Ruushka

Ka Wikipedia
(Waxaa laga soo toosiyay Ruush)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ruushka Fedaraalka ah
  • Российская Федерация (Af-Ruush)
  • Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
Heesta qaranka: 
"Государственный гимн Российской Федерации"
"Gosudarstvennyy gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii"
"Heesta qaranka Ruushka Fedaraalka ah"
Goobta ee Ruushka ku taalo oo ay ka midtahay Krimea cagaar biyobiyo[lower-alpha 1]
Goobta ee Ruushka ku taalo oo ay ka midtahay Krimea cagaar biyobiyo[lower-alpha 1]
Magaalo madaxMoscow
Magaalada uguwayn Caasimada
Luqada rasmiga
iyo luqada qaranka
Ruush[3]
La aqoonsaday Luqadaha qaranka Fiiri Luqadaha ruushka
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha (2010)
Dadka Ruush
Xukunka Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic[4]
 -  Madaxweyne Vladimir Putin
 -  Raiisul wasaare Mikhail Mishustin
 -  Afhayeenka
Golaha federaalka
Valentina Matviyenko
 -  Afhayeenka
Gobolka Duma
Vyacheslav Volodin
 -  Guddoomiyaha Maxkamadda Sare Vyacheslav Lebedev
Sharci dejinta Golaha Federaalka
 -  Aqalka sare Golaha Xiriirka
 -  Aqalka hoose Gobolka Duma
Sameynta
 -  Novgorod built c. 862 
 -  Kievan Rus' 879 
 -  Duchy of Moscow 1283 
 -  Tsardom of Russia 16 January 1547 
 -  Russian Empire 2 November 1721 
 -  Monarchy abolished 15 March 1917 
 -  Russian Federation 12 December 1991 
 -  Current constitution 12 December 1993 
 -  Siyaasadii ugu dambeysay qirtay 18 March 2014 
 -  Wax ka beddelka ugu dambeeyay 4 July 2020 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 17,098,246 km2 [5] (without Crimea)[lower-alpha 2](1st)
6,601,670 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 13[7] (including swamps)
Tirada dadka
 -  2020 (December)[9] qiyaasta
 (9th)
 -  Mugga Dadka 8.4/km2 (225th)
21.5/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2019 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan Green Arrow Up Darker.svg $4.135 trillion[10] (6th)
 -  Qof qof Green Arrow Up Darker.svg $28,184[10] (50th)
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2019 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan Green Arrow Up Darker.svg $1.702 trillion[10] (11th)
 -  Calaa qof Green Arrow Up Darker.svg $11,601[10] (61st)
Qaybsiga (2018)negative increase 37.5[11] (medium / 98th)
Kobaca (2019)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.824[12] (very high / 52nd)
Lacagta Russian ruble () (RUB)
Waqtiga (UTC+2 to +12)
Taariikhda dd.mm.yyyy
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +7
Furaha Internetka

Ruushka () ama Ruushka Fedaraalka ah waa waddan ku fidsan qaaradaha Bariga Yurub iyo Waqooyiga Aasiya . Dalku wuxuu ku fidsan yahay laga bilaabo Badda Baltic ee galbeedka illaa Badweynta Baasifiga ee bariga, iyo Badweynta Arktik ee woqooyiga ilaa Badda Madoow iyo Badda Caspian ee koonfurta. Ruushka wuxuu daboolayaa 17,125,191 kiiloomitir oo laba jibbaaran (6,612,073 sq mi), oo u dhigma in ka badan sideed meelood meel dhulka la deggan yahay, wuxuu ku fidsanyahay kow iyo toban soonayaasha waqtiga , wuxuuna xuduud la leeyahay 16 dal oo madaxbanaan,

Moscow waa caasimada dalka waana magaalada ugu weyn; magaalooyinka kale ee waaweyn waxaa ka mid ah Saint Petersburg , Novosibirsk , Yekaterinburg , Kazan , Nizhny Novgorod , Chelyabinsk iyo Samara . Ruushka waa wadanka ugu weyn aduunka , waa wadanka sagaalaad ee ugu dadka badan , sidoo kale waa wadanka ugu dadka badan Yurub. Waddanku wuxuu ka midyahay kuwa ugu shacabka tirada yar caalamka marka loo fiiriyo baaxada dalka.

Qiyaastii kalabar guud ahaan dalka waa dhul duur , waxaana ku nool afar meelood meel tirada guud ee dadkeeda oo ka badan 146.7 milyan. Ruushka wuxuu maamul ahaan u qaybsan yahay 85 qaybood oo federaal ah . Magaalada caasimada ah ee Moscow waa magaalada ugu weyn yurub iyo nawaaxigeeda, waxayna ka midtahay kuwa ugu waaweyn adduunka , oo in ka badan 20 milyan ay deggan yihiin.

Ruushka waxaa lagu tilmaamaa inuu yahay dal awood leh , oo leh ciidanka labaad ee ugu awooda badan aduunka , iyo kan afaraad ee ugu qarashka militariga sareeya. Maaddaama ay tahay dowlad hub nukliyeer oo la aqoonsan yahay , waddanku wuxuu leeyahay keydka hubka adduunka ugu weyn.

Dhaqaalaha dalka wuxuu ku jiraa kaalinta kow iyo tobnaad ee ugu weyn dunida oo dhan marka loo eego GDP iyo kan lixaad ee ugu weyn marka loo eego PPP .

Kheyraadka ballaaran ee Ruushka laga helo macdanta iyo tamarta ayaa ah kan ugu weyn adduunka, taasoo ka dhigeysa mid ka mid ah kuwa ugu horreeya soo saarista saliidda iyo gaaska dabiiciga ah ee adduunka. Ruushka waxay martigalisay tirada sagaalaad ee adduunka ugu tirada badan ee UNESCO Goobaha Dhaxalka Adduunka , isla mar ahaantaana lagu qiimeeyo heer aad u sarreeya ee Heerka Horumarinta Biniaadamka.

Ruushka waxay leedahay nidaam daryeel caafimaad oo caalami ah iyo waxbarasho jaamacadeed oo bilaash ah . Waa xubin joogto ka ah Golaha Amniga ee Qaramada Midoobay , xubin ka ah SCO , G20 , Golaha Yurub , APEC , OSCE , IIB iyo WTO , iyo sidoo kale inay xubin ka tahay hoggaanka CIS , the CSTO iyo xubin ka tirsan EAEU.

Taariikh[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

Code Name Capital/Administrative centre[a] Flag Coat
of arms
Federal district Economic region Area
(km2)[13]
Population
[14]
Year
established
 
01 Adygea, Republic of Maykop Flag of Adygea.svg Coat of arms of Adygea.svg Southern North Caucasus 7,600 447,109 1922
02 Bashkortostan, Republic of Ufa Flag of Bashkortostan.svg Coat of Arms of Bashkortostan.svg Volga Ural 143,600 4,104,336 1919
03 Buryatia, Republic of Ulan-Ude Flag of Buryatia.svg Coat of Arms of Buryatia.svg Siberian East Siberian 351,300 981,238 1923
04 Altai Republic Gorno-Altaysk Flag of Altai Republic.svg Coat of Arms of Altai Republic.svg Siberian West Siberian 92,600 202,947 1922
05 Dagestan, Republic of Makhachkala Flag of Dagestan.svg Coat of Arms of Dagestan.svg North Caucasian North Caucasus 50,300 2,576,531 1921
06 Ingushetia, Republic of Magas
(Largest city: Nazran)
Flag of Ingushetia.svg Coat of Arms of Ingushetia.svg North Caucasian North Caucasus 4,000 467,294 1992
07 Kabardino-Balkar Republic Nalchik Flag of Kabardino-Balkaria.svg Coat of Arms of Kabardino-Balkaria.svg North Caucasian North Caucasus 12,500 901,494 1936
08 Kalmykia, Republic of Elista Flag of Kalmykia.svg Coat of Arms of Kalmykia.svg Southern Volga 76,100 292,410 1957
09 Karachay-Cherkess Republic Cherkessk Flag of Karachay-Cherkessia.svg Coat of Arms of Karachay-Cherkessia.svg North Caucasian North Caucasus 14,100 439,470 1957
10 Karelia, Republic of Petrozavodsk Flag of Karelia.svg Coat of Arms of Republic of Karelia.svg Northwestern Northern 172,400 716,281 1956
11 Komi Republic Syktyvkar Flag of Komi.svg Coat of Arms of the Komi Republic.svg Northwestern Northern 415,900 1,018,674 1921
12 Mari El Republic Yoshkar-Ola Flag of Mari El.svg Coat of Arms of Mari El.svg Volga Volga-Vyatka 23,200 727,979 1920
13 Mordovia, Republic of Saransk Flag of Mordovia.svg Coat of Arms of Mordovia.svg Volga Volga-Vyatka 26,200 888,766 1930
14 Sakha (Yakutia) Republic Yakutsk Flag of Sakha.svg Coat of Arms of Sakha (Yakutia).svg Far Eastern Far Eastern 3,103,200 949,280 1922
15 North Ossetia-Alania, Republic of Vladikavkaz Flag of North Ossetia.svg Wapen Ossetien.svg North Caucasian North Caucasus 8,000 710,275 1924
16 Tatarstan, Republic of Kazan Flag of Tatarstan.svg Coat of Arms of Tatarstan.svg Volga Volga 68,000 3,779,265 1920
17 Tuva Republic Kyzyl Flag of Tuva.svg Coat of arms of Tuva.svg Siberian East Siberian 170,500 305,510 1944
18 Udmurt Republic Izhevsk Flag of Udmurtia.svg Coat of arms of Udmurtia.svg Volga Ural 42,100 1,570,316 1920
19 Khakassia, Republic of Abakan Flag of Khakassia.svg Coat of arms of Khakassia.svg Siberian East Siberian 61,900 546,072 1930
20 Chechen Republic Grozny Flag of the Chechen Republic.svg Coat of arms of Chechnya.svg North Caucasian North Caucasus 15,300 1,103,686 1991
21 Chuvash Republic Cheboksary Flag of Chuvashia.svg Coat of Arms of Chuvashia.svg Volga Volga-Vyatka 18,300 1,313,754 1920
22 Altai Krai Barnaul Flag of Altai Krai.svg Coat of Arms of Altai Krai.svg Siberian West Siberian 169,100 2,607,426 1937
75 Zabaykalsky Krai Chita Flag of Zabaykalsky Krai.svg Coat of arms of Zabaykalsky Krai.svg Siberian East Siberian 431,500 1,155,346 2008
41 Kamchatka Krai Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Flag of Kamchatka Krai.svg Coat of Arms of Kamchatka Krai.svg Far Eastern Far Eastern 472,300 358,801 2007
23 Krasnodar Krai Krasnodar Flag of Krasnodar Krai.svg Coat of Arms of Krasnodar Kray.svg Southern North Caucasus 76,000 5,125,221 1937
24 Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnoyarsk Flag of Krasnoyarsk Krai.svg Coat of arms of Krasnoyarsk Krai.svg Siberian East Siberian 2,339,700 2,966,042 1934
59 Perm Krai Perm Flag of Perm Krai.svg Coat of Arms of Perm Krai.svg Volga Ural 160,600 2,819,421 2005
25 Primorsky Krai Vladivostok Flag of Primorsky Krai.svg Coat of arms of Primorsky Krai.svg Far Eastern Far Eastern 165,900 2,071,210 1938
26 Stavropol Krai Stavropol Flag of Stavropol Krai.svg Coat of arms of Stavropol Krai.svg North Caucasian North Caucasus 66,500 2,735,139 1934
27 Khabarovsk Krai Khabarovsk Flag of Khabarovsk Krai.svg Coat of Arms of Khabarovsky kray (N2).png Far Eastern Far Eastern 788,600 1,436,570 1938
28 Amur Oblast Blagoveshchensk Flag of Amur Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Amur oblast.png Far Eastern Far Eastern 363,700 902,844 1932
29 Arkhangelsk Oblast Arkhangelsk Flag of Arkhangelsk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Arkhangelsk oblast.svg Northwestern Northern 587,400 1,336,539 1937
30 Astrakhan Oblast Astrakhan Flag of Astrakhan Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Astrakhan Oblast.svg Southern Volga 44,100 1,005,276 1943
31 Belgorod Oblast Belgorod Flag of Belgorod Oblast.svg New Coat of Arms of Belgorod Oblast.svg Central Central Black Earth 27,100 1,511,620 1954
32 Bryansk Oblast Bryansk Flag of Bryansk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Bryansk Oblast.svg Central Central 34,900 1,378,941 1944
33 Vladimir Oblast Vladimir Flag of Vladimirskaya Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Vladimiri Oblast.svg Central Central 29,000 1,523,990 1944
34 Volgograd Oblast Volgograd Flag of Volgograd Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Volgograd oblast.svg Southern Volga 113,900 2,699,223 1937
35 Vologda Oblast Vologda
(Largest city: Cherepovets)
Flag of Vologda oblast.svg Coat of arms of Vologda oblast.svg Northwestern Northern 145,700 1,269,568 1937
36 Voronezh Oblast Voronezh Flag of Voronezh Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Voronezh Oblast.svg Central Central Black Earth 52,400 2,378,803 1934
37 Ivanovo Oblast Ivanovo Flag of Ivanovo Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Ivanovo Oblast.svg Central Central 21,800 1,148,329 1936
38 Irkutsk Oblast Irkutsk Flag of Irkutsk Oblast.svg Герб Иркутской области.svg Siberian East Siberian 767,900 2,581,705 1937
39 Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad Flag of Kaliningrad Oblast.svg Kaliningrad Oblast Coat of Arms 2006.svg Northwestern Kaliningrad 15,100 955,281 1946
40 Kaluga Oblast Kaluga Flag of Kaluga Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Kaluga Oblast.svg Central Central 29,900 1,041,641 1944
42 Kemerovo Oblast Kemerovo
(Largest city: Novokuznetsk)
Flag of Kemerovo oblast.svg Coat of arms of Kemerovo Oblast.svg Siberian West Siberian 95,500 2,899,142 1943
43 Kirov Oblast Kirov Flag of Kirov Region.svg Coat of arms of Kirov Region.svg Volga Volga-Vyatka 120,800 1,503,529 1934
44 Kostroma Oblast Kostroma Flag of Kostroma Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Kostroma Oblast.svg Central Central 60,100 736,641 1944
45 Kurgan Oblast Kurgan Flag of Kurgan Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Kurgan Oblast.svg Ural Ural 71,000 1,019,532 1943
46 Kursk Oblast Kursk Flag of Kursk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Kursk oblast.svg Central Central Black Earth 29,800 1,235,091 1934
47 Leningrad Oblast Largest city: Gatchina[b] Flag of Leningrad Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Leningrad Oblast.svg Northwestern Northwestern 84,500 1,669,205 1927
48 Lipetsk Oblast Lipetsk Flag of Lipetsk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Lipetsk oblast.svg Central Central Black Earth 24,100 1,213,499 1954
49 Magadan Oblast Magadan Flag of Magadan Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Magadan oblast.svg Far Eastern Far Eastern 461,400 182,726 1953
50 Moscow Oblast Largest city: Balashikha[c] Flag of Moscow oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Moscow oblast.svg Central Central 44,300[15] 6,618,538 1929
51 Murmansk Oblast Murmansk Flag of Murmansk Oblast.svg Герб Мурманской области.svg Northwestern Northern 144,900 892,534 1938
52 Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Nizhny Novgorod Flag of Nizhny Novgorod Region.svg Coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod Region.svg Volga Volga-Vyatka 76,900 3,524,028 1936
53 Novgorod Oblast Veliky Novgorod Flag of Novgorod Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Novgorod Oblast.svg Northwestern Northwestern 55,300 694,355 1944
54 Novosibirsk Oblast Novosibirsk Flag of Novosibirsk oblast.svg Coat of arms of Novosibirsk oblast.svg Siberian West Siberian 178,200 2,692,251 1937
55 Omsk Oblast Omsk Flag of Omsk Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Omsk Oblast.svg Siberian West Siberian 139,700 2,079,220 1934
56 Orenburg Oblast Orenburg Flag of Orenburg Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Orenburg Oblast.svg Volga Ural 124,000 2,179,551 1934
57 Oryol Oblast Oryol Flag of Oryol Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Oryol Oblast (small).svg Central Central 24,700 860,262 1937
58 Penza Oblast Penza Flag of Penza Oblast.svg Gerb of Penza region.jpg Volga Volga 43,200 1,452,941 1939
60 Pskov Oblast Pskov Flag placeholder.svg Coat of Arms of Pskov Oblast.svg Northwestern Northwestern 55,300 760,810 1944
61 Rostov Oblast Rostov-on-Don Flag of Rostov Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Rostov Oblast.svg Southern North Caucasus 100,800 4,404,013 1937
62 Ryazan Oblast Ryazan Flag of Ryazan Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Ryazan oblast.png Central Central 39,600 1,227,910 1937
63 Samara Oblast Samara Flag of Samara Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Samara oblast.png Volga Volga 53,600 3,239,737 1928
64 Saratov Oblast Saratov Flag of Saratov Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Saratov oblast.svg Volga Volga 100,200 2,668,310 1936
65 Sakhalin Oblast Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Flag of Sakhalin Oblast.svg Sakhalin Oblast Coat of Arms.svg Far Eastern Far Eastern 87,100 546,695 1947
66 Sverdlovsk Oblast Yekaterinburg Flag of Sverdlovsk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Sverdlovsk oblast.svg Ural Ural 194,800 4,486,214 1935
67 Smolensk Oblast Smolensk Flag of Smolensk oblast.svg Coat of arms of Smolensk oblast.svg Central Central 49,800 1,049,574 1937
68 Tambov Oblast Tambov Flag of Tambov Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Tambov Oblast.svg Central Central Black Earth 34,300 1,178,443 1937
69 Tver Oblast Tver Flag of Tver Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Tver oblast.svg Central Central 84,100 1,471,459 1935
70 Tomsk Oblast Tomsk Flag of Tomsk Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Tomsk Oblast, Russia.svg Siberian West Siberian 316,900 1,046,039 1944
71 Tula Oblast Tula Flag of Tula Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Tula oblast.png Central Central 25,700 1,675,758 1937
72 Tyumen Oblast Tyumen Flag of Tyumen Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Tyumen Oblast.svg Ural West Siberian 1,435,200 3,264,841 1944
73 Ulyanovsk Oblast Ulyanovsk Флаг Ульяновской области (2013).svg Coat of Arms of Ulyanovsk Oblast.png Volga Volga 37,300 1,382,811 1943
74 Chelyabinsk Oblast Chelyabinsk Flag of Chelyabinsk Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Chelyabinsk Oblast.svg Ural Ural 87,900 3,603,339 1934
76 Yaroslavl Oblast Yaroslavl Flag of Yaroslavl Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Yaroslavl Oblast (2011) full.svg Central Central 36,400 1,367,398 1936
77 Moscow Flag of Moscow.svg Coat of Arms of Moscow.svg Central Central 2,511 10,382,754
78 Saint Petersburg Flag of Saint Petersburg Russia.svg Coat of Arms of Saint Petersburg (2003).svg Northwestern Northwestern 1,439 4,662,547
79 Jewish Autonomous Oblast Birobidzhan Flag of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.svg Coat of arms of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.svg Far Eastern Far Eastern 36,000 190,915 1934
83 Nenets Autonomous Okrug Naryan-Mar Flag of Nenets Autonomous District.svg Coat of arms of Nenets Autonomous Okrug.svg Northwestern Northern 176,700 41,546 1929
86 Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Yugra Khanty-Mansiysk
(Largest city: Surgut)
Flag of Yugra.svg Coat of Arms of Yugra.svg Ural West Siberian 523,100 1,432,817 1930
87 Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Anadyr Flag of Chukotka.svg Coat of Arms of Chukotka.svg Far Eastern Far Eastern 737,700 53,824 1930
89 Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Salekhard
(Largest city: Noyabrsk)
Flag of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District.svg Coat of Arms of Yamal Nenetsia.svg Ural West Siberian 750,300 507,006 1930
82 Crimea, Republic of[d] Simferopol Flag of Crimea.svg Emblem of Crimea.svg Southern[16][17] North Caucasus 26,964[18] 1,966,801[19] 2014
92 Sevastopol[d] Flag of Sevastopol.svg COA of Sevastopol.svg Southern[16][17] North Caucasus 864[20] 379,200[20] 2014





Tixraac[wax ka badal | wax ka badal xogta]

  1. "Republic of Crimea". Routledge. 2020. ISBN 9781003007067. Note: The territories of the Crimean peninsula, comprising Sevastopol City and the Republic of Crimea, remained internationally recognized as constituting part of Ukraine, following their annexation by Russia in March 2014.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  2. Taylor, Adam (22 March 2014). https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2014/03/22/crimea-has-joined-the-ranks-of-the-worlds-gray-areas-here-are-the-others-on-that-list/. Soo qaatay 27 March 2014.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  3. http://www.constitution.ru/en/10003000-04.htm. Soo qaatay 22 April 2015.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  4. s:Constitution of Russia
  5. (PDF). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Statistics Division https://unstats.un.org/unsd/publications/pocketbook/files/world-stats-pocketbook-2016.pdf#page=182. Soo qaatay 24 April 2018.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  6. Сведения о наличии и распределении земель в Российской Федерации на 1 January 2017 (в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации). Rosreestr. 
  7. Federal State Statistics Service https://web.archive.org/web/20110728064121/http://www.gks.ru/scripts/free/1c.exe?XXXX09F.2.1%2F010000R. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original 28 July 2011. Soo qaatay 5 April 2008.  Barameter aan la aqoon |url-status= ignored (caawin); Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Оценка численности постоянного населения на 1 января 2020 года и в среднем за 2019 год [Estimated population as of 1 January 2020 and on the average for 2019] (XLS). Soo qaatay 21 June 2020. 
  9. www.nationsonline.org
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 IMF.org. International Monetary Fund https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/WEO/weo-database/2020/October/weo-report?c=922,&s=NGDPD,PPPGDP,NGDPDPC,PPPPC,&sy=2010&ey=2020&ssm=0&scsm=1&scc=0&ssd=1&ssc=0&sic=0&sort=country&ds=.&br=1. Soo qaatay 18 January 2020.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  11. . World Bank https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI?locations=RU. Soo qaatay 22 March 2020.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  12. (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020 http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2020.pdf. Soo qaatay 15 December 2020.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  13. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). Federal State Statistics Service http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_03.xls. Soo qaatay 2008-04-18.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  14. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). Federal State Statistics Service http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Soo qaatay 2008-06-23.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  15. [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014] |trans-title= requires |title= (caawin). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Soo qaatay 26 July 2016. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 http://uatoday.tv/politics/crimea-becomes-part-of-vast-southern-federal-district-of-russia-705731.html. Soo qaatay 2016-07-29.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  17. 17.0 17.1 . RBC. March 21, 2014 http://top.rbc.ru/politics/21/03/2014/912755.shtml.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  18. . Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine http://mfa.gov.ua/en/about-ukraine/info/regions/1-crimea. Soo qaatay 2014-03-25.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  19. . ukrstat.gov.ua http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2014/ds/kn/kn_e/kn0214_e.html. Soo qaatay 2015-10-18.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  20. 20.0 20.1 . Sevastopol City State Administration https://web.archive.org/web/20140211231857/http://sev.gov.ua/en/cityinfo/sovrem/. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original February 11, 2014. Soo qaatay April 7, 2014.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)


Dalalka Yurub Qaarada Yurub
Albania • Andorra • Armania • Aserbiijaan • Awstriya • Belarus • Beljim • Boland • Midowga Boqortooyada • Bortuqaal • Bosniya • Bulgaria • Denmark • Estoniya • Faatikan • Faransiiska • Finland • Giriig • Holland • Hungaria • Isbania • Islofaakiya • Isloveeniya • Iswisarland • Iswiidhan • Jarmalka • Joorjiya • Kosofo • Kroatia • Latfiya • Liechtenstein • Lithuaniya • Luksemburg • Makedonia • Malta • Monako • Montenegro • Norway • Romania • Ruushka • San Marino • Serbia • Talyaaniga • Jamhuuriyadda Tashik • Turki


Cite error: <ref> tags exist for a group named "lower-alpha", but no corresponding <references group="lower-alpha"/> tag was found