Bulgariya

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Republic of Bulgaria
Република България  (Af-Bulgeeriyaan)
Republika Bǎlgariya
Hal ku dheg: 
Heesta qaranka: 
Мила Родино  (Bulgeeriyaan)
Mila Rodino (transliteration)
Dear Motherland
Halka ay dhaco  Bulgariya  (dark green) – Yurub  (green & dark grey) – the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Halka ay dhaco  Bulgariya (dark green)

– Yurub (green & dark grey)
– the European Union (green)  —  [Legend]

Magaalo madax
Waa Magaalada ugu balaaran
Sofia
Luqadaha rasmiga ah Bulgarian
Official script Cyrillic
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha (2011[1])
Dadka Bulgarian
Xukunka Unitary parliamentary
constitutional republic
 -  President Rumen Radev
 -  Prime Minister Boyko Borisov
Sharci dejinta National Assembly
Formation
 -  First Bulgarian Empire 681–1018 
 -  Second Bulgarian Empire 1185–1396 
 -  Modern state:  
 -  Principality of Bulgaria 3 March 1878Template:Refn 
 -  Declaration of Independence from the Ottoman Empire 5 October 1908Template:Refn 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 110,993.6[2][3][4] km2 (103rd)
42,811 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 0.3
Tirada dadka
 -  31 December 2016 qiyaasta Decrease 7,101,859[5] (102nd)
 -  Mugga Dadka 64.9/km2 (95th)
168/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2017 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $152.374 billion[6] (76th)
 -  Qof qof $21,578 (62nd)
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2017 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $55.954 billion[6] (81st)
 -  Calaa qof $7,924 (75th)
Qaybsiga (2016)negative increase 38.3[7] (medium)
Kobaca (2015)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.794[8] (very high / 56th)
Lacagta Lev (BGN)
Waqtiga EET (UTC+2)
 -  Xagaa (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +359
Furaha Internetka .bg

Bulgaariya: / bʌlɡɛəriə, bʊl- / (ku dhawaad ​​codka dhageysato); Bulgarian: Baalgariya, tr Bihlgariya), si rasmi ah Jamhuuriyadda Bulgaariya (Bulgarian: Repubblica Búlgariya, IPA: [rɛpublikɐ bɐɫɡarijɐ]), waa a waddanka koonfur bari ee Yurub. Waxaa xuduud u leh dalalka Romania, waqooyiga, Serbia iyo Macedonia, galbeedka, Giriigga iyo Turkiga ee koonfurta, iyo Badda Badda ee Bariga. Iyada oo leh dhul-dhan 110,994 kilomitir oo isku-wareeg ah (42,855 sq mi), Bulgaariya waa waddanka 16aad ee Europe ugu weyn. Ururada dhaqameed ee taariikhiga ah waxay bilaabeen inay ka soo baxaan dhulalka hadda jira ee Bulgaariya muddada Neolithic. Taariikhdeedii hore waxay arkeen joogitaanka Thracians, Giriigga Giriigga ah, Faaris, Celts, Romans, Goths, Alans iyo Huns. Soo ifbaxa mid ka mid ah dowlad-goboleed mideysan oo reer galbeedka ah ayaa taariikhda dib u bilaabaya aasaasida Boqortooyada Midowgii Boqortooyada ee 681-dii AD, taas oo ay ku badnayd Balkans oo ka shaqeynaysay xarun dhaqameed ee Slavs inta lagu guda jiro qarniyadii dhexe. Iyada oo hoos u dhacday Boqortooyada Badbaadada Badnaanta ee 1396, dhulalkeedii waxay ku hoos jirtay xukumadii Ottoman mudo shan sano ah. Dagaalkii Russo-Turkish ee 1877-78 waxay keeneen dhisitaanka Dowlad Goboleedka Bulgaariya. Sannadaha soo socda waxay arkeen colaado dhowr ah oo ay la galaan deriskooda, taasoo keentay in Bulgaria ay la jaanqaado Jarmalka labada dagaal. Sannadkii 1946-kii waxay noqotay mid ka mid ah xisbiyada siyaasiga ah ee qaybta ka ah ee ka soo jeeda Eastern Bloc ee Soviet-led. Bishii Disember 1989, Xisbiga talada haya ee Xisbiga ayaa u oggolaaday doorashooyin dhinacyo badan, kaas oo markii dambe u horseeday barashada Bulgaariya ee dimuqraaddiyadda iyo dhaqaalaha suuqa.


























sido kale fiiri[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  1. NSI Census data 2011, p. 4.
  2. География на България. Физическа и икономическа география. АИ „Марин Дринов“. 1997. 
  3. География на България. „ФорКом“. 2002. ISBN 9544641238. 
  4. Пенин, Румен (2007). Природна география на България. Булвест 2000. pp. 18. ISBN 9789541805466. 
  5. NSI Census data 2015.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Bulgaria". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  7. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 31 March 2016. 
  8. "Human Development Report 2015" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 14 December 2015.