Booliifiya

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Plurinational State of Bolivia
Hal ku dheg: "La Unión es la Fuerza" (Isbaanish)
"Unity is Strength"[1]
Heesta qaranka: Himno Nacional de Bolivia  (Isbaanish)
Halka ay dhaco  Booliifiya (dark green)

South America (grey)

Magaalo madaxSucre (constitutional)
La Paz (de facto) [1]
Magaalada uguwayn Santa Cruz de la Sierra
17°48′S 63°10′W / 17.800°S 63.167°W / -17.800; -63.167
Official languages[2]
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha (2009[3])
Dadka Bolivian
Xukunka Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Evo Morales
 -  Vice President Álvaro García Linera
Sharci dejinta Plurinational Legislative Assembly
 -  Aqalka sare Senate
 -  Aqalka hoose Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
 -  Declared August 6, 1825 
 -  Recognized July 21, 1847 
 -  Admitted to the United Nations November 14, 1945 
 -  Current constitution February 7, 2009 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 1,098,581 km2 (27th)
424,163 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 1.29
Tirada dadka
 -  2018 qiyaasta 11,217,864[4] (83rd)
 -  Mugga Dadka 10.2/km2 (224th)
26.9/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2018 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $88.529 billion[5] (92nd)
 -  Qof qof $7,870[5] (125th)
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2018 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $40.737 billion[6] (95th)
 -  Calaa qof $3,647[5] (122th)
Qaybsiga (2015)positive decrease 45.8[7] (medium)
Kobaca (2015)Steady 0.674[8] (medium / 118th)
Lacagta Boliviano (BOB)
Waqtiga BOT (UTC−4)
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +591
Furaha Internetka .bo
a. ^ While Sucre is the constitutional capital, La Paz is the seat of the government as member of the UCCI and the de facto capital. See below.

Bolivia: (Baasuukaygu wuxuu dhagaystaa maqalkiisa); Spanish: [boliβja]; Guarani: Meelaaniya: Beelliya [bʊlɪwja]; Aymara: Wuliwya [wʊlɪwja], waxay si rasmi ah ugu biirtay Bolivia (Isbaanish: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), [9] [10] waa waddan baddan oo ku yaalla galbeedka bartamaha iyo bartamaha Maraykanka. Caasimaddu waa Sucre halka kursiga dawladdu uu ku yaallo La Paz. Magaaladda ugu weyn iyo xarumaha dhaqaalaha iyo dhaqaalaha waa Santa Cruz de la Sierra, oo ku yaala Llanos Orientales (Goobaha kulaylaha ee kulaylaha) badi degaanka bari ee bariga Bolivia.

Waa dastuur ahaan dawlad dhexe, oo loo qaybiyay sagaal qaybood. Joqoraafiistu waxay ku kala duwan tahay dooxada Andes oo ku taal galbeedka, ilaa Gobollada Bariga, oo ku yaala Amazon Basin. Waxaa xuddun u ah waqooyiga iyo bariga by Brazil, koonfur bari ee Paraguay, oo koonfur ka soo Argentina, xagga koonfur galbeed by Chile, iyo waqooyi-galbeed by Peru. Saddex daloolow dal ayaa ku dhex yaal buurta buuraha ee Andean. Iyadoo 1,098,581 km2 (424,164 sq mi) ee degaanka, Bolivia waa waddanka 5aad ee ugu weyn South America iyo 27th ee ugu weyn adduunka.

Dadka dalka ku nool, oo lagu qiyaasay 11 milyan, waa dad badan, sida Amerindians, Mestizos, Yurubiyaanka, Asians iyo Afrikaan. Isku-duwidda jinsiyadda iyo bulshada ee ka kacday gumeysiga Isbaanishka ayaa sii waday xilligii casriga ahaa. Isbaanishku waa luuqada rasmiga ah ee ugu sarreeya, inkastoo 36 luqadood oo asal ah oo asal ah oo kale ay leeyihiin xaalada rasmiga ah, oo ah kuwa ugu badan ee lagu hadlo waa luqadaha Guarani, Aymara iyo Quechua.

Ka hor intaanan Isbaanish aheyn, gobolka Andean ee Bolivia waxay ka mid ahayd Boqortooyada Inca, halka waqooyiga iyo bariga hoose ay ku noolyihiin qabiilooyin madaxbannaan. Isku-duwaha Spanish-ka ee ka yimid Cuzco iyo Asunción waxay qabsadeen gobollada qarnigii 16-aad. Inta lagu guda jiray xilligii gumeysiga Isbaanish Bolivia waxaa maamula Royal Audiencia ee Charcas. Spain waxay dhistay boqortooyadeeda qayb weyn oo ku jirta lacagta laga helay miinooyinka Bolivia. Ka dib markii ugu horeysay ee madax-bannaanida 1809, 16 sano oo dagaal ah ayaa la raacay ka hor intaan la aasaasin Jamhuuriyadda, oo lagu magacaabo Simón Bolívar. Bilihii 19-aad iyo qarnigii 20-aad ee Bolivia waxay lumiyeen xudduudaha dhulalka xudduudaha ah ee dalalka deriska ah oo ay ka mid yihiin qabsashada xeebaheeda ee Chile 1879-kii. Bolivia waxay ahayd mid siyaasad ahaan degganayd illaa iyo 1971-kii, markii Hugo Banzer uu hoggaamiyay xornimada Dawlada Sucuudiga ee Juan José Torres oo leh kaligii taliye militeri oo uu hoggaaminayay Banzer; Torres waxaa lagu diley Buenos Aires, Argentina oo lagu dilay koox ka mid ah dhimashada garabka midig sannadkii 1976. Reer Banzer wuxuu kufaraxay mucaaradka bidix iyo mucaaradka, iyo noocyo kale oo diidmo ah, taas oo keentay jirdil iyo dhimasho dhowr ah muwaadiniinta Bolivian. Banzer ayaa la joojiyay 1978, kadibna wuxuu dib ugu noqday madaxweynihii dimoqraadiga ahaa ee loo doortay Boliviya laga soo bilaabo 1997 ilaa 2001.


Boliifia waa wadan Dhul xiran oo ku yaalo koonfur Ameerika.

Lac Titicaca dab un vaisheth de totora
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  1. "Moneda de 10 Centavos" [10 Cent Coins] (in Spanish). Central Bank of Bolivia. Archived from the original on 28 April 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  2. "Justia Bolivia :: Nueva Constitución Política Del Estado > PRIMERA PARTE > TÍTULO I > CAPÍTULO PRIMERO :: Ley de Bolivia". bolivia.justia.com. 
  3. "South America :: Bolivia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  4. [1]. Population of Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2018.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund. 
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named if
  7. "Gini index". World Bank. Retrieved 5 December 2017. 
  8. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2017.