Paraguay

Ka Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Republic of Paraguay
Hal ku dheg: "Paz y justicia" (Isbaanish)
"Peace and justice"
Heesta qaranka: 
Paraguayos, República o Muerte  (Isbaanish)
Paraguayans, Republic or Death
Halka ay dhaco  Paraguay  (dark green) South America  (grey)
Halka ay dhaco  Paraguay (dark green)

South America (grey)

Magaalo madax
Waa Magaalada ugu balaaran
Asunción
Luqadaha rasmiga ah
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha (2016[1])
Dadka Paraguayan
Guaraní (colloquial)[2]
Xukunka Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Horacio Cartes
 -  Vice President Alicia Pucheta
 -  Senate President Fernando Lugo
Sharci dejinta Congress
 -  Aqalka sare Senate
 -  Aqalka hoose Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
 -  Declared 14 May 1811 
 -  Recognized 25 November 1842 
 -  Admitted to the United Nations 24 October 1945 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 406,752 km2 (59th)
157,048 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 2.3
Tirada dadka
 -  2018 qiyaasta 7,053,384[3] (104th)
 -  Mugga Dadka 16.95/km2 (210th)
39/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2018 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $72.999 billion[3] (100th)
 -  Qof qof $10,350[3] (112th)
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2018 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $32.291 billion[3] (101th)
 -  Calaa qof $4,578[3] (111th)
Qaybsiga (2015)positive decrease 48[4] (medium)
Kobaca (2015)Steady 0.693[5] (medium / 110th)
Lacagta Guaraní (PYG)
Waqtiga PYT (UTC–4)
 -  Xagaa (DST) PYST (UTC–3)
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +595
Furaha Internetka .py
a. Mixed European and Amerindian.

Baraguay ama jamhuuriyada Baraguay waa wadan kuyaalo Koonfur Ameerika oo wax bad ah laheen, waxoo u dhaxeeyaa wadamada Baraasiil,Boliifia iyo Arjantiina. Magaalo madaxda wadanka waa Asunción. wadankaan waxaa soo gumeestay isbanishka, waxaana looga hadlaa af-isbaanish iyo af-Guaraní.wadanka waxaa degan dad gaaraayo ilaa 6,349,000 oo qof.

Paraguay (párəɡwaɪ / Spanish): [paɾaɣwaj]; Guarani: Paraguái, [paɾaɰwaj]), si rasmi ah Jamhuuriyadda Paraguay (Isbanishka: República del Paraguay; Guarani: Tetã Paraguái), waa waddan baddan oo ku yaal bartamaha Ameerika by Argentina ee koonfurta iyo koonfur galbeed, Brazil ee bari iyo waqooyi-bari, iyo Bolivia ilaa galbeed. Paraguay waxay ku taal labada bangiyo ee Wabiga Paraguay, kaas oo dhex maraya bartamaha waddanka laga bilaabo waqooyiga ilaa koonfureed. Maaddaama uu ku yaalo bartamaha dhexe ee Koonfurta Ameerika, waxaa mararka qaarkood loo yaqaanaa Corazón de Sudamérica ("Heart of South America"). [8] Paraguay waa mid ka mid ah labada waddan ee aan debedda lahayn (kan kale waa Bolivia) oo ka baxsan Afro-Eurasia, waana kan ugu yar [9] dhul-gariirka ee Ameerika.

Guaraniga asaliga ahi wuxuu ku noolaa bariga Paraguay ugu yaraan hal sano jir ka hor inta uusan Spanish soo gaarin qarnigii 16aad. Western Paraguay, Gran Chaco, waxaa degganaa reer guuraaga kuwaas oo dadka Guaycuru ay yihiin kuwa ugu caansan. Qarnigii 17aad, xafiisyada Jesuit waxay soo bandhigeen diinta kiristaanka iyo dhaqanka Isbaanishka. Paraguay wuxuu ahaa gumeysi ku taalla Boqortooyada Isbaanishka, oo leh xarumo magaalo iyo degaanno yar. Ka dib markii madax-bannaanida Spain laga soo bilaabo 1811, Paraguay waxaa xukuma dhowr qof oo kali-taliyayaal ah kuwaas oo guud ahaan fuliyay siyaasado xagjiriin iyo ilaaliye. Ka dib Dagaalkii Paraguay (1864-1870), waddanku wuxuu ka dhacay 60 illaa 70 boqolkiiba dadkiisa iyada oo loo marey dagaal iyo cudur, iyo qiyaastii 140,000 oo kiilomitir oo kiilomitir (54,000 sq m), rubuc ka mid ah dhulkeeda, Argentina iyo Brazil.

Qarnigii 20aad, Paraguay wuxuu sii waday inuu sii adkeeyo guushii dowladaha awoodda badan leh, oo ku dhammaaday nidaamkii Alfredo Stroessner, oo hoggaamiyey kaligii taliska millatariga ee ugu da'da yaraa ee laga soo bilaabo 1954 illaa 1989-kii. Waxa uu ku dhexjiray afduub militari oo gudaha ah, doorashooyinka xisbiyada (iyo sharciyeynta xisbiyada xisbiyada) ayaa la abaabulay laguna qabtay markii ugu horeysay sannadkii 1993. Hal sano ka dib, Paraguay wuxuu ku biiray Argentina, Brazil iyo Uruguay si uu u helo Mercosur, oo ah iskaashi goboleed. Sidoo kale waa xubin asal ah oo ka mid ah Qaramada Midoobay, Ururka Dawladaha Mareykanka, Dhaqdhaqaaqa Aan Iska Jirin iyo Kooxda Lima.

Ilaa 2016-ka, dadweynaha Paraguay ayaa lagu qiyaasey in ay ku dhowdahay 6.7 milyan, [10] intooda badanina waxay ku badan yihiin gobollada koonfureed ee dalka. Magaalada caasimadda ah iyo magaalada ugu weyn waa Asunción, oo magaaladooda weyn ay ku dhawyihiin saddex meelood meel dadka Paraguay. Marka loo eego dalalka ugu badan Latin-ka, Paraguay luqadda iyo dhaqanka asaliga ah, Guaraní, ayaa weli ah mid aad u firfircoon. Tirakoob kasta, dadka degan waxay badanaa u aqoonsadaan inay yihiin mestizo, kuwaas oo ka tarjumaya sannad-guurada guurka ee kooxaha kala duwan. Guaraní waxaa loo aqoonsan yahay luqad rasmi ah oo ay weheliso Isbaanish, labada luuqadoodba si ballaaran ayaa looga hadlaa dalka.








Dalalka Ameerikada koonfureed Qaarada Ameerikada Koonfureed
Arjantiina · Barasiil · Baraguay · Boliifia · Fanansuwela · Guyana · Ikwadoor · Jili · Kolombiya · Uruguay · Peru · Surinam ·


Cite error: <ref> tags exist for a group named "nb", but no corresponding <references group="nb"/> tag was found, or a closing </ref> is missing

  1. Central Intelligence Agency (2016). "Paraguay". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  2. Reed, Richard K. (1 May 1995). "Prophets of Agroforestry: Guaraní Communities and Commercial Gathering". University of Texas Press – via Google Books. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "Paraguay". World Economic Outlook Database, April 2018. International Monetary Fund. 1 April 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 5 December 2017. 
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2017.