Bortland, Oregon

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Kani waa maqaal ku saabsan caasimada Portland, Oregon, Maraykanka. Haku khaldin caasimada Portland, Maine.
Boga "Portland" waxaa laga soo toosiyay halkan.
Bortland, Oregon
Caasimada Bortland
Portland OR Montage.png
Kor ilaa hoos, midig ilaa bidix: Muuqaalka hawada sare ee koonfurgalbeed Bortland; Buundada St. Johns; Beerta Caalamita Rose Test; Reed College; boosteejo Tareenka fudud MAX Rail; Haalka xafladaha Arlene Schnitzer; iyo Huteelka Benson Hotel
Flag of Portland, Oregon.svg
Flag
Seal of Portland, Oregon.png
Seal
Nickname(s): 
"Caasimada Ubaxa"; "Stumptown"; "PDX"; fiiri naaneysaha Bortland ayagoo dhamaystiran.
Multnomah County Oregon Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Portland Highlighted.svg
Meesha Bortland kaga taalo Degmada Multnomah iyo gobolka Oregon
Wadan Maraykanka
Gobol Oregon
Degmooyin Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas
La aasaasay 1845
Dowlad hoose Febraayo 8, 1851
Named for Portland, Maine
Dowlada
 • Nuuca Maamulka Caasimada
 • Duqa-magaalada Jarlie Hales[1] (D)
 • Golaha Steve Novick
Dan Saltzman
Nick Fish
Amanda Fritz
 • Auditor LaVonne Griffin-Valade
Bedka
 • Caasimad 145 sq mi (376 km2)
 • Land 133 sq mi (346 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (30 km2)
Joogga

50 ft
Ugu sareeysa: 1,188 ft
9,936 NW Wind Ridge Dr.
45°33′31″N 122°46′43″W / 45.55873°N 122.77854°W / 45.55873; -122.77854 (Portland highest elevation)[2]


Ugu hooseysa: 0.62 ft
Webiga Kolumbiya & Webiga Willamette
Low water 1/7/ 1,937[3]
45°39′03″N 122°45′46″W / 45.65096°N 122.76289°W / 45.65096; -122.76289 (Portland lowest elevation) ft (15.2 m)
Tirada dadka
 • Caasimad 583,776
 • Estimate 
(2014)[5]
619,360
 • Rank US: 28aad
 • Cufnaanta dadka 4,375.1/sq mi (1,689.2/km2)
 • Urban
1,849,898 (US: 24aad)
 • Metro
2,348,247 (US: 24aad)
 • CSA
3,022,178 (US: 17aad)
Magac kale Portlander
Aag saacadeed UTC-8 (PST)
 • Xagaa (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP kode
97086-97299
Furaha Area kodes 503 iyo 971
FIPS kode 41-59000
Muuqaalka GNIS 1136645[6]
Website www.portlandoregon.gov

Bortland (ingiriis: Portland; carabi: بورتلاند) waa caasimad ku taala gobolka Oregon ee wadanka Maraykanka, iyo fadhiga dowlada Degmada Multnomah, taasi oo dhacda meel u dhow dooxada Webiga Willamette iyo Webiga Kolumbiyaa. Sida lagu sheegay tirokoob dowlada dhexe Maraykanku samaysay horaantii sanadka 2010ka caasimada Bortland waxaa ku noolaa bulsho dhan 583,776,[7] taasi oo tirokoob labaad lagu sheegay ineey noqdeen 619,360 sanadkii 2014. Bortland waa caasimada 28aad ee ugu shacabka badan magaalooyinka wadanka Maraykanka. Qiyaas ahaan ilaa 2,348,247 oo dad ah ayaa ku dhaqan Bortland metropolitan waa sida lagu xusay tirokoob ay sameeysay dowlada deegaanku sanadkii 2014ka. Sidoo kale waxaa tirokoobta lagu ogaaday in Bortland iyo nawaaxigeedu noqonayaan deegaanka 24aad ee ugu shacabka badan wadanka, taasi oo gabi ahaan leh dad gaadhaya ilaa 3,022,178.

Caasimada Bortland waxaa la aasaasay sanadkii 1851kii meel u dhow dooxada Oregon Trail ee iskuxidha galbeedka iyo badhtamaha Maraykanka.[8] Nidaamka maamulka dowlada caasimadu waa mid ah Gole Caasimad ka kooban shan qof kuwaasi oo hoostaga duqa-magaalada. Waxaa iyaguna jira golo dhexe oo la soo doorto afartii sano mar kuwaasi oo ka masuul ah deegaanka Bortland metropolitan.[9] Guud ahaan maamulka caasimada iyo nawaaxigeeda waxaa lagu amaanaa horumarka iyo qorshe wanaaga ay u dhiseen deegaanada Bortland iyo nawaaxigeeda.[10] Caasimadani waxay ka mid tahay meelaha ugu cagaarsan wadanka Maraykanka, taasi oo in badan amaan loogu soo jeediyo.[11]

Juquraafi ahaan, caasimada Bortland waxay dhacdaa deegaanada dooxada Willamette ee gobolka Waqooyigalbeed Baasifig; meel u dhaxaysa Badweynta Baasifik iyo Buuraha Kaskade. Caasimadu waxay leedahay cimilo degan, diirimaad ah, qalalan wakhtiga gu'ga, qaboow dhexdhexaad ah wakhtiyada jiilaalka ah. Jawiga noocaas ah wuxuu u suurtogeliyay beerida Ubaxa ay caasimadu caanka ku tahay. Naaneysaha Bortland waxaa ka mid ah "Caasimada Ubaxa" taasi oo laga soo xigtay beeraha badan ee ubaxa ka baxa Bortland iyo agagaarkeeda.[12][13] Sidoo kale Caasimada Bortland waxay caan ku tahay xarakaadka dibada (outdoor activities) sida cabitaanka bunka, koofiga, sharaabka fudud, khamriga iyo noocyada kale ee la cabo.[14][15][16][17][18]


Taariikh[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Sawir hore magaalada Bortland 1898

Ka hor intaanay iman muhaajiriintii reer Yurub ee deegaanka qabsaday, waxaa mudo labo qarni ah ku noolaa deegaanka Bortland iyo agagaarkeeda Degmada Multnomah dadka asal ahaan loogu tagay qaarada Ameerika ee loo yaqaano Hindida Cas. Labad Qabiil ee ugu badnaa waa Beesha Jinook (Upper Chinook Indians) iyo Beesha Multnomah, kuwaasi oo soo raacaan Qabiilka Kaskade (Cascades Indians) waloow aanay ku badneyn deegaanka.[19]

Si kastaba ha ahaatee, goortii ay bilaabantey bililiqadii dahabka galbeedka ayaa waxaa deegaanada galbeedka Oregon yimiday dad badan oo guuraya kuwaasi oo qaar ka mid ahni sanadkii 1830kii aasaaseen tuulo yar oo markii dambe la baxdey magaca Bortland.[20] Taageero xoogan ooy ka heleen dowlada Maraykanka iyo ciidamada qalabka siday ee ku sugnaa deegaanadaasi ayaa waxay suurtogelisay in degayaashii ugu horeeyay ka aasaasan Bortland iyo agagaarkeeda beero iyo dhaqashada xoolaha.

Markay taariikhdu ahayd Febraayo 8, 1851dii waxaa lagu dhawaaqay dowlada-hoose ee magaalada Bortland taasi oo wakhtigaagi lahady shacab dhan 800 qof.[21] Waxaana wakhtigaasi la dhisay huteelo, jaraa'id, makiinado wax ridqa iyo adeeg fudud oo caasimadu leedahay.[22]

Bulshada[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Graf muujinaya koritaanka bulshada Bortland tan iyo biloowgii caasimada

Tirokoob dowlada dhexe samaysay sanadkii 2010ka waxaa lagu ogaaday in caasimada Bortland ku dhaqan tahay bulsho gaadhaysa 583,776 kuwaasi oo u habaysan 235,508 qoys. Cufka bulashada Bortland waxaa lagu sheegay 4,375.2 qof halkii mayl labo laaban (per one square mile). Sidoo kale waxaa jiray 265,439 oo aqal taasi oo keenaysa iskucelcelis ah 1989.4 qof halkii mayl labo laaban (1,236.3/km²). Dhinaca kale, koritaanka bulshada caasimada Bortland wuxuu kordhay ilaa 10.3% sanadihii u dhexeeyay 2000 iyo 2010.[23] Sida la saadaalinayo waxaa la filayaa in bulshada caasimada Bortland sii badan doonto ama labolaabmi doonto 50ka sano ee soo socda.[24]

Guud ahaan, tirokoobtu waxay bulshada Bortland u kala saartay in 76.1% yihiin Cadaan (taasi oo u dhiganta 444,254 qof), 7.1% Aasiyaan (ilaa 41,448 qof), 6.3% Dadka Madoow ama Afrikan Ameerikan (una dhiganta tiro dhan 36,778 qof), 1.0% Dadka Asal ahaan loogu yimid Ameerika (5,838), 0.5% Gasiiradaha Baasifiga (2,919), 4.7% dad ka dhashay labo ama ka badan jinsiyadood (24,437) iyo 5.0% bulshooyinka kale ah (28,987).[25] Waxaa intaas dheer ilaa 9.4% ah Hispanik ama Latino iyo guud ahaan dadka Latino, nooc kasta ooy yihiin (54,840). Cadaanka aan Hispanik ahayn waa ilaa 72.2% bulshada magaalada, taasi oo ka dhigeysa qoomiyada ugu badan deegaankaasi.[25]

Muuqaalka[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Farasmagaalka Bortland
Caasimada Bortland
Bilicda Caasimada Bortland ee habeenkii
Muuqal Bortland

Magaalooyinka Maraykanka[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]


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Tixraac[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

  1. . City of Portland, Oregon http://www.portlandonline.com/index.cfm?c=25999. Soo qaatay September 18, 2014.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  2. http://www.portlandoregon.gov/bps/article/51672
  3. Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service: Portland: Columbia River at Vancouver. Water.weather.gov. Retrieved on September 6, 2013.
  4. . United States Census Bureau http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. Soo qaatay January 4, 2013.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  5. . United States Census Bureau http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2014/SUB-EST2014-3.html. Soo qaatay May 21, 2015.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  6. . United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007 http://geonames.usgs.gov. Soo qaatay January 31, 2008.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  7. (PDF). Portland State University Population Research Center http://www.pdx.edu/sites/www.pdx.edu.prc/files/media_assets/2010_PL94_cities_M-P_updated.pdf. Soo qaatay March 7, 2013.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  8. . National Association of Counties http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Soo qaatay June 7, 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  9. Nate Berg (March 1, 2012). City Lab http://www.citylab.com/politics/2012/03/only-elected-regional-government-us/1371/. Soo qaatay February 25, 2015.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  10. . Urban Mobility Corporation. May–June 2003 http://www.innobriefs.com/editor/20030423smartgrowth.html. Soo qaatay November 7, 2006.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  11. Kate Sheppard (July 19, 2007). Environmental News and Commentary http://www.grist.org/article/cities3. Soo qaatay June 23, 2010.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  12. . Frommers.com http://www.frommers.com/articles/1721.html. Soo qaatay October 20, 2008.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  13. "Portland – MSN Encarta".. Encarta.msn.com. 
  14. . 10Best.com http://www.10best.com/destinations/oregon/portland/nightlife/brew-pubs/. Soo qaatay February 25, 2015.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  15. . CNN.com http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/06/travel/usa-beer-towns/. Soo qaatay February 25, 2015.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  16. . Gadling.com http://gadling.com/2010/02/26/best-cities-wold-drinking-beer/. Soo qaatay February 25, 2015.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  17. . Bustle.com http://www.bustle.com/articles/18032-the-10-best-cities-for-beer-lovers-these-towns-know-how-to-brew. Soo qaatay February 25, 2015.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  18. . BeerTutor.com http://www.beertutor.com/city_guides/portland.shtml. Soo qaatay February 25, 2015.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  19. Marschner, Janice. Timber Press. p. 187. ISBN 978-0-88192-873-0 of portland before europeans indians&f=false http://books.google.com/?id=1-UW6M_gw48C&pg=PA187&dq=history+of+portland+before+europeans+indians#v=onepage&q=history of portland before europeans indians&f=false Hubi |url= value (caawin).  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  20. Orloff, Chet. Yearbook of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers. 66: 114–119. doi:10.1353/pcg.2004.0006.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  21. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990. U.S. Bureau of the Census – Population Division.
  22. Kennedy, Sarah. http://www.nytimes.com/fodors/top/features/travel/destinations/unitedstates/oregon/portland/fdrs_feat_121_5.html?n=Top%2FFeatures%2FTravel%2FDestinations%2FUnited+States%2FOregon%2FPortland. Soo qaatay 2014-09-26.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  23. . Quickfacts.census.gov http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/41/4159000.html. Soo qaatay September 15, 2013.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  24. Law, Steve (May 29, 2008). http://thetribonline.net/news/story.php?story_id=121200846357363500. Soo qaatay December 5, 2012.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  25. 25.0 25.1 . Quickfacts.census.gov http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/41/4159000.html. Soo qaatay October 17, 2012.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)