Ceel-Afweyn( El- Afwain) waxay ku taala koonfurta galbaad ee Ceerigaabo. Waxay dhacdaa lat.9.55 long.47.15 .Waxay leedahay xeeb, buuraha Golis iyo banaano xoola daaqeen ah. Waxay caan ku tahay faleenka ,sida beeyada iyo malmalka. Dhulka buuraha leh waxaa jira togog durdur ah oo laga beero khudaarta oo kala duwan .Degaanka buuraleyda Guban waxaa laga helaa Dhuxul- dhagaxda oo aan weli si wacan looga faa-iidaysan iyo xabag god oo sanadahan dambe aad loola soo baxo ganacsi weyna leh. Xoolaha nool iyo ugaadha ayay degmadu hodan ku tahay. Ceel-Afweyn waxay hodan ku tahay : ( prehistoric artefacts including rock paintings and engravings of various styles and ages as well as many stone cairns , tumuli and other prehistoric structures.(eg.Cllark,1954,Lewis 1961) Maduno ,Godhardhane ,God-Anod are some of these sites. The rock shelter has been investigated by a number of researchers (Jonson,1983, Brandt and Brook 1984,Brandt and Carder, 1987) The vast majority of these paintings depict long-horned, humpless bovines, short-horned cows ,goats ,human figures and what possibly represent bow and arrow. a dog and sheep. Sida ay sheegeen odayaasha wax garadka ah ee degaanka oo qaarna nool yihiin qaarna xijaabteen waxaa magaalada Ceel-Afweyn la aasaasay sanadka la odhan jirey Hawa- rida oo ku beegnaa 1936. Waxaa dhismihii u horeeyey meesha magaaladu hadda tahay taagey Moxamed Muuse Moxamed ( Moxamed Dheere ) oo Headman ka ahaa ilaa uu ka xijaabtey 9/2/1951
TAARIIKHDA DEGMADA[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]
Taariikhda degmada Ceelafweyn[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]
Taariikhda Dagmada Ceel-Afweyn Ceel-Afweyn waxay ku taala koonfurta galbaad ee Ceerigaabo. Waxay dhacdaa lat.9.55 long.47.15 .Waxay leedahay xeeb, buuraha Golis iyo banaano xoola daaqeen ah. Waxay caan ku tahay faleenka ,sida beeyada iyo malmalka. Dhulka buuraha leh waxaa jira togog durdur ah oo laga beero khudaarta oo kala duwan .Degaanka buuraleyda Guban waxaa laga helaa Dhuxul- dhagaxda oo aan weli si wacan looga faa-iidaysan iyo xabag god oo sanadahan dambe aad loola soo baxo ganacsi weyna leh. Xoolaha nool iyo ugaadha ayay degmadu hodan ku tahay. Ceel-Afweyn waxay hodan ku tahay : ( prehistoric artefacts including rock paintings and engravings of various styles and ages as well as many stone cairns , tumuli and other prehistoric structures.(eg.Cllark,1954,Lewis 1961) Maduno ,Godhardhane ,God-Anod are some of these sites. The rock shelter has been investigated by a number of researchers (Jonson,1983, Brandt and Brook 1984,Brandt and Carder, 1987) The vast majority of these paintings depict long-horned, humpless bovines, short-horned cows ,goats ,human figures and what possibly represent bow and arrow. a dog and sheep. Sida ay sheegeen odayaasha wax garadka ah ee degaanka oo qaarna nool yihiin qaarna xijaabteen waxaa magaalada Ceel-Afweyn la aasaasay sanadka la odhan jirey Hawa- rida oo ku beegnaa 1936. Waxaa dhismihii u horeeyey meesha magaaladu hadda tahay taagey Moxamed Muuse Moxamed ( Moxamed Dheere ) oo Headman ka ahaa ilaa uu ka xijaabtey 9/2/1951, Waxaa nool ragii sarabkii u horeeyey u soo guray.Waxaa dabadeed headman looga dhigay Cali Muuse Cigaal,wax yar ka dibna Axmed Jaamac Faarax oo Inbadan ahaa Headman ka magaalada. Hase ahaatee 1919 oo loo yiqiin sanadkii Dayuuradda ayaa ceelka magaalada oo la baxay Ceel-Afweyn Agtiisa(dhinaca bari) waxaa soo degey ciidan Ingiriis ah oo la dagaalamaayey Ina Cabduulle Xasan iyo Daraawiish. Ciidankaas waxaa hogaaminaayey Col.Ismey sida uu sheegay M.Beachy Rey oo qoray Buuga ( Aflame in the Horn), Raadadkii degaank xaruntooda iyo goobihii dab-ridka weli way sii muuqdaan . kurta bigidhka weli waxay wadataa magacii waagaa loo bixiyey .Waxay ahayd meesha bigilka ciidamada looga garaaco marka la soo ururinaayo. Niman dhowr ah oo ay ka mid ahaayeen Moxamed Nuur,Jaamac Moxamed iyo Xaaji Cige Cabdull Aw Xasan ayaa waabo ganacsi ku haystey meel u dhow xarunta ciidamada. Hase ahaatee markii la jebiyey Ina Cabdull Xasan waa laga guurey Xaruntii ciidanka iyo goobihii ganacsigaba. Hadaba markii uu Moxamed dheere soo degey meesha ay magaaladu hadda tahay 1936 ayaa waxaa la soo degey mudo yar ka dib Moxamed Nuur, Xaaji Cige, moxamed Ducaale dhuux iyo rag kale oo aan la koob i Karin. Sidaasayna magaalo ku noqotay. Dhacdooyinka Muhiimka ah: 1950 Waxaa magaalada laga sameeyey xarun gargaar markii ay dhacday abaartii la baxday siiga case. Xarunta gargaarka waxaa madax ka ahayd naag Ingiriis ah oo la Odhan jirey Marian Shelly oo ahayd haweeneyda xoghayaha Badhasaabka dalka xukumey. Sanadkaas dad badan ayaa u le’day macaluul iyo cuduro. 1953 waxa dadweynahu dhistey dugsigii ugu horeeyey degmada ,Dawladuna waxay keentay macalimiintii iyo qalabkii waxbarashada. Ardaydana waxaa loo xidhay seere ay u daaqaan geelu.Dhismaha dugsiga iyo horumarinta degaanka waxaa qayb weyn ka qaatay odayaal ay hogaaminaayeen Moxamed X.Ducaale .Axmed Muuse (Waraabe) Nuux Moxamed , Jaamac Faarax, Xaaji Yusuf Moxamed ,Digaale Jaamac, Warsame Siiid,Aw Cabdi Muse iyo Axmed JaamaFaarax (Dheere). Alle ha naxariistu gedigood,Aamiin. Baabuurkii Cali Muuse (Gardam) ayaa dhismaha magaalada si weyn uga qayb qaatay.Waana baabuurkii u horeeyey oo ay degmadu yeelato. 1954 waxaa magaalada lagu magcaabay sub-District waxaana laga dhisya xafiisyo dhowr ah : 1.-Rest house 2. Police Office 3. Subordinate court 4. Forestry Office 5. Lifestock dip 6..civil centre .Isla sanadkaas waxaa dhacay (nasiib daro) dagaal sokeeyey oo dhexmaray beelo ka ka mid Isaaq iyo kuwo ka mid Dhulbahante., Taasi waxay keentay in dhulbahantii yiiley C/Afwein oo uu ka mid ahaa Xaaji Cige ay ka guuraan C/Afweyn dabadeedna uu guryahoodii iibsadey X.Liibaan Cumar oo ka mid noqday ragii magaalada soo camiray. Dadweynaha degaanku waxuu qayb weyn ka qaatay dagaalkii gobanimo doonka ee Gumaysigii Ingiriiska lagu kicinayey waxaana u dhintay Sh.Cabdulaahi Ducaale oo lagu dilay Arab 1946 isagoo hogaminaaya dadweynihii diidanaa in suntan ayaxa dhulka lagu shubo. Labadii Xisbi ee SNL iyo NUF way ka furnaayeen Ceel-Afweyn. Guubaabada dadweynaha waxa hormood ka ahaa dhinaca suugaanta Aw Cabdi Muuse, Halkudhegyadiisii waxa ka mid ahaa : -Odayaal kasmaloo kimidhaa la rabaa Kaftankii ma jiroo koday saarantahee Kaca yaa wadanii Dorashadii 17 February ee 1960 ee Baarlimaankii u horeeyey hal kursi ayuu helay xisbigii NUF ,waxaana ku guulestey Michel Mariano oo Ceel-Afweyn ka sharaxnaa .Kuraastii kale oo dhamaan 32 waxaa helay xisbiyadii SNL iyo USP. 1975 ayaa Dawladii Kacaanka M.S.Bare Ceel-Afweyn la siiyey Degmo buuxda.Waa sanadkii ay dhacday dabadheer oo dadkii qaarna loo raray Jubooyinka qaarna xeryo gargaar looga furay Bixin.Waa degmada qudha ee Waqooyi looga furay gargaar. Waxaa xeradaas maamulaayey Ismaaciil Faarax Moxamed . Abaartaasi sidii Siiga case ayay galaafatay boqolaal nafood . 1980 ayaa dadweynaha degmadu dhisteen Dugsiga Sare iyagoo u qaybsaday Ishaashatooyin iyo xaafad- xaafad,Dawladuna gacan bay ka geysatey . 1989 waxaa degaanka C/Afweyn ka dhacay xasuuqyo ay geesteen ciidamadii Siyaad Bare oo gaadhaya in ka badan 250 ruux.waxayna ka dhaceen agagaarka C.Afweyn sida Karin Biyood,Bohol ,Kalshiikh.Danweyn,gaad iyo meelo kale . Waxaa degmada ku abtirsada Aqoonyahano ,Siyaasiin .iyo hogaamiyaal caan ah oo fara badan oo aanaan halkan ku soo koobi KarinWaxaa degmada jooga laba isgaadhsiin mTelesom iyo Somtel iyo sherkado horumarineed sidaa DRC oo wax weyn ka qabatay degmada iyadoo dhistey Berkado ,suuliyon health posts. Village rest houses canals for rain irrigation farms iyo bunds lagaga hortegaayo carra guurka.,Hayada Care international ayaa dugsiyo badan ka dhistey degmada. Waxaan iyana la ilaawi karay hayadaha NRC iyo IAS oo iyana dhowr dugsi degmada ka dhistay. Degmada waxaa horumarkeeda ragaadiyey jid xumo.. Hadii jidka Degmada isku xidha Burco iyo Cerigaabo oo hadda la bilaabay la dhamaystiro waxay noqon kartaa degaan uu dhaqaale badan ka soo bixi karo
Jama Abdi Muse firstname.lastname@example.org waxa caan ku tahay dhinac gelbad waxaaa ka yala buuro badan 20.06.2014
Maduuno[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]
Maduno is an old ruined city lying about seven and a half km east of El-afwein. Nobody has ever unveiled the mysteries surrounding it. This is due to the fact that our people (Somali) were oral society without written lan-guage to record their events, culture and masterpieces.
This city lies on a small hill between Caday-musbah River (dry) and mawaley. Caday-musbah is a compound word which means the illuminated salvador perisa. Caday (salvador perisa) and Musbah (lamp) probably derived from the Arabic words. Before you reach the proper maduno, you would notice another ruined city on the banks. I believe that the people of maduno first settled there and were devastated by over flooding of the river causing a lot of damage. The survivors might have sought a saver area and started to build another new town where maduno stands today.
Going back to Caday-musbah, i believe that there was a large Quran school and children used to memorize all the Quran verses after they burn huge amounts of logs for illumination. So, the people passing by from afar at night thought that this area was illuminated by lamps. I doubt how modern archaeologist would accept this. The road linking to EL-afwein and Dararweine is close to maduno. The main portion of the city is in the southern part and is quiet larger than yonder in the north. The city has melancholic appearance that makes one to contemplate how this mighty workmanship vanished thoroughly without leaving behind any living traces. Buildings are devastated and their rubbles are seen
Everywhere as they were deliberately disintegrated. The loose heaps of rocks and shale in some places that are littered the ground could almost been decayed remains of some living rooms, courtyards and markets that died ages ago, before the Somalis who settled around it came to break the silence once more. There are multitudes of graves beside the crumbled buildings. One would have the opinion that the inhabitants of maduno were besieged by powerful hostile communities who forbade the dead ones to be buried in the nearby fields.
The only thing that we could deduce from the condition of maduno is that its people were Muslims when we notice the great mosque at the centre of the city and graves laid facing towards Mecca. The walls of the mosque stand mostly unharmed. The niches where the Quranic volumes were kept are in place and the chamber of the imam is still standing. But the mosque is desecrated by birds, lizards and other small animals.
The shapes, sizes and formation differ from one house to other. Some are rectangular, some are square and others are circular. In some houses you would find larger rooms as if they were used as court yards or sitting rooms. Some of the stones of the buildings are corroded by weather over the years while others are fused together. It is spectacular in a way and sombre in the other. Most of its build-ings are ruined. However, some parts of the walls seem to have resisted the obliteration of weather and other disaster agents. Perhaps maduno flourished over a period of time as Eldorado or Timbuktu before it reached at the end of the road.
I believe the city was built by Arab merchants who traded slaves ,ivory and ostrich feathers and why it was deserted this was a mystery. The Arabs may have abandoned when they found the ivory and ostrich feather trade was falling off, or when they discovered that the local gala people who settled there before the Somalis, would bring their goods to the coast and sell just as cheap there. The once crowded houses, busy markets or shops are replaced by many different sorts of animals like Jeroas (Wallo), Squirrels (Dagagaale), Mongooses (SHuuqshuuq) and Porcupine (Caana-qub) running to the ruins for shelter. You may also see birds like Bustard (Jugley), Sand grouse (Faqow) guinea fowl (digirin) and Hoopoe (Hudhud) scratching in the dust with their claws and pecking with their peaks. Between the buildings and their suburbs, trees are grown inside the houses like Acacia bussei (Galool), Acacia Spirocarpa (Qudhac), Zizyphypus mautritiana (Gobka), Termenilia (Daray), Salvador persia (Caday) and others. I wonder why this great city wasn’t mentioned in the stories rehearsed by Somali travel-lers who used to tell strange stories, strange animals, bitter wars, devastated cities and glorious men. They have also mentioned old cities like Amud, Zeila, Bulahar and others. Maduno was not mentioned in any of these stories. Thus it remained mysterious for a time immemorial. Even strange women like Arawelo and Deg-der were made popular in those stories. To my knowledge no archaeologist, anthropologist or ethnographer have ever visited here.
it is among the unreported historical sites in the east like Godanod, Gamaso, Alibahay, Godalo, Gaminley, Gelweyta, Waqderiya, Harsho and many, many others.
It is widely believed by the elderly people in this area that maduno has the same age as sheikh and Alibahay (near Hudon) and they had the same plight in a same period. There is a legend which says that three towns were ruled by a sacred saint who had the power to fly to these towns to monitor their prayers everyday in scheduled times. All the three cities were destroyed at once. Nobody can tell exactly what happened to them. They might have been inflicted by famine or epidemic diseases. Some people believed they were caranged by hostile enemies. It is obvious that nobody survived. If some of them were left alive, the history of the city wouldn’t be lost so easily in that way because memories are hard to erase. Who took responsibility of burying corpses? Where have they gone to, then? Were they slain too? If the dead bodies were not buried they would be crunched and devoured by prowling hyenas and vultures.
If we knew necromancy, we would contact the tombs and they might possibly help us unveil their secrets and how they remained in perdition or ruin for many centuries. Lastly, i appeal to every somalilander to dedicate some of his time to have a research on this lost unreported city. I also appeal to the ministry of tourism to employ personnel to take care to avoid further damage by expanding illegal land ownership.
An appeal to the reader: This context is my point of view, any additions and omissions are welcome. There may be unfamiliar words in the article – but I was trying to plant an image in the readers mind by using exact words to enhance the reader.
1. Illuminate to draw light 2. Devastate ruin 3. Contemplate look in the eye or mind 4. Melancholic sad 5. Vanished that have layers to be splinted easily
6. Littered left untidily 7. Besieged surrounded with army 8. Desecrated used wickedly 9. Corroded worn out, rubbed off 10. Spectacular dark 11. Carnage kill a lot 12. Crunched crushed 13. Prowling wandering about for food
14. Ethnographer scientist in races of mankind: their costumes, believes and culture
15. Corpse dead body
16. Sacred honored, admired religiously
BY; JAMA ABDI (GAWAAFE) Approved by: SOGSO( Somali Geology Students Associations)