Laos

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Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ (Lao)
  • Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao
    République démocratique populaire lao (French)
Hal ku dheg: ສັນຕິພາບ ເອກະລາດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ເອກະພາບ ວັດທະນາຖາວອນ
(Af-Ingiriis: "Peace, independence, democracy, unity and prosperity")
Heesta qaranka: "Pheng Xat Lao"
(Af-Ingiriis: "Lao National Anthem")
Halka ay dhaco   Laos  (green)ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Halka ay dhaco  Laos (green)

ASEAN (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Magaalo madax
Waa Magaalada ugu balaaran
Vientiane
Luqadaha rasmiga ah Lao
Spoken languages
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha (2005[1])
Dadka Laotian
Lao
Xukunka Unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic
 -  Party General Secretary Bounnhang Vorachith
 -  President Bounnhang Vorachith
 -  Vice President Phankham Viphavanh
 -  Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith
 -  President of the National Assembly Pany Yathotou
Sharci dejinta National Assembly
Formation
 -  Kingdom of Lan Xang 1354–1707 
 -  Fall of Lan Xang, Kingdom of Luang Phrabang, Kingdom of Vientiane, Kingdom of Champasak and Principality of Phuan 1707–1778 
 -  Vassal of Thonburi and Siam 1778–1893 
 -  War of Succession 1826–1828 
 -  French Indochina 1893–1949 
 -  Independence from France 19 July 1949 
 -  Declared Independence 22 October 1953 
 -  Laotian civil war 9 November 1953 – 2 December 1975 
 -  Lao Monarchy abolished 2 December 1975 
 -  Current constitution 14 August 1991 
 -  ASEAN Declaration 23 July 1997 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 237,955 km2 (82nd)
91,428.991 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 2
Tirada dadka
 -  Template:UN Population qiyaasta Template:UN PopulationTemplate:UN Population (104th)
 -  2015 Tirakoob 7,096,376 6,492,228[2]
 -  Mugga Dadka 26.7/km2 (177th)
69.2/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2018 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $53.752 billion[3]
 -  Qof qof $7,932[3]
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2018 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $18.337 billion[3]
 -  Calaa qof $2,706[3]
Qaybsiga (2008)36.7[4] (medium)
Kobaca (2015)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.586[5] (medium / 138th)
Lacagta Kip (₭) (LAK)
Waqtiga ICT
Taariikhda dd/mm/yyyy
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +856
ISO 3166 code LA
Furaha Internetka .la
a. Including over 100 smaller ethnic groups.


Laos (lɑːoʊs / (ku saabsan codkani waa dhagaystaa), [8] / laʊs, lɑːɒs, leɪɒs /; [9] [10] Lao: ລາວ, Lao: láːw], Lāo; Muwaadiniinta Dimoqraadiga ah (Lao: ເມືອງ ລາວ, Muang Lao), waa waddan baddan oo ku yaal wadnaha jasiiradda Indochina ee gobolka Woqooyi Bari ee Koonfur-bari, waxaa xuduud u leh Myanmar (Burma) iyo Shiinaha oo waqooyi-galbeed, Vietnam ilaa bari, Cambodia ilaa koonfur-galbeed, iyo Thailand ilaa galbeed iyo koonfur-galbeed [11] Liibaaniya maanta ayaa raadineysa aqoonsigeeda taariikheed iyo dhaqameed ee boqortooyada Lan Xang Homo Khao (Boqortooyada Milyan Elephants ee ku jirta White Parasol), taas oo jirtay afar qarniyadood oo ka mid ah boqortooyooyinkii ugu ballaadhnaa ee Koonfur Bari Asia. Maaddaama Lan Xang uu ku yaalo bartamaha jamhuuriyada Aasiya, boqortooyadu waxa ay awood u yeelatay in ay noqoto xarun caan ah oo ganacsi miyir-beel ah, oo dhaqaale ahaan iyo dhaqan ahaanba hodan ku ahaado. [12] Ka dib markii muddo colaado ah, Lan Xang wuxuu u gooyey saddex boqortooyo kala duwan - Luang Phrabang, Vientiane iyo Champasak. Sanadkii 1893, waxa uu noqday ilaaliye Faransiis, iyada oo saddexda dhuleed ay midoobeen si ay u sameeyaan waxa haatan loo yaqaano waddanka Laos. Waxay si kooban u heshay xorriyaddii 1945 ka dib markii ay shaqeynaysay Japan, laakiin waxaa laga codsaday Faransiiska ilaa ay ku guuleysteen madaxbannaanidii 1949-kii. Laos waxay madaxbannaanayd 1953-dii, iyada oo xukunka dastuuriga ah ee hoos yimaada Sisavang Vong. Muddo yar ka dib xorriyadda ka dib, dagaallo sokeeye oo dhaadheer ayaa soo afjarey xukunkii, markii dhaqdhaqaaqa Communist-ka Xisbigu u yimid awoodda 1975-kii. Sanadihii ugu horreeyay ee xukunka Communist, Laos wuxuu ku tiirsanaa kaalmo milatari iyo mid dhaqaale oo ay taageerto Midowga Soofiyeeti illaa iyo intii ay burburtay 1991 .

Laos map of Köppen climate classification
Mekong River flowing through Luang Prabang
Paddy fields in Laos
Pha That Luang in Vientiane is the national symbol of Laos.
A statue of Fa Ngum, founder of the Lan Xang kingdom
Division territòriala d'Indochina vèrs 1750.
Lan Xang e l'Asia dau Sud-Èst en 1400.
No. Subdivisions Capital Area (km2) Population
1 Attapeu Attapeu (Samakkhixay District) 10,320 114,300
2 Bokeo Ban Houayxay (Houayxay District) 6,196 149,700
3 Bolikhamsai Paksan (Paksane District) 14,863 214,900
4 Champasak Pakse (Pakse District) 15,415 575,600
5 Hua Phan Xam Neua (Xamneua District) 16,500 322,200
6 Khammouane Thakhek (Thakhek District) 16,315 358,800
7 Luang Namtha Luang Namtha (Namtha District) 9,325 150,100
8 Luang Prabang Luang Prabang (Louangprabang District) 16,875 408,800
9 Oudomxay Muang Xay (Xay District) 15,370 275,300
10 Phongsali Phongsali (Phongsaly District) 16,270 199,900
11 Sayabouly Sayabouly (Xayabury District) 16,389 382,200
12 Salavan Salavan (Salavan District) 10,691 336,600
13 Savannakhet Savannakhet (Khanthabouly District) 21,774 721,500
14 Sekong Sekong (Lamarm District) 7,665 83,600
15 Vientiane Capital Viangchan (Chanthabouly District) 3,920 726,000
16 Vientiane Province Phonhong (Phonhong District) 15,927 373,700
17 Xieng Khouang Phonsavan (Pek District) 15,880 229,521
18 Xaisomboun Province Anouvong (Anouvong District) 8,300 82,000
An updated map of the Laos provinces (from 2014).
Map of the provinces of Laos. Updated 2015.png






  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cia.gov
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 November 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2018, Laos". International Monetary Fund. April 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.