Harare

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Harare

Harare waa caasimada dalka Simbaabwi awaana magaalda uguwan


Harare (/ hərɑːreɪ /; [3] si rasmi ah loo magacaabay Salisbury ilaa 1982 [4]) waa caasimadda iyo magaalada ugu badan ee Zimbabwe. Waxaa ku yaal waqooyi bari ee dalka oo ku yaal qalbiga taariikhiga ah ee Mashonaland, magaaladu waxay leedahay dad lagu qiyaasey 1,606,000 (2009), [5] oo leh 2,800,000 oo ku yaalla agagaarka caasimadda (2006). Maamul ahaan, Harare waa magaalo weyn, oo sidoo kale ku jirta magaalada Chitungwiza iyo Epworth [6] Waxay ku taallaa heerka sare ee 1,483 meter (4,865 feet) oo ka sarreysa heerka badda iyo cimiladeeduna hoos ugu dhacdo qaybta sare ee jilicsan. Magaalada waxaa la aasaasay 1890kii Pioneer Column, oo ah ciidan yar oo adeega shirkadda British South Africa, waxaana lagu magacaabaa Fort Salisbury kadib markii Ra'iisal Wasaaraha Ingiriiska Lord Salisbury. Maamulayaasha shirkadaha ayaa cirib tiray magaalada oo waxay ku ordeen ilaa ilaa laga gaaro Koonfurta Rhodesia oo ay dowladdu masuul ka ahayd 1923-dii. Salisbury wuxuu ahaa ka dib markii uu kursiga ka ahaa Koonfurta Rhodesian (later Rhodeian) iyo, intii u dhaxaysay 1953 iyo 1963, caasimadda Federaalka Dhexe ee Afrika. Waxay tiri Salisbury ilaa 1982-kii, markii loo magacaabay Harare sannad-guuradii labaad ee madax-bannaanida Zimbabwe. Harare waa Zimbabwe hoggaanka siyaasadda, maaliyadda, ganacsiga iyo xarumaha isgaadhsiinta, iyo xarunta ganacsiga ee tubaakada, galleyda, suufka iyo citrus. Alaabooyinka la soo saaro waxaa ka mid ah dhar biro, birta iyo kiimikooyinka, dahabna waxaa laga helaa aagga. Xaafadaha magaalada waxaa ka mid ah Borrowdale, Helensvale, Greendale, Chisipite, Shawasha Hills, Mbare, Highfield, Kuwaad, Marlborough, Mabelreign, Vainona, Mount Pleasant iyo Avondale, Glen View, Budiriro, Southlea Park, Warren Park; xaafadaha ugu raaxeysan waa waqooyiga. Jaamacadda Zimbabwe, Jaamacadda ugu da'da weyn (oo la aasaasay 1952), waxay ku taallaa Mount Pleasant, oo qiyaastii 6 km (3.7 mi) woqooyi ka xigta bartamaha magaalada. [7] Harare wuxuu hoy u yahay dhulka ugu caansan ee baaritaanka jaamacadda, Harare Sports Club, iyo kooxda Dynamos F.C., kooxda ugu guulaha badan ee Zimbabwe.









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