1952
F35A Prototyp AA1 2.jpg

Ciidamada wadanka turkiya waxa ay ka koobanyihiin ciidamada cirka Dhulka iyo badda.xiliga nabada waxa lagutilmaamaa in ay hoos yimaadsaan wasaarada aramiha gudaha. Intaa waxaa dheer ciidamada booliska iyo jandarmaariga oo xiliga dagaalkana waxa ay hoostagaan wasaarada difaaca,ciidamada Turkigu waa ciidanka labaad ee kujira Gaashaanbuurta NATO marka maraykanka lagayimaado.ciidamada turkiga waxaa laguqiyaasaa in kabadan hal milyan iyo badh.qofkasta oo turkiya waxa qasab ku ah in uu soo maro adeega ciidanimo sadex todobaad ilaa 18 bilood.

Magaalooyinka Wawayn[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Wadanka turkigu waxa uu leeyahay magaalooyin aad u waawayn sida magaalda istanbuul oo ah mid kamida magaalooyinka caalmka ugu waawayn. waxa kale oo ah iyana magaalo aad iyo aad u wayn caasimada wadanka waa magaalda Ankarah.waxa kale oo jira magaalooyin badan oo kamida wadanka turkiga laguna tiro in aya yihiin qaar kamida kuwa caalamka ugu waawayn.

Sèti de la TRT a Ancara
Provinces of the Republic of Turkey
Name Area (km²) Population (2000 census) Population (2014 estimate)[7]
01 Adana 14,045.56 1,854,270 2,165,595
02 Adıyaman 7,606.16 623,811 597,835
03 Afyonkarahisar 14,718.63 812,416 706,371
04 Ağrı 11,498.67 528,744 549,435
05 Amasya 5,703.78 365,231 321,913
06 Ankara 25,401.94 4,007,860 5,150,072
07 Antalya 20,790.56 1,719,751 2,222,562
08 Artvin 7,367.10 191,934 169,674
09 Aydın 7,904.43 950,757 1,041,979
10 Balıkesir 14,472.73 1,076,347 1,189,057
11 Bilecik 4,306.77 194,326 209,925
12 Bingöl 8,253.51 253,739 266,019
13 Bitlis 7,094.50 388,678 338,023
14 Bolu 8,323.39 270,654 284,789
15 Burdur 7,134.95 256,803 256,898
16 Bursa 10,886.38 2,125,140 2,787,539
17 Çanakkale 9,950.43 464,975 511,790
18 Çankırı 7,491.89 270,355 183,550
19 Çorum 12,796.21 597,065 527,220
20 Denizli 11,804.19 950,757 978,700
21 Diyarbakır 15,204.01 1,362,708 1,635,048
22 Edirne 6,097.91 402,606 400,280
23 Elazığ 9,281.45 569,616 568,753
24 Erzincan 11,727.55 316,841 223,633
25 Erzurum 25,330.90 937,389 763,320
26 Eskişehir 13,902.03 706,009 812,320
27 Gaziantep 6,844.84 1,285,249 1,889,466
28 Giresun 6,831.58 523,819 429,984
29 Gümüşhane 6,437.01 186,953 146,353
30 Hakkâri 7,178.88 236,581 276,287
31 Hatay 5,831.36 1,253,726 1,519,836
32 Isparta 8,871.08 513,681 418,780
33 Mersin 15,512.25 1,651,400 1,727,255
34 Istanbul 5,315.33 10,018,735 14,377,018
35 İzmir 12,015.61 3,370,866 4,113,072
36 Kars 10,139.09 325,016 296,466
37 Kastamonu 13,157.98 375,476 368,907
38 Kayseri 17,109.33 1,060,432 1,322,376
39 Kırklareli 6,299.78 328,461 343,723
40 Kırşehir 6,530.32 253,239 222,707
41 Kocaeli 3,625.29 1,206,085 1,722,795
42 Konya 40,813.52 2,192,166 2,108,808
43 Kütahya 12,013.57 656,903 571,554
44 Malatya 12,102.70 853,658 769,544
45 Manisa 13,228.50 1,260,169 1,367,905
46 Kahramanmaraş 14,456.74 1,002,384 1,089,038
47 Mardin 8,806.04 705,098 788,996
48 Muğla 12,949.21 715,328 894,509
49 Muş 8,067.16 453,654 411,216
50 Nevşehir 5,391.64 309,914 286,250
51 Niğde 7,365.29 348,081 343,898
52 Ordu 5,952.49 887,765 724,268
53 Rize 3,921.98 365,938 329,779
54 Sakarya 4,880.19 756,168 932,706
55 Samsun 9,364.10 1,209,137 1,269,989
56 Siirt 5,473.29 263,676 318,366
57 Sinop 5,816.55 225,574 204,526
58 Sivas 28,567.34 755,091 623,116
59 Tekirdağ 6,342.30 623,591 906,732
60 Tokat 10,072.62 828,027 597,920
61 Trabzon 4,664.04 975,137 766,782
62 Tunceli 7,685.66 93,584 86,527
63 Şanlıurfa 19,336.21 1,443,422 1,845,667
64 Uşak 5,363.09 322,313 349,459
65 Van 19,414.14 877,524 1,085,542
66 Yozgat 14,074.09 682,919 432,560
67 Zonguldak 3,309.86 615,599 598,796
68 Aksaray 7,965.51 396,084 384,252
69 Bayburt 3,739.08 97,358 80,607
70 Karaman 8,868.90 243,210 240,362
71 Kırıkkale 4,569.76 383,508 271,092
72 Batman 4,659.21 456,734 557,593
73 Şırnak 7,151.57 353,197 488,966
74 Bartın 2,080.36 184,178 189,405
75 Ardahan 4,967.63 133,756 100,809
76 Iğdır 3,587.81 168,634 192,056
77 Yalova 850.46 168,593 226,514
78 Karabük 4,108.80 225,102 231,333
79 Kilis 1,427.76 114,724 128,781
80 Osmaniye 3,195.99 458,782 506,807
81 Düzce 2,592.95 314,266 355,549


Luqada Turkiga[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

laqada Turkiga waa mid kamida luqadaha turkiga ee looyaqaano in ay yihiin amaba kasoo jeedaan bah luqeedaka looyaqaano Altis intii ka horaysay waxa afka turkiga lagu qorui jiray farta carabiga.waxaana luqadaas u badanaa kalmado kasoo jeeda Faaris iyo carabi.laakiin Jamhuuriyiintii talada lawareegtay ee uu madaxda u ahaa Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, ayaa kadanbeeyay in afka Turkiga lagu qoro farta laatiinka ah ee maanta loo isticmaalo.daadka kuhadla luqada turkiga waxa lagu qiyaasaa ilaa 130 milyan oo qof oo kukal nool in kabadan ilaa 15 wadan.




sido kale fiiri[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]





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Linkiga Caddaynta[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  1. "Motto". Gov.tr. 23 February 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Turkey". The World Factbook. Retrieved 9 February 2013.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "cia" defined multiple times with different content
  3. "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2015". Turkish Statistical Institute. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  4. OECD Data GDP, US $, current prices, current PPPs, millions, OECD. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 The World Bank: World Development Indicators Database. Turkey Last revised on 12 August 2013.
  6. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  7. http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreIstatistikTablo.do?istab_id=1595