Biyo-xireenada iyo xoogga danab biyoodka ee Itoobiya

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Itoobiya, IGAD waxay isu aragtaa awood afrikaan sabab la xiriirta suuro galinta Tamar biyood. Waxaa u suurtoowday qayb yar oo kaliya himilooyinkaas ilaa iyo hadda. Sanaddii 2009, waxay ahayd in ka yar 10% Itoobiyaanka in ay heli jireen Koronto. Waxayna ahayd meelaha ugu ba'an oo ay korontadu ka tagto. Si looga gaashaanto xaaladdaas, xukuumaddu waxay hindistay in la fuliyo barnaamij himilo dhisid biyo-xireeno. Waxay ku biloowday saddex xarun ka dhalinta awooda tamar-biyoodka todobo wadajira 1.18 Gigawatt si loo diyaariyo sanadihii 2009 iyo 2010 oo kaliya. in kabadan labalaab awooda ee dalka. Waxay bilaawday saldhigga ugu weyn Tamar-biyoodka ee Itoobiya, Beles shaqadii ugu horaysay bishii may 2010. Waxaa la saxiixay qandaraasyo si loo dhiso shan biyo-xireen waaweyn oo kale. Marka la dhameeyo, taasoo la filayo in la soo gabagabeeyo qiyaastii sanadda 2017, maxaa yeelay biya-xireenadaan waxay kaabaysaa kordhinta awooda ee ka yar 1 Gigawatt sanada 2008 Gigawatt si ah in ka badan 11 Gigawatt. Sida la filayo dhisidda biyo-xireeno waaweyn oo dheeraad ah ee qorshaha la damacsanyahay in la kordhiyo awooda soo saarista ilaa 15 Gigawatt. Haddii kordhintaas weyn la balaariyo, ku dhowaad waxay u dhigmaysaa awooda guud xarumaha xoogga korontada ee dalka Burtuqaal. Rabitaanka Tamarta ee Itoobiya waa wax faaiido leh sabab la xiriita xagga Faqriga, sidoo kale waxaa qorshayaasha ka mid ah iibinta awooda korontada loo iibgeeyo Suudaan, Kiinya, Jabuuti, Yemen iyo Masar waana faaiido kele. Xitaa faaiidooyinka kuma koobna biyo-xireenada Tamar biyood oo kaliya. In badan oo ka mid ah biyo-xireenada waa biy-xireeno dano badan laga leeyahay loona qaabeeyay si loo helo biyo loogu talogalay waraabka iyo ka hortagga fatahaadaha. Sidaa awgeed, sida la filayo in ay faaiidadu ugu weyn noqoto awooda dhalinta tamar biyoodka.

Dhismaha biyo-xireeno waaweyn waxay u baahantahay in badan oo hanti muuqata iyo mid aan muuqan. Sida dhabta ah maalgalintu waa wax aad u weyn. Sidoo kale waxay ku kordhinaysaa mujtamaca canshuur badan. Fakashada iyo iscunidda iyada oo aan la samayn biyo celin harooyinka biyaha sare ee webiyada wuxuu cumriga darbiga ee la saadaaliyay soo gaabinayaa. Sidoo kale bey'ada ee bulshooyinka dalalka ay ku hoobtaan ee biyo-xireenada Itoobiya.

Liiska Biyo-xireenada iyo xarumaha awooda Tamar biyoodka[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Magaca Awooda Ballan sanadeedka Webi kulaal Dhisay Maalgalin Qarash xarumaha
Koka 42 MW 1960 Awash River
Awash II 36 MW 1966 Awash River
Awash III 36 MW 1971 Awash River
Fincha 134 MW 1973 Fincha (Niilka Buluuga) Sidoo kalw waraab
Gilgel Gibe I 180 MW 2004 Gilgel Gibe River Salini (bid) Bakniga adduunka $331m
Tekeze 300 MW 2009 Tekeze (Atbara) Sinohydro Corporation (bid) Chinese $365m dhaliyaa 300 MW
Beles 460 MW 2010 Lake Tana (Niilka Buluuga) Salini (no bid) Ethiopian government waraabiyaa 140,000 ha
Gilgel Gibe II 420 MW 2010 Omo River (no dam, fed by GG I) Salini (no bid) Talyaaniga iyo EIB Euro 370m
Gilgel Gibe III 1,870 MW 2015 Omo River Salini (no bid) Dawladda Itoobiya iyo Shiinaha Euro 1.55bn faces stiff environmental criticism but work in progress (75% gabgabo Oct. 2013)
Fincha Amerti Nesse (FAN) 100 MW 2012 Fincha (Niilka Buluuga) China Gezhouba Group Co. (CGGC) Shiinaha $276m
Halele Worabese 440 MW 2014 Omo River Sinohydro Corporation FairFund? Euro 470m
Gilgel Gibe IV 2,000 MW 2015 Omo River Sinohydro Corporation Chinese $1.9bn
Chemoga Yeda 278 MW 2013 tributary of the Blue Nile, near Debre Markos Sinohydro Corporation Chinese $555m Will consist of 5 interconnected dams
Tendaho Irrigation Dam none 2014 Awash River EWWCE ? No power, just irrigation and drinking water
Genale Dawa III 256 MW waraab 2009 Inta u dhexeysa Soomaalida iyo Oromada Chinese CGGC Chinese $408m AfDB
Biyo-xireenka Horukaca 6000 MW 2018 Niilka Buluuga Salini Talyaani Dalal la qariyay Euro 4.8 billion La siiyay iyadoo aan tartan la galin (30% gabgabo Oct. 2013)