Kameroon

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Republic of Cameroon
République du Cameroun  (Af-Faransiis)
Vertical tricolor (green, red, yellow) with a five-pointed gold star in the center of the red.
Hal ku dheg: 
"Paix – Travail – Patrie" (Af-Faransiis)
"Peace – Work – Fatherland"
Heesta qaranka: 
Ô Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancêtres  (Faransiis)
(Af-Ingiriis: "O Cameroon, Cradle of our Forefathers")
Location of Cameroon on the globe.
Magaalo madaxYaoundé[1]
Magaalada uguwayn Douala[1]
Luqadaha rasmiga ah English
French
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha
Dadka Cameroonian
Xukunka Unitary dominant-party presidential republic under an totalitarian dictatorship
 -  President Paul Biya
 -  Prime Minister Philémon Yang
Sharci dejinta Parliament
 -  Aqalka sare Senate
 -  Aqalka hoose National Assembly
Independence from France
 -  Declared 1 January 1960 
 -  Union with former
British Cameroons
1 October 1961 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 475,442 km2 (53rd)
183,569 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 0.57
Tirada dadka
 -  Template:UN Population qiyaasta Template:UN PopulationTemplate:UN Population (56th)
 -  2005 Tirakoob 17,463,836[2]
 -  Mugga Dadka 39.7/km2 (167th)
102,8/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2017 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $81.535 billion[3]
 -  Qof qof $3,358[3]
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2017 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $29.547 billion[3]
 -  Calaa qof $1,217[3]
Qaybsiga (2007)positive decrease 44.6[4] (medium)
Kobaca (2015)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.518[5] (low / 153rd)
Lacagta Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Waqtiga WAT (UTC+1)
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +237
Furaha Internetka .cm
a. These are the titles as given in the Constitution of the Republic of Cameroon, Article X (Template:Webarchive and Template:Webarchive versions). 18 January 1996. The French version of the song is sometimes called Chant de Ralliement, as in Swarovski Orchestra (2004). National Anthems of the World. Koch International Classics; and the English version "O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers", as in DeLancey and DeLancey 61.


Isuduwe: 3°52′N 11°31′E / 3.867°N 11.517°E / 3.867; 11.517

Kamiruun

Kamiruun ama Jamhuuriyadda Kamiruun waa wadan ku yaalo Central Afrika. Wadankaan waxoo xuduud la leeyahay wadamada Jad, Jamhuuriyadda Bartamaha Afrika, Ikweetiga Guinea, Gabon iyo Jamhuuriyadda Kongo‎.Cameroon (Faransiiska: Cameroon), si rasmi ah Jamhuuriyadda Cameroon (Faransiiska: République du Cameroun), waa waddan ku yaal galbeedka iyo Bartamaha Afrika. Waxaa xuduud u leh Nigeria dhanka galbeedka iyo waqooyiga; Chad ilaa waqooyi bari; Jamhuuriyadda Bartamaha Afrika; iyo Equatorial Guinea, Gabon iyo Jamhuuriyada Congo koonfurta. Xeebaha Cameroon waxay ku yaalaan Bight of Biafra, qayb ka mid ah Gacanka Guinea iyo Badweynta Atlantic. Inkasta oo Cameroon aysan ahayn waddan xubin ka ah ECOWAS, joqoraafi ahaan iyo taariikh ahaanba waxa ay ku taala Galbeedka Afrika iyadoo la yiraahdo Camerons Koonfureed oo hadda ka dhigaysa Waqooyi-galbeed iyo Koofurta Koonfureed oo leh taariikh xooggan oo Afrikaan ah. Wadanka waxaa mararka qaar loo yaqaanaa Galbeedka Afrika iyo waqtiyo kale oo Bartamaha Afrika ah sababtoo ah mawqifkiisa istaraatiijiga ah ee isgoysyada u dhaxeeya Galbeedka iyo Bartamaha Afrika.

Faransiiska iyo Ingiriisku waa luqadaha rasmiga ah ee Cameroon. Wadanka waxaa badanaa lagu magacaabaa "Africa in minestras" oo ku saabsan kala duwanaanta juqraafiga iyo dhaqanka. Noocyada dabiiciga ah waxaa ka mid ah xeebaha, lamadegaanka, buuraha, xayawaanka roobka, iyo savannas. Dhulka ugu sarreeya ee ku dhawaad ​​4,100 mitir (13,500 ft) waa Buur Cameroon oo ku taal Gobolka Koonfureed ee dalka, magaalooyinka ugu waaweyn ee ku nool magaalooyinka Douala ee Wuuri, waa caasimad dhaqaale iyo dekedda muhiimka ah, Yaoundé, iyo Garoua. Waddanka ayaa si fiican u yaqaan asalkiisa muusikada, gaar ahaan makossa iyo bikutsi, iyo kooxda kubada cagta ee guulaha badan.

Dadka deggan degaannada hore waxaa ka mid ahaa ilaalada Sao oo ku yaala Lake Chad iyo Beeraha Beeraha ah ee ku yaalla koonfurta-bari ee xiga. Sahamiyeyaasha Bortuqiisku waxay gaadheen xeebta qarnigii 15aad waxaana lagu magacaabay aagga Rio dos Camarões (Waddada Shrimp), oo noqday Cameroon Ingiriisi. Askarta Fulani waxay aasaaseen Emirate-ka Adamawa ee waqooyiga qarnigii 19-aad, kooxo qowmiyadeed oo ka tirsan galbeedka iyo waqooyi-galbeed waxay sameeyeen madax-weynaan iyo fondoms. Cameroon waxay noqotay xarun jarmal ah sanadkii 1884 loo yaqaano Kamerun.

Kadib Dagaalkii Dunida Kadib, dhulku waxaa loo kala qaybiyay Faransiiska iyo Boqortooyada Ingiriiska sida Laanta Qaramadda Midawga. Ururka Midawga Afrika ee u dooda xuquuqda aadanaha (UPC) ayaa ku dooday madaxbannaanida, laakiin waxaa mamnuucay France sannadkii 1950-kii, taasoo keentay in Cameroonian Independence War la dagaalanta kooxaha Faransiiska iyo UPC tan iyo horraantii 1971. 1960-kii, qaybta Faransiisku maamusho ee Cameroon wuxuu noqday madax-bannaan sida Jamhuuriyadda Cameroun ee ku hoos jira madaxweynaha Ahmadou Ahidjo. Qaybta koonfureed ee British Cameroons ayaa la wadaagay 1961-kii si loo dhiso Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka ee Cameroon. Xiriirinta waxaa laga tegey 1972-dii. Dalka waxaa loo magacaabay Jamhuuriyadda Midowday ee Cameroon sanadkii 1972 iyo Jamhuuriyada Cameroon sanadkii 1984. Cameroon waxay la kulantaa xasillooni siyaasadeed iyo mid bulsho. Tani waxay u ogolaatay horumarinta beeraha, wadooyinka, tareenada iyo warshadaha waaweyn ee batroolka iyo warshadaha.

  1. 1.0 1.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CIA
  2. "Rapport de présentation des résultats définitifs" (PDF) (in French). Institut national de la statistique. p. 6. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Cameroon". International Monetary Fund. 
  4. "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.