Oakland, Kaliforniya

Ka Wikipedia
U bood: gooshitaan, raadi
Kani waa maqaal ku saabsan magaalada Owkland, Kaliforniya, Maraykanka.
Boga "Oakland" iyo "Owkland" halka ayaa laga soo toosiyay.
Owkland, Kalifornia
—  Caasimad Madax-banaan[1]  —
Caasimada Owkland
Dabaqyada dhaadheer ee Oakland, taasi oo ka muuqato dhismayaasha gaboobay ee xiga bariga Buundada u dhexeysa gacanka San Fransisko iyo Owkland

Flag

Seal
Magac loogu yeero: "magaalada Oak", "Magaalo", "Caasimada Bump" (magac aan caan ahayn)[2]
Meesha kaga taalo Degmada Alameda iyo gobolka Kalifornia
Owkland, Kalifornia is located in Maraykanka
Owkland, Kalifornia
Owkland, Kalifornia
Meesha kaga taalo wadanka Maraykanka
Dhacdaa: 37°48′16″N 122°16′15″W / 37.80444°N 122.27083°W / 37.80444; -122.27083Isuduwe: 37°48′16″N 122°16′15″W / 37.80444°N 122.27083°W / 37.80444; -122.27083
Wadan  United States
Gobol Kalifornia
Degmo Degmada Alameda
Deegaan Gacanka San Fransisko
Dowlad hoose May 4, 1852[3]
Xukunka
 • Nooca Golaha Duqa-magaalada[4]
 • Duqa-magaalada Libby Schaaf[5]
 • Golaha Wakiilada Loni Hancock (Xisbiga Dimuqraadiga)[6]
 • Golaha Deegaanka Tony Thurmond
Rob Bonta[7]
 • Wakiilada Dhexe Barbara Lee[8]
Baaxadda[9]
 • Guud ahaan 78.002 sq mi (202.024 km2)
 • Dhul 55.786 sq mi (144.485 km2)
 • Biyo 22.216 sq mi (57.54 km2)  28.48%
Joogga[10] 43 ft (13 m)
Tirada dadka (2010)[11]
 • Guud ahaan 390,724
 • Estimate (2014) 413,775
 • Rank 1aad degmada Alameda
8aad gobolka Kalifornia
45aad wadanka Maraykanka
 • Tiro Badnaan 7,417/sq mi (2,864/km2)
Magac uyeel Oaklander
Saacad Pacific (UTC−8)
 • Xagaa (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP kodh 94601–94615, 94617–94624, 94649, 94659–94662, 94666[12]
Area code Area code 510
Calaamada FIPS Astaanta FIPS 53000
Muuqaalka GNIS 277566, 2411292
Website www.oaklandnet.com

Owkland, Oakland /lənd/ waa magaalo iyo caasimad weyn oo ku taala Xeebta Galbeed ee Maraykanka, iyo caasimada dekada gobolka Kalifornia. Dekeda Caasimada Owkland waa mida ugu mashquulka badan dekedaha Gacanka San Fransisko iyo dhamaan dekedaha Waqooyiga Kalifornia. Intaasi waxa dheer, caasimada Owkland waa magaalada ugu baaxada weyn Gacanka San Fransisko, waa caasimada sideedaad ee ugu shacabka badan gobolka Kaliforniya, iyo mida 45aad ee ugu bulshada badan wadanka Maraykanka, taasi oo leh dad dhan 413,775 qof (sida lagu sheegay tirokoob ay samaysay dowlada dhexe Maraykanka sanadkii 2014ka).

Caasimada Owkland waxaa dowlada hoose loo sameeyay sanadkii 1852, goortaasi oo lagu daray Degmada Alameda. Owkland waa xarun isku xidha socodka ganacsiga waana rugta wax iibsiga ee gobolkaasi. Waxaa sidoo kale ay Owkland tahay magaalada ugu xigta Gacanka San Fransisko xaga Badweynta Baasifikga, taasi waa sababta loogu bixiyey "Gacanka Bari". Caasimadani waxay dhacdaa agagaarka gacankaasi, taasi oo u jirta kaliya lix mayl (9.7 km) caasimada San Fransisko.

Deegaanka Caasimada Owkland wuxuu dhacaa dhul xeebeed leh geedaha Oak iyo dhirta gaagaaban ee lagu magacaabo scrub. Dhulka magaaladu ku fadhido waa mid leh caro aad u nafaqo badan oo dhinaca ku haya buuro yaryar oo gaaban. Magaalada Oakland waxay magaca ka keentay waa geedka caanka ku ah deegaanka ee Oak. Waxaanay caasimadan iyo nawaaxigeedu caan u yihiin waxbeerashada iyo falida dalaga noocyadiisa kala gedisan.

Mid ka mida xarumaha shirkada Chevrolet ee la aasasay 1917kii

Dhamaadkii sanadihii 1860kii ayaa Owkland loo doortay in deegaan shacab lagu beero laga dhigo, goortaasi oo la so mariyay wado tareenka Transkontinental oo aad uga caawisay koritaanka iyo camirida deegaanka. Waxay caasimadu aad u kortay horaantii qarnigii labaatanaad goortaasi oo laga sameeyay wershado wax soo saar iyo kuwo moorgareeya khudaarta iyo dhirta deegaanka ka baxdey. Sidoo kale waxaa wakhtiyadani aad u horumaray dhistaanka maraakiibta waaweyn ee loogu talo-galay ineey qaarad ilaa qaarad xamuul iyo alaab u qaadaan. Iyadna waxaa xusid mudan, Dhulgariirkii San Fransisko ee sanadkii 1906dii inuu keenay in bulsho badan ka guurto magaaladaasi kuwaasi oo soo degay isla markaana camirey, aqalo cusub iyo meherado keenay caasimad Owkland.

Deegaanada astaanta magaalada oo la dhisay 1924

Waxaan meesha ka maqneyn iyadna tirada qaxooti iyo muhaajiriin ah ee soo dagay caasimada, kuwaasi oo iskugu jira kuwa ka soo guurey gobolo kale oo isla wadanka Maraykanka ah iyo dibadiisaba. Dadka Madoow (Afrikan Ameerikan) ayaa noqdey kuwo si isdaba joog ah ugu soo guura caasimada Owkaland.

Guud ahaan, Caasimada Owkland waxaa ku taala deked aad u mashquul badan oo shaqada ka socoto badan tahay. Dekeda Owkaland waa tan shanaad ee ugu shaqada badan wadanka Maraykanka. Xaga cimilada caasimadu waa mid degan oo lagu sheego "Cimilada Miditereeniyaanka" sababtoo ah waxay caasimadu qorax aragtaa 260 maalmood sanad kasta. Harta Merritt oo ku taala farasmagaalaha Owkland waa midii ugu horeeysay ee dowlada wadanka Maraykanku u qorsheeyeen in ay noqoto xero amaan nolosha xayawaanka duurjoogta ah. Meelaha ugu caansan magaalda waxaa ka mid ah biyoleeyda Owkland, oo ah mid ka mida meelaha soo jiida dalxiisayaasha yimaada magaalada.



Muuqaalka Owkland[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Muuqaalka Caasimada Owkland
Farasmagaalka Caasimada Owkland

Magaalooyinka Maraykanka[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]


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Tixraac[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  1. "Legal Briefs" (PDF). City of Oakland Office of the City Attorney. May 2002. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  2. "Bump City | The Oakland Standard". Museumca.org. Retrieved 2013-07-08. 
  3. "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved March 27, 2013. 
  4. "Elected Officials". City of Oakland, California. Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  5. "Mayor". City of Oakland, California. Retrieved January 8, 2015. 
  6. "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  7. "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  8. Template:Cite GovTrack
  9. US Gazetteer|2010|places|CA
  10. GNIS Oakland
  11. "Oakland (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  12. "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 7, 2014.