Suudaan

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Jamhuuriyadda Suudaan
جمهورية السودان
Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān
Hal ku dheg: النصر لنا (Af-Carabi)
"An-Naṣar li-nā"
"Victory is ours"
Heesta qaranka: 
  • نحن جند الله جند الوطن
Halka ay dhaco   Suudaan  (red)
Halka ay dhaco  Suudaan (red)
Magaalo madax Khartuum
15°38′N 032°32′E / 15.633°N 32.533°E / 15.633; 32.533
Magaalada uguwayn Omdurman[1][2]
Luqadaha rasmiga ah
Xukunka
 -  Madaxweyne Cumar Xasan Albashiir (NCP)
 -  Madaxweyne ku xigeen
  • Salva Kiir Mayardit
Askunka
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 1,886,068 km2 (16th)
728,215 sq mi 
Tirada dadka
 -  2008 Tirakoob 30,894,000 (disputed) [3] (40th)
 -  Tiro-badni 16.4/km2
42.4/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2012 Qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $85.272 billion[4]
 -  Qof qof $2,545
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2012 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $59.941 billion[4]
 -  Calaa qof $1,789[4]
Qaybsiga (2009) 35.3[5] (medium)
Kobaca (2011) Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.408[6] (low / 169th)
Lacagta Suudaan pound (SDG)
Waqtiga Waqtiga Bariga Afrika (UTC+3)
 -  Xagaa (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Wadista Baabuurta midig
Furaha telka +249
Furaha Internetka .sd, سودان.
Suudaan

Jamhuuriyada Suudaan ee Carabta waxa la badaly magaicii hore ee suudaan kadib markii Koonfur Suudaan ay ka goday waqoogiyiga Suudaan, wadankani waxa uu ku yaalaa Woqooyiga Afrika. Waxaa soo gumeestay gumeestihii ingriiska. Wadanka Suudaan mar waxa uu ahaa wadanka ugu ween afrika, waxoona xuduud la leyahay wadamada Masar,Libya, Tchad, Itoobiya, , , Ereteriya, ].Wadanka Suudaan waxoo kala go'ay taariikhda marka ee ahayd 9 Luuliyo 2011, . Suudaan waxee markeeda hore xornimo ka heshay gumeestihii ingriiska sanadka marka oo ahaa 1956dii, isla markaas neh wadanka waxoo ku biiray QM,waxaana xukumada qaaday xukumad militari ah oo markaa rabtay in ee wadanka ku xukunto diinta islaamka. Sanadka marka oo ahaa 1972dii ilaa 1982 Suudaan waxaa ka socday dagaalka aduunka ugu foosha xun oona ugu dheer qaarada afrika. Dagaalkaas waxoo u dhaxeeyay waqooyiga Suudaan, oo ah meesha ee caasimada ku taalo, oona ah meesha ugu badan muslimiinta iyo Koonfurta suudaan oo ah meesha karishtaanka ugu badan oona leh saliid. labada qeebood waxee hishiis rasmi ah kala gaareen, taariikhda marka ee eheed 9ka Janaayo 2005ta.

Taariikh[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Suudaan waxee ka midtahay wadamada ugu horeeyay oo islaamka soo maray, gaar ahaan dhinaca saxaarada ee waqooyiga suudaan. wadanka waxaa soo galay Ajanabi carab ah, isla markaas neh ee ka midnoqdeen dadkii horay u degenaa jiray suudaan, waxeena diinta ku sii faafiyeen ilaa koonfurta suudaan.

Waqtigii Gumeesiga[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

sanadka marka oo ahaa 1820 ilaa 1822dii, dhul ka mid ah suudaan waxaa qabsaday wadanka Masar, isla markaas neh waxaa la sameeyay magaalada Khartuum. Sanadka marka oo ahaa 1881dii, waxaa dhashtay Maleeshiyada Mahdi, kuwaas oo ka soo horeejaday ama eediidanaayeen gumeestiyaashii masar iyo ingriiska. Maleeshiyadaas waxee sameesatay wadan u gooni ah, isla markaas neh waxee caasimad kadhigteen magaalada Omdurman. wadankaas waxoo jiray ilaa 1898dii, isla markaas neh waxaa qabsaday gumeestihii ingriiska oo ku guulestay dagaaladii ee kula jireen.

Dhaqaale[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

suudaan dhaqaaleheeda kor ayoo u socdaa ayada oo la ganacsato wadamada shiinaha, jabaan, sacuudi carabiya, imaaradaka carabta iyo masar. suudaan waxee soo saartaa saliid oo laga keeno koonfurta suudaan iyo shidaal. dahab iyo waxyaabo badan neh wee sameesaa, lacagta ee suudaan hesho 100kiiba 50 waxee ku baxdaa militari.

Shacabka[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Suudaan waa wadan oo ajnabi aad u badan ku nool. waxaa lagu hadlaa luqado gaareeso ilaa 110 luqadood, dadka waxaa loo kala qeebiyay waqooyi oo ah meesha ee carabta iyo Nubianka degentahay iyo dhaxbartanka ilaa koonfurta neh waa dad wada ajnabi ah oo aad u kala duwan.

Tixraacyada[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Commons-logo.svg
Wikimedia Commons waxee heysaa war la xiriiro:
  1. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100 000 or more inhabitants: latest available year, 1990–2009". Demographic Yearbook 2009 – 2010. United Nations. 2011. pp. 288–289. https://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/2000_round.htm. Retrieved 12 May 2012. (Table 8)
  2. "Sudan: States, Major Cities, Towns & Agglomeration – Statistics & Maps on City Population". City Population. 2011. http://www.citypopulation.de/Sudan.html. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
  3. "Discontent over Sudan census". News24. AFP (Cape Town). 21 May 2009. http://www.news24.com/World/News/Discontent-over-Sudan-census-20090521. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Sudan". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2013/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=62&pr.y=8&sy=2009&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=732&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI/. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
  6. "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations Development Programme. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 2 November 2011.