Australia

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Isuduwe: 35°18′S 149°8′E / 35.300°S 149.133°E / -35.300; 149.133


Commonwealth of Australia
Australia
Calanka Australia Astaannta Qaranka ee Australia
Calan Astaannta Qaranka
Astaanta Calanka
Advance Australia Fair
Location of Australia
Caasimada Kanbera y_note =
Luuqada(ha) Looga hadlo Af-Ingiriis
 -  jenera-barasaabl Peter Cosgrove
 -  Ra'iisul wasaare Malcolm Turnbull
Ka xoroobey Gumeystihii Ingiriiska 
 -  Taariikhda 1 Janaayo, 1901 
Area
 -  Total 7,617,930 km2 km² 
2,941,299 sq mi 
Cadadka Dadka
 -  2009 qiyaas 22,374,3702 
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $1.550 trillion[1] 
 -  Per capita $22,550[1] 
Lacagta Australia Dollar
Wakhtiga Summer (DST)+11.5) 

Australia waa qaarad iyo wadan oo ku taalo Konnfurta fog, waxoo u dhaxeeyaa jasiiada new Zealand oo ka xigta woqooyi bari iyo Indonesia oo ka xigta koonfur. wadanka Australia waa wadan aad u ween, waxaana degen dad ajnaanib kala duwan.wadanka caasimadiisa waa Kanbera tiisa labaad waa Sydney.

A beach populated by people; a city can be seen in the horizon
Australia has one of the world's most highly urbanised populations with the majority living in metropolitan cities on the coast. (Pictured: Gold Coast beach and skyline, Queensland.)

Australia waxay leedahay dhaqaalaha 13-ka adduunka ugu wayn iyo tobankii sano ee ugu sarreeya dakhliga qofka (IMF). [13] Marka la eego heerka labaad ee horumarka bini'aadan ee adduunka, waddanku wuxuu si heer sare ah u yahay tayada nolosha, caafimaadka, waxbarashada, xorriyadda dhaqaalaha, xoriyada madaniga ah iyo xuquuqda siyaasadeed. [14] Australia waa xubin ka mid ah habka ASEAN Plus Plus, Qaramada Midoobay, G20, Commonwealth Nations, ANZUS, Ururka Iskaashatada Dhaqaalaha iyo Horumarinta (OECD), Ururka Caalamiga ah ee Ganacsiga, Iskaashiga Dhaqaalaha Asia iyo Isku-dhafka, iyo Forum Pacific Islands Forum. Tirada dadka ku nool 25 milyan [5] waa magaalo weyn oo aad u xooggan oo ku dhereray xeebta bariga. [15] Australiya waxay leedahay 9-ka caalamiga ah ee soo galootiga ah ee ugu weyn dunida, iyadoo muhaajiriintu ay muhim u yihiin 26% dadweynaha. [17] [17]

A beach populated by people; a city can be seen in the horizon
Australia has one of the world's most highly urbanised populations with the majority living in metropolitan cities on the coast. (Pictured: Gold Coast beach and skyline, Queensland.)

Zònas climaticas d'Austràlia.

A koala holding onto a eucalyptus tree with its head turned so both eyes are visible
The koala and the eucalyptus form an iconic Australian pair.

Markii ugu horeysay ee Yurub ah ee la duubay ee Australiya, iyo dhulkii ugu horreeyey ee lagu duubo Yurub ee ku yaal qaarada Australiya (ee 1606), waxaa loo aqoonsaday Holland. Markabkii ugu horreeyay iyo shaqaalihii saarnaa markabka Australiya oo la kulmay dadka Aborijiniska ahaa Duyfken oo ahaa kabtanka Dutch, Willem Janszoon. [36] Wuxuu arkay xeebta jasiiradda Cape York horaantii 1606, waxana uu dhulka dhigay 26kii Febraayo ee Pennefather River meel u dhow magaalada casipa ee Weipa ee Cape York. [37] Holland wuxuu ku tusay dhamaan dhulka galbeedka iyo waqooyiga, waxaana loo yaqaan 'New Holland' inta lagu guda jiro qarnigii 17aad, laakiin ma uusan isku dayin degsiimo. William Dampier, oo ah sahamiye Ingiriis ah iyo mid gaar ah, ayaa ku soo degay xeebta waqooyi galbeed ee New Holland 1688kii iyo mar kale 1699 safar dib u laabasho ah. [38] Sanadkii 1770-kii, James Cook wuxuu ka soo degay xeebta bari, kaas oo uu magaciisu ahaa New South Wales waxaana uu dalbaday Britain.

Australia waa wadan hodan ah; waxay dhalinaysaa dakhli ka yimid ilo kala duwan oo ay ka mid yihiin dhoofinta dhirta la xidhiidha, isgaarsiinta, bangiga iyo wax soo saarka. [188] [190] Waxay leedahay dhaqaalaha suuqyada, korodhka sicirka ee qofkiiba, iyo heerka saboolnimada ee hooseeya. Marka la eego celceliska hantida, Australia ayaa kaalinta labaad kaga jirta kaalinta labaad ee adduunka ka dib markii Switzerland ay ahayd 2013, inkastoo heerarka saboolnimada qaranka uu kordhay 10.2% ilaa 11.8%, laga bilaabo 2000/01 illaa 2013. [191] Waxaa loo aqoonsaday Machadka Cilmi-baarista Credit Suisse oo ah qaranka oo leh hantida dhexdhexaadka ah ee adduunka ugu sareeya iyo tan labaad ee ugu sareysa ee hantida ee qaan-gaar ah ee dadka waawayn sanadka 2013. [191]


Vistas de Melbourne
A painting of Captain James Cook in uniform sitting down in front of a map
Retrait del capitani James Cook, lo primièr europèu de cartografiar la còsta èst d'Austràlia en 1770




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  1. 1.0 1.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named IMF database 2018