Roma

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Rome
Roma
—  Capital of Italy  —
Roma Capitale
Clockwise from top: the Colosseum, St. Peter's Basilica, Castel Sant'Angelo, Ponte Sant'Angelo, Trevi Fountain and the Pantheon
[[File:Flag of Rome.svg|100px|border|alt=|Flag of Rome]]
Flag
[[File:Insigne Romanum.svg|100px|alt=|Coat of arms of Rome]]
Coat of arms
Magac loogu yeero: The Eternal City, Capital of the World, Throne of St. Peter
The territory of the comune (Roma Capitale, in red) inside the Metropolitan City of Rome (Città Metropolitana di Roma, in yellow). The white area in the centre is Vatican City.

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Country  Italy[lower-alpha 1]
Region Template:Country data Lazio
Xukunka
 • Nooca Special Comune ("Roma Capitale")
 • Qaabka Rome City Council
 • Mayor Virginia Raggi (M5S)
Baaxadda
 • Total 1,285 km2 (496.3 sq mi)
Joogga 21 m (69 ft)
Tirada dadka (31 December 2017)
 • Rank 1st, Italy (4th in EU)
 • Tiro Badnaan 2,236/km2 (5,790/sq mi)
 • Comune 2,872,800[1]
 • Metropolitan City 4,355,725[2]
Magac uyeel Af-Taliyaani: Romano (masculine), Romana (feminine)
Af-Ingiriis: Roman
Saacad CET (UTC+1)
CAP code(s) 00100; 00118 to 00199
Area code(s) 06
Website Comune di Roma



Roma (Romaan / Romanian / ROHM; Talyaaniga: Roma Listeni [roːma]; Laatiin: Romaan [roːma]) waa caasimadda Talyaaniga iyo isbahaysi gaar ah (oo lagu magacaabo Comune di Roma Capitale). Rome sidoo kale waxay u adeegtaa caasimadda gobolka Lazio. Iyadoo 2,872,800 qof ay ku nool yihiin 1.285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), [1] waa sidoo kale wadada ugu badan ee dalka. Waa Midowga Yurub oo ah xadka afaraad ee ugu badan magaalada. Waa bartamaha magaalada Metropolitan ee Rome, oo leh dad ka kooban 4.3 milyan oo qof. [2] Rome wuxuu ku yaalaa qaybta dhexe ee galbeedka Talyaaniga, ee Lazio (Latium), oo ku yaalla xeebta Tiber. Vatican City waa dal madaxbannaan oo ka mid ah xudduudaha magaalada Rome, tusaalaha kaliya ee jira ee ku yaala magaalo: sidaas darteed Rome badanaa waxaa lagu qeexay caasimadda labada dawladood. [4]Ka dib markii aasaaskii halyayada ee Romulus, [22] Rome waxaa loo xukumay muddo 244 sano ah nidaam jimicsi ah, oo markii hore asal ahaan ka soo jeeda latansi iyo Sabine, kadibna boqorro Etruscan. Dhaqanku wuxuu u dhiibay toddoba boqor: Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tullus Hostilius, Ancus Marcius, Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius iyo Tarquinius Superbus.

Roma Metrorail and Underground 2016
Conca d'Oro metro station

Dhismooyinka Ancient-Imperial-Roman ee Palatine waa meelo isdabajoog ah oo ku yaal Palatine Hill si muuqata u muujinaysa awoodda iyo hanti fardaha laga bilaabo Augustus ilaa qarnigii 4aad. Sanadkii 509-kii BC, Roomaanku waxay ka soo saareen boqorkii ugu danbeeyay magaaladooda waxayna aasaaseen Jamhuuriyaal Oligarchik ah. Rome ayaa markaa bilaabay wakhti ay ku dheehan tahay dhibaatooyinka gudaha ee u dhaxeeya patricians (aristocrats) iyo dadka jecel (kuwa yaryar), iyo dagaal joogto ah oo ka dhan ah dadka ku dhaqan Talyaaniga: Etruscans, Latins, Volsci, Aequi, Marsi. Ka dib markii uu noqday macalin Latitude, Rome wuxuu u horseeday dhowr dagaallo (Gauls, Osci-Samnites iyo gumeysiga Giriigga ee Taranto, oo lala xidhiidhiyay Pyrrhus, Boqorka Epirus), natiijadooduna waxay ahayd qabsashadii Xeebta Talyaaniga, laga soo qaaday bartamaha ilaa Magna Graecia [25] Script error: No such module "main".

Cunto saddexaad iyo qarnigii 2aad waxay arkeen aasaaska Roomaanka Roomaanka ee Badda Mediterranean iyo Bariga, iyada oo loo marey saddexda saddexda Punic Wars (264-146 BC) waxay la dirireen magaalada Carthage iyo sadexdii Wariye ee Macedoniya (212-168 BC) oo ka soo horjeeda Makedoniya. [26] Kadibna waxaa la aasaasay goboladii ugu horreeyay ee Rome: Sicily, Sardinia iyo Corsica, Hispania, Macedonia, Achaea iyo Afrika. Ilaa bilowgii qarnigii 2aad ee kaddib, awoodda ayaa lagu muransanaa laba kooxood oo ka mid ah aristocrates: guusha, oo ka dhigan qaybta muxaafidka ah ee golaha guurtida, iyo dadweynaha, kuwaas oo ku tiirsanaa caawinta nacaybka (heerka hoose ee magaalada) si ay u helaan awood. Isla muddadaas, kicitaankii beeralayda yaryar iyo aasaasida guryaha hudheelka ee waawayn ayaa ka soo horjeesatay socdaalka magaalada dad badan. Dagaalkii joogtada ahaa wuxuu u baahday ciidan xirfad leh, taas oo aad u daacad u ah guud ahaan jagooyinka ka sarreeya jamhuuriyadda. Sidaa darted, qeybtii dambe ee qarnigii labaad iyo qarnigii koobaad ee qarnigii koobaad waxaa jiray iskahorimaadyo dibedda iyo dibedaba: ka dib markii isku daygii isbeddelka ahaa ee dib u habeynta bulshooyinka ee dadwaynaha Tiberius iyo Gaius Gracchus, [28] iyo dagaalka ka dhanka ah Jugurta, [28] waxaa jiray dagaallo sokeeye oo u dhexeeya Gaius Marius iyo Sulla. [28] Taasina waxay raacday gabadha ugu weyn addoonta ee Spartacus, [29] ka dibna aasaasida Triumvirate ugu horeysay ee la yiraahdo Caesar, Pompey iyo Crassus [29]

Faahfaahin Cimilada Rome Ciampino Airport (altitude: 105 m sl, 13 km (8 mi) south-east from Colosseum satellite view)
Bilaha Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Sanad
Kuleel aan darnayn °C (°F) 11.9
(53.4)
13.0
(55.4)
15.2
(59.4)
17.7
(63.9)
22.8
(73.0)
26.9
(80.4)
30.3
(86.5)
30.6
(87.1)
26.5
(79.7)
21.4
(70.5)
15.9
(60.6)
12.6
(54.7)
20.4
(68.7)
Maalinle °C (°F) 7.5
(45.5)
8.2
(46.8)
10.2
(50.4)
12.6
(54.7)
17.2
(63.0)
21.1
(70.0)
24.1
(75.4)
24.5
(76.1)
20.8
(69.4)
16.4
(61.5)
11.4
(52.5)
8.4
(47.1)
15.2
(59.4)
Hoos udhaca kuleelka °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
3.5
(38.3)
5.2
(41.4)
7.5
(45.5)
11.6
(52.9)
15.3
(59.5)
18.0
(64.4)
18.3
(64.9)
15.2
(59.4)
11.3
(52.3)
6.9
(44.4)
4.2
(39.6)
10.0
(50.0)
Roobka mm (Faro) 66.9
(2.634)
73.3
(2.886)
57.8
(2.276)
80.5
(3.169)
52.8
(2.079)
34.0
(1.339)
19.2
(0.756)
36.8
(1.449)
73.3
(2.886)
113.3
(4.461)
115.4
(4.543)
81.0
(3.189)
804.3
(31.665)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 7.0 7.6 7.6 9.2 6.2 4.3 2.1 3.3 6.2 8.2 9.7 8.0 79.4
Saacadaha Bilaha qorraxda 120.9 132.8 167.4 201.0 263.5 285.0 331.7 297.6 237.0 195.3 129.0 111.6 2,472.8
Source: Servizio Meteorologico,[3] data of sunshine hours[4] (1971–2000)
Roma Metrorail and Underground 2016
Conca d'Oro metro station

The Imperial fora waxaa iska leh dhowr taxane ah oo mug leh (goobaha dadweynaha) laga dhiso Rome by emperors. Sidoo kale sawirka waxaa lagu arki karaa Suuqa Trajan. Guulkii Gaul waxay samaysay Caesar si xoogan oo caan ah, taas oo keentay dagaal labaad oo sokeeye oo ka dhan ah Senate iyo Pompey. Ka dib guushii, Caesar wuxuu naftiisa u doortay kaligii taliye nolosha. [29] Dilkani wuxuu u horseeday inay noqoto Second Triumvirate ee Octavian (Caesar's awoowaha iyo dhaxalka), Mark Antony iyo Lepidus, iyo dagaal kale oo ka dhexeeya Octavian iyo Antony. Kacaankii hore ee 27-kii ciraaq wuxuu noqday madaxweyne ku-xigeen, waxana uu helay magaca Augustus, isagoo aasaasay mabaadi'da, oo ah xuddun u dhexeeya madaxweynayaasha iyo golaha guurtida [30] Rome waxaa loo asaasay boqortooyo xaqiiqo ah, kaas oo gaadhay ballaarinta ugu weyn ee qarnigii labaad ee hoos yimaada Emperor Trajan. Rome waxaa loo xaqiijiyey inuu yahay Mundi, oo ah caasimadda adduunka, taasoo muujinaysa erey horay loo siiyey xilligii Jamhuuriga. Inta lagu jiro labadii qarniyadood ee ugu horreeyay, boqortooyadu waxay u arkeen taliyayaal, boqorada Julio-Claudian, [31] Flavian (oo sidoo kale dhisay qafiska amfitiyateriga, oo loo yaqaan Colosseum) [31] iyo agagaarka Antonine [32] Waqtigaan waxaa sidoo kale lagu tilmaamey faafinta diinta masiixiga, oo lagu wacdiyey Ciise Masiix oo ku sugan Judea qeybtii koowaad ee qarnigii koobaad (oo ka hoosaysa Tiberius) oo uu ku faafay rasuulladiisa isaga oo ka soo jeeda boqortooyadii iyo wixii ka baxsan. Da'da Antonine waxaa loo tixgeliyaa dimoqraadiyadda Boqortooyada, oo dhulkeeduna u dhexeeyaa Badweynta Atlantik-ka ilaa Webiga Euphrates iyo Boqortooyada Ingiriiska ee Masar. Script error: No such module "main".

Roma

Roma waa caasimada dalka Talyaaniga.


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  1. "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Archived from the original on 13 April 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2018. 
  2. Bilancio demografico Anno 2014 (dati provvisori). Provincia: Roma Template:Webarchive – Demo.istat.it
  3. "Tabelle climatiche 1971–2000 della stazione meteorologica di Roma-Ciampino Ponente dall'Atlante Climatico 1971–2000" (PDF). Servizio Meteorologico dell'Aeronautica Militare. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2017. 
  4. "Visualizzazione tabella CLINO della stazione / CLINO Averages Listed for the station Roma Ciampino". Archived from the original on 27 July 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2011.