Abu Bakr

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Abu Bakr


Abu Bakr/أبو بكر الصديق
Ku xigihii Rasuulka
(Khalifat-ul-Rasūl)
Abu Bakr.svg.png
Wakhtiga maamulka
= 8 Juune 632 – 23 August 634
Loo yaqaano
  • Assiddiq الصدِّيق
  • Saaxiibkii Nebiga
  • Wehelkii Nebiga marar badan
  • Sheekh Akbar
  • Taqi
Magaca buuxa = Cabdullah ibn Abi Quhafa (عبد الله بن أبي قحافة)
Wakhtiga uu dhashay
= Oktoober 573 Makka, Carabta
Wakhtiga dhintey
= 23 Ogosto 634 (da'da 64 jir) Medina, Dhulka Carabta
Meesha lagu aasay
= Al-Masjid al-Nabawi, Madinah
Maamulka Hogaanka
Ka horeeyay
= Nebi Muxamed (Abu Bakr wuxuu ahaa ninkii ku xigay Nebi Muxammed hogaanka dowladii Islaamka)
Ku xigay
= Cumar bin al-Khattab
Xaasaska
xaaska 1aad= Qutaylah bint Abd-al-Uzza (wuu furay)
xaaska 2aad= Um Ruman
xaaska 3aad= Asma bint Umays
xaaska 4aad= Habibah bint Kharijah
Qoyska
Wiilal
Gabdhaha
Aabe
= Cusman Abu Quhafa
hooyo
= Salma Umm-ul-Khair
Walaalo (Aboowe)
  • Mu'taq (Walaal dhexe)
  • Utaiq (Garu dambeys)
  • Quhafah ibn Cusman
Walaalo (Abaayo)
  • Fadra
  • Qareeba
  • Umme-e-Aamer
Tafiir= Siddiqui

Khulafo Raashidiin
ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺷﺪﺓ
Imaam Muslimiin
(ﺃﻣﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ)

Abu Bakr.svg.png

Abu Bakr Sadiiq

Wakhtiga Hogaanka: 8 Juune 632 – 23 Ogosto 634 (27 bilood)

Deegaanka dowlada Islaamka wakhtigii Abu Bakr.

Umar.png

Cumar bin Khattab

Wakhtiga Hogaanka: 23 Ogosto 634 C.D – 03 Nofember 644 C.D

Deegaanka dowlada Islaamka wakhtigii Cumar.


Uthman.png

Cusmaan binu Cafaan

Wakhtiga Hogaanka: 644 C.D ilaa 656 C.D

Deegaanka dowlada Islaamka wakhtigii Cusmaan.

Khaliif cali.svg.png

Cali binu Abi-Daalib

Wakhtiga Hogaanka: 656 C.D ilaa 661 C.D

Deegaanka dowlada Islaamka wakhtigii Cali.

Dhamaan Khulafada

Khulafo Raashidiin (632-661)

Khulafadii Umawiyiinta (661-750)

Khulafadii Cabaasiyiinta (750-1258)

Khulafadii Cusmaaniyiinta (1517-1924)

Abu Bakr Abu Bakr Sadiiq (ingiriis: Abu Bakr; carabi: أبو بكر الصديق; magaca dhamaystiran Cabdullah ibn Abi Quhafa "عبد الله بن أبي قحافة") dhashay Oktoobar 573 C.D magaalada Makka ee dhulka Carabta, isla markaana dhintey 23 Ogosto 634 C.D, waa saaxiibka koowaad ee Nebi Muxamed, hogaamiyihii labaad ee Dawladda Islaamka, asxaabi ka mid ah Kulafo Raashidiinta iyo mid ka mid ah asxaabta rasuulka.[1][2][3]

Abu Bakr wuxuu ahaa hogaamiye sare ee maamulka Dawladda Islaamka intii uu Nebigu noolaa iyo markii uu geeriyoodayba.[4] Sidoo kale wuxuu ahaa sodoga iyo saaxiibka koowaad ee Nebi Muxamed (n.n.k.h). Abu Bakr[5] waxa uu hogaanka iyo talada Khulafada Rashiidiinta hayay ka soo biloow 632–634 C.D markaasi oo uu noqday hogaamihii kowaad Muslimiinta iyo khaliifyada ka dib markii Nebi Maxamed geeriyooday.[6]

Abu Bakr waxaa loo yaqaaney Al-Siddiq (run sheege)[7] sababtoo ah wuxuu ahaa ninkii ugu horeeyay ee rumeeya Nebiga iyo qofkii labaad ee ugu hor rumeeyay diinta Islaamka, waxa ka horeeyay xaaskii Nebiga waa Khadiijo.

Wakhtigii uu yaraa Abu Bakr wuxuu ahaa nin ganacsade[8] ah kaasi oo u kala safra magaalada uu deganaa ee Makka, deegaanada Carabta iyo dhulka eey jaarka yihiin ee Bariga Dhexe, asaga oo kala gooshinaya badeecad, alaab iyo xoolo. Wakhtigani Abu Bakr wuxuu helay waayo-aragnimo badan iyo macaash iyo dhaqaale aad u badan taasi oo markii dambe ka taageertay in uu sharaf, heybad iyo ixtiraam fiican ku dhex yeesho beesha Quraysh ee uu ku dhashay isla markaana ku dhex noolaa. Waxaana loo aqoonsaday hoogaamiyaha beesha isla markaana loo caleemo saaray suldaanka qabiilkiisa.[9]

Mar ka mid ah safaradiisii ganacsi asagoo ka soo noqdey dalka Yaman ayaa waxaa Abu Bakr lagu wargeliyay in wakhtigii uu maqnaa ina adeerkiis Muxamed ku dhawaaqay nabinimo.[10] Wakhti yar ka dib, markuu u kuurgalay isla markaana fahmey Abu Bakr wuu rumeeyay diintii uu soo bandhigay Nebi Muxamed, wuxuuna noqday ninkii ugu horeeyay ee qaata diinta Islamka marka laga reebo qoysk rasuulka, asaga oo shaaca ka qaaday isla mar ahaantaana soo bandhigay in uu noqday qof Muslim ah.[11]

Marka laga yimaado saaxiibnimada nebiga, Abu Bakr wuxuu ahaa sodoga Nebi Muxamed. Sanadkii 623 C.D ayaa Abu Bakr al-Sadiiq gabadhiisa Caisha u aroosiyay nebiga (wakhtigaasi oo Caisha ay jirtey 9 sano); midani waxay sii adkeeysay xidhiidhka iyo isku-xidhnaanta labadooda.[12][7]

Intii nebigu noolaa, Abu Bakr sadiiq wuxuu ahaa saaxiibka iyo la-taliyaha kowaad ee Nebi Muxamed asagoo kala qeyb galay arimo aad u badan. Goortii nebigu u hijroonayay magaalada Madina Abu Bakr wuxuu ahaa qofka kali ah ee rasuulka la galay safarkaasi. Wuxuuna ka garab dagaalamay Nebi Muxamed qaswado aad u badan ooy ka mid yihiin Dagaalkii Beder, Dagaalkii Uxud, Dagaalkii Dhufeysyada,[13] qabsashadii magaalada Makka, Dagaalkii Kheybar, Dagaalkii Xunayn, go'doomintii Daa'if iyo Dagaalkii Tabuk.[14] Dagaaladani wuxuu Abu Bakr ku kharash gareeyay in badan oo dhaqaalihiisa ka mid ah.

Si kastaba ha ahaatee, goortii Nebi Muxamed geeriyooday waxaa khulafo Raashidiintu si waafaqsan dardaarankii nebiga isla garteen in Abu Bakr lagu wareejiyo hogaanka iyo talada maamulka dowladii Islaamka. Wakhtigani waxaa dhacday khilaaf aad u wayn oo dad badan ayaa diinta Islaamka dib uga noqdey maadaama nebigii waxyigu ku soo dagayay geeriyooday. Abu Bakr sadiiq wuxuu hogaanka Dawladda Islaamka hayay labo sano iyo xoogaa (27 bilood) taasi oo uu isku duba ridey maamulka Dawladdaasi.[15]

Abtirsiinta[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Taariikhdii Hore[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Hijradii Madiina[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Dagaaladii uu Galay[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Hogaamiye Abu Bakr[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Qoyska Abu Bakr[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Qoyska Abu Baker waa aabehiis Cusman Abu Quhafa, hooyodiis Salma Umm-ul-Khair, walaalohiis rag iyo dumarba, xaasaskiisa iyo caruurtiisa.

Aabe
Cusman Abu Quhafa
Hooyo
Salma Umm-ul-Khair
Walaalo
(Aboowe)
  • Mu'taq (Walaal dhexe)
  • Utaiq (Garu dambeys)
  • Quhafah ibn Cusman
Walaalo
(Abaayo)
  • Fadra
  • Qareeba
  • Umme-e-Aamer
Xaasaska
Wiilasha uu dhalay
Gabdhaha uu dhalay

Qoraalo La Mid Ah[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Xigasho[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  1. "Abu Bakr Sadiiq"
  2. "ingiriis: Abu Bakr; carabi: أبو بكر الصديق; magaca dhamaystiran Cabdullah ibn Abi Quhafa "عبد الله بن أبي قحافة""
  3. [1], from islam4theworld
  4. "hogaamiye sare ee maamulka Dawladda Islaamka"
  5. "sodoga iyo saaxiibka koowaad ee Nebi Muxamed"
  6. [2], from Encyclopædia Britannica
  7. 7.0 7.1 Juan Eduardo Campo, "Encyclopedia of Islam", Infobase Publishing, 2009 [3]
  8. Abu Bakr wuxuu ahaa nin ganacsade
  9. The Middle East Journal by the Middle East Institute, Washington, D.C., published 1991
  10. "Yaman ayaa waxaa Abu Bakr lagu wargeliyay in wakhtigii uu maqnaa ina adeerkiis Muxamed ku dhawaaqay nabinimo"
  11. Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq - This-is-Islam.co.uk [4]
  12. Shahid Ashraf, "Encyclopaedia of Holy Prophet and Companions", Anmol Publications PVT. LTD., 2004, ISBN 81-261-1940-3 [5]
  13. "Dagaalkii Beder, Dagaalkii Uxud, Dagaalkii Dhufeysyada"
  14. "qabsashadii magaalada Makka, Dagaalkii Kheybar, Dagaalkii Xunayn, go'doomintii Daa'if iyo Dagaalkii Tabuk"
  15. "Abu Bakr sadiiq wuxuu hogaanka Dawladda Islaamka hayay labo sano iyo xoogaa (27 bilood) taasi oo uu isku duba ridey maamulka Dawladdaasi"