Afakadho

Ka Wikipedia
U bood: gooshitaan, raadi
Kani waa maqaal ku saabsan midhaha afakadho.
Boga "avocado" halkan ayaa laga soo toosiyay
Afakadho
Xaalad xilliyeed: 15–0Ma
Badhtame Miocene – Hada
Close-up picture of foliage and avocado fruit
Midhaha afakaadhaha
Abla-ablayn cilmi ah
Boqortooyo: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperm
(unranked): Magnoliid
Gacal: Laurales
Dir: Lauraceae
Sinji: Persea
Jinsi: P. americana
Tibix laba magac
Persea americana
Philip Miller
Magac macna wadaag
  • Laurus persea L.
  • Persea americana var. angustifolia Miranda [1]

Afokadho (Af-Ingiriis: avocado; Af-Carabi: أفوكادو) magaca Saynis "Persea americana" waa geed asal ku ah wadanka Meksiko iyo Bartamaha Ameerika,[2] kaasi oo ka tirsan dhirta ubaxleyda ah nooca loo yaqaano "Laurakeae". Midhaha afakaadhuhu wuxuu leeyahay hilib cagaaran iyo laf weyn dhexda ugu jirta.[3]

Geedka afakaadhuhu waa mid aad ugu fiican ganacsiga waxaana laga beeraa deegaanada leh cimilo diiran ee caalamka oo dhan. Maqaarka sare ee midhaah afakaadhuhu waa cagaar madoow xiga, wuxuuna leeyahay qaabka wareegsan oo aad ugu dhow sida ukunta oo kale ah. Midhaha waxaa inta ugu badan laga soo guraa geedka afakaadhaha ayagoo ceyriin ah, waxayna ku bislaadaan meheradaha lagu gado.

Guud ahaan, midhaha afakaadhuhu waa mid leh nafaqo badan oo jidhka dadku u baahan yahay. Waxa midhaha afakaadhahu caan ku yahay duxda aan ahayn mid xayawaan ee loo yaqaano "pro-saturated fats". Faa'iidooyinka afakaadhaha waxa ka mid ah fiitamiino, fiber, borotiin iyo dux.


Taariikh[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Geedka afakaadhuhu wuxuu leeyahay noocyo kala duwan

Geedka afakadhaha, saynis ahaan loo yaqaano Persea americana, waxaa ka aaminsan yahay inuu asal ahaan ka soo jeedo deegaanada Buebla ee wadanka Meksiko,[4] waxaase la sheegay in dhir u nooc dhow laga helay meelo badan oo kale sida waqooyiga Kalifornia, Maraykanka wakhti cimilada deegaanadaasi ahayd mid aad ugu haboon bixitaanka geedkaasi.[5]

Jaadyada afakaadhaha aan la dhaqanin oo Saynis ahaan loo yaqaano kriollo, waa mid ka yar xajmi ahaan, leh qolof madoow xigta, waxaanay leedahay laf aad u weyn.[6]

Si kastaba ha ahaatee geedka afakaadhuhu wuxuu caalamka ku fiday wakhtiyadii gumeystihii reer Yurub gaadhay qaarada Ameerika, ka dib gaadhsiiyeen deegaanadii kale eey gumeysanayeen. Maanta wuxuu ka baxaa wadano badan oo caalamka ah, waxaana meelo badan uu ka mid yahay cuntada maalin walba ee dad badan ku nool yihiin.

Magaca[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Asal ahaan ereyga "afakaadho" wuxuu ka yimid erey Isbaanish ah aguakate, kaasi oo iyaga laftoodu ka soo amaahdeen luuqada Nahuatl ee dadka asal ahaan loogu tagay qaaradaha Ameerika.[7] [8]

Muuqaalka[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Qoraalo La Xidhiidha[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]


Tixraac[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  1. "Persea americana Mill., The Plant List, Version 1". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. 2010. 
  2. Chen, H.; Morrell, P. L.; Ashworth, V. E. T. M.; De La Cruz, M.; Clegg, M. T. (2008). "Tracing the Geographic Origins of Major Avocado Cultivars". Journal of Heredity. 100 (1): 56–65. doi:10.1093/jhered/esn068. PMID 18779226. 
  3. Storey, W. B. "What kind of fruit is the avocado?" (PDF). California Avocado Society 1973–74 Yearbook. 57: 70–71. 
  4. Galindo-Tovar, María Elena 5, Arzate-Fernández, Amaury M., Ogata-Aguilar, Nisao, and Landero-Torres, Ivonne (2007). "The Avocado (Persea Americana, Lauraceae) Crop in Mesoamerica: 10,000 Years of History". Harvard Papers in Botany. Harvard University Herbaria. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  5. "Fossil avocado leaves found in California" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-08-25. 
  6. Villanueva, M. and Verti, S. "El aguacate: Oro verde de México, orgullo de Michoacán" (PDF). Gobierno del Estado de Michoacán. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  7. Nahuatl Dictionary/Diccionario del náhuatl. Whp.uoregon.edu. Retrieved on 2013-07-25.
  8. Dakin, Karen (1982) (in es). La evolución fonológica del Protonáhuatl. México D.F.: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones Filológicas. p. 210. ISBN 968-5802-92-0. OCLC 10216962. 
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