Madagaskar

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Republic of Madagascar
Hal ku dheg: 
Heesta qaranka: Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!
Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors!
Halka ay dhaco  Madagaskar  (dark blue) – Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – the African Union  (light blue)
Halka ay dhaco  Madagaskar (dark blue)

– Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– the African Union (light blue)

Magaalo madax
Waa Magaalada ugu balaaran
Antananarivo
Luqadaha rasmiga ah
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha (2004[2])
Dadka Malagasy[3][4]
Xukunka Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Hery Rajaonarimampianina
 -  Prime Minister Christian Ntsay
 -  Senate President Honoré Rakotomanana
 -  President of the National Assembly Rakotomamonjy Jean Max
Sharci dejinta Parliament
 -  Aqalka sare Senate
 -  Aqalka hoose National Assembly
Independence
 -  from France 26 June 1960 
 -  Current constitution 17 November 2010 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 587,041 km2 (46th)
226,597 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 0.9%
Tirada dadka
 -  Template:UN Population qiyaasta Template:UN PopulationTemplate:UN Population (52nd)
 -  1993 Tirakoob 12,238,914
 -  Mugga Dadka 35.2/km2 (174th)
91.1/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2017 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $40.055 billion[5]
 -  Qof qof $1,563[5]
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2017 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $10.372 billion[5]
 -  Calaa qof $405[5]
Qaybsiga (2010)44.1[6] (medium)
Kobaca (2015)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.512[7] (low / 158th)
Lacagta Malagasy ariary (MGA)
Waqtiga EAT (UTC+3)
 -  Xagaa (DST) not observed[8] (UTC+3)
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +261[8]
Furaha Internetka .mg

Isuduwe: 20°S 47°E / 20°S 47°E / -20; 47

Flag of Madagascar.svg

Madagaskar ama jamhuuriyadda madagaskar waa wadan Jasiirad ah, oo ku yaalo Badweynta Hindiya, dhinaca Koonfurbari ee xeebta Afrika. waxee u jirtaa Musaanbiiq 400 kilomitar. Madagaskar waa jasiirada affaraad oo ugu ween Aduunka, waxeena afrika ka go'day sanado milliyan kabadan. dadka degen Madagaskar asalkooda waa dad afrikaan iyo Indonesian ah. jasiirada waxaa ku badan geedo iyo xayawaanaad u gaar ah oo wadamada kale lagu arki karin. madagaskar waa jasiirada sideedaad oo ugu dadka tiradabadan Aduunka. Madagascar (Madagascar): Malagasy: Madagasikara), si rasmi ah Jamhuuriyada Madagascar (Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; Faransiiska: République de Madagascar), oo hore loogu yaqaanay Jamhuuriyada Malagasy, waa wadan jasiirad ah oo Hindiya ah Badweynta, oo ka baxsan xeebta Bariga Afrika. Qaranku wuxuu ka kooban yahay jasiiradda Madagascar (jasiiradda afaraad ee ugu wayn adduunka), iyo jasiirado badan oo yar yar. Ka dib burburkii hore ee Gondwana, Madagascar wuxuu kala qaybsamay badweynta Hindiya ku dhowaad 88 milyan oo sano ka hor, oo u oggolaanaya dhirta iyo xayawaannada in ay u kobciyaan khilaafka. Sidaa awgeed, Madagascar waa meel dhexaad ah oo kala duwan; in ka badan 90% duurjoogta ayaa laga helaa meel kale oo ka jirta Dunida. Jasiiradaha kala duwan ee dabiiciga ah iyo duur-joogta khaaska ah ayaa halis galin doona xayiraadii dadweynaha si deg deg ah u sii kordhaya iyo hanjabaadaha kale ee deegaanka.

Taariikhda koowaad ee caddaynta bini-aadannimada ee Madagascar waxaa laga yaabaa in ay dhacdo ilaa 10,000 oo sano ka hor. Heshiiska aadanaha ee Madagascar wuxuu dhacay intii u dhexeysay 350 BC iyo AD 550 dadka Australiyaanka ah, iyaga oo ka yimid koofiyadaha xagjirka ah ee Borneo. Kuwani waxay ku biireen AD 1000 iyadoo ay soo galootiga Bantu ka gudbeen Mozambique Channel oo ka yimid Bariga Afrika. Kooxo kale ayaa sii waday in ay degaan Madagascar wakhti wakhti dheer, midkasta oo ka dhigaya tabaruc joogta nolosha Malagasy. Qowmiyadda Malagasy waxaa badanaa loo qaybiyaa 18 kooxood ama ka badan oo ka mid ah kuwa ugu weyn waa Merina ee meelaha sare ee dhexe.

Ilaa dabayaaqadii qarnigii 18aad, jasiiradda Madagascar waxaa maamula qaybo kala duwan oo isdaba-joog ah oo isbeddel ku ah isbaheysiga dhaqameedyada. Laga bilaabo bilawgii qarnigii 19aad, jasiiradda inteeda badani waxay midaysnayd oo xukuntay sidii Boqortooyada Madagascar ay u samaysay taxane ah rag amin ah. Boqortooyada boqortooyadu waxay ku dhammaatay 1897 markii jasiiradda laga soo dhex tuuray boqortooyadii Faransiiska, oo laga soo qaaday jasiiradda 1960-kii. Madaxweynihii hore ee Madagascar ayaa tan iyo waagii afaraad ka soo wareegay Jamhuuriyadda. Tan iyo 1992, qaranka ayaa si rasmi ah loogu maamulay dimuqraadiyad dastuuri ah oo caasimaddeeda ah Antananarivo. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, kacdoon shacbiyadeed oo sanadkii 2009, madaxweyne Marc Ravalomanana ayaa loo sameeyay inuu is casilo, awoodda madaxweynana waxaa loo wareejiyay Maarso 2009 ilaa Andry Rajoelina. Maamulka Dastuurka ayaa dib loo soo celiyay Janaayo 2014, markii Hery Rajaonarimampianina loo magacaabay madaxweynan ka dib doorashadii 2013-ka waxay ahayd mid caddaalad ah oo hufan beesha caalamka. Madagascar waa xubin ka mid ah Qaramada Midoobay, Midowga Afrika (AU), Bulshada Horumarinta Koonfurta Afrika (SADC), iyo Ururka Caalamiga ah ee de la Francophonie.

Madagascar ayaa ka mid ah dalalka ugu yar ee horumaray, sida ay sheegtay Qaramada Midoobay. [11] Malagasy iyo Faransiisku waa luuqadaha rasmiga ah ee dawladda. Inta badan dadku waxay u hoggaansamaan diinta dhaqameed, Masiixiyadda, ama wadaagida labadaba. Ecotourism iyo beeraha, ayaa la isku daray maalgashiga


Number
on map
Name Area
(km²)
Population
(2013 estimates)[9]
Population
density
per km2
Capital Former
province
1 Diana 19,266 700,021 36.3 Antsiranana Antsiranana
2 Sava 25,518 980,807 38.4 Sambava Antsiranana
3 Itasy 6,993 732,834 104.8 Miarinarivo Antananarivo
4 Analamanga 16,911 3,348,794 198.0 Antananarivo-Renivohitra Antananarivo
5 Vakinankaratra 16,599 1,803,307 108.6 Antsirabe Antananarivo
6 Bongolava 16,688 457,368 27.4 Tsiroanomandidy Antananarivo
7 Sofia 50,100 1,247,037 24.9 Antsohihy Mahajanga
8 Boeny 31,046 799,675 25.8 Mahajanga Mahajanga
9 Betsiboka 30,025 293,522 9.8 Maevatanana Mahajanga
10 Melaky 38,852 289,594 7.5 Maintirano Mahajanga
11 Alaotra-Mangoro 31,948 1,027,110 32.1 Ambatondrazaka Toamasina
12 Atsinanana 21,934 1,270,680 57.9 Toamasina Toamasina
13 Analanjirofo 21,930 1,035,132 47.2 Fenoarivo Atsinanana Toamasina
14 Amoron'i Mania 16,141 715,027 44.3 Ambositra Fianarantsoa
15 Matsiatra Ambony 21,080 1,199,183 56.9 Fianarantsoa Fianarantsoa
16 Vatovavy-Fitovinany 19,605 1,416,459 72.2 Manakara Fianarantsoa
17 Atsimo-Atsinanana 18,863 898,702 47.6 Farafangana Fianarantsoa
18 Ihorombe 26,391 312,307 11.8 Ihosy Fianarantsoa
19 Menabe 46,121 592,113 12.8 Morondava Toliara
20 Atsimo-Andrefana 66,236 1,316,756 19.9 Toliara Toliara
21 Androy 19,317 733,933 38.0 Ambovombe-Androy Toliara
22 Anosy 25,731 671,805 26.1 Tôlanaro Toliara
Antananarivo es la capitala politica e economica de Madagascar.

[[File:Malagasy girls Madagascar Meri

na.jpg|thumb|Lei malgahs an de originas mescladas austronesiana (Asia dau sud èst) e Banto (Africa de l'èst).]]


luqada looga hadlo dadka badankooda waxee ku hadlaan luqada malagasy.

  1. Le Comité Consultatif Constitutionnel (1 October 2010). "Projet de Constitution de la Quatrième République de Madagascar" (in Faransiis). Madagascar Tribune. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 August 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  2. "MADAGASCAR: general data". Populstat.info. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  3. "Demonyms – Names of Nationalities". Geography.about.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  4. "Malagasy – National Geographic Style Manual". Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Madagascar". International Monetary Fund. 
  6. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  7. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Bradt (2011), p. 2.
  9. Institute National de la Statistique, Madagascar.