Transitional Metal

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Transitional Metals

Marka lagu gudo jiro cilmiga Kimisteriga, Transitional Metalsku waxay leeyihiin labo macno:

  • Qeexida waafaqsan (IUPAC)[1] waxay ku sheegtay in transitional metal ay yihiin curiye kimiko kuwaas oo qolofka elektaroonadoodu aanu dhamaystirneyn ama kuwo leh atom qolofka bu'diisu leedahay elektaroono kala dhantaalan[2].

Guruubka d-block tirada atomka curiyuhu waxay u dhaxeysaa 1 ilaa 10 elektaroono d ah[4][5].

Guruubyada 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Heerka 4aad Sc 21 Ti 22 V 23 Cr 24 Mn 25 Fe 26 Co 27 Ni 28 Cu 29 Zn 30
Heerka 5aad Y 39 Zr 40 Nb 41 Mo 42 Tc 43 Ru 44 Rh 45 Pd 46 Ag 47 Cd 48
Heerka 6aad * 57–71 Hf 72 Ta 73 W 74 Re 75 Os 76 Ir 77 Pt 78 Au 79 Hg 80
Heerka 7aad ** 89–103 Rf 104 Db 105 Sg 106 Bh 107 Hs 108 Mt 109 Ds 110 Rg 111 Cn 112


Xigasho[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  1. IUPAC, Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book") (1997). Online corrected version:  (2006–) "transition element".
  2. Bury, C. R. (1921). "Langmuir's theory of the arrangement of electrons in atoms and molecules". J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 43 (7): 1602–1609. doi:10.1021/ja01440a023. 
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Jensen
  4. Petrucci, R. H. et al. (2002), “General Chemistry”, 8th edn, Prentice-Hall, pp. 49–50, 951
  5. Miessler, G. L. and Tarr, D. A. (1999) “Inorganic Chemistry”, 2nd edn, Prentice-Hall, p. 16