Dar es Salaam

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Dar es Salaam
Mzizima
—  City and Region  —
The City of Dar es Salaam
An aerial view of the Dar es Salaam city skyline during the day time.

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Country Tanzania
Zone Coastal Indian Ocean
Districts
Xukunka
 • Regional Commissioner Paul Makonda
 • Regional Administrative Secretary
 • Regional Executive Director
 • Lord Mayor Isaya Mwita Charles
 • Hon Deputy Mayor
Baaxadda[1]
 • Guud ahaan 1,393 km2 (538 sq mi)
 • Biyo 0 km2 (0 sq mi)
Tirada dadka (2012)
 • Guud ahaan 4,364,541
 • Tiro Badnaan 3,100/km2 (8,100/sq mi)
Saacad EAT (UTC+3)
Postcode 11xxx
Area code(s) 022
Climate Tropical savanna (Aw)
Website City Website


Daarusalaam (Dar es Salaam) oo ka timid Carabi: Daarusalaam Dār as-Salām, "Gurigii Nabadda"; Mzizima oo horay u ahaa caasimaddii hore iyo sidoo kale magaalada ugu badan ee ku taala Tansaaniya iyo xarun dhaqaale oo muhiim ah. ] Waxay ku taallaa xeebta Swahili, magaaladu waa mid ka mid ah magaalooyinka ugu caansan adduunka. Ilaa 1974-dii, Dar es Salaam wuxuu ka noqday caasimadda Tansaaniya, taas oo ay magaalada caasimaddu bilowdey in ay u wareejiso Dodoma, oo si rasmi ah loo dhammeeyey 1996-kii. Hase yeeshee, illaa 2017, waxay sii wadaysaa inay ahaato mid diiradda saaran xafiiska dawladda dhexe, in kasta oo tani ay tahay inta lagu guda jiro nidaamka si buuxda u dhaqaaqaya Dodoma. Intaa waxaa dheer, waa magaalooyinka ugu caansan Tansaaniya ee farshaxanka, moodada, warbaahinta, muusikada, filimka iyo telefishanka iyo xarun maaliyadeed oo hor leh, iyada oo Daarusalaam Suuqa Shirkadda (DSE) ay tahay suuqa ugu horreeya ee suuqyada suuqyada dalka. ] Magaaladu waa meesha ugu horeysa ee soo-galootiga iyo ka-baxitaanka ee dalxiisayaasha ugu badan ee booqanaya Tansaaniya, oo ay ku jiraan beeraha qaranka ee safariska iyo jasiiradaha Unguja iyo Pemba. Dar es Salaam sidoo kale waa magaalada ugu weyn ee ugu badan ee ku hadasha afka Swahili ee aduunka.

Climate[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Due to close proximity to the equator and the warm Indian Ocean, the city experiences tropical climatic conditions, typified by hot and humid weather throughout much of the year. It has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen: Aw). Annual rainfall is approximately 1,100 mm (43 in), and in a normal year there are two rainy seasons: "the long rains" in April and May and "the short rains" in November and December.

Faahfaahin Cimilada Dar es Salaam
Bilaha Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Sanad
Kuleel daran °C (°F) 35.0
(95.0)
35.2
(95.4)
35.0
(95.0)
35.0
(95.0)
32.9
(91.2)
33.0
(91.4)
31.8
(89.2)
31.9
(89.4)
33.8
(92.8)
33.7
(92.7)
34.0
(93.2)
34.5
(94.1)
35.2
(95.4)
Kuleel aan darnayn °C (°F) 31.8
(89.2)
32.4
(90.3)
32.1
(89.8)
30.7
(87.3)
29.8
(85.6)
29.3
(84.7)
28.9
(84.0)
29.4
(84.9)
30.3
(86.5)
30.9
(87.6)
31.4
(88.5)
31.6
(88.9)
30.7
(87.3)
Hoos udhaca kuleelka °C (°F) 23.5
(74.3)
23.3
(73.9)
22.8
(73.0)
22.4
(72.3)
21.3
(70.3)
19.2
(66.6)
18.2
(64.8)
18.1
(64.6)
18.4
(65.1)
19.7
(67.5)
21.3
(70.3)
22.8
(73.0)
20.9
(69.6)
Hoos udhac qiyaas leh °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
18.4
(65.1)
19.6
(67.3)
19.6
(67.3)
16.2
(61.2)
14.4
(57.9)
13.7
(56.7)
12.8
(55.0)
14.3
(57.7)
15.8
(60.4)
17.6
(63.7)
18.8
(65.8)
12.8
(55.0)
Roobka mm (Faraha) 76.3
(3.004)
54.9
(2.161)
138.1
(5.437)
254.2
(10.008)
197.8
(7.787)
42.9
(1.689)
25.6
(1.008)
24.1
(0.949)
22.8
(0.898)
69.3
(2.728)
125.9
(4.957)
117.8
(4.638)
1,149.7
(45.264)
Dhado 77 76 80 84 81 78 77 76 75 76 78 78 79
Dhexdhexaad. Xilli roobaadka (≥ 1.0 mm) 7 4 11 18 13 5 4 4 3 5 8 9 91
Saacadaha Bilaha qorraxda 235.6 223.2 213.9 156.0 213.9 222.0 223.2 266.6 252.0 275.9 252.0 241.8 2,776.1
Mean daily sunshine hours 7.6 7.9 6.9 5.2 6.9 7.4 7.2 8.6 8.4 8.9 8.4 7.8 7.6
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization[2]
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes, humidity, and sun)[3]


The Julius Nyerere International Convention Centre in Kivukoni Dar es Salaam
The Julius Nyerere International Convention Centre in Kivukoni Dar es Salaam

Maamulka Tansaaniya ee Tansaaniya (TPA, dhismaha dhismaha) iyo PSPF Pension Twin Towers labadaba labaduba waa kuwa ugu dheer Bariga iyo Bartamaha Afrika. Waa caasimadda gobolka Dar es Salaam, oo ah mid ka mid ah 31 gobol oo Tansaaniya ka kooban oo ka kooban shan degmo: Kinondoni waqooyiga, Ilala bartamaha, Ubungo, Temeke ee koonfurta iyo Kigamboni oo ku yaal bari Kuraasini. Gobolka wuxuu lahaa dad ka kooban 4,364,541 sida tirakoobka rasmiga ah 2012. [5]: 2

Dar es Salaam

Dar es Salaam Magaalo madaxda wadan Tansaaniya. Waana magaalda uguwayn wadanka tansaaniya

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Wikimedia Commons waxee heysaa war la xiriiro:
  1. Statistical Abstract 2011, Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics
  2. "World Weather Information Service – Dar es Salaam". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 13 May 2016. 
  3. "Klimatafel von Daressalam (Flugh.) / Tansania" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 13 May 2016.