Burma

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Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Myanmar long form.png
Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw
  (Af-Burmese)
Heesta qaranka: 
Halka ay dhaco  Burma  (green) ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Halka ay dhaco  Burma (green)

ASEAN (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Magaalo madaxNaypyidaw
Magaalada uguwayn Yangon (Rangoon)
Luqadaha rasmiga ah Burmese
Luqadaha laga aqoonsanyahay aduunka
Official script Burmese script
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha ([1])
Dadka Burmese / Myanma / Myanmese[2]
Xukunka Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
 -  President Win Myint
 -  State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi
 -  1st Vice President Myint Swe
 -  2nd Vice President Henry Van Thio
Sharci dejinta Assembly of the Union
 -  Aqalka sare House of Nationalities
 -  Aqalka hoose House of Representatives
Formation
 -  Pagan Kingdom 23 December 849 
 -  Taungoo Dynasty 16 October 1510 
 -  Konbaung Dynasty 29 February 1752 
 -  Annexation by Britain 1 January 1886 
 -  Independence 4 January 1948 
 -  Coup d'état 2 March 1962 
 -  New constitution 30 March 2011 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 676,578 km2 (39th)
261,227 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 3.06
Tirada dadka
 -  2014 Tirakoob 51,486,253 (2014),[3] 53,582,855 (2017)[4] (25th)
 -  Mugga Dadka 76/km2 (125th)
196.8/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2017 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $334.856 billion[5] (53rd)
 -  Qof qof $6,360[5] (127th)
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2017 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $72.368 billion[5] (72nd)
 -  Calaa qof $1,374[5] (150th)
Kobaca (2015)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.556[6] (medium / 145th)
Lacagta Kyat (K) (MMK)
Waqtiga MMT (UTC+06:30)
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +95
ISO 3166 code MM
Furaha Internetka .mm


w:zh:Myanmar w:sw:Myanmar W:yo:Myanmar Burma ama Midowgii Myanmar hore waxa loo dhihi jiray mayanmar (Union of Myanmar). waa wadan ku yaala Koonfurta Aasiya. wadanku waxa uu xuduud la leeyahay, wadamada Shiinaha, Laos, Thailand, Bangladesh iyo Hindiya, dhinaca waqooyiGalbeedna waxaa ka xiga Gacanka Bengal iyo Badda Andaman.

Myanmar (Ingiriisi hoos ku qoran; Burmese: [mjəmà]], [ras] 1] rasmiga ah ee Jamhuuriyadda Myanmar iyo sidoo kale loo yaqaan Burma, waa gobol madax bannaan oo ku yaal Koonfur Asiya. Myanmar waxaa xuduud la leh Hindiya iyo Bangladesh dhinaca galbeed, Thailand iyo Laos oo ah bariga iyo Shiinaha ilaa woqooyi iyo waqooyi bari. Ilaa koonfurta, qiyaastii sadex meelood meel ka mid ah Myanmar wadarta guud ee 5,876 km (3,651 mi) waxay ka dhigan tahay xeebta aan joogtada ahayn ee 1,930 km (1,200 mi) oo ku yaal Bay of Bengal iyo Badda Andaman. Tirakoobka 2014 ee tirakoobka ayaa tiriyay dadweynaha in ay yihiin 51 milyan oo qof. [7] Ilaa 2017, dadku waxay ku dhowdahay 54 milyan. [4] Myanmar waa 676,578 oo kiilomitir oo isku-wareeg ah (261,228 mayl wareeg ah). Magaalada caasimadda waa Naypyidaw, magaaladeeda ugu weyn iyo caasimadii hore waa Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar wuxuu xubin ka ahaa Ururka Bisha Cas ee Asiya (ASEAN) tan iyo 1997. Dhaqanka hore ee Myanmar waxaa ka mid ah Dawladaha Tibuure-Burman oo ku hadlayay Py-magaalooyinka Upper Burma iyo boqortooyooyinka Mon ee Burma. Qarnigii 9aad, dadka reer Bama waxay galeen dooxada sare ee Irrawaddy iyo, ka dib markii la aasaasay Boqortooyada Pagan 1050-meeyadii, afka Burmese, dhaqanka iyo Budhisnimadii Theravada si tartiib tartiib ah ayay u noqdeen dalka. Boqortooyada Pagan waxay ku dhacday mabaadii'da Mongol iyo dhawr waddammo dagaalyahan ah ayaa soo baxay. Qarnigii 16aad, ayaa dib loo soo celiyay hantida Taungoo, waddanku wuxuu ahaa muddo kooban oo ah awoodda ugu weyn ee taariikhda gobolka Awdal ee koonfur bari Asia. [9] Horraantii qarnigii 19aad ee Konbaung ayaa xukuntay aag ay ku jiraan Myanmar casriga ah iyo sidoo kale Manipur iyo Assam oo si kooban loo xakameeyey. Ingiriiska ayaa la wareegay maamulka Myanmar ka dib saddex dagaal oo ka socday Anglo-Burmese qarnigii 19-aad iyo waddankana wuxuu noqday gumeyste British ah. Myanmar waxaa la siiyay madaxbanaan sannadkii 1948, oo ah waddan dimoqraadi ah. Ka dib markii uu kufsaday 1962-dii, waxa uu noqday kaligii taliye militariyadeed oo ka tirsan Xisbiga Barnaamijka Siyaasadda Burma.

Sanadihii ugu dambeeyay ee madaxbanaani, waddanku waxa uu ku mashquulsan yahay colaad jinsi iyo kooxo tiro yar oo qowmiyadeed ah ayaa ku lug lahaa mid ka mid ah dagaaladii ugu dambeeyay ee caalamka ee socda. Muddadaa, Qaramada Midoobay iyo hay'ado kale ayaa soo tebiyey xadgudubyada xuquuqda aadanaha ee joogtada ah iyo nidaamka waddanka. [10] Sanadkii 2011-kii, junta militariga waxaa si rasmi ah loo tirtiray ka dib doorashadii guud ee 2010-kii, waxaana la dhisay dowlad rasmi ah oo rayid ah. Tani, oo ay weheliso sii deynta Aung San Suu Kyi iyo maxaabiista siyaasadeed, waxay hagaajisay diiwaangelinta xuquuqda aadanaha ee waddanka iyo xiriirka shisheeye, waxayna horseedday fududaynta ganacsiga iyo ciqaabaha dhaqaale ee kale. Waxaa jira, si kastaba ha ahaatee, cambaareynta joogtada ah ee daweynta dawladeed ee ku saabsan qowmiyadaha tirada yar, jawaabteeda ku saabsan kacdoonimada qowmiyadeed, iyo isku dhacyada diimeed. [12] Doorashadii 2015, doorashadii Aung San Suu Kyi ayaa badisay aqlabiyad labada aqal ah. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, millatariga Burma ayaa weli ah awood awood leh oo siyaasadeed. Myanmar waa waddan hodan ah oo caws iyo gaas, saliida, gaaska dabiiciga ah iyo ilo kale oo macdanta ah. Sanadkii 2013, GDP (nomin) wuxuu ku fadhiyaa US $ 56.7 bilyan iyo miisaaniyadeeda (PPP) oo ah US $ 221.5 bilyan. Farogelinta dakhliga ee Myanmar ayaa ka mid ah kuwa ugu ballaaran adduunka, iyada oo qayb weyn oo dhaqaalaha ah ay gacanta ku hayaan taageerayaasha ciidamada hore ee milatariga. [14] Ilaa 2016-ka, Myanmar waxay ka koobnayd 145 oo ka mid ah 188 dal ee horumarinta aadanaha, sida lagu sheegay Heerka Horumarka Aadanaha. [6]

No. State/Region Districts Magalo
ships
magalo/
Towns
Wards Village
groups
Villages
1 Kachin State 4 18 20 116 606 2630
2 Kayah State 2 7 7 29 79 624
3 Kayin State 3 7 10 46 376 2092
4 Chin State 2 9 9 29 475 1355
5 Sagaing Region 8 37 37 171 1769 6095
6 Tanintharyi Region 3 10 10 63 265 1255
7 Bago Region 4 28 33 246 1424 6498
8 Magway Region 5 25 26 160 1543 4774
9 Mandalay Region 7 31 29 259 1611 5472
10 Mon State 2 10 11 69 381 1199
11 Rakhine State 4 17 17 120 1041 3871
12 Yangon Region 4 45 20 685 634 2119
13 Shan State 11 54 54 336 1626 15513
14 Ayeyarwady Region 6 26 29 219 1912 11651
Total 63 324 312 2548 13742 65148
Flag of Myanmar.svg
Myanmar in its region.svg


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  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CIA geos
  2. Wang, Ann (30 September 2017). "Why the Rohingya will never be welcome in Myanmar". South China Morning Post. 
  3. The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census Highlights of the Main Results Census Report Volume 2 – A. Department of Population Ministry of Immigration and Population. 2015. 
  4. http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/myanmar-population/
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Burma (Myanmar)". World Economic Outlook Database. International Monetary Fund. 
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.