Addis Abeba

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Isuduwe: 9°1′48″N 38°44′24″E / 9.03000°N 38.74000°E / 9.03000; 38.74000

Addis Ababa
አዲስ አበባ
Addis Ababa is located in Ethiopia
Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa
Dhacdaa: 9°1′48″N 38°44′24″E / 9.03000°N 38.74000°E / 9.03000; 38.74000
Dalka Itoobiya
Gobol Addis Abeba
Chartered 1886
Xukunka
 • Duqa Diriba Kuma
Baaxadda
 • Magaalada 527 km2 (203 sq mi)
 • Dhul 527 km2 (203 sq mi)
  [1]
Joogga 2,355 m (7,726 ft)
Tirada dadka (2008)
 • Magaalada 3,384,569
 • Tiro Badnaan 5,165.1/km2 (13,378/sq mi)
 • Urban 3,384,569
 • Magaalo 4,567,857
Saacad East Africa Time (UTC+3)
Area code(s) (+251) 11
Website Official website

w:tr:Addis Ababa w:ar:Addis Ababa w:zh:亚的斯亚贝巴

Masraxa Adis Abeba

Adiss Ababa (Amxaari: አዲስ አበባ) waa Caasimada Dawlada Federaalka ah ee Itoobiya, waana Magaalada ugu weyn itoobiya isla markaasna waa Gobol gaar ah. Micnaha Addis Ababa waa Ubaxa Cusub waxaana Xafiis ku leh Ururka Midowga Afrika, dadka ku nool waa illaa 4 milyan . dadka degan waa illaa 80 isir oo kala duwan oo ku hadla 80 afaf . Waxaana ku yaal Garoon diyaaradeed oo la yiraahdo Garoonka Diyaaradaha ee Bole, asaaskeedu wuxuu ahaa 1886. jooga badda waxay ka sareysaa 2500m . waxayna caan kutahay isu dheeli tirnaan cimilo sanadka oo idil . heer kulkeedu ma dhaafo 16.

Dawladda

Iyadoo la raacayo Dastuurka Itoobiya ee 1995, magaalada Addis Ababa waa mid ka mid ah labada magaalo ee federaalka ah ee ka masuul ah Dowladda Federaalka ee Itoobiya. Magaaladda kale ee leh isla xaaladdan waa Dire Dawa oo ku taal bariga dalka, labada magaalooyinkana waxay ku yaalaan Gobolka Oromiya. Horaantii, kadib markii la aasaasay qaab-dhismeedka federaalka ee 1991-kii oo ku hoos maray Axdiga Ku-Meel-Gaarka ah ee Itoobiya, Dawladda Hoose ee Addis Ababa waxay ka mid ahayd dawladaha 14-ka dawladood ee cusub. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, qaab-dhismeedkan waxaa beddelay dastuurka federaalka ee 1995-kii, natiijadaasna, Addis Ababa ma lahan xaalad dowladnimo.

Maamulka magaalada Addis Ababa waxay ka kooban tahay Duqa Magaalada, oo hogaaminaya laanta fulinta, iyo Golaha Magaalada, oo dejiya xeerarka magaalada. Si kastaba ha noqotee, iyada oo qayb ka ah Dowladda Federaalka, Baarlamaanka Federaalka ayaa dejiya sharciyo ku xiran Addis Ababa. Xubnaha Golaha Deegaanka waxaa si toos ah u doorta dadka deggan magaalada iyo Golaha, markaa waxay doortaan Duqa dhexdooda xubnahooda. Xilliga xafiiska ee loo doorto saraakiisha la soo doortay waa shan sano. Si kastaba ha noqotee, Dawladda Federaalka, marka ay u aragto daruuri, waxay burburin kartaa Golaha Magaalada iyo maamulka oo idil oo ay u beddeli karaan maamul ku-meel-gaar ah illaa inta doorashadu socoto. Dadka degan Addis Ababa ayaa matalaya Baarlamaanka Federaalka, Golaha Wakiilada. Si kastaba ha noqotee, magaalada ma matalayso Aqalka Federaalka, taas oo ah aqalka sare ee federaalka ee ay wakiil ka yihiin wadamada xubnaha ka ah. Laanta Fulinta ee Duqa Magaalada ayaa ka kooban Maamulaha Magaalada iyo laamaha kala duwan ee xafiisyada adeegga bulshada.

Duqa magaalada Addis Ababa waa Gudoomiyaha Dimoqraadiyada ee Oromo People's Democratic Organization (OPDO), oo ah xubin ka tirsan Isbahaysiga Xukumadda ee Jabhadda Dibudhiga Dimuqraadiyadda (EPRDF). Mudane Diriba Kuma wuxuu xilka kala wareegay 9kii Luulyo 2013. Wuxuu hore u ahaa Kuma Demeksa (oo sidoo kale ka tirsan xisbiga OPDO), wuxuu muddo shan sano ah ka soo shaqeeyay 30kii Oktoobar 2008. Intii ka horeysay, Dowladda Federaalka waxay u magacawday Mr. Berhane Deressa inuu hoggaamiyo maamulka kumeelgaadhka ah ee ka shaqeeyey laga bilaabo 9kii Maajo 2006 ilaa 30 Oktoobar 2008 ka dib dhibaatadii doorashadii 2005. Doorashadii qaran ee 2005, xisbiga talada haya ee EPRDF ayaa guulo waaweyn ka soo gaaray Addis Ababa. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, mucaaradka ku guuleystay Addis Ababa ma aysan ka qeyb geli xukuumadda labada heer gobol iyo mid federaalba. Xaaladdan ayaa ku khasabtay Dawladda Federaalka ee EPRDF in ay ku wareejiso maamul ku-meelgaar ah illaa iyo inta doorasho cusub la qabtay. Natiijo ahaan, Mr. Berhane Deressa, oo ah muwaadin madax banaan, ayaa loo magacaabay.

Qaar ka mid ah duqayadii hore ee Addis Ababa waa Arkabe Oqubay (2003-06), Zewde Teklu (1985-89), Alemu Abebe (1977-85) iyo Zewde Gebrehiwot (1960-69).

Dhaqanka Qalabka la yaabka leh waxaa ka mid ah Cathedral Cathedral (oo la aasaasay 1896 iyo sidoo kale guriga lagu hayo matxafka), Quduuska Quduuska ah ee Qudduuska ah (marxuumka ugu weyn ee Orthodox Orthodox Cathedral) iyo meesha lagu aasayo ee Emily Haile Selassie iyo qoyska Imperial , iyo kuwa ku dagaallamay reer Talyaani intii lagu jiray dagaalkii labaad ee aduunka. Waxaa sidoo kale jira garoonkii hore ee Imperial ee Menelik oo weli taagan kursiga rasmiga ah ee dawladda, iyo Aqalka Qaranka oo hore loogu yaqaanay Jubilee Palace (oo loo dhisay in lagu calaamadeeyo Boqortooyada Boqortooyada Haile Selassie ee 1955) taas oo ah degaanka madaxweynaha Itoobiya. Jubilee Palace ayaa sidoo kale loo qaabeeyey ka dib markii Buckingham Palace ee Boqortooyada Ingiriiska. Xarunta Afrika waxay ku taallaa dhammaan meelihii Menelik II ee laga soo galo Garoowe halkaasoo ah Xarunta Dhaqaalaha ee Qaramada Midoobay ee Afrika oo xarunteedu tahay sidoo kale xafiisyada QM ee Itoobiya. Sidoo kale waa goobta lagu aasaasay Ururka Midawga Afrika (OAU), oo ugu dambeyntii noqday Midowga Afrika (AU). Midawga Afrika ayaa hadda ku jira xarun cusub oo lagu dhisay meel ku taal xabsiga Akaki Xabsiga, oo ay ku leedahay dhulkii ay ku deeqeen Itoobiya ee ujeedadaas ku lahayd qaybta koonfureed ee magaalada. Tiyaatarka Hager Fikir, oo ah tiyaatarka ugu da'da weyn Itoobiya, wuxuu ku yaalaa degmada Piazza. Dhawaqa Quduuska ah ee Trinity Cathedral waa dhismaha baarlamanka, oo lagu dhisay xukunka Haile Selassie, oo leh minaarad saacadeed. Waxay sii waddaa inay u adeegto sida kursiga Baarlamaanka maanta. Dhamaan Baarlamaanka waa Shengo Hall, oo ay dhistay xukunka Derg ee Mengistu Haile Mariam oo ah hoolka baarlamaanka cusub. Shengo Hall wuxuu ahaa dhismaha adduunka ugu weyn ee la dhisay, kaas oo lagu dhisay Finland ka hor inta aan lagu soo shirin Addis Ababa. Waxaa loo isticmaalaa shirar waaweyn iyo heshiisyo. Itegue Hotel, oo dhisay 1898 (Calendar Calendar) oo ku taal bartamaha magaalada (Piazza), ayaa ahaa hotelkii ugu horeeyay ee Itoobiya.

Degmada Merkato, oo noqotay midka ugu weyn suuqa Soomaliya, waa Masaajidka Grand Anwar ee masaajidka ugu wayn ee laga dhisay dalka Talyaaniga. Dhowr mitir oo koonfur-galbeed ah ee Masjidka Anwar waa kaniisada Raguel oo la dhisay ka dib markii xoriyadii Empress Menen. Dhismaha masaajidka iyo kaniisaddu waxay calaamad u tahay xidhiidhka nabadeed ee dheeriga ah ee u dhexeeya masiixiga iyo diinta Islaamka ee Itoobiya. Kaniisadda Katooliga Katooliga ee Quduuska Quduuska ah wuxuu kaloo ku yaal degmada Merkato. Ugu dhow Garoonka Diyaaradaha Caalamiga ah waa Madhane Alem (Badbaadiyaha Dunida) Orthodox Cathedral, oo ah kan labaad ee ugu weyn Afrika.

Tilmaamo kale oo magaalada ka mid ah suuqa sare ee Mercato, jimicsiga Jan Meda, Xarunta Madadaalada ee Bihere Tsige iyo jidka tareenka ee Jabuuti. Goobaha cayaaraha waxaa ka mid ah Iskuulada Addis Ababa iyo Nyala. Abaalmarinta Afrika ee 2008-dii ee ciyaaraha fudud ayaa lagu qabtay Addis Ababa. Buuraha Entoto waxay ka bilaabmaan xaafadaha waqooyiga. Xaafadaha magaalada waxaa ka mid ah Shiro Meda iyo Entoto oo waqooyiga, Urael iyo Bole (Guriga Bole Internat

Gallery[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Nr Subcity Area (km²) Population Density Map
1
Addis Ketema[8]
7.41
271,644
36,659.1
Addis Ketema (Addis Ababa Map).png
2
Akaky Kaliti[9]
118.08
195,273
1,653.7
Akaky Kaliti (Addis Ababa Map).png
3
Arada[10]
9.91
225,999
23,000
Arada (Addis Ababa Map).png
4
Bole[11]
122.08
328,900
2,694.1
Bole (Addis Ababa Map).png
5
Gullele[12]
30.18
284,865
9,438.9
Gullele (Addis Ababa Map).png
6
Kirkos[13]
14.62
235,441
16,104
Kirkos (Addis Ababa Map).png
7
Kolfe Keranio[14]
61.25
546,219
7,448.5
Kolfe Keranio (Addis Ababa Map).png
8
Lideta[15]
9.18
214,769
23,000
Lideta (Addis Ababa Map).png
9
Nifas Silk-Lafto[16]
68.30
335,740
4,915.7
Nifas Silk-Lafto (Addis Ababa Map).png
10
Yeka[17]
85.46
337,575
3950.1
Yeka (Addis Ababa Map).png

Cimilada Addis Abeba[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Faahfaahin Cimilada Addis Ababa
Bilaha Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Sanad
Kuleel aan darnayn °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
24.3
(75.7)
24.8
(76.6)
24.2
(75.6)
24.4
(75.9)
20.0
(68.0)
17.9
(64.2)
20.0
(68.0)
21.3
(70.3)
22.3
(72.1)
22.6
(72.7)
22.8
(73.0)
22.8
(73.0)
Hoos udhaca kuleelka °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
9.0
(48.2)
11.6
(52.9)
12.0
(53.6)
12.3
(54.1)
11.2
(52.2)
11.3
(52.3)
11.2
(52.2)
11.0
(51.8)
9.9
(49.8)
8.7
(47.7)
8.1
(46.6)
10.6
(51.1)
Roobka mm (Faraha) 16.8
(0.661)
36
(1.42)
68.2
(2.685)
88.8
(3.496)
76
(2.99)
123.5
(4.862)
259.4
(10.213)
278
(10.94)
174.1
(6.854)
41.1
(1.618)
8.3
(0.327)
10.2
(0.402)
1,180.4
(46.472)
Dhexdhexaad. Xilli roobaadka 3 5 7 10 10 20 27 26 18 4 1 1 132
Source #1: National Meteorological Agency
Source #2: World Meteorological Organisation (UN)

Tixraacyada[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

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Wikimedia Commons waxee heysaa war la xiriiro:
  1. "2011 National Statistics". Csa.gov.et. Retrieved 2013-07-20. 
  2. "Korea's Most Charming Region: Chuncheon-si". tour.chuncheon.go.kr. 
  3. "קשריםקשרים בין-לאומיים של העיר באר-שבע" (in Hebrew). Beer-sheva.muni.il. Archived from the original on 9 December 2008. Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  4. "Partnerstadt Addis Abeba - Eine neue Blume für Leipzig" (in German). Retrieved 20 October 2017. 
  5. "Städtepartnerschaft Leipzig–Addis Abeba e. V." (in English, German, and Amharic). Retrieved 20 October 2017. 
  6. "Sister Cities of Ankara". 
  7. Tadias Magazine, "DC & Addis to Become Sister Cities", 4 December 2013, available at http://www.tadias.com/12/04/2013/dc-addis-to-become-sister-cities/
  8. "Addis Ketema page (Addis Ababa website)". Addisababacity.gov.et. Archived from the original on 14 December 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  9. "Akaky Kaliti page (Addis Ababa website)". Addisababacity.gov.et. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  10. "Arada page (Addis Ababa website)". Addisababacity.gov.et. Archived from the original on 11 January 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  11. "Bole page (Addis Ababa website)". Addisababacity.gov.et. Archived from the original on 25 November 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  12. "Gullele page (Addis Ababa website)". Addisababacity.gov.et. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  13. "Kirkos page (Addis Ababa website)". Addisababacity.gov.et. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  14. "Kolfe Keranio page (Addis Ababa website)". Addisababacity.gov.et. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  15. "Lideta page (Addis Ababa website)". Addisababacity.gov.et. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  16. "Nifas Silk-Lafto page (Addis Ababa website)". Addisababacity.gov.et. Archived from the original on 4 January 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  17. "Yeka page (Addis Ababa website)". Addisababacity.gov.et. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 


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