Siri Lanka

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Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Af-Sinhaleys)
Srī Lankā prajātāntrika samājavādī janarajaya
இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சோசலிச குடியரசு (Af-Tamiil)
Ilaṅkai jaṉanāyaka sōsalisa kuṭiyarasu
Heesta qaranka: "Sri Lanka Matha"
Mother Sri Lanka
Magaalo madaxSri Jayawardenepura Kotte
(Administrative)
Colombo (Commercial)
Magaalada uguwayn Colombo
Luqadaha rasmiga ah
Recognised languages English
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha (2012[2]) 74.9% Sinhalese
11.2% Sri Lankan Tamils
9.2% Sri Lankan Moors
4.2% Indian Tamils
0.5% other
Dadka Sri Lankan
Xukunka Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Maithripala Sirisena
 -  Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe
 -  Speaker of the Parliament Karu Jayasuriya
 -  Chief Justice Priyasath Dep
Sharci dejinta Parliament
Independence from the United Kingdom
 -  Dominion 4 February 1948 
 -  Republic 22 May 1972 
 -  Current constitution 7 September 1978 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 65,610 km2 (120th)
25,332 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 4.4
Tirada dadka
 -  2017 qiyaasta 22,409,381[3] (58th)
 -  2012 Tirakoob 20,277,597[4] (57th)
 -  Mugga Dadka 327/km2 (43rd)
846.9/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2018 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $298.310 billion[5]
 -  Qof qof $13,847[6]
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2018 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $93.45 billion[7]
 -  Calaa qof $4,310[8]
Qaybsiga (2016)39.8[9] (medium)
Kobaca (2016)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.766[10] (high / 73rd)
Lacagta Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)
Waqtiga SLST (UTC+5:30)
Taariikhda
  • dd-mm-yyyy
  • yyyy-mm-dd
Wadista Baabuurta left
Furaha telka +94
ISO 3166 code LK
Furaha Internetka
Website
www.gov.lk

Isuduwe: 7°N 81°E / 7°N 81°E / 7; 81

Emblem of Sri Lanka.svg
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
LocationSriLanka.png

Siri Lanka Luqada Tamil-kal இ ல ங ் க ை ؛ waa wadan jasiirad ah oo ku taalo Badweynta Hindiya. waxey daris la tahay dalka Hindiya.Caasimada wadanka waa Kolonbo. Siri lanka waxey mudo dheer ku jirtay dagaalo sokeeyo oo u dhaxyay shacabka wada dadagan dalka.Waxaana u sabab eheed in qolada timiilka looyaqaaao ay rabtay in ay gooni u goosato.Dagaalkaasi waxa uu bilaawday sandakii 1983.Inkasta oo xiligan laga raayay jabhaddii tiimelka.Hada wadanka sirilanka waxaa loo moodaa in ay degantahay.laakiin waa dal ay aad iyo aad u aafeeyeen dagaalo sokeeye oo daba dheeraaday.In ka badan 100.000 oo qof ayaa dibadaha ugu yaacay dalkaas.kumanaana way ku baabaeen. Sri Lanka waxaa loo yaqaanaa bilowga gumeysiga Britishka ee geyiga sida Ceylon (s soomaali / sɪlɒn /, US sidoo kale / seɪ- /). Dhaqdhaqaaqa siyaasadeed ee wadaniga ah ayaa ka kacay waddanka qarnigii 20-aad si uu u helo xoriyad siyaasadeed, oo la siiyay 1948-dii; waddanku wuxuu noqday jamhuur oo magaciisa la soo gaabiyey 1972-kii. Taariikhda dhowaan Sri Lanka waxa soo gaadhay dagaal sokeeye oo 30-sano ah, kaas oo si dhamaystiran loo soo afjaray markii Sri Lanka Ciidammada Gaashaandhiga ay ka adkaadeen xornimadii Jabuuti ee Tamil Eelam (LTTE) 2009. [19]

The Throne of Kandyan Kings.

Dastuurka hadda jira wuxuu qeexayaa nidaamka siyaasadeed sida Jamhuuriyadda iyo dowlad dhexe oo ay maamusho nidaam semi-madaxweyne. Waxay taariikh dheer u leedahay ka qaybqaadashada caalamiga ah, iyada oo xubin ka mid ah xubin ka mid ah Ururka Koofurta Aasiya ee Iskaashiga Gobolada (SAARC), iyo xubin ka tirsan Qaramada Midoobay, Commonwealth Nations, G77, iyo Dhaqdhaqaaq aan Sharciyeyn. Marka la eego Maldives, Sri Lanka waa mid ka mid ah laba dal oo kaliya oo ka mid ah wadamada Koonfurta Aasiya oo lagu qiimeeyay "sare" Heerka Horumarinta Aadanaha (HDI), iyada oo qiimeyntii HDI iyo dakhliga qofkiiba uu ka sarreeyo dalalka Koonfurta Aasiya. Heshiiska Dastuurka Sri Lankan Budhismka "meesha ugu muhiimsan", inkasta oo aysan aqoonsanaynin sida diinta gobolka. Budhisnimada waxaa la siiyaa dastuur gaar ah Dastuurka Sri Lanka. [20]

Avukana Buddha statue

Jasiiradu waxay hoy u tahay dhaqamo, luqado iyo qowmiyado badan. Inta badan dadku waxay ka soo jeeda qowmiyadda Sinhalese, halka dad tiro yar oo reer Tamil ahi ay sidoo kale door ka ciyaaraan taariikhda jasiiradda. Moors, Burghers, Malaysiya, Shiinaha, iyo Vedda Aboriginal ah ayaa sidoo kale lagu aasaasay kooxaha jasiiradda. [21]

Gallery[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

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Containers stacked at the port.
Colombo Harbour

Map Code Name Area
(km²)
Population[11] Website
CP Central Province 5,674 2,556,774 cp.gov.lk
EP Eastern Province 9,996 1,547,377 ep.gov.lk
NC North Central Province 10,714 1,259,421 nc.gov.lk
NP Northern Province 8,884 1,060,023 np.gov.lk
NW North Western Province 7,812 2,372,185 nw.gov.lk
SG Sabaragamuwa 4,902 1,919,478 sg.gov.lk
SP Southern Province 5,559 2,465,626 sp.gov.lk
UP Uva 8,488 1,259,419 up.gov.lk
WP Western Province 3,709 5,837,294 wpc.gov.lk


Guèrra Civila Srilankesa en 2007.
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Wikimedia Commons waxee heysaa war la xiriiro:
  1. "Department of Official Languages". 
  2. "South Asia ::SRI LANKA". CIA The World Factbook. 
  3. The CIA Worldfact Book
  4. "Census of Population and Housing 2011 Enumeration Stage February – March 2012" (PDF). Department of Census and Statistics – Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 December 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  5. "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2016". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  6. "IMF economies data - GDP per capita". 
  7. "IMF economies data - GDP". 
  8. "IMF economies data - GDP per capita". 
  9. "Gini Index". World Bank. 
  10. "2016 Human Development Report Statistical Annex" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. p. 211. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  11. "Population of Sri Lanka by district" (PDF). Department of Census and Statistics. Retrieved 28 September 2013.