Door County, Wisconsin

Ka Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Door County, Wisconsin
County
DoorCountyWisconsinCourthouse.jpg
Xarunta Dowladda ee Door County ee ku taal Sturgeon Bay
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Door County.svg
Door County ee Wisconsin
Wisconsin in United States.svg
Wisconsin ee Mareykanka
Bedka
 • Dhammaan 2,370 sq mi (6,100 km2)
 • Land 482 sq mi (1,250 km2)
 • Water 1,888 sq mi (4,890 km2)  80%
Tirada dadka
 • Dhammaan 27,785
 • Estimate 
()
2,019
Aag saacadeed UTC−06:00 (CST)
 • Xagaa (DST) UTC−05:00 (CDT)
Furaha Area code 920
Website Bogga rasmiga ah ee dowladda

Door County waa degmada ugu fog bariga gobolka Wisconsin ee Mareykanka . Laga soo bilaabo tirakoobkii 2010, tirada dadka ku nool gobolka waxay ahaayeen 27,785.[1] Kursiga degmadu waa Sturgeon Bay, taas oo ka dhigaysa mid ka mid ah saddexda degmo ee Wisconsin ee harada Lake Michigan inaysan yeelan kursi degmo oo isku magac ah. [2] Taabadalkeed waxaa loogu magac daray marinka cidhiidhka ah ee u dhexeeya Jasiiradda Door peninsula iyo jasiirada Washington. Marinka halista ah, ee loo yaqaan Albaabka Dhimashada, waxaa ku jira maraakiib burburay wuxuuna caan ku ahaa dadkii asalka maraykanka ahaa iyo sahamiyayaashii hore ee Faransiiska

Gobolka waxaa la sameeyay 1851 waxaana la abaabulay 1861. [3]

Degmada Door waa meel caan ah oo loo dalxiis tago.

Taariikhda[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Dhaladka Mareykanka iyo Faransiiska[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Halyeeygii Porte des Morts[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Magaca Door County wuxuu ka yimid Porte des Morts oo macnaheedu yahay ("Albaabka Geerida"), waana marinka udhaxeeya jasiirada Door Peninsula iyo jasiirada Washington Island. [4] Magaca "Albaabka Dhimashada" wuxuu ka yimid sheekooyinka dadkii asalka Mareykanka ahaa, oo ay maqleen sahamiyayaashii hore ee Faransiiska waxaana loo daabacay qaab aad loo qurxiyay oo uu daabacay Hjalmar Holand, kaasoo ku tilmaamay duulaan fashilmay oo ay soo qaadeen qabiilka Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) si ay uga qabsadaan Jasiiradda Washington island qabiilka la tartamaya ee Pottawatomi. horaantii 1600. Waxay la xiriirtay markabkii ku burburay marinka dhexdiisa . [5]

Deegaamayn iyo horumar[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Deegaamayntii qarnigii 19aad-20aad[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Qabrigii Increase Claflin iyo qoyskiisi.

Qarniyadii 19aad iyo 20aad waxay arkeen socdaalka iyo deegamaysigii hormoodka, badmareenada, kalluumeysatada, dhir jarista, iyo beeraleyda. Qofkii ugu horreeyay ee deeganka daga ee caddaanna wuxuu ahaa Increase Claflin. [6] Sannadkii 1851, Degmada Door waxaa laga soocay wixii ka jiray Brown County. [7] 1853, Moravians waxay aasaaseen Efrayim inay yihiin beel diimeed ka dib markii Nils Otto Tank uu is hortaagay isku daygii iyo dib u habeynta lahaanshaha dhulka ee gumeysigii hore ee diimeedka ee u dhowaa Green Bay. [8] Bulshada Mareykan-Madowga ah iyo jameekaan ku cibaadeysanaya West Harbor oo ku taal Jasiiradda Washington ayaa lagu sheegay 1854. [9] Sidoo kale sanadkii 1854 xafiiskii boosto ee ugu horreeyay gobolka ayaa laga furay, Jasiiradda Washington. [10] Sanadkii 1855, afar qof oo Irish ah ayaa si kama 'ah uga tagtay doontii ay saaraayeen, taasoo horseeday dejinta iyo deegamaynta meesha hadda loo yaqaan Forestville. [11] Qarnigii 19aad, soogalooti baaxad weyn oo ka socda Walloons-ka Beljamka ayaa soo degay gobol yar oo ku yaal qaybta koonfureed ee gobolka,[12] oo ay ku jirto aagga loo qoondeeyey inay tahay Degmada Taariikheed ee Namur. Waxay dhiseen votive chapels, qaarkoodna ilaa maanta la isticmaalo, [13] waxayna dhaqammo kale ka keeneen Yurub sida xafladda iida harvest festival ee Kermiss. [14]

Markii la meel mariyay Homestead Act of 1862 (Sharciga Guryaha ee 1862), dadku waxay iibsan karayeen 80 hektar oo dhul ah $18 oo keliya haddii ay degaan dhulka, hagaajiyaan, oo ay beeraha beertaan muddo shan sano ah. Tani waxay ka dhigtay degitaanka degmada Door mid la awoodi karo.

Markii dabkii Peshtigo ee 1871 uu gubay magaalada Williamsonville, lixdan qof ayaa ku dhintay. Aagga ay masiibadani hadda ka dhacday waa Tornado Memorial County Park, oo loogu magac daray dab-damiskii kaas oo halkaas ka dhacay. [15] [16] [17] Isku soo wada duuboo, 128 qof oo ka tirsan gobolka ayaa ku halaagmay oo ku nafwaayey dabkii Peshtigo. [18] Dabkii iyo masiibadii ka dib, qaar ka mid ah dadka deegaanka ayaa go'aansaday inay isticmaalaan leben halkii ay ka isticmaali lahaayeen alwaax. [19]

Sannadkii 1885 ama 1886, waxaa laga aasaasay waxa hadda loo yaqaan Saldhigga Ilaalada Xeebaha ee Sturgeon Bay. [20] [21] Saldhigga yar ee xilliyada-qaar furan ee Jasiiradda Washington isna waxaa la aasaasay 1902. [22]

Markii muddada deegaamayntu socotey, Dhaladka Mareykanka waxay ahayeen dad laga tiro badanyahay oo ku nool jasiirada Door County . Tirakoobkii sanadkii 1890-kii wuxuu sheegay 22 Hindi ah oo ku nool Degmada jasiirada Door. Iyagu way is taageereen, waxay ku xirnaayeen canshuur, mana helin raashin. [23] Markii la gaadhay tirakoobkii sanadkii 1910-kii tiradoodu waxay hoos ugu dhacday ilaa sagaal qof. [24]

Sannadkii 1894-kii ayaa Ahnapee iyo Western Railway lagu soo kordhiyay Sturgeon Bay. Sannadkii 1969-kii, tareen ayaa woqooyiga Algoma kasoo gali jiray gobolka markii ugu dambaysay, [25] in kastoo tareenno dheeri ah oo koonfurta ka yimaada ay ka shaqayn jireen ilaa iyo sanadkii 1986 [26]

Dalxiis-yadii Hore[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Laga soo qaatay kaarka boostada lagu calaamadeeyay 1906 ee Sturgeon Bay
Kaadh boosta 1924
Laga soo bilaabo buug-yaraha xayaysiinta ee sanadkii 1914-kii, cinwaan ayaa loo tarjumay "Carruurtu waxay ku raaxaystaan ​​inay soo goostaan ​​canabka beeraha ee Degmada Door"

Laga soo bilaabo sanadkii 1865-kii illaa sanadkii 1870-kii, seddex hudheel dalxiis ayaa laga dhisay gudaha iyo hareeraha Sturgeon Bay iyo mid kale oo ku yaal Fish Creek. Hal meel oo dalxiis oo weyn ayaa laga aasaasay sanadkaa 1870, iyadoo qiimaheedu ahaa $7.50 asbuucii (oo u dhiganta $150 sanadka 2020). In kasta oo qiimaha ay ku jirto saddex cunto oo maalinle ah, haddana lacag dheeri ah ayaa lagu soo rogay oo ah kireynta fardaha, oo sidoo kale laga heli karo bajaajleyda iyo wadayaasha baabuurta. [27] Ka sokow joogitaanka hudheelada, dalxiisayaashu waxay kaloo degi jireen guryo gaar loo leeyahay. Dalxiisayaashu waxay booqan jireen qaybta woqooyi ee gobolka iyagoo raaca markabo yaryar oo rakaaba kuwaaso loo yaqaan 'Great Lakes', mararka qaarna waxay qayb ka yihiin harada dalxiis ee ay ku jiraan muusikada iyo madadaalada. [28] Gaaritaanka jasiiradda peninsula marka laga soo tago Chicago waxay qaadanjirtey saddex maalmood. Hawada ku hareeraysan bulshooyinka beeralayda ayaa ahayd mid fiican oo aan lahayn kulayl iyo wasakh maxaa yeelay dalagyada miraha ayaa si tartiib ah ugu bislaan jirey cimilada qabow waxaana la goosan jiray miraha dabayaaqada sanadka. Tani waxay ka hor tagtay xilliyadii dambe ee dalaga la goosan jirey. Tani waxay si gaar ah u soo jiidatay dadka qaba cudurka sanboorka ee magaalada ku noola. [29]

Wadooyinka waaweyn ee la hagaajiyay ee dhagaxa laga jajabiyey waxay fududeeyeen dalxiisyadii gawaarida horaantii sanadkii1900. [30] taariikhdu Markay ahayd sanadkii 1909 ugu yaraan 1,000 dalxiisayaal ah ayaa soo booqan jirey sanadkiiba. [31] Sanadkii 1938 Jens Jensen wuxuu ka digay saamaynta dhaqan xumo ee dalxiisayaasha imanaya. Wuxuu qoray, "Degmada Door si tartiib tartiib ah ayay u burburiyeen nacasyada lacagta wata. Ganacsigan dalxiisku wuxuu burburinayaa dhaqankii yaraa ee jiray. " [32]

Xoojinta Beeraha[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Sannadkii 1865, hawlgalkii ugu horreeyay ee miro ganacsi ayaa la aasaasay markii canab lagu beeray mid ka mid ah Jasiiradaha Strawberry. taariikhdu Markay ahayd sanadkii1895, waxaa la aasaasay xanaanada dhirta miraha waaweyn oo midho-dhalinta khudradda si xoog leh loo dallacsiiyay. Maaha beeraleyda oo keliya laakiin xitaa ragga "magaalada lagu soocay" waxaa lagu booriyay inay u tixgeliyaan beerashada miraha sida shaqada oo kale. Midkii ugu horreeyay ee iskaashatooyin ah kuwaaso suuq geyn u leh miro badan ayaa la bilaabay 1897. Marka lagu daro geedaha ay maamulaan shirkaduhu, 1910 shirkaddii ugu horreysay waxaa loo aasaasay inay beerto oo iibiso geedo hore loo aasaasay. In kasta oo geedaha tufaaxu ka horreeyeen geedaha canabka, haddana sanadkii 1913 waxaa la soo sheegay in canabku uu dhaafay tufaaxa. [33]

Canabka, ilaha shaqada dalagga[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Haweenka iyo carruurta ayaa sida caadiga ah loo shaqaaleeyay inay soo guraan miraha , laakiin shaqada la hayo ayaa ka sarreysa sahayda shaqaalaha. taariikhdu Markay ahayd sanadkii 1918, way adkeyd in la helo caawimaad ku filan si loo soo qaado dalagyada miraha, sidaa darteed shaqaalaha waxaa keenay YMCA iyo Boy Scouts of America. Soo qaadista canabka waxaa loo suuq geyn jiray sidii nashaadaad xagaaga ah oo wanaagsan oo loogu talagalay wiilasha dhalinyarada ah si loogu celiyo qolka, guddiga, iyo howlaha madadaalada. Hal beerood ayaa ciyaartoy ka kirestay Green Bay Packers iyagoo ah la taliyayaasha kaamka. Intaa waxaa sii dheer, xubno ka socda Oneida Nation ee Wisconsin iyo qabiilooyinka kale ee asalka ah ayaa loo shaqaaleeyay inay soo qaadaan miraha canabka. [34] [35] Mushaharkooda ka sokow, qoysaska Dhaladka Mareykanka ah waxaa la siiyay miro u bisil suuqgaynta, oo ay keydiyeen una keydsadeen adeegsiga muddada dheer. [36] Xero lagu ilaaliyo dadka rayidka ah ayaa laga sameeyay Peninsula State Park intii lagu jiray Murugada Weyn. Xilligii xagaaga ee sanadkii 1945, Fish Creek waxay ahayd goob xero POW ah oo hoos tagta xero ku taal Fort Sheridan, Illinois. [37] [38] [39] Maxaabiista Jarmalka ah waxay ku mashquulsanaayeen mashaariic dhismo, qoryo ayey dhisi jareen, waxayna soo gurteen canabka Jasiiradda Peninsula State Park iyo nawaaxigeeda. [40] Intii lagu gudajiray shaqo joojin kooban, POWs ayaa diiday inay shaqeeyaan. Jawaabta ayay ilaalayaashu dejiyeen siyaasad "shaqo majiro, waxna ha cunin" waxayna ku noqdeen shaqadoodii, iyaga oo ka guraya 11 baal maalin walba ugu dambayntiina isku darka waxay gaarayaan 508,020 pails. [41]

Adeegga Shaqaalaynta ee Gobolka Wisconsin wuxuu xafiis ka sameeyay degmada Door sanadkii 1949 si uu u goro Tejanos si uu u soo qaado miraha canabka. Shaqadu waxay ahayd mid aan la saadaalin karin, maadaama goosashada miraha canabku ay liidatay sanadaha qaarkood shaqaaluhuna lagu siin jiray qadarka ay soo saareen. Sannadkii 1951, Waaxda Daryeelka Dadweynaha ee Wisconsin waxay samaysay daraasad lagu diiwaan gelinayo isku dhaca u dhexeeya shaqaalaha muhaajiriinta ah iyo dalxiisayaasha, kuwaas oo ka xumaaday joogitaanka qoysaska muhaajiriinta ah ee aagagga fasaxa dadweynaha. [42] Liiska talooyinka ayaa loo diyaariyey si loo hagaajiyo xiriirka jinsiyadaha. [43] Shaqaalaynta muhaajiriinta ayaa sii socota ilaa maanta. Sannadkii 2013, waxaa gobolka ka jiray saddex xero shaqo oo muhaajiriin ah, oo ay ku noolyihiin wadar ahaan 57 xoogsato iyo xoogsade ka shaqeeya iyo shan qof oo aan shaqaale ahayn. [44]

Dhacdooyinkii qarnigii 20 –aad-21aad[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Sannadkii 1905, Lilly Amiot wuxuu ku sugnaa Ellison Bay waxana uu saarnaa xamuul siday shidaal markii uu dab qabsaday. Ka dib markii la gooyay dabacsan, wuu rogmaday ilaa uu ka qarxayey; qaraxa waxaa laga maqlay meel 15 mayl u jirta goobta. [45]

Sannadkii 1912, duuliye diyaaradeed Lincoln Beachey ayaa soo bandhigay biplanekiisa intii lagu gudo jiray carwadii degmada; tan waxaa la rumeysan yahay inay tahay duullimaadkii ugu horreeyay ee ku dega gobolka. [46]

Sannadkii 1913, The Old Rugged Cross waxaa markii ugu horraysay ee laga heesay Kaniisadda loo yaqaan Saaxiibbada ee ku taal Sturgeon Bay iyada oo ay wada socdaan laba daaci oo socdaal ah. [47]

Sannadkii 1919-kii, tartankii ugu horreeyay ee loo yaqaan 'Hydro-Navy hydrogen balloon' waxaa ku guuleystay koox ciidan ah oo buufinkoodu ku dhacday marinka Albaabka Dhimashada. Laba askari ayaa u adkeystay mowjado 10-cag ah saacad ka hor inta aanu badbaadin nin kalluumeysato ah. [48]

Sannadkii 1925-kii, lo ku nool Horseshoe Bay oo la yiraahdo Aurora Homestead Badger ayaa soo saartay 30,000 oo rodol oo caano ah, xilligaas oo taasi noqotay rikoor caalami ah oo lo'da caanaha laga helo ah. [49]

Bishii Juun ee sanadkiii1938, sawirro hawada laga qaaday ayaa laga qaaday gobolka oo dhan; sanadkii 2011 sawirada waxaa lasoo geliyay internetka. [50]

1941, Dugsiga Xirfadaha ee Sturgeon Bay ayaa la furay. Hadda waa xerada Sturgeon Bay ee Northeast Wisconsin Technical College.

Bishii Diseembar ee sanadkii1959, Bridgebuilder X ayaa la waayey ka dib markii uu ka tegey xero markab oo ku taal Sturgeon Bay halkaas oo lagu hagaajiyey. Meelaha loogu tala galay in la tago waxay ahaayeen Northport iyo South Fox Island. Waxyaabaha suurtagalka ah waxaa ka mid ahaa la'aanta ballastiis iyo horumar lama filaan ah oo hirarka 11-cagood ah. Mid ka mid ah labada shaqaale ayaa meydkiisa la helay xagaagii xigay. [51]

Sannadkii 2004, degmadu waxay billowday xiriir magaalooyin walaasheed la leh Jingdezhen oo ku yaal koonfur-bari Shiinaha. [52]

Juqraafiga[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Sida laga soo xigtay Xafiiska Tirakoobka Mareykanka, gobolka wuxuu leeyahay aag guud oo dhan 2,370 square miles (6,100 km2) , oo ka mid ah 482 square miles (1,250 km2) waa dhul iyo 1,888 square miles (4,890 km2) (80%) waa biyo. [53] Waxana uu noqonaya degmada ugu weyn Wisconsin marka loo eego wadarta aagagga.

Degmadu waxay leedahay 298 miles (480,000 m) oo xeeb ah, taas oo guud ahaan lagu tilmaamo kala-goynta dhinaca galbeed. Dhinaca bari peat waxaa soo raaca cows iyo xeebo ciid ah ama quruurux ah oo ku yaala hareeraha harada. [54] Sannado badan oo hoos u dhacday heerarka biyaha haradu, ubaxyada ku teedsan xeebta waxay muujineysaa isku-xigsi dhir. Badhtamaha Jasiiraddu inta badan waa dhul fidsan ama rogan oo dhul beereed ah. Waxaa jira saddex biyood oo kala duwan iyo laba nooc oo ilo ah oo ka jira degmada. [55] [56]

Degmadu waxay dabooshaa inta badan Jasiiradda Door. Markii la dhammeeyey kanaalka Maraakiibta ee Sturgeon Bay sanadkii 1881, [57] qeybtii woqooyi ee jasiiraddu waxay noqotay jasiirad macmal ah. [58] Kanaalkan ayaa la rumeysan yahay inuu si uun u sababay hoos u dhac ku yimaad shahwada tirada badan ee ku sugan harada badda sababo la xiriira isbeddelada ku dhaca deegaanka biyaha ku jira. [59] Is barbar dhigga woqooyi ee 45aad wuxuu ka kooban yahay "jasiiradda," tanna waxaa lagu xusaa Park Meridian Park. [60] [61]

Soo-kabashada[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Dolomite outcroppings ah ee Escarpment Niagara waxa ay ka muuqdan labada xeebood ee Jasiiradda, laakiin karst qaababka ah Cuesta xigtaa si gaar ah caan u ah dhinaca Green Bay sida arkay at the Blufflands Bayshore. Koofurta Sturgeon Bay soohdintu waxay u kala baxdaa qulqulo hoose oo badan iyada oo aan wejiyada dhagxaanta waaweyn ee la soo bandhigin. [62] Godad badan ayaa laga helaa qafiska. [63] [64] Marka laga soo tago cirifka woqooyi ee jasiiradda, cirifka qayb ahaan hoosta ka sameysan ayaa sameeya jasiiradaha Potawatomi, oo u fidsan Jasiiradda ee Jasiiradda Sare ee Michigan. Kuwani waxaa ugu weyn Jasiiradda Washington. Intooda badani waxay sameystaan Magaalada Washington.[65]

Kala bixintu waa goob soo jiidasho leh oo loogu talagalay qodista, guryaha, iyo munaaradaha isgaarsiinta. [66] Goob hore oo dhagax laga qoday oo ku taal xeebta oo shan mayl xaga waqooyi-bari ee Sturgeon Bay hadda waa jardiinooyin degmo. [67]

Ka eeg xagga kore ee Old Baldy bisha Ogosto

Dhibco sare[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Eskers waa waxa kaliya ee laga helo geeska fog koonfur-galbeed ee gobolka, laakiin drumlins yar iyo weynba moraines sidoo kale sii dhacaan ilaa Jasiiradda. [68]

102kii feet sare Brussels Hill [69] (44°45′06″N 87°35′27″W / 44.75166°N 87.59093°W / 44.75166; -87.59093, sare u qaadis 851 feet) waa meesha ugu sarreysa ee gobolka. [70] Red Hill Woods ee u dhow waa keynta ugu weyn ee hartay maple-beech aagga. [71]

Old Baldy (44°55′13″N 87°12′07″W / 44.920344°N 87.20192°W / 44.920344; -87.20192 ) waa bacaad ciida ugu dheer ee gobolka [72] at 93 feet heer ka sarreeya gudubno. [73]

Cimilada[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Degmadu waxay leedahay Cimilada qaaradda ee qoyan| cimilo qaaradeed oo qoyan (oo loo yaqaan 'Dfb' oo ku taal [Köppen ) oo leh kuleyl diirran iyo qabow baraf qabaw. Xogta laga helay Saldhigga Cilmi-baarista Beeraha ee Peninsula ee waqooyiga magaalada Sturgeon Bay waxay bixisay celcelis ahaan heerkulka bil kasta oo in uu u dhexeeyo 68.7 °F (20.4 °C) xagaaga illaa 18.0 °F (−7.8 °C) xilliga jiilaalka.

Bishii Janaayo 7, 1967 Washington Island waxay heshay 17 inji oo baraf ah, taas oo dejineysa rikoorka degmada ugu weyn ee hal maalin baraf da'o. [74]

Afar duufaan ayaa ka dhacday intii u dhaxeysay 1844 iyo 1880, iyo lix ka timid 1950 ilaa 1989, laakiin ma jirin wax dhimasho ah oo midkoodna ku dhalatay. Laba waxay ka gudbeen khadka degmada ee Door-Kewaunee. [75] Laga soo bilaabo 1989 ilaa 2019, waxaa jiray 2 duufaano dheeri ah, oo ay ku jiraan F3 "Door County tornado" oo ku dhacday Egg Harbor 1998. [76] Intaa waxaa sii dheer waxaa jiray 10 biyo-mareenno u kala dhexeeyay sanadii 1950 iyo 2018. [77]

Soojiidashada[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Wadada isku xirka qoyan ee Shivering Sands, Janaayo 1

Sannadkii 1905, Theodore Roosevelt wuxuu ku taliyay in aagga Shivering Sands la ilaaliyo. [78] Maanta aaggan waxaa ka mid ah Dunes Whitefish, Kellner's Fen, Shivering Sands complex wet, [79] iyo xadiiqada Cave Point County . [80] Hjalmar Holand, oo reer Efrayim ah, [81] ayaa kor uqaaday Degmada Door si ay u noqoto meel loo dalxiis tago nuskii hore ee qarnigii 20aad. Wuxuu ka soo shaqeeyay guddi la bilaabay 1927 si loo ilaaliyo loona horumariyo goobaha taariikhiga ah, [82] iyo dadaalkan awgiis bulshada taariikhiga ah ee degmada ayaa iibsatay dhulal hada ah beeraha, oo ay kujiraan xadiiqada Tornado , xadiiqada Robert LaSalle, xadiiqada Murphy, xadiiqada Increase Claflin, iyo meesha muqadaska ah ee Ridges . [83]

Maanta, inta badan dalxiisayaasha iyo dadka xagaaga dagan waxay ka yimaadaan magaalooyinka waaweyn ee Milwaukee, Chicago, Madison, Green Bay, Minneapolis iyo Saint Paul, [84] in kasta oo dadka degan Illinois ay yihiin kooxda ugu badan labada degmo ee Door iyo koonfurta ka xigta geeska bari ee Wisconsin. [85]

Sannadkii 2003, cilmi baarayaashu waxay ogaadeen in marka la barbar dhigo gobollada kale ee Wisconsin, Degmada Door ay leedahay qaddar dhexdhexaad ah oo ah biyaha gudaha, dhulka kaymaha ah, garoomada ay degmooyinku leeyihiin, iyo masaafada lugta tareenka iyo tiro badan oo garoomo golf ah, ganacsiyo madadaalo ah iyo buuraha barafka dhaadheer iyo xerooyinka. [86] In kasta oo ay jiraan xerooyin aad u tiro badan haddana Wisconsin DNR ayaa soo warisay 2006-kii in "baahida loo qabo kaamamku ay aad uga badan tahay tan hadda la bixiyo ee jirta." [87]

Dhul madadaalo[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Ka eeg bisha Ogosto taarikada indha indheynta ee hadda xiran ee ku taal Potawatomi State Park. Jasiiradda yar waa jasiiradda Cirka ee Dunida, oo hore u ahaan jirtay Bug Island. [88] Bidixda bidix waa Cabot Point, oo qayb ka ah aagga loo yaqaan Idlewild, dhanka midigna waxaa ku yaal xeebta waqooyi-galbeed ee Sturgeon Bay oo ay ka muuqato dhagaxa weyn ee loo yaqaan 'Old Stone Quarry', oo ah kan ugu weyn gobolka.[67] Jasiiradda Green Island waxay umuuqataa khad aad u jilicsan oo ku teedsan jihada hore.
Nicolet Bay oo ku taal Peninsula State Park, Nicolet Beach oo ku taal bartamaha. Tan iyo markii la qaatay bartamihii Sebtember, xeebta badiyaa way madhan tahay.

Degmada Door waxay hoy u tahay lix jardiinooyin oo gobolka ku yaal. [89] [90] Afar waxay ku yaalliin Peninsula: Xadiiqada Newport State, waqooyi-bari Ellison Bay; Xadiiqada Peninsula State, oo ku taal bariga Kalluunka Creek; Beerta Gobolka Potawatomi, oo ay weheliso Sturgeon Bay; iyo Whitefish Dunes State Park oo ku teedsan harada Michigan. Laba waxay ku yaaliin jasiiradaha: Xadiiqada Rock Island State iyo Xadiiqada Grand traverse Island State . Xadiiqada Grand Traverse Island State waxaa la aasaasay 1970 waxayna ilaalisaa aragga in ka badan kan 5 acres (2.0 ha) dhul ku yaal Jasiiradda Detroit.[91] Maaddaama ay ka kooban tahay shan xirmooyin oo aan kala bixin[92] mana jirto marin doomo laga raaco xadiiqadani caadi ahaan lama xayeysiiyo. Marka lagu daro xarumaha dabiiciga ee ku dhex yaal jardiinooyinka gobolka, waxaa jira saddex kale oo ka baxsan jardiinooyinka. Waxaa jira afar Meelood oo Duurjoogta iyo Kalluumeysiga ah[93] iyo sidoo kale Aagagga Dabiiciga ah ee Gobolka oo u oggolaanaya marin-u-helidda dadweynaha ee bilaashka ah. [94]

Ka sokow degmada, [95] magaalada, iyo jardiinooyinka bulshada, [96] [97] waxaa ku yaal xerada kormeerka wiilka, xero kiristaan ah, [98] iyo goob dadweyne oo ay maamusho Xarunta Qadiimiga ah. [99] [100] Aaminaad dhul oo maxalli ah ayaa ka shaqeysa 14 jardiinooyin oo gaar loo leeyahay oo u furan dadweynaha, [101] iyo 3,277.3 hektar (1326.3 ha) oo ka mid ah dhulal gaar loo leeyahay ayaa u furan dadweynaha ugaarsiga, kalluumeysiga, socodka, aragga iyo ciyaaraha barafka ee waddamada Barnaamijka Kaymaha la maamula. [102]

Xeebaha[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Marka lagu daro harada Lake Michigan iyo Green Bay labadaba, waxaa jira 54 xeebood oo dadweyne ah ama dayactir ubaahan [103] iyo 39 goobood oo laga bilaabayo kayak.[104] 35 xeeb ayaa si joogto ah loola socdaa dakana loogala taliyaa tayada biyaha. [105]

In kasta oo Degmada Door ay ku yar tahay maalmaha qoraxdu badan tahay gobollada badankood ee Wisconsin iyo Illinois, haddana sidoo kale waxay leedahay roobab yar iyo heerkulka xagaaga oo hooseeya, [106] taas oo ka dhigaysa jawiga Qoori|ugu habboon ee xeebta tagaya.

Harooyinka iyo balliyada[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Marka laga reebo harada Michigan iyo Green Bay, waxaa jira 25 harooyin, balliyo, ama marsooyin iyo 37 webi, durdurro, iyo ilo ka tirsan gobolka. [107]

Dhul qoyan[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

4,631 ha (11,400 hektar) oo ka mid ah dhulka qoyan ee Door Peninsula Coast ayaa ku hoos qoran Heshiiska Ramsar oo ah dhul qoyan oo muhiimad caalami ah leh. [108] Liiska waxaa ku jira saddex aag oo horay loogu aqoonsan jiray "Wetland Gems."

Xilliga[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

In kasta oo jasiirada Door County ay ku nool yihiin qiyaastii sanadkii dad gaadha 27,610, waxay la kulantaa qulqul dalxiisayaala oo ka yimaada dhinac kasta inta u dhexeysa Maalinta Xusuusta iyo Maalinta Shaqaalaha, iyada oo ay jiraan in ka badan 2.1 milyan oo soo booqdayaal ah sanadkiiba. [109] Ganacsiyada badankoodu waxaa lagu bartilmaameedsadaa dalxiiska waxayna ku shaqeeyaan wakhti-xilliyeed. Iyada oo ku saleysan ururinta canshuuraha qolka laga soo bilaabo sanadkii 2017-kii ilaa 2018-kii, Luulyo waa bisha ugu mashquulka badan sanadka oo dhan, in kasta oo dakhliga canshuuraha iibku uu ka sarreeyo bisha Agoosto. Canshuuraha ugu yar ayaa la uruuriyaa bisha Janaayo, iyo canshuurta iibka ee ugu yar waxaa la ururiyaa iyana bisha Abriil. [110]

Dalxiiska[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

In kasta oo jasiirada Door County ay ku nool yihiin qiyaastii dad gaadhaya 27,610, waxay la kulantaa qulqul dalxiisayaal ah oo ka yimaada dhinac kasta inta u dhexeysa Maalinta Xusuusta iyo Maalinta Shaqaalaha, iyada oo in ka badan 2.1 milyan ay soo booqdaan sanadkiiba. [111] Ganacsiyada badankooda waxaa lagu bartilmaameedsadaa dalxiiska waxayna ku shaqeeyaan wakhti-xilliyeed. Iyada oo ku saleysan ururinta canshuuraha qolka laga soo bilaabo sanadkii 2017-kii ilaa 2018-kii, Luulyo waa bisha ugu mashquulka badan sanadka, in kasta oo dakhliga canshuuraha iibku uu ka sarreeyo bisha Agoosto. Canshuuraha ugu yar ayaa la uruuriyaa bisha Janaayo, iyo canshuurta iibka ee ugu yar waxaa la ururiyaa iyana bisha Abriil. [112]

Dhaqaalaha Degmada Door wuxuu la mid yahay kan gobolada Bayfield, Iron, Oneida, Sawyer, iyo Vilas. Lixdaan degmo oo ku yaala waqooyiga Wisconsin ayaa waxaa loo kala saaray inay leeyihiin "dalxiis la xiriira keymaha" oo ku saleysan dhaqaalo. [113]

Falanqeyn la isbarbar dhigayo xogta 1999 ee xulashada gobolada Wisconsin ayaa lagu ogaaday in Degmada Door ay si gaar ah ugu xoogan tahay tafaariiqda dhismaha iyo qalabka, raashinka, dharka iyo qalabka, tafaariiqda ee kala duwan, iyo sidoo kale maqaayadaha. Adeegyada, waxay ugu xoog badnaayeen madadaalo, filim, iyo madadaalo iyo hoy. Degmada Door waxay ka heshay dheeri maaliyadeed dhammaan qaybaha oo dhan dhammaan gobollada kale, marka laga reebo alaabta guriga & qalabka guryaha lagu iibiyo, taas oo Door County ay ku sii daatay iibinta gobollada kale. [114]

Sanadkii 2015-kii, ururada farshaxanka iyo doorka ee Door County waxay qarashgareeyeen $9.7 milyan, taas oo 70.9% kamid ah lagu kharash gareeyay gudaha, marka lagu daro $15.0 milyan oo ay bixiyeen ka soo qaybgalayaashu kuwasoo ahaa dad lagu qiyaasay 1,582 mutadawiciin ah, waxayna ugu talogaleen fanka iyo ururada dhaqanka celcelis ahaan 35.7 saacadood midkiiba. Sanadkii 2015, 194,424 qof ayaa kaqeybgalay fanka iyo munaasabadaha dhaqanka ee gobolka, 78.0% kamid ah dadka aan deegaanka aheyn. Sannadkii 2016-kii, celceliska kaqeybgaleyaasha dhacdooyinka farshaxanka ee gobolka wuxuu kharash gareeyay $28.96, halka celcelis ahaan qofka aan dalka degganeyn uu ku qaatay $90.53. Sanadkii 2016ka, 50.6% dadka aan deegaanka aheyn ayaa sheegay in munaasabada fanka ay aheyd sababta koowaad ee ay ugu safreen gobolka. 66.0% ee kaqeybgaleyaasha deganayaasha degmada 2016 waxay ahaayeen 65 ama ka weyn, halka 48.6% ee kaqeybgaleyaasha aan deganeyn ay ahaayeen 65 ama ka weyn. [115]

Xilliga shaqada iyo guryaha[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Heerarka shaqo la'aanta ee jasiirada Door County inta lagu jiro xilliga kuleylaha iyo deyrta ayaa aad uga hooseeya xilliga qaboobaha. [116] [117] Dakhliga sanadlaha ah ee Degmada Door caadi ahaan wuu kayaryahay shaqooyinka lamidka ah meelaha kale ee Wisconsin. Tan waxaa loo aaneeyay dabeecadda xilliyeed ee inta badan shaqada. Tusaale ahaan, sanadkii 2009-kii, waxaa la ogaaday in dadku ay 4.85 jeer ay u badan tahay in laga shaqaaleeyo hoteellada iyo mootooyinka ku yaal jasiirada Door County oo ka soo horjeedda qaranka intiisa kale. [118]

22.0% oo ka mid ah 13,728 shaqaale ah ayaa sanadkii 2018 ka shaqeeyay waaxda firaaqada iyo soo-dhawaynta ee gobolka, in ka badan qaybaha kale. Si kastaba ha noqotee, sababtoo ah shaqooyinka firaaqada iyo martigelinta uma muuqdaan kuwo si fiican loo helo, waxay kasbadeen kaliya 12.9% dhammaan mushaharka laga helo degmada. Taa bedelkeeda, shaqaalaha waxsoosaarka waxay heleen 24.5% mushaharka labixiyay sanadkii 2018, inkasta oo ay kaliya ka dhigteen 17.0% shaqaalaha. Tani waa inkasta oo celceliska mushaarka sanadlaha ah ee xilliga firaaqada iyo soodhaweynta ay yihiin 109.3% celceliska mushaarka gobolka ee xilliga firaaqada iyo martigalinta sanadkii 2018. Taa bedelkeeda, shaqaalaha ka shaqeeya wax soo saarka waxay heleen 86.7% celceliska mushaharka gobolka ee wax soo saarka. Mushaharka degmada Door ayaa celcelis ahaan gobolka u soo saaray qayb kasta marka laga reebo xilliga firaaqada iyo martigelinta [119] Saamaynta dakhliga hoose waxaa iskudarsaday celcelis ahaan qiimaha guryaha; meelaha kale ee Wisconsin ee mushaharkoodu hooseeyo waxay u muuqdaan inay leeyihiin guryo hooseeya. [120] Awood la'aanta guryaha ayaa lala xiriiriyay dhibaatada yaraanta shaqaalaha, maadaama shaqaalaha cusub laga yaabo inaysan awoodin inay iibsadaan guryaha ayna go'aansadaan inay baxaan. [121] Daraasad 2019-kii ah ayaa lagu ogaaday in degmada ay tahay gobolka sideedaad ee ugu qaalisan nolosha ee dhammaan gobollada Wisconsin. [122]

Shaqaalaha ajaanibta ah iyo tirada dadka[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Maaddaama diiwaangelinta dugsiga sare ee gobolka ay yaraatay, shaqo-bixiyeyaasha waxay u jeesteen fiisooyinka J-1 si ay u buuxiyaan boosaska xilliyeed halkii. [123]

Guriyeynta shaqaalaha muhaajiriinta (Maarso, 2011-kii) Sababtoo ah qiimaha sare ee nolosha marka la barbardhigo dakhliga xadidan ee shaqooyin badan oo dalxiis-warshadeed ay bixiyaan, shaqaale ku meelgaar ah ayaa badanaa la shaqaaleeyaa, kuwa gudaha iyo dibaddaba. Shaqaaluhu waxay ka yimaadaan meelo fog fog sida Ukraine, [124] Scandinavia, Uzbekistan, Turkey, ama South Africa.

Sababtoo ah shaqaalaha ajaanibta ah ee lagu keenay Barnaamijka Safarka Shaqada Xagaaga mararka qaarkood waxaa la dejiyaa meel ka duwan halka ay ka shaqeeyaan, qaar baa ku dhammaaday baaskiil 10-15 mayl maalintii tan iyo markii ay ka maqnaayeen gawaarida isla markaana gobolku uu xaddidan yahay gaadiidka dadweynaha. [125] Intaa waxaa sii dheer, soogalootiga sharci-darrada ah ama kuwa aan sharciga lahayn ee ka shaqeeya warshadaha dalxiiska ayaa inta badan haysan rukhsad darawalnimo. [126] Sannadkii 2012-kii, Garyaqaanka Degmada Door Ray Pelrine wuxuu yiri "shaqaalaha soogalootiga sharci darrada ah hadda waxaa lagu dhisay qaab dhismeedka ganacsiyo badan oo halkan ku yaal." [127]

Hoos u dhaca dhalinyarada iyo guud ahaan dadka[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Marka loo eego qiyaasta ACS, tirada dadka ka yar 18 sano ee degmada ayaa hoos uga dhacday 5,119 sanadkii 2010-kii ilaa 4,479 sanadka 2017-kii. [128] Sannadkii 2013, cilmi-baare ayaa saadaaliyay in marka la gaaro 2040, dadka ku nool degmada ay hoos u dhici doonaan 4.2%, boqolkiiba 10-ka ugu weyn ee hoos u dhaca dhammaan gobollada Wisconsin [129]

Laga soo bilaabo 2013 ilaa 2017, 36.8% ee 9,358 qoys ee degmada ku nool waxay kujireen caruurnimo, iyadoo lagu saleynayo qiyaasta 5 sano ee ACS, marka loo barbardhigo 44.2% ee Wisconsin sanadkii 2017, iyadoo lagu saleynayo qiyaasta hal sano ee ACS. [130]

Marka laga reebo barnaamijka dugsiga barbaarinta ee Sevastopol, dhammaan degmooyinka gobolku waxay arkeen hoos u dhigista diiwaangelinta laga soo bilaabo 2000 ilaa iyo 2019 ee heerarka dugsiga hoose, dhexe, iyo sare. [131] Hoos u dhaca diiwaangelinta dugsiga sare [132] ayaa loo aaneynayaa yaraanta shaqaalaha xilliyada, waxaana loo aaneynayaa inay soo dedejisay ballaarinta barnaamijka fiisaha J-1. [133]

Tirakoobka diinta[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Tiro koobkii 2010-kii, koox diimeedkii ugu weynaa ee Door County waxay ahaayeen Katooligga, oo leh 9,325 oo qof kuwaaso raacsan oo ku cibaadeysta lix kaniisadood, waxaa ku xiga 2,982 qof oo ah ELCA Lutherans oo leh toddobo urur, 2,646 oo qof oo ah WELS Lutherans oo leh toddobo urur, 872 qof oo ah Moravians oo leh saddex jameeco, 834 qof oo ah United Methodists oo leh afar jameeco, 533 qof oo ah Masiixiyiin aan diin lahayn oo leh lix urur, 503 qof oo ah LCMS Lutherans oo leh laba urur, 283 qof oo ah LCMC Lutherans oo leh hal urur, 270 qof oo ah Converge Baptists oo leh seddex urur, 213 qof oo ah Episcopalians oo leh hal urur, 207 qof oo ah UCC Masiixiyiin ah oo leh hal urur, iyo 593 qof oo ah kuwa raacsan. Guud ahaan, 69.3% dadka waxaa loo tiriyey inay yihiin kuwo raacsan urur diimeed. [134]

Sannadkii 2014, Degmada Door waxay lahayd ururrada diimeed ee ugu tirada badan ee 719-aad qof kasta oo deggan oo ka mid ah dhammaan 3,141 degmooyin ee Mareykanka, iyadoo 34 urur diimeed ay ka jiraan gobolka. [135]

Sidoo Kale arag[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]


Magaalooyinka Maraykanka Gobolada Isku Tegay ee Ameerika
Atlanta  · Austin  · Boston  · Baltimore  · Bloomington  · Kolumbus, Ohio  · Chicago  · Dallas  · Denver  · Detroit  · Houston  · Honolulu  · Kansas City  · Los Angeles  · Las Vegas  · Memphis  · Miami  · Minneapolis · New York  · Nashville  · Oakland  · Omaha  · Orlando  · Phoenix, Arizona  · Portland  · Philadelphia  · Rochester  · San Antonio  · Saint Paul  · San Diego  · Seattle  · San Fransisko  · Washington D.C


Gobolada Maraykanka Gobolada Isku Tegay ee Ameerika
Alabama  · Alaska  · Arizona  · Arkansas  · Delaware  · Florida  · Fermont  · Firjiniya  · Houston  · Gobolka Joorjiya  · Gasiirada Rhode  · Galbeedka Firjiniya  · Hawaii  · Idaho  · Illinois  · Indiana  · Iowa · Kansas  · Kentucky  · Kalifornia  · Kolorado  · Konektikat  · Koonfur Karolina  · Koonfur Dakota  · Louisiana  · Maine  · Maryland  · Massachusetts  · Mishiigan  · Minnesota  · Mississippi  · Missouri  · Montana  · Nebraska  · Nevada  · Hampshire Cusub  · Jersey Cusub  · Meksiko Cusub  · New York (gobol)  · Ohio  · Oklahoma  · Oregon  · Pennsylvania  · Tennessee  · Tegsas (Texas)  · Utah  · Wyoming  · Washington (gobol)  · Waqooyi Karolina  · Waqooyi Dakota
  1. State & County QuickFacts, United States Census Bureau
  2. Find a County, National Association of Counties
  3. Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries, The Newberry Library
  4. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, waxaa qoray Henry Gannett, 1905, U.S. Government Printing Office
  5. Kohl, Cris & Joan Forsberg, Shipwrecks at Death's Door, bogga 10.
  6. History of Door County Wisconsin, The County Beautiful waxaa qoray Hjalmar Holand, Chicago: S. J. Clarke, 1917, bogga 77.
  7. Door County Comprehensive Plan 2030. Chapter 3 – Historical and Cultural Resources. Volume II, Resource Report., Table 3.1: Timeline of Historic Events in Door County, bogagga 19–20 (bogagga 4–5 ee pdf)
  8. Inventory of the Church Archives of Wisconsin: Moravian Church, waxaa qoray Historical Records Survey, Division of Women's and Professional Projects, Works Progress Administration, 1938, bogga 21 iyo History of Ephraim, Door County, Wisconsin waxaa qoray Hjalmar R. Holand, 1917
  9. On Islands, Lighthouses, & The Keeper of the Light on Pilot Island: Martin Nicolai Knudsen; "A Gleam Across the Wave", Norman Blei Door County Times, Diisambar 20, 2006 (archived from the original)
  10. Going For The Mail: A History Of Door County Post Offices waxaa qoray James B. Hale, Brown County Historical Society: Green Bay, WI. 1996. Full text on dokumen.pub
  11. Village of Forestville Comprehensive Plan, Sebtember 11th, 2009, bogagga 14–16 ee dukumintiga
  12. Door County Tales: Shipwrecks, Cherries and Goats on the Roof waxaa qoray G. Soucek, 2011
  13. Southern Door County's Belgian Wayside Chapels waxaa qoray Door County Living, May 1, 2009, Where to Find Belgian Chapels in Door County, Door County Visitor Bureau iyo Wisconsin Belgian Roadside Chapels in Google Maps
  14. Holand, Hjalmar Rued, Wisconsin's Belgian community: an account of the early events in the Belgian settlement in northeastern Wisconsin with particular reference to the Belgians in Door County, Chapter VII Belgian Characteristics and Customs, bogga 82 ff, 1933. See also the Table of Contents for the entire book.
  15. Tornadoes of Fire at Williamsonville, Wisconsin, Oktoobar 8, 1871 waxaa qoray Joseph M. Moran iyo E. Lee Somerville, 1990, Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters, 31 bogagga
  16. The Fire That Took Williamsonville, waxaa qoray Justin Skiba, Door County Living Sebtember 2, 2016
  17. Tornado Memorial Park kiosk historical notes, also see bogga 19 ee County C Park and Ride lot panel draft pdf
  18. Door County Comprehensive Plan 2030. Chapter 3 – Historical and Cultural Resources. Volume II, Resource Report., Table 3.1: Timeline of Historic Events in Door County, bogagga 19–20 (bogagga 4–5 ee pdf)
  19. Brick by Brick: A Comparative pXRF Analysis of Brickworks and Structures in the Belgian-American Community ee Door Peninsula waxaa qoray Lisa Marie Zimmerman, unpublished M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, 2013 iyo Old World Wisconsin: around Europe in the Badger State waxaa qoray Fred L. Holmes. E. M. Hale and Company, 1944, bogga 163 (169 ee pdf)
  20. II. Transportation Profile Draft, waxaa qoray the Door County Comprehensive Plan 2030 Transportation Advisory Workgroup, bogga 5 ee pdf
  21. Station Sturgeon Bay Canal, Wisconsin, United States Coast Guard History Program, United States Coast Guard
  22. USCG Station Washington Island, United States Coast Guard
  23. Total Indian Population as of Juun 1, 1890 Bureau of the Census, bogga 1 ee pdf.
  24. Table 7. Indians, Chinese, and Japanese, For Counties and For Cities of 25,000 or More: 1920, 1920, and 1900. Fourteenth Census of the United States: State Compendium: Wisconsin Bureau of the Census, 1925, bogga 33 (bogga 35 ee pdf)
  25. The Rise and Fall of the Ahnapee & Western Railway waxaa qoray Myles Dannhausen Jr. iyo Patty Williamson, Door County Living Nofeembar 15, 2011
  26. Green Bay & Western The First 111 Years waxaa qoray Mailer, Stan, Hundman Publishing, 1989
  27. Door County Wisconsin's Peninsular Jewel waxaa qoray Bruce Thomas, 1993, bogagga 33–34, iyo 41, also see the inflation calculator from measuringworth.com
  28. Ships and Shipwrecks in Door County, Wisconsin, Volume 2 waxaa qoray Arthur C. iyo Lucy F. Frederickson, Frankfort, Michigan, 1963, bogga 3 (bogga 5 ee pdf)
  29. Hart, John Fraser. Resort Areas in Wisconsin. Geographical Review 74(2) 1984, bogagga 206, 207, iyo 198–200 iyo A Bee-keeper's Vacation Spent in Wisconsin waxaa qoray C. F. Dadant, Sebtember 19, 1901 in American Bee Journal 41(38): Chicago, bogga 957
  30. Door County Comprehensive Plan 2030. Chapter 3 – Historical and Cultural Resources. Volume II, Resource Report., Table 3.1: Timeline of Historic Events in Door County, bogagga 19–20 (bogagga 4–5 ee pdf)
  31. State parks for Wisconsin. Report of John Nolen, Landscape Architect, With Letter of Transmittal by State Park Board, waxaa qoray John Nolen, 1909, bogga 31 (bogga 47 ee pdf)
  32. quotation taken from the Green Bay Press Gazette, Juun 15, 1938 on bogga 194 of Door County's Emerald Treasure: A History of Peninsula State Park waxaa qoray William H. Tishler, Madison, Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2006
  33. The Development of Apple Horticulture in Wisconsin, 1850s-1950s: Case Studies of Bayfield, Crawford, and Door Counties, Chapter 4, Door County Apple Horticulture waxaa qoray Cain, Cortney, M.A. thesis, UW-Madison, May 2006
  34. Geography of Apple Orchards in Wisconsin: Examining the Core of Cultivation waxaa qoray Kody Bankston, Morgan Jarocki, iyo Adrienne Miller, unpublished student paper, UW-Madison, 2012
  35. Migrant Labor and Door County Cherries waxaa qoray Emily Irwin, Luulyo 1, 2017
  36. Good Seeds: A Menominee Indian Food Memoir waxaa qoray Thomas Pecore Weso, Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2016, bogga 29
  37. Mariah Goode. "The Harvest of 1945: German POW Camps Filled Door County's Labor Shortage". Door County Pulse, Luulyo 1, 2005.
  38. cheyenne Lentz. "Story Of Wisconsin's German POWs Is A Piece Of Hidden History, Author Says". Wisconsin Public Radio, Juun 23, 2015.
  39. Damien Jaques. "Cherry picking with German POWs in Door County". On Milwaukee, Luulyo 9, 2012.
  40. Door County's Emerald Treasure: A History of Peninsula State Park, Tishler, W.H., University of Wisconsin Press, 2006
  41. Stalag Wisconsin: Inside WW II Prisoner-of-war Camps, waxaa qoray Betty Cowley, Oregon, Wisconsin: Badger Books, 2002, Section on Camp Sturgeon Bay 1945, bogagga 240 iyo 243
  42. Mexicans in Wisconsin waxaa qoray Sergio González, Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2017
  43. The list is found on bogagga 51 ff of Migrant agricultural workers in Door County waxaa qoray Division for Children and Youth, State Department of Public Welfare, Wisconsin, 1951
  44. Developing Strategies to Improve Farm Labor Camp Housing Policy in Massachusetts, waxaa qoray Daniel MacVeigh-Fierro Samantha Ricci Damani Walder, Worcester Polytechnic Institute Boston Project Center B.S. Interactive Qualifying Project, bogga 65 (bogga 79 ee pdf)
  45. Shipwrecks of Lake Michigan waxaa qoray Benjamin J. Shelak, Black Earth, Wisconsin: Trails Books, 2003, bogga 41
  46. They Wanted Wings: A History of Door County Aviation waxaa qoray John Enigl iyo Wallace "Bud" Felhofer, 2001, bogga 5 (bogga 11 ee pdf)
  47. Hidden History of Sturgeon Bayby Heidi Hodges and Kathy Steebs, Charleston, North Carolina: The History Press, 2018, bogga 113
  48. They Wanted Wings: A History of Door County Aviation waxaa qoray John Enigl and Wallace "Bud" Felhofer, 2001, bogga 13 (bogga 19 ee pdf) and U.S. Air Services, Volumes 2–4, bogga 33
  49. Horseshoe Bay Farms Still Stands Tall waxaa qoray Myles Dannhausen Jr., Door County Living May 1, 2013
  50. They are available from the WHAIFinder application, for reference see Wisconsin historic aerial photographs now available online waxaa qoray Howard Veregin, Wisconsin Geospatial News, Febraayo 23, 2011
  51. More Mysteries in the Great Lakes (Archived Febraayo 7, 2020) waxaa qoray Meghan Morelli, WPBN-TV, Diisambar 14, 2012, also see 1959 Bridgebuilder X (Archived Nofeembar 23, 2019) waxaa qoray Ross Richardson, Michigan Mysteries
  52. Door County and Jingdezhen, China: Sister Cities waxaa qoray Door County Living, Luulyo 1, 2004, accessed Diisambar 12, 2019
  53. 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau, Ogosto 22, 2012
  54. Soil Survey of Door County, Wisconsin waxaa qoray W. J. Geib, Carl Thompson, and H.V. Geib, USDA Bureau of Soils, 1918, bogga 6, (bogga 8 ee pdf)
  55. Geology and ground water in Door County, Wisconsin, with emphasis on contamination potential in the Silurian dolomite waxaa qoray M.G. Sherrill Section: "Hydrologic Characteristics of Rock Units," 1978, U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2047, bogagga 11–12
  56. Wisconsin Springs: Data, see the four points located in the county on the electronic map, Susan Swanson, Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey
  57. Wisconsin Lighthouses: A Photographic and Historical Guide, Revised Edition, K. Wardius iyo B. Wardius, Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2013, 100–25
  58. Great Lakes Island Escapes waxaa qoray Maureen Dunphy, chapter on Washington Island, Wisconsin, bogga 64 (bogga 3 ee pdf), Wayne State University Press, 2016
  59. City of Sturgeon Bay Comprehensive Plan Update, 2010, chapter 2 bogga 2 (bogga 14 ee pdf)
  60. {Meridian County Park, Door County Parks
  61. Meridian County Park and Harter-Matter Sanctuary Map and trail guide
  62. Chapter 8: Central Lake Michigan Coastal Ecological Landscape, subsection on Bedrock Geology from The ecological landscapes of Wisconsin: An assessment of ecological resources and a guide to planning sustainable management. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, 2015. PUB-SS-1131Q 2015, bogga J-5 (bogga 15 ee pdf)
  63. Geology and Ground Water in Door County, Wisconsin, with Emphasis on Contamination Potential in the Silurian Dolomite waxaa qoray M. G. Sherrill, United States Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2047. 1978, locations of caves are shown on Plate 1
  64. Man Goes Deep To Explore, Preserve The Hidden Treasures Of Door County's Caves, waxaa qoray Joel Waldinger, Oktoobar 14, 2014, Wisconsin Life PBS
  65. Soil Survey of Door County, Wisconsin, USDA SCS, Diisambar 1978
  66. The Niagara Escarpment: Inventory Findings 1999–2001 and Considerations for Management. Final Report, Craig Anderson, Eric Epstein, William Smith, Nicole Merryfield, May 2002, Natural Heritage Inventory Program Bureau of Endangered Resources Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, bogga 32 (bogga 40 ee pdf)
  67. 67.0 67.1 George Pinney County Park kiosk information, Door County Parks
  68. Wisconsin Geology electronic map, in the Layer List, "Landforms features (lines)" was selected to show the glacial landforms
  69. Town of Gardner 20 Year Comprehensive Plan, Janaayo 2010, Chapter 5, bogga 15 (bogga 78 ee pdf)
  70. Town of Brussels 2020 Comprehensive Plan, Chapter 2, bogga 30 (bogga 56 ee pdf)
  71. Wisconsin Land Legacy Report, Central Lake Michigan Coastal ecological landscape, subsection "Red Hill Woods – Brussels Grassland", bogga 134 (bogga 7 ee pdf), 2006, Wisconsin DNR
  72. Get A Bird's Eye View of Wisconsin's Fall Color waxaa qoray Travel Wisconsin, Sept. 21, 2017
  73. Note that lake level changes from year to year. Whitefish Dunes State Park Trail descriptions, Wisconsin DNR, Maarso 20th 2016, accessed Sebtember 7th, 2019
  74. Wisconsin 1-Day Snowfall Extremes, NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, Oktoobar 22, 2018
  75. A Tornado Climatology for Wisconsin waxaa qoray Pamela Naber Knox and Douglas Norgord, Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 100, 2000, bogga 9 (bogga 17 ee pdf) iyo bogga 13 (bogga 21 ee pdf)
  76. Development of the Door County Supercell on 23 Ogosto 1998 waxaa qoray James R. Jelinek, Department of Atmospheric and Ocean Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, May 2006
  77. Door County Tornado Guide, weather.gov
  78. Town of Sevastopol Comprehensive Plan 2028, Nofeembar 2008, Chapter 6, bogga 7, bogga 104 ee pdf
  79. Landings, Journal of the Door County Land Trust, Spring 2012, bogagga 6–7
  80. A Data Compilation and Assessment of Coastal Wetlands of Wisconsin's Great Lakes, 2002 (See M-16. Shivering Sands Area on p. 37 ee dukumintiga iyo p. 43 ee pdf)
  81. My first eighty years waxaa qoray Holand, Hjalmar Rued, 1957, Twayne Publishers, New York, p. 10 (p. 16 ee pdf)
  82. Old peninsula days; the making of an American community, Chapter 26, "The Peninsula's County Parks" waxaa qoray Holand, Hjalmar Rued, 8th revised edition, 1959, p. 242 and following (p. 254 iyo raacitaanka pdf)
  83. Door County's Original Historian: Hjalmar R. Holand waxaa qoray Steve Grutzmacher, Door County Living, Sebtember 4, 2015
  84. The Cape Cod of the Midwest waxaa qoray Lyttle, Bethany, Sebtember 11, 2008, The New York Times
  85. [Condos in the Woods: The Growth of Seasonal and Retirement Homes in Northern Wisconsin https://books.google.com/books?id=Z737bhspiloC&pg=PA22], Rebecca L. Schewe, Donald R. Field, Deborah J. Frosch, Gregory Clendenning, iyo Dana Jensen, May 15, 2012, University of Wisconsin Press, p. 22
  86. Standardizing county-level recreation supply components: A precursor to the Wisconsin SCORP, 2005 Working Paper 03-2 Nofeembar 2003 waxaa qoray Peter Herreid, Dave Marcouiller, and Jeff Prey
  87. Wisconsin Land Legacy Report, Northern Lake Michigan Coastal ecological landscape, subsection "Recreation Uses and Opportunities", bogga 119 (bogga 2 ee pdf), 2006, Wisconsin DNR
  88. Door County's Islands waxaa qoray Sally Slattery, Door County Living, Luulyo 1, 2014
  89. Federal lawmakers have spent billions in the wake of the pandemic to get Americans high-speed internet. And they want to spend much more. waxaa qoray Sarah Ewall-Wice, CBS News May 21, 2021
  90. Article posted Thursday, Maarso 6, 2014 10:36am waxaa qoray Jim Lundstrom, Peninsula Pulse, Maarso 6th, 2014
  91. Payment of State Aid to Municipalities for the payment year of 2005, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
  92. Hunting & Trapping Map Grand Traverse Island State Park, Wisconsin DNR PUB PR-2090, Rev. 9/11/2014
  93. Gardner Swamp Wildlife Area, Mud Lake Wildlife Area, Reibolts Creek Public Access, and Schuyler Creek State Fishery Area
  94. State natural areas waxaa qoray county, Wisconsin DNR Janaayo 22, 2019
  95. Interactive map of State and County Parks
  96. Park facilities, City of Sturgeon Bay
  97. Far From the Madding Crowd: Liberty Grove Town Parks
  98. Camp Zion listing in the CCCA campgrounds directory, accessed Diisambar 10th, 2019
  99. Ice Age Trail Guidebook 2014, Points of interest: Cardy Paleo-Indian Camp Archaeological Site, p. 353 (p. 6 ee pdf)
  100. Life During The End Of The Ice Age: The Cardy site could inform archaeologists about how humans dealt with a challenging environment., American Archaeology Vol. 14, No. 3, Fall 2010
  101. Explore Our Preserves, Door County Land Trust
  102. Lands enrolled in the tax program are shown on the DNR Private Forest Lands Open for Public Recreation interactive map and Managed Forest Law 2019 Acreage Summary Report by Municipality waxaa qoray Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Febraayo 25, 2019, p. 17
  103. Map of Door County Beaches on Lake Michigan and Wisconsin's Great Lake Public Access Guide, electronic map
  104. Bicycle and other silent sports map 2016, Door County Visitor Bureau
  105. Wisconsin Beach Advisories on the Wisconsin Beach Health website; counties are located in the dropdown menu
  106. Ka eeg khariidada xagga hoose ee Door County, Wisconsin, - Sperling's BestPlaces, Diisambar 12, 2019 Bestplaces.net
  107. Door County Comprehensive Plan 2030: Chapter 4, Agricultural and Natural Resources, p. 20 ee pdf, Tables 4.15 and 4.16
  108. United States designates its 37th Ramsar Site, Abriil 27, 2015, khariidada dhulka qoyan eeg Figure 2-28. Door Peninsula Coastal Wetlands Ramsar Site khariidada waxaa qoray Door County Planning Department, May 2014 in the Luulyo 9, 2020 Land Conservation Committee Agenda, bogga 83
  109. Town of Sevastopol Comprehensive Plan 2028, Nofeembar 2008, Chapter 4, p. 11, (bogga 64 ee pdf)
  110. Monthly Report, Diisambar 2019, Door County Visitor Bureau, bogagga 1 and 5
  111. Town of Sevastopol Comprehensive Plan 2028, Nofeembar 2008, Chapter 4, p. 11, (bogga 64 ee pdf)
  112. Monthly Report, Diisambar 2019, Door County Visitor Bureau, bogagga 1 and 5
  113. Clustering Wisconsin Counties for Analytical Comparisons waxaa qoray Martin Shields and Steven C. Deller, CCED Staff Paper # 96.7, Oktoobar 1996, bogagga 11 and 16 (bogagga 13 and 19 ee pdf)
  114. Trade Area Analysis of Select Wisconsin Counties waxaa qoray Steven C. Deller, Ogosto 2001, Staff Paper No. 428, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Staff Paper Series. Archived Janaayo 17, 2020
  115. Arts and Economic Prosperity 5, National Statistical Report waxaa qoray Americans for the Arts, bogagga B–25, B–73, B–189, B–205, B–333, B–365, B–381, B–413, B–445 (bogagga 57, 105, 221, 237, 365, 397, 413, 445, and 477 ee pdf)
  116. Monthly Unemployment Rate for Door County, WI, 1991-2019, garaaf ka FRED Economic Research, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, accessed Diisambar 12, 2019.
  117. Year 2025 Comprehensive Plan Town of Nasewaupee Door County, Wisconsin Archived Juun 24, 2021 // Wayback Machine, Sebtember 2003, bogga 117 ee pdf, Figure 6-1
  118. The Economic Impacts of Agriculture in Wisconsin Counties waxaa qoray Steven C. Deller and David Williams.
  119. 2019 Workforce profile: Door County waxaa qoray Ryan Long, Bay Area Regional Economist for the State of Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development, 2019, bogga 7, section "Industry Employment and Wages, 2018 Employment and Wage Distribution by Industry, Door County"
  120. Village of Sister Bay 2020 Comprehensive Plan Chapter 1, bogga 16 (bogga 31 ee pdf), 2003
  121. Town of Liberty Grove Comprehensive Plan 2003 Chapter 1, bogga 12 (bogga 32 ee pdf)
  122. Tani waxaa loogu talagalay qoys laba waalid leh oo leh hal cunug oo iskuulka ku jira iyo hal dugsi-barbaarin, heerka isku-filnaanshaha sannadlaha ah wuxuu ahaa $63,001. The Self-Sufficiency Standard for Wisconsin 2019 waxaa qoray Diana M. Pearce and the Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development, May 2019, Center for Women's Welfare, University of Washington School of Social Work, bogga 11 (bogga 13 ee pdf)
  123. J-1 Visa Program Growing in Door County waxaa qoray Jackson Parr, Peninsula Pulse May 4, 2018, Door County's seasonal, J-1 Visa workers need housing. This Illinois couple hopes to help waxaa qoray Sammy Gibbons, Green Bay Press-Gazette, Ogosto 15, 2019, and Overseas Restrictions Limit J-1 Visa Arrivals: Door County Businesses Prepare For Workforce Shortage waxaa qoray Jackson Parr, Peninsula Pulse, May 14, 2021
  124. Administrative Relationships, Agency Theory, and the Summer Work Travel Program: 2012–2013 waxaa qoray Mark Reardon, Ph.D. thesis, Clemson University, bogga 134 (143 ee pdf)
  125. Administrative Relationships, Agency Theory, and the Summer Work Travel Program: 2012–2013 waxaa qoray Mark Reardon, Ph.D. thesis, Clemson University, bogga 134 (143 ee pdf)
  126. Building Bridges Between Cultures waxaa qoray Gary Jones, Peninsula Pulse, Febraayo 4, 2011
  127. The Immigration Debate – and Why it Matters to Door County More than You Think, waxaa qoray Myles Dannhausen Jr. Peninsula Pulse, Luulyo 5, 2012
  128. ACS 5-year estimate, Accessed Diisambar 12, 2019
  129. Wisconsin's Future Population Projections for the State, Its Counties and Municipalities, 2010–2040, waxaa qoray David Egan-Robertson, UW-Madison Applied Population Laboratory, Prepared for the Wisconsin Department of Administration Demographic Services Center, Diisambar 2013, bogga 20 (bogga 24 ee pdf)
  130. Door County Families: Structure and Composition, Livestories Statistics, compared to Wisconsin Families: Structure and Composition, Livestories Statistics, accessed Sebtember 6, 2019
  131. 2000-2019 enrollment figures come from the Wisconsin DPI Program Statistics Archives, Wisconsin School Free/Reduced Eligibility Data and the Wisconsin DPI School Nutrition Program Statistics reports for school level enrollment and participation data, except for Washington Island, which was missing for 2019. Instead, 2018 WISEdash elementary and high school statistics for Washington Island are used.
  132. 2000-2019 enrollment figures come from the Wisconsin DPI Program Statistics Archives, Wisconsin School Free/Reduced Eligibility Data and the Wisconsin DPI School Nutrition Program Statistics reports for school level enrollment and participation data, except for Washington Island, which was missing for 2019. Instead, 2018 WISEdash elementary and high school statistics for Washington Island are used.
  133. J-1 Visa Program Growing in Door County waxaa qoray Jackson Parr, Peninsula Pulse May 4, 2018
  134. County Membership Report: Door County (Wisconsin) Archived Jannaayo 14, 2020 // Wayback Machine, The Association of Religion Data Archives
  135. Social Capital Variables Spreadsheet for 2014, PennState College of Agricultural Sciences, Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development