Mauritius

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Republic of Mauritius
République de Maurice  (Af-Faransiis)
Repiblik Moris  (Af-Morisyen)
Hal ku dheg: "Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" (Af-Laatiin)
Af-Faransiis: L’étoile et la clé de l’océan Indien
"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean"
Heesta qaranka: Motherland
Islands of the Republic of Mauritius (excluding Chagos Archipelago and Tromelin Island)
Islands of the Republic of Mauritius (excluding Chagos Archipelago and Tromelin Island)
Islands of the Republic of Mauritius labelled in black; Chagos Archipelago and Tromelin are claimed by Mauritius.
Islands of the Republic of Mauritius labelled in black; Chagos Archipelago and Tromelin are claimed by Mauritius.
Magaalo madax
Waa Magaalada ugu balaaran
Port Louis
Luqadaha rasmiga ah None [Note 1]
National languages English
French[1][2]
Vernacular languages[3] a
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha (2011[4]) See Ethnic groups in Mauritius
Dadka Mauritian
Xukunka Unitary parliamentary republic
 -  President Barlen Vyapoory
 -  Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth
Sharci dejinta National Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
 -  Constitution of Mauritius 12 March 1968 
 -  Republic 12 March 1992 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 2,040 km2 (170th)
788 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 0.07
Tirada dadka
 -  July Template:UN Population qiyaasta Template:UN PopulationTemplate:UN Population (156th)
 -  2011 Tirakoob 1,236,817[5]
 -  Mugga Dadka 618.24/km2 (19th)
1,602.55/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2018 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $27.507 billion[6]
 -  Qof qof US$20,909[6] (66th)
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2018 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan US$13.551 billion[6]
 -  Calaa qof US$12,527[7] (68th)
Qaybsiga (2012)35.9[8] (medium)
Kobaca (2015)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.781[9] (high / 63rd)
Lacagta Mauritian rupee (MUR)
Waqtiga MUT (UTC+4)
Taariikhda dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Wadista Baabuurta left
Furaha telka +230
Furaha Internetka .mu
a. The mother tongue of Mauritians (2011 Census).[4]

Mauritius waa wadan Jasiirado ka kooban, waxeena ku yaalaan bartamaha Badweynta Hindiya.jasiiradahaan waxee 900 u jirtaa jasiirada weyn ee Madagaskar.


Mauritius (Faransiis: Maurice), si rasmi ah Jamhuuriyadda Mauritius (Faransiiska: République de Maurice), waa jasiirad ku taal badweynta Hindiya qiyaastii 2,000 kilomitir (1,200 mi) oo ka baxsan xeebaha koonfureed ee qaarada Afrika. Dalka waxaa ka mid ah jasiiradaha Mauritius iyo Rodrigues, 560 kilomitir (350 mi) bari ee Mauritius, iyo jasiiradaha dibedda (Agaléga, St. Brandon iyo laba dhulal ah oo lagu muransan yahay). Jasiiradaha Mauritius iyo Rodrigues waxay qayb ka yihiin Jasiiradaha Mascarene, oo ay wehliyaan Réunion, oo ka tirsan waaxda Faransiiska ah. Meesha dalka waa 2,040 km2 (790 sq m). Magaalada caasimada ah iyo magaalada ugu weyn waa Port Louis. Waxay xubin ka tahay Dawlada Dhexe, La Francophonie iyo Midowga Afrika.

British colonial flag, 1923

Horaantii Gollaha Holand (1638-1710) iyo Gumeysi Faransiis ah (1715-1810), Mauritius waxay noqotay gumaysi British ah 1810-kii, waxayna ku sii jirtey illaa 1968-kii, sannadkii ay xorowday. Maraakiibta Britishka Crown ee Mauritius ayaa mar hore ka mid ah dhulalka Mauritius, Rodrigues, jasiiradaha dibada ee Agaléga, St. Brandon, Chagos Archipelago, iyo Seychelles. Gobollada Mauritian ayaa si tartiib tartiib ah u xoojiyay abuurista kali-kali ah ee Seychelles sannadkii 1903 iyo jabhadii Chagos Archipelago ee 1965-kii. Awoodda ka jirta Chagos Archipelago ayaa lagu muransan yahay inta u dhaxaysa Mauritius iyo Boqortooyada Ingiriiska (UK). Boqortooyada Ingiriisku waxay xayirtay jasiiradaha Mauritian sanadkii 1965, saddex sano ka hor madax-bannaanida Mauritian. Boqortooyada Ingiriiska ayaa si tartiib tartiib ah u xayiray dadweynaha deegaanka jasiiradaha waxayna ku kireeyeen jasiiradeeda ugu weyn, Diego Garcia, Mareykanka. Gaaritaanka Chagos Archipelago waa la mamnuucay dalxiisayaasha ku-meel-gaadhka ah, warbaahinta, iyo dadkoodii hore. Mauritius waxay sidoo kale sheegataa madax banaanida Tromelin Island oo ka timid Faransiiska.

Postage stamp with portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, 1954

Dadka reer Mauritius waa kuwo isku dhafan, kuwa diineed, dhaqamo kala duwan iyo luqado kala duwan. Dawladda jasiiradda ayaa si dhow u qaabaysay nidaamka baarlamanka ee Westminster, Mauritius ayaa kaalin wayn ku leh dimuqraadiyada iyo xorriyadda dhaqaalaha iyo siyaasadda. Heerka Horumarinta Aadanaha ee Mauritius waa kan ugu sarreeya Afrika. Marka la raaco jasiiradaha Mascarene kale, Mauritius waxaa loo yaqaanaa floriska iyo fauna, oo leh noocyo badan oo jimicsi ah. Jasiiradda waxaa loo yaqaanaa guriga kaliya ee la yaqaan ee dodo, taas oo, weheliso dhowr noocyo kale oo ah bini'aadanno, ayaa la sameeyey wakhti yar oo dhaqdhaqaaqa bani'aadamnimada ah muddo gaaban ka dib markii ay jasiiraddu degto. Mauritius waa waddanka kaliya ee Afrika ee Hindu-dinku yahay diinta ugu weyn. Maamulku wuxuu u isticmaalaa Ingiriisi inuu noqdo luuqadiisa ugu


A food market at Port Louis, Mauritius





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  1. Article 49 in the Constitution of Mauritius. ilo.org
  2. "Republic of Mauritius, Government Portal (Mauritius)". Archived from the original on 10 May 2011. 
  3. "Africa :: MAURITIUS". CIA The World Factbook. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 2011census
  5. Statistics Mauritius. "Digest of Demographic Statistics 2013" (PDF). Government Portal of Mauritius: 22. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  7. "GDP per capita, current prices | IMF World Economic Outlook". EconStats. Retrieved 6 September 2016. 
  8. "World Bank GINI index". 
  9. "2017 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2015.