Philadelphia

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U bood: gooshitaan, raadi
Kani waa maqaal ku saabsan caasimada Philadelphia, Pennysvalia ee dalka Maraykanka.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
—  Caasimad iyo Degmo  —
Caasimada Filadelfiya
Kor ilaa bidix, dhismayaasha dhaadheer ee Filadelfiya, Sanabka Benjamin Franklin, Jalaska Liberty, xarunta Farshaxanka Filadelfiya, Haalka Caasimada Fiilaadelfiya, iyo Haalka Xoriyada

Flag

Seal
Magac loogu yeero: "Filly", "Caasimada Jacaylka Walaalka", in badan...
Halkudhig: "Philadelphia maneto" ("Haku gaadho Jacaylka Walaaltinimo")
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is located in Maraykanka
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Meesha kaga taalo Maraykanka
Dhacdaa: 39°57′N 75°10′W / 39.950°N 75.167°W / 39.950; -75.167Isuduwe: 39°57′N 75°10′W / 39.950°N 75.167°W / 39.950; -75.167
Wadanka  United States of America
Gobolka Pennsylvania
Degmo Degmada Filadelfiya
Taariikhda Gumeysiga Boqortooyada Ingiriiska Gobolka Bensyfaniya
La helay October 27, 1682
Dowlad Hoose October 25, 1701
Dadka Helay William Penn
Xukunka
 • Nooca Golaha Duqa-Magaalada
 • Qaabka Golaha Dowlada Filadelfiya
 • Duqa-magaalada Michael Nutter (Xisbiga Dimuqraadiga)
Baaxadda
 • Caasimad iyo Degmo 141.6 sq mi (367 km2)
 • Dhul 134.1[1] sq mi (347.3 km2)
 • Biyo 7.5 sq mi (19.4 km2)
 • Urban 1,799.5 sq mi (4,660.5 km2)
 • Metro 4,629 sq mi (11,988.6 km2)
Joogga 39 ft (12 m)
Tirada dadka (2014)[2]
 • Caasimad iyo Degmo 1,560,297
 • Rank US: 5aad
 • Tiro Badnaan 11,635.3/sq mi (4,492.4/km2)
 • Magaalo 6,051,170 (US: 6aad)
 • CSA 7,164,790 (US: 8aad)
 • Bulsho Philadelphian
Saacad EST (UTC-5)
 • Xagaa (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 191xx
Area code(s) Area kodh 215, 267
FIPS kodh 42101 (Degmo) [3]
Astaanta GNIS 1215531[4]
Website www.phila.gov

Filadelfiya, Philadelphia (/ləˈdɛlfiə/) waa caasimada ugu weyn ee gobolka Pennsylvania, Maraykanka, iyo magaalada 5aad ee ugu bulshada badan leh wadnkaasi. Gobolada Waqooyibari ee Maraykanka, gaar ahaan deegaanda u dhexeeya Webiga Delaware iyo Webiga Shuylkill, caasimada Filadefiya waa hogaanka koowaad ee dhaqaalaha iyo dhaqanka deegaanadaasi. Tiro koob dowladu samaysay sanadikii 2014ka ayaa lagu ogaaday in caasimada Filadelfiya leedahay shacab dhan 1,560,297 taasi oo ka dhigeysa mid ka mid ah caasimadaha ugu shacabka badan wadanka Maraykanka.[2][5][6][7][8][9][10]

Sanadkii 1682 ayaa nin la odhan jirey William Penn aasaasay caasiamad gobolka Bensykfaniya, taasi oo wakhtigaasi ahayd meel uu maamulo nidaamkii Boqortooyada Ingiriiska.[11] Si kastaba aha ahaatee, caasimada Filadelfiya waxay qeyb libaax ka soo qaadatey "Kacaankii Maraykanka", waxayna ahay goobta ay ku kulmi jireen hogaamiyayaashii dhisay wadanka Maraykanka, ayaga oo u saxeexay ku Dhawaaqitaankii Xoriyada iyo Madax-banaanida sanadkii 1776, hadana mar labaad ku saxeeyay qodobada "Dastuurka Wadanka Maraykanka" sanadkii 1787.

Intaasi waxaa dheer, caasimad Filadelfiya waxay ahaan jirtey magaalo-madaxdii ugu horeeysay ee wadanka Maraykanka, mar labaad noqotey magaalo-madax goortii uu socday Dagaalkii Sokeeye ee Maraykanka, iyo goortii dhismaha Caasimada Washington D.C oo Filadelfiya ahayd xarunta dowlada ee kus ii meelgaadhka ah. Horaantii qarnigii 19aad, Filadelfiya waxay noqotey xarun horumar oo leh wershado aad u badan, waxayna yeelatay wadooyin tareen oo ku xidha caasimadaha kale ee wadanka, taasi oo suurtogelisay dhoofinta iyo u iibgeynta alaabo faro badan oo lagu sameyo deegaanda Filadelfiya. Wakhtiyadani waxaa magaalad aad ugu soo qaxay qoxooti shaqo-doon ah oo intooda badan ka yimid bariga Yurub. Sidoo kale, wakhtiyadani waxay caasimada Filadelfiya noqotey xarun u soo guureen Dadka Madoow (African American) ee wadanka Maraykanka, kuwaasi oo doorbidayay fursadaha shaqo, waxbarsho iyo xoriyad ee caasimadu lahayd. Waxaa la sheegay in sanadkii 1950kii tirada Dadka Afrikan Ameerikanka ah ee ku dhaqan Filadelfiya iyo nawaaxigeeda kor u dhaafeysay labo milyan.

Guud ahaan, Caasimada Filadelfiya waa xarunta dhaqaalha iyo dhaqdhaqaaqa ee gobolka Pennsylvania, waana hooyga todobo ka mid ah Shirkadaha Fortune 1000. Dhismayaasha dhaadheer ee badhtamaha iyo nawaaxiga caasiamada ayaa ah kuwo aad u sii badanaya, waxaanay magaaladani leedahay qaar ka mid ah dhismayaasha ugu dhaadheer wadanka Maraykanka iyo dunida.[12] Caasimadani waxay caan ku tahay hidaha iyo dhaqanka, taariikhda, dalxiiska (ayadoo la sheegay iney soo siyaartaan dad ka badan 39 milyan sanadkii 2013ka).[13][14] beerta raaxada iyo dalxiiska Fairmount Park waa deegaanka ugu balaadhan aduunka ee ku dhexyaala magaalo.[15] Sidoo kale waxay caasimadu leedhay 67 meelood oo taariikhi ah, kuwasi oo Filadelfiya ka dhigay meesha koowaad ee ugu dalxiiska badan wadanka Maraykanka gudahisa, isla markaana ka hesha tiro lacag ah oo dhan $10 bilyan dollarka Maraykanka.[13] Philadelphia waa meesha lagu aasaasay ee hooyga u ah Ciidamada Milatariga Bada loo yaqaano United States Marine Corps,[16][17] sidoo kale waa xaruntii ugu horeeysay waxyaabo badan ooy ka mid yihiin librarygii ugu horeeyay (la dhisey 1731),[18] Cusbitaalkii ugu horeeyay (la dhisey 1751)[18] iyo midii ugu horeeysay ee laga furo dugsi caafimaad (sanadkii 1765),[19] magaalo-madaxdii kowaad (laga dhigey 1777),[18] meeshii koowaad ee laga furo Sarifka lacagaha Filadelfiya (1790),[18] iyo tii ugu horeeysay Beerta Xayawaanka (zoo) (1874),[20] iyo dugsigii ganacsiga ee ugu horeeyay wadanka (la furey 1881).[21]

Bulshada[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Sida lagu sheegay tirokoob dowlada Maraykanku sameeysay sanadkii 2014ka waxaa caasimada Filadelfiya ku nool bulsho tiradoodu dhan tahay 1,560,297,[2] taasi oo u dhiganta 2.2% kordhitaan marka loo barbardhigo sanadkii 2010. Noocayada bulshada sanadkii 2013ka ku noolaa Filadelfiya waxay kala ahaaheeyn: 45.5% cadan (36.3% ahayn-Hispanic), 44.2% Madoow ama Afrikan Ameerikan, 0.8% dadka u dhashay qaarada ee loo yaqaano Hindida Cas, 6.9% Aasiyan, 0.1% ka soo jeeda gasiirada Hawaii, 2.4% iska dhal, iyo 13.3% Latino ah.[22][23]

Tirokoob Noocyada Bulshada 2010[24] 2000 1990 1980[25] 1970[25]
Cadan (marka lagu daro Cadaan Hispanik ah) 41.8% 45.0% 53.5% 58.2% 65.6%
—Cadaan Ahayn-Hispanic 36.9% 42.5% 52.1% 57.1% 63.8[26]
Madoow ama Afrikan Amerikan 43.6% 43.2% 37.8% 39.9% 33.6%
—Madowg ahayn-Hispanic 42.2% 42.6% 39.3% 37.5% 33.3%[26]
Dadka Asalka Ameerika 0.5% 0.3% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
Aasiyaan 6.3% 4.5% 2.7% 1.1% 0.3%
Ka soo jeeda Hawaii ama Gasiiradaha 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Noocyo kale 5.9% 4.8% 3.7% 2.7% 0.4%
Dadka iska-dhalka 2.8% 2.2% n/a[27] n/a[27] n/a
Hispanik ama Latino (dhamaantood) 12.3% 8.5% 5.6% 3.8% 2.4%[26]

Muuqaalka Filadelfiya[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Bilicda caasimada Filadelfiya
Muuqaalka dabaqyada dhaadheer ee caasimada Filadelfiya 2009kii

Magaalooyinka Maraykanka[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]


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Tixraac[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  1. Source U.S. Census Bureau: State and County QuickFacts. Data derived from Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  3. "Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 2, 2015. 
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. February 2, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  5. "Delaware County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". U.S. Census Bureau. December 4, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2015. 
  6. "Bucks County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". U.S. Census Bureau. December 4, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2015. 
  7. "Montgomery County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". U.S. Census Bureau. December 4, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2015. 
  8. "Chester County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". U.S. Census Bureau. December 4, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2015. 
  9. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 – Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico - 2014 Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  10. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 – Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico - 2014 Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  11. Luqman B. Abdulaahi
  12. "Philadelphia's Newest Skyscraper: The Comcast Innovation and Technology Center". Visit Philadelphia. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "2014 Visit Philadelphia Annual Report". Visit Philadelphia. Retrieved February 10, 2015. 
  14. Gateway to Public Art in Philadelphia, Fairmount Park Art Association.
  15. "Philadelphia profile". Retrieved September 17, 2014. 
  16. "U.S. Marine Corps Decade Timeline". 
  17. "Marine Corps marks its founding in Philly in 1775". Philadelphia Media Network. 
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 "Philadelphia Firsts 1681-1899". USHistory. Retrieved April 30, 2015. 
  19. [1] Archived Luuliyo 3, 2008 // Wayback Machine
  20. "About the Philadelphia Zoo". Philadelphia Zoo. Retrieved April 30, 2015. 
  21. "About Wharton". The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved April 30, 2015. 
  22. "State & County QuickFacts - Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2015. 
  23. "Philadelphia County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Retrieved September 17, 2014. 
  24. American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 2010 Demographic Profile Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved August 12, 2011. 
  25. 25.0 25.1 Pennsylvania – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 From 15% sample
  27. 27.0 27.1 United States Census Bureau. "How Does the Census 2000 Question on Race Differ from the 1990 Question?". census.gov. Archived from the original on May 10, 2000. Retrieved January 31, 2011.