Massachusetts

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Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Flag of Massachusetts Seal of Massachusetts
Flag Astaan
Naaneys: The Bay State
The Pilgrim State; The Puritan State
The Old Colony State
The Baked Bean State[1]
Halkudhig: Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (Latin)
By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty
Heesta Gobolka: "All Hail to Massachusetts"
Map of the United States with Massachusetts highlighted
Luuqada Dowliga English[2]
Luuqado Kale
Bulsho Bay Stater (official)[4] Massachusite (traditional)[5][6] Massachusettsian[7]
Magaalo-madax
(iyo caasimada ugu weyn)
Boston
Metropolitan Greater Boston
Deegaanka Baaxada 44th
 • Wadar 10,565[8] sq mi
(27,337 km2)
 • Balac 183 miles (295 km)
 • Dherer 113 miles (182 km)
 • % biyo 25.7
 • Lool 41° 14′ N to 42° 53′ N
 • Dhigo 69° 56′ W to 73° 30′ W
Bulshada Heerka Bulshada 15th
 • Wadar 6,859,819 (2017 est.)[9]
 • Cufnaanta 840/sq mi  (324/km2)
Tirada Dadka 3rd[10]
 • Dhaqaalaha $67,861[11] (7th)
Jooga
 • Barta ugu sareysa Mount Greylock[12][13]
3,489 ft (1063.4 m)
 • Dhexdhexaad 500 ft  (150 m)
 • Barta ugu hooseysa Atlantic Ocean
sea level
Gobolnimada Ka Hor Province of Massachusetts Bay
La Midoobay Wadanka February 6, 1788 (6th)
Badhasaabka Charlie Baker (R)
Gudoomiyaha Gobolka Karyn Polito (R)
Xeerdejinta General Court
 • Golaha Guurtida Senate
 • Aqalka Hoose House of Representatives
Xubnaha Guurtida Elizabeth Warren (D)
Ed Markey (D)
Aqalka Wakiilada 9 Democrats (diiwaan gashan)
Soonka Wakhtiga Eastern: UTC −5/−4
ISO 3166 US-MA
Loo soo gaabiya MA, Mass.
Website www.mass.gov


Massachusetts (/ ˌmæsətʃuːsɪts / (Sannadkani wuxuu maqlaa codka), / -zɪts /), oo si rasmi ah loo yaqaan 'Commonwealth of Massachusetts', waa gobolka ugu badan ee gobolka New England ee waqooyiga bari ee Maraykanka. Waxaa xuduud u leh baddaha Atlantic ee bari, gobollada Connecticut iyo Rhode Island ee koonfurta,New Hampshire iyo Vermont waqooyiga, iyo New York ilaa galbeed. Gobolka waxaa lagu magacaabaa qabiilka Massachusett, kaasoo markii hore degganaa dhinaca bariga ee degaanka. Caasimada Massachusetts iyo magaalada ugu badan ee ku taal New England waa Boston. In ka badan 80% dadweynaha Massachusetts waxay ku nool yihiin Magaalooyinka Greater Boston, gobolka ay saameyn ku leeyihiin taariikhda Maraykanka, akadeemiyadda iyo warshadaha. [44] Asal ahaan waxay ku tiirsan tahay beeraha, kalluumeysiga iyo ganacsiga, [45] Massachusetts waxaa loo badalay xarun wax soo saareed inta lagu guda jiro Revolution Industrial. [46] Qarnigii 20-aad, dhaqaalaha Massachusetts wuxuu ka soo wareegay wax soosaarka ilaa adeegyada. [47] Massakusetts casriga ah waa hogaamiye caalami ah oo ku yaal biyotechnology, injineernimo, tacliin sare, maaliyad, iyo ganacsiga badda. [48]

Plymouth wuxuu ahaa goobta ugu horeysay ee degaanka New England, oo la aasaasay 1620 by Pilgrims, rakaabkii Mayflower. Sannadkii 1692, magaalada Salem iyo meelaha ku hareeraysan waxay la kulmeen mid ka mid ah xaaladaha ugu caansan ee Maraykanku ku badan yahay, Sanadkii 1777-kii, General Henry Knox wuxuu aasaasay Springfield Armory, kaas oo intii lagu guda jiray Revolution Industries-kiisa lagu hormariyay horumarin farsamo oo muhiim ah, oo ay ku jiraan qaybo kala duwan. [50] Sanadkii 1786, Shaydaan 'Rebellion, kacdoon dad ah oo ay hogaaminayeen ciidamada cirfiidka ee kacaaniga ah ee Maraykanka, oo saameeyay Heshiiskii Dastuurka Mareykanka. Qarnigii 18aad, Bareecada Weyn ee Awood-Burburinta Badani, oo ku dhufatay Dunida Atlantic, oo ka timid minbarka Waqtiga Northampton wacdiye Jonathan Edwards [52] Dabayaaqadii qarnigii 18aad, Boston waxa loo yaqaan "Cradle of Liberty" [53] oo ay uga careysiisay kacdoonkii Maraykanku.

  1. Herman, Jennifer (2008). Massachusetts Encyclopedia. State History Publications, LLC.. p. 7. "Various nicknames have been given to describe Massachusetts, including the Bay State, the Old Bay State, the Pilgrim State, the Puritan State, the Old Colony State and, less often, the Baked Bean State" 
  2. Schwarz, Hunter (August 12, 2014). "States where English is the official language". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 29, 2014. 
  3. "Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and over – 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". American FactFinder. Retrieved February 6, 2016. 
  4. "Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 2, Section 35: Designation of citizens of commonwealth". The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved February 29, 2008. 
  5. "Collections". Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society. 1877: 435. Retrieved June 10, 2015. 
  6. Jones, Thomas (1879). DeLancey, Edward Floyd. ed. History of New York During the Revolutionary War. New York: New-York Historical Society. p. 465. https://books.google.com/books?id=pbuXATAHXMEC. Retrieved June 10, 2015. 
  7. Hendrickson, Robert (2000). The Facts on File Dictionary of American Regionalisms. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 978-1438129921. https://books.google.com/books?id=yXY0yQnvmmUC&dq. Retrieved April 21, 2017. 
  8. "Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 10, 2015. 
  9. [1] Accessed December 29, 2017.
  10. "U. S. States by size". WorldAtlas.com. Retrieved April 21, 2015. 
  11. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  12. Template:Cite ngs
  13. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.